Famous Events on this Day in History, April 03:

419 - [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1043 - Edward the Confessor crowned king of England
1077 - The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
1312 - 2nd council of Vienna
1376 - Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat France
1559 - Spain & France signs 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
1582 - French van Valois honored as duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
1645 - English parliament accept Self-Denying Ordinance
1657 - English Lord Protector Cromwell refuses crown
1679 - Edmund Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig
1721 - Robert Walpole becomes England's 1st Lord of the Treasury
1764 - Austrian arch duke Jozef crowned himself Roman Catholic king
1776 - Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College
1783 - Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
1790 - Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard), created
1834 - The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
1848 - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
1856 - Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
1860 - Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
1864 - Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
1865 - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
1865 - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg
1868 - An Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever, he rides a 50' tidal wave
1882 - Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks
1882 - American Old West: Outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford.
1889 - Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
1893 - 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
1908 - Frank Gotch wins world heavyweight wrestling championship in 2 hrs
1910 - Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley climbed
1911 - Harry James Smith' "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh," premieres in NYC
1913 - British suffragette Emily Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail
1917 - Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]
1917 - Lenin leaves Switzerland for Petrograd
1918 - House of Reps accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
1919 - Austria expels all Habsburgers
1922 - Stalin appointed General Secretary of Communist Party
1923 - 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
1925 - Great Britain goes back to gold standard
1925 - Neth & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde
1926 - 1st performance of Jean Sibelius' 7th Symphony in C
1926 - 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard
1926 - Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
1927 - Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
1929 - Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
1929 - RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
1930 - Ras Tafari becomes Emperor Haile Selassie of Abyssinia (Ethiopia)
1930 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Boston Bruins in 2 games
1933 - 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
1933 - Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
1935 - Yasuo Ikenada runs world record marathon (2:26:44)
1936 - Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
1936 - Shortest boxing bout with gloves lasts only 10 seconds
1941 - Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
1941 - Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
1941 - Waltons overture "Scapino," premieres in Chicago
1943 - Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
1944 - British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
1944 - Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
1945 - Hengelo freed from nazi control by Canadian army
1945 - Nazi's begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
1945 - US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
1946 - Neth-German postal relations resume
1947 - "Barefoot Boy with Cheek" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 108 perfs
1948 - 1st US figure skating championships held
1948 - Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)
1948 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1948 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1949 - KQW-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KCBS
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty, pact signed by US, Britain, France & Canada
1949 - WLWS (now WCMH) TV channel 4 in Columbus, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
1951 - Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners," premieres in Oxford
1952 - Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
1954 - "Me & Juliet" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 358 performances
1954 - Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
1955 - Balt Orioles pull their 1st triple play (3-6-2 vs KC Athletics)
1955 - Fire in cinema to Sclessin Belgium, kills 39
1955 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Oklahoma City Golf Open
1955 - Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300
1955 - The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.
1956 - "Silk Stockings" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 461 performances
1956 - Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
1956 - German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
1956 - Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.
1957 - Samuel Beckett's "Endgame," premieres in London
1957 - USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test
1958 - "Say, Darling" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 332 performances
1958 - Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana
1960 - Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
1961 - "Happiest Girl in the World" opens at Martin Beck NYC for 97 perfs
1961 - Connie Mack Stadium in Phila is sold to J Schleifer Properties
1962 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro retires after 31 years (24,092 races)
1962 - Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
1964 - Beatles hold top 6 spots on Sydney Australia record charts
1964 - US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
1965 - 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
1966 - Luna 10 orbits Moon
1966 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Venice Ladies Golf Open
1966 - Tom Seaver, signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
1967 - WNYE TV channel 25 in Brooklyn, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
1968 - N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
1969 - Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to "Vietnamize" the war effort.
1970 - Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th try
1973 - The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.
1974 - 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states
1974 - Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
1974 - Tornadoes in the east, south & midwest killed approximately 315
1974 - The Super Outbreak occurs, the biggest tornado outbreak in recorded history. The death toll is 315, with nearly 5,500 injured.
