Famous Events on this Day in History, April 06:46 BC - Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.
402 - Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten
610 - Lailat-ul Qadar, night koran descended to Earth
774 - Charles the Great affirms Pippins promise of Quiercy
1106 - Fire in Venice
1320 - The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
1327 - Italian poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
1362 - Robber bastion Tard-Venus strikes at Brignais France
1385 - John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
1516 - A Willaert installed as singer of cardinal Ippolito I d'Este
1634 - Heeren XIX asks "to secure Eylands Curacao"
1652 - Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in S Africa, established
1652 - John of Riebeeck lands/establishes VOC-post in Capetown
1663 - King Charles II signs Carolina Charter
1664 - France & Saksen sign alliance
1667 - An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
1672 - France declares war on Netherlands
1712 - Slave revolt in NY
1722 - Peter the Great ends tax on men with beards
1724 - Duke of Newcastle becomes English minister of Foreign Affairs
1727 - Denmark signs Covenant of Hannover
1757 - English king George II fires minister William Pitt Sr
1782 - Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état.
1789 - 1st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, NYC
1808 - John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
1815 - English militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed
1830 - Joseph Smith & 5 others organizes Mormon church in Seneca Co, NY
1841 - Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Missouri
1848 - Jews of Prussia granted equality
1849 - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "Le Prophete," premieres in Paris
1859 - US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform
1860 - Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
1862 - Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
1865 - Battle of Sayler's Creek, 1/3rd of Lee's army cut off
1865 - Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox); 1/3rd of Lee's army cut off
1866 - G.A.R. forms
1868 - Brigham Young marries his 27th & final wife
1869 - 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
1883 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
1886 - City of Vancouver BC incorporated
1886 - Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
1889 - George Eastman places Kodak Camera on sale for 1st time
1890 - French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
1893 - Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
1893 - Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
1896 - 1st modern Olympic games open in Athens Greece [3/25 OS] American, James Connolly, wins 1st Olympic gold medal in mod history
1900 - James J Jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1903 - General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
1903 - The Kishinev pogrom in Kishinev (Bessarabia) begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
1906 - 1st animated cartoon copyrighted
1909 - 1st credit union forms in US
1909 - North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson
1912 - Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
1916 - German parliament OKs unrestricted submarine warfare
1917 - US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
1919 - Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike.
1920 - French troop attacks Main/Darmstadt/Hanau
1923 - The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
1924 - 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
1924 - Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
1924 - Völkische Block (nazi's) receives 17.8% of vote in Bayern
1925 - 1st film shown on an airplane (British Air)
1926 - Stanley Cup: Montl Maroons beat Victoria Cougars (WHL), 3 games to 1
1930 - 1st transcontinental glider tow completed
1930 - Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar
1931 - 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
1931 - 1st broadcast of "Little Orphan Annie" on NBC-radio
1934 - 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
1935 - H Levitt sinks 499 basketball free throws, misses & sinks 371 more
1936 - 3rd Golf Masters Championship: Horton Smith wins, shooting a 285
1936 - ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
1936 - Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
1938 - Teflon invented by Roy J Plunkett
1939 - Great Britain & Poland sign military pact
1939 - US & UK agree on joint control of Canton & Enderbury Is (Pacific)
1941 - 8th Golf Masters Championship: Craig Wood wins, shooting a 280
1941 - Begin oper Bestrafung-Germany bomb attacks Belgrade (17,000 die)
1941 - British general Gambier-Parry caught in North Africa
1941 - German bombardment on Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
1941 - Italian held Addis Ababa surrenders to British & Ethiopian forces
1943 - British & US army link up in Africa during WW II
1943 - British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
1943 - Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
1944 - Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain France overrun by Nazis
1945 - Coevorden freed from nazis
1945 - Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
1945 - Massive kamikaze-attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa
1945 - US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa
1947 - 11th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 281
1947 - 1st Tony Awards: Arthur Miller, David Wayne & Patricia Neal win
1947 - The first Tony Awards are presented for theatrical achievements.
1950 - John F Dulles becomes advisor to US Sect of State Acheson
1952 - 16th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 286
1954 - Mont Canadiens score 3 goals in 56 sec in playoff game against Det
1954 - TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson & Sons
1954 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1955 - "3 for Tonight" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 85 performances
1955 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1955 - Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
1956 - Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
1957 - NYC ends trolley car service
1957 - USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
1957 - Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis buys the Hellenic National Airlines (TAE) and founds Olympic Airlines.
1958 - Arnold Palmer wins 1st major golf tournament-Masters
1959 - 31st Academy Awards - "Gigi," Susan Hayward & David Niven win
1964 - Egypt & Belgium restore diplomatic relations
1965 - Intelsat 1 ("Early Bird") 1st coml geosynchronous comm satellite
1966 - Mihir Sen swims Palk Strait between Sri Lanka & India
1967 - Premier Pompidou forms new French government
1968 - 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
1968 - Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Dave Davis
1968 - Gunpowder stocks at a sporting-goods store explode, killing 43 (Va)
1968 - HemisFair 1968 opens in San Antonio, Texas
1968 - In Richmond, Indiana's downtown district, a double explosion kills 41 and injures 150.
