Famous Events on this Day in History, April 07:

30 - Scholars' estimate Jesus crucified by Roman troops in Jerusalem
451 - Attila's Hun's plunder Metz
529 - First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) is issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.
1118 - Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
1348 - Prague U, 1st university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
1456 - Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
1498 - Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy
1509 - France declares war on Venice
1521 - Inquisitor-general Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books
1521 - Magelhaes' fleet reaches Cebu
1541 - Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
1584 - Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma
1625 - Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander
1645 - Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
1652 - Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, S Africa
1655 - Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
1712 - Slave revolt (NYC)
1724 - Johann S Bach's "John Passion" premieres in Leipzig
1776 - Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward.
1788 - 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
1795 - France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
1798 - Mississippi Territory organized
1805 - Premiere of Beethoven's "Eroica" (conducted by himself)
1818 - Gen Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks Fla from Seminole indians
1827 - English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
1831 - Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
1860 - Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
1862 - Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
1863 - Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
1865 - Battle of Farmville VA
1868 - Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and the only one of a federal politician.
1888 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
1890 - Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
1891 - Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
1901 - SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
1902 - Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
1906 - Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
1906 - Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
1917 - De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos," premieres in Madrid
1917 - James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her," premieres in London
1919 - 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks
1922 - Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome," leased to Harry F Sinclair
1923 - 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
1923 - Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
1926 - Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo Calif)
1926 - Mussolini's Irish wife breaks his nose
1927 - Using phone lines TV is sent from Wash DC to NYC
1928 - 44-yr old NY Ranger GM Lester Patrick replaces his injured goaltender in a Stanley Cup game, & beats Montreal Maroons 2-1
1931 - Seals Stadium opens in SF
1933 - 1st 2 NAZI anti-Jewish laws, bars Jews from legal & public service
1933 - Prohibition ends, Utah becomes 38th state to ratify 21st Amendment
1933 - University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic
1934 - In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience
1939 - Italy invades Albania
1940 - 1st black to appear on US stamp (Booker T Washington)
1940 - 7th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 280
1941 - British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa
1942 - Heavy German assault on Malta
1943 - Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg
1943 - British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
1943 - Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
1943 - NFL adopts free substitution rule
1944 - General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan
1945 - 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers
1945 - US B-17's bombs range at Luneburg
1945 - US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk
1946 - 10th Golf Masters Championship: Herman Keiser wins, shooting a 282
1946 - Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
1946 - Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
1948 - World Health Organization forms by UN
1948 - A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
1949 - "South Pacific" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 1928 performances
1951 - 15th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 280
1951 - American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
1951 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1953 - 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
1953 - Dag Hammarskjoeld of Sweden elected 2nd UN general-secretary
1954 - German govt refuses to recognize DDR
1954 - Pres Eisenhower fears "domino-effect" in Indo-China
1954 - WALB TV channel 10 in Albany, GA (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - 10th NBA Championship: Ph Warriors beat Ft Wayne Pistons, 4 games to 1
1956 - Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
1957 - 21st Golf Masters Championship: Doug Ford wins, shooting a 283
1957 - Last of NY's electric trolleys completes its final run
1958 - Dodgers erect 42-foot screen in left field at LA Coliseum to cut down on home runs, since it is only 250 feet down the line
1959 - Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
1959 - Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif
1962 - Umrigar slams 172* v WI at Port-of-Spain in 248 minutes
1962 - Yugoslav ex-president Milovan Djilas returns to jail
1963 - 27th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286
1963 - Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
1963 - Public stock offering of 115,000 shares in Milwaukee Braves withdrawn after only 13,000 shares are sold to 1,600 new investors
1964 - IBM announces the System/360.
1965 - Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man NZ v Pakistan
1966 - US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor (whoops!)
1967 - Israeli/Syrian border fights
1967 - Tom Donahue, SF dj begins new radio format - Progressive (KMPX-FM)
1968 - Jim Clark, two-time F1 World Champion and winner of the Indianapolis 500, dies in a racing accident during a Formula 2 race at Hockenheim, Germany.
1969 - Dodgers' Bill Singer is credited with 1st official save, against Reds
1969 - Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material
1969 - Ted Williams begins managing Wash Senators, they lose to Yanks 8-4
1969 - The Internet's symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1.