1975 - Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend
1975 - James Rupers kills his family to inherit
1976 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1976 - Phila Flyers win record tying 20th straight NHL home game
1977 - 6th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Kathy Whitworth
1977 - Boston Bruin Jean Ratelle scores his 1,000th NHL point
1977 - Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat 1st meeting with President Jimmy Carter
1977 - Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg adopt summer time
1978 - 50th Academy Awards - "Annie Hall," Rich Dreyfuss & Diane Keaton win
1978 - European market & China signs trade agreement
1978 - Larry King moves his radio show from Miami to Washington DC
1979 - Belgium's Martens govt forms
1979 - Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago Ill
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1980 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1981 - Arnie Boldt of Saskatchewan jumped 6' 8.25," with 1 leg
1981 - Race riots in London's Brixton area
1982 - Buffalo Sabre Gil Perrault scores his 1,000th NHL point
1982 - UN Security Council demanded Argentina withdraw from Falkland Islands
1983 - 12th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1983 - 2nd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: South Cal beats LA Tech 69-67
1984 - Bombay beat Delhi on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
1984 - Guinea suspends constitution after coup
1984 - Soyuz T-11 carries 3 cosmonauts (1 Indian-Rakesh Sharma) to Salyut 7
1985 - French government adopts equal electoral system
1985 - Players' Association agrees to expand LCS from 5 to 7 games
1985 - Vic Elliot pocketed 15,780 pool balls in 24 hours in London
1986 - Maureen O'Boyle (future host of Current Affair) is raped
1986 - US national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000
1987 - Bill Elliott sets NASCAR qualify record of 212.809 mph at Talladega
1987 - Cubs trade Dennis Eckersley to A's for 3 minor leaguers
1987 - Duchess of Windsors jewels auctioned for £31,380,197
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1988 - 17th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1988 - 7th NCAA Women's Basketball Champion: Louisiana Tec beat Auburn 56-54
1988 - Mario Lemieux wins NHL scoring title, stopping Gretzky's 7 year streak
1988 - NJ Devils beat Blackhawks, 4-3 in OT to join playoffs for 1st time
1988 - Somalia & Ethiopia sign accord about Ogaden desert
1988 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1989 - "Sunrise" a Gannett newspaper begins publishing for Bronx
1989 - 51st NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Mich beats Seton Hall 80-79 (OT)
1989 - Mets win 11th consecutive home opener 8-4 over St Louis at Shea Stad
1991 - "Penn & Teller - Refrigerator Tour" opens at Eugene O'Neill NYC
1991 - 12th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1991 - Bo Jackson signs 1-year contract with Chicago White Sox
1991 - Thomas Bos skates world record 3 km (3:65.16)
1991 - UN Security Council adopts Gulf War truce resolution
1992 - 1st exhibition game at Camden Field-Orioles beat NY Mets
1994 - 13th NCAA Women Basketball Championship: NC beats Louisiana Tech 60-59
1994 - 1st roster of Silver Bullets (all-female pro baseball team) announced
1994 - 6th Seniors Golf Tradition: Ray Floyd
1995 - 57th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: UCLA Bruins beats Arkansas 89-78
1995 - Howard Stern gets in trouble for disparaging remarks about Selena
1996 - South Australia grab exciting draw vs W A to win Sheffield Shield
1996 - St Francis Fighting Saints scores college baseball run record 71-1
1997 - "Dream-Johnny Mercer Musical," opens at Royale NYC for 109 performance
1997 - Thalit massacre begins in Algeria; all but 1 of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas.
1998 - World Ice Dance Figure Skating Championship in Minn
2000 - 62nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at RCA Dome Indianapolis
2004 - Islamic terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks are trapped by the police in their apartment and kill themselves.
2007 - Conventional-Train World Speed Record: a French TGV train on the LGV Est high speed line sets an official new world speed record.
2009 - Australia formally adopts the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
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