1972 - Egypt drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
1973 - Harbor strike in Gent/Antwerp, Belgium
1973 - Indies troops invade Sikkim
1973 - Pioneer 11 launched toward Jupiter & Saturn
1973 - Roberto Clemente Day, Pirates retire his #
1973 - US launches Pioneer 11 to Jupiter & Saturn
1973 - Yankee Ron Blomberg becomes 1st designated hitter, he walks
1973 - Launch of Pioneer 11 spacecraft.
1974 - 200,000 attend rock concert "California Jam"
1974 - Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony 11/16
1974 - Yankees 1st home game at Shea Stadium, beat Indians 6-1
1975 - "Night... Made America Famous" closes at Barrymore NYC after 75 perfs
1975 - "Rocky Horror Show" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 45 perfs
1975 - Bundy victim Denise Oliverson disappears from Grand Junction, Colo
1975 - Fastest hat trick by a Wash Cap 3 mins 26 secs (Stan Gilbertson)
1976 - 1st quadrophonic movie track: "Ladies & Gentlemen the Rolling Stones"
1977 - Judge rules Beatles 1962 Hamburg album can be released
1977 - Kingdome opens, Seattle Mariners 1st game, loses to Angels 7-0
1978 - Karnataka beat Uttar Pradesh by inn & 193 to win Ranji Trophy
1979 - Rod Stewart & Alana Collins wed
1980 - 9th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Donna Caponi Young
1980 - Gordie Howe completes a record 26th season
1980 - Post It Notes, introduced
1981 - Yugoslav govt sends troops to Kosovo
1982 - Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center from White Sands
1982 - Largest crowd ever to see a baseball game in Minn 52,279
1983 - Caps 2-Isles 5-Patrick Div Semifinals- Isles hold 1-0 lead
1984 - 11th Space Shuttle Mission (41-C)-Challenger 5 is launched
1984 - 1st time 11 people in space
1984 - Members of Cameroon's Republican Guard unsuccessfully attempt to overthrow the government headed by Paul Biya.
1985 - Atlantis (OV-104) rollout at Palmdale
1985 - Bombay beat Delhi by 90 runs to win the Ranji Trophy final
1985 - Sudan suspends constitution after coup under general Swarreddahab
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - 15th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Pat Bradley
1986 - Soccer ball juggled non-stop for 14:14 hrs
1987 - 22nd Academy of Country Music Awards: Randy Travis & Hank Williams Jr
1987 - Sugar Ray Leonard upsets Marvelous Marvin Hagler
1987 - Al Campanis appears on Niteline saying blacks may not be equiped to be in baseball management, sparking a racial controversy
1988 - Black pole explorer M Henson buried next to R Peary in Arlington
1988 - NJ Devils' 1st playoff game; lose to Isles 4-3 (OT) in 1st round
1989 - Orel Hershiser ends his record 59 consecutive scoreless streak
1991 - Former child actor Adam Rich arrested for breaking into a pharmacy
1991 - NY-NJ Knights 1st home game (Giant Stad) lose to Frankfurt 27-17
1991 - Subhana, becomes 1st Australian woman to become a Zen teacher
1991 - Argentine soocer star Diego Maradona suspended for 15 month by Italian League for testing positive for cocaine use
1992 - 1st game at Camden Field, Balt-Orioles beat Indians 2-0
1992 - 54th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Duke beats Michigan 71-51
1992 - Britain Radio Authority licenses Virgin & TV-AM radio licenses
1992 - Microsoft announced Windows 3.1, upgrading Windows 3.0
1992 - Oriole Park at Camden Yards opens, beating Cleveland 2-0
1992 - Serbian troops begin siege of Sarajevo
1992 - US Supreme Court rules a Nebraska farmer was entrapped by postal agents into buying mail-order child pornography
1992 - Voting begins on choice of Elvis postage stamps
1992 - A general strike is declared by communist groups in Nepal.
1993 - 1st test flight of Ilyushin IL-96M (Moscow)
1993 - Florida Marlins 1st lost ever (4-2 to LA Dodgers)
1994 - 1st scheduled Indians night game at Jacobs Field is rained out
1994 - Chuck Jones found guilty of breaking into Marla Maples home
1994 - Liberal Supreme Court Justice Blackmun (Roe v Wade) resigns
1994 - Palestinian suicide bomber kills 7 Israelis & himself
1994 - Rockwell B-1B Lancers break 11 world speed records
1994 - The Rwandan Genocide begins when the aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira is shot down.
1995 - "Having Our Say" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 308 performances
1996 - Albert Belle shows off his arm by hitting Sports Illustrated photographer Tony Tomsic in the hand prior to a game
1997 - "3 Sisters" closes at Criterion Theater NYC
1997 - 9th Seniors Golf Tradition: Gil Morgan wins
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Longs Drugs Challenge
1997 - Brad Faxon wins Freeport-McDermott Golf Classic
1997 - Progress M-34 Launch (Russia)
1997 - Twelve Bridges LPGA Classic
1998 - Pakistan tests medium-range missiles capable of hitting India.
2004 - Rolandas Paksas becomes the first president of Lithuania to be peacefully removed from the post by impeachment.
2005 - Kurdish leader Jalal Talabani becomes the Iraqi president; Shiite Arab Ibrahim al-Jaafari is named premier the next day.
2006 - NZSL (New Zealand sign language) is made an official language of New Zealand
2009 - A 6.3 magnitude earthquake strikes near L'Aquila, Italy, killing at least 253.