1970 - "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds," premieres in NYC
1970 - 42nd Academy Awards - "Midnight Cowboy," John Wayne & Maggie Smith win
1970 - Milwaukee Brewers (former Seat Pilots) 1st game, lose to Angels 12-0
1971 - Dismissal of Curt Flood's suit against baseball is upheld by
1971 - Pres Nixon orders lt Calley (Mi Lai) free
1971 - WCJB TV channel 20 in Gainesville, FL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting 3-judge US Circuit Court of Appeals
1973 - Cleveland sets day-game & opening-game attendance records of 74,420
1973 - Doug Walters' best Test Cricket bowling, 5-66 v WI Georgetown
1974 - Herb Gardner's "Thieves," premieres in NYC
1976 - Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping
1977 - Consumer Product Safety Comn bans "TRIS" flame-retardant
1977 - Toronto Blues Jays 1st game, they beat Chicago 9-5
1977 - German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
1978 - Guttenberg bible sold for $2,000,000 in NYC
1978 - Pres Carter defers production of neutron bomb
1978 - US Court of Appeals upholds Commissioner Kuhn's voiding of attempted player sales by A's owner Charlie Finley in June 1976
1979 - Henri La Mothe dives 28' into 12 3/8" of water
1979 - Houston Astro Ken Forsch no-hits Atlanta Braves, 6-0
1979 - Islander's Mike Bossy scores 4 goals against Flyers
1980 - Jimmy Carter breaks relations with Iran during hostage crisis
1981 - Belgium Eyskens govt forms
1981 - Willem Klein mentally extracts 13th root of a 100-digit # in 29 sec
1982 - Iran minister of Foreign affairs Ghotbzadeh arrested
1982 - Penguins 1-Isles 8-Preliminary-Isles hold 1-0 lead
1983 - Caps 4-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals-series tied 1-1
1983 - Oldest human skeleton, aged 80,000 years, discovered in Egypt
1983 - STS-6 specialist Story Musgrave & Don Peterson 1st STS spacewalk
1983 - WIBC Championship Tournament in Las Vegas, attracts 75,480 women bowlers for 83-day event
1984 - Detroit Tiger Jack Morris no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
1985 - 14th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Alice Miller
1985 - 1st live telecast of Easter Parade
1985 - NJ General Hershel Walker runs for USFL record 233 yards
1986 - Wrestlemania II at 3 locations, Hulk Hogan beats King Kong Bundy
1987 - National Museum of Female Physician opens in Wash DC
1987 - Al Campanis, Dodger executive for more than 40 years, resigns, after making racial remarks on "Nightline"
1988 - Devils 3-2 over Isles, 1st round tied 1-1
1988 - Gerrit John Heijns murderer, arrested
1988 - Russia announced it would withdraw its troops from Afghanistan
1988 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 - Soviet sub sinks in Norwegian Sea, with about a dozen deaths
1989 - NY Supreme Court takes America's Cup away from SD Yacht Club for using a catamaran against NZ. Appeals court eventually overrules
1990 - BPAA US Open by Ron Palombi Jr
1990 - Farm Aid IV concert
1990 - John Poindexter (Natl Sec Advisor) found guilty on Iran-Contra scandal
1990 - Michael Milken pleads innocent to security law violations
1990 - NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 5-2, Rangers lead 2-0 in preliminary
1990 - Fire kills 110 on a ferry in Norway, in an unrelated event, 30 die in a ferry flip over in Burma
1991 - "Big Love" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 41 performances
1991 - "Shadowlands" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 169 perfs
1991 - 3rd Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus
1991 - Chris Johnson wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship
1991 - Compton Gamma Ray Observatory orbits Earth
1991 - George Washington Bridge raises toll from $3.00 to $4.00
1991 - Wrestlemania VII scheduled in LA, actually performed 03/24
1992 - Republika Srpska announces its independence.
1993 - Dante Bichette hits the 1st Colo Rockie HR (Shea Stadium NY)
1994 - "Medea" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 82 performances
1994 - 1st night game at Cleveland's Jacobs Field, Indians 6 Seattle 2
1994 - NY Yankees beat Texas Rangers 18-6
1994 - Shannen Doherty files for divorce from Ashley Hamilton
1994 - Singer Percy Sledge pleads guilty to tax evasion
1994 - Vatican acknowledges Holocaust (Nazis killing Jews) for 1st time
1995 - Baseball exhibition season begins late due to strike
1996 - 8th Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus
1996 - Jayasuriya hits fastest ODI fifty off 17 balls v Pak, Singapore
1996 - Kelly Robbins wins Sacramento 12 Bridges LPGA Golf Classic
1996 - Pakistan beat Sri Lanka to win Singer Cup in Singapore
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Ft Myers FL on WRXK 96.1 FM
1999 - The World Trade Organisation rules in favor of the United States in its long-running trade dispute with the European Union over bananas.
2001 - Mars Odyssey is launched.
2003 - U.S. troops capture Baghdad; Saddam Hussein's regime falls two days later.
2005 - The Head of government of the Federal District, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, faces an impeachment process at the Mexican Congress.
2009 - Former Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori is sentenced to 25 years in prison for ordering killings and kidnappings by security forces.
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