Famous Events on this Day in History, April 02:

999 - Gerbert of Aurillac elected as 1st French Pope
1416 - Alfonso V succeeds his father as king of Aragon
1453 - Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople (Istanbul), which would fall on May 29.
1513 - Florida discovered, claimed for Spain by Ponce de Leon
1550 - Jews are expelled from Genoa Italy
1559 - England/France signs 1st Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
1559 - Genoa Italy, expels Jews
1590 - States-General appoints earl Mauritius, viceroy of Utrecht
1595 - Cornelis de Houtman's ships depart to Asia through Cape of Good Hope
1645 - Robert Devereux resigns as parliament supreme commander
1745 - Austria & Bavaria sign peace
1755 - Commodore William James captures the pirate fortress of Suvarnadurg on west coast of India.
1792 - Congress establishes Philadelphia mint
1792 - US authorizes $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime
1792 - The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint.
1800 - 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 1st Symphony in C
1801 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Copenhagen - The British destroy the Danish fleet.
1804 - Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by HMS Apollo runs aground off Portugal.
1819 - 1st successful agricultural journal ("American Farmer") begins
1827 - Joseph Dixon begins manufacturing lead pencils
1845 - H L Fizeau & J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
1860 - 1st Italian Parliament met at Turin
1863 - Bread revolt in Richmond Virginia
1864 - Skirmish at Crump's Hill (Piney Woods), Louisiana
1864 - Skirmish at Spoonville/Antoine, Arkansas
1865 - Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland's Station)
1865 - CSA Pres Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA
1865 - Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL
1866 - Pres Johnson ends war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
1870 - Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for US pres
1872 - George B Brayton patents gasoline powered engine
1876 - Philadelphia A's & Boston Red Caps play 1st NL game, in Phila
1877 - 1st Easter egg roll held on White House lawn
1878 - 1st issue of Rotterdam's Newspaper
1883 - Battle at Bamako: French assault on Fabous arm forces attack
1884 - London prison for debtors closed
1900 - 1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam)
1900 - The Foraker Act passes through Congress, giving Puerto Ricans limited self-rule.
1902 - 1st motion picture theater opens (LA)
1902 - Country singer Wynonna Judd's 1st appearance as a single act
1902 - Soccer team MVV '02 forms in Maastricht
1902 - Dmitry Sipyagin, Minister of Interior of the Russian Empire, is assassinated by a terrorist in the Marie Palace, St Petersburg.
1902 - "Electric Theatre", the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California.
1905 - Cairo-Capetown railway opens
1906 - South Africa complete a 4-1 series drubbing of England
1908 - Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday
1912 - Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang-Party in China
1912 - Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power
1916 - German troops overtake Bois de Caillette
1917 - Jeannette Rankin becomes 1st women member of US House of Reps
1917 - Pres Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany
1921 - Prof Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new theory of relativity
1926 - Riots between Moslems & Hindus in Calcutta
1930 - 1st NY-Bermuda airplane flight lands in Bermuda
1931 - Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee
1932 - Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for kidnapped son
1935 - Mary Hirsch, becomes 1st woman licensed as a horse trainer
1935 - Sir Watson-Watt patents RADAR
1939 - 6th Golf Masters Championship: Ralph Guldahl wins, shooting a 279
1941 - German occupier disallows Dutch scouting assn
1941 - USS Hornet with Jimmy Doolittles B-25 departs from SF
1944 - CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy
1944 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' 8th Symphony, premieres in NY
1944 - Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania
1945 - 1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa
1945 - Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established.
1947 - Carlo Terron's "Il diamente del profeta," premieres in Rome
1950 - WTAR (now WTKR) TV channel 3 in Norfolk, VA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Raab forms his 1st government in Austria
1954 - Plans to build Disneyland 1st announced [see Jan 26]
1955 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1955 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
1955 - Pancho Gonzales retains tennis title by winning a tournament playing under table tennis rules
1956 - Peter Ustinovs' "Romanoff & Juliet," premieres in Manchester
1956 - Soap operas "As the World Turns" & "Edge of Night" premieres on TV
1958 - Antillean Brewery (Amstel beer) opens
1958 - National Advisory Council on Aeronautics renamed NASA
1958 - Wind speed reaches 450 kph in tornado, Wichita Falls, TX (record)
1960 - Cuba buys oil from USSR
1960 - KPEC TV channel 56 in Lakewood Center-Tacoma, WA (PBS) 1st broadcast
1962 - The first official Panda crossing is opened outside Waterloo station, London.
1963 - Explorer 17 attains Earth orbit (254/914 km)
1963 - USSR launches Luna 4; missed Moon by 8,500 km
1964 - Josef Klaus succeeds Alfons Gorbach as chancellor of Austria
1964 - Military coup in Brazil by Gen Castello Branco, Pres Goulart ousted
1964 - USSR launches Zond 1 to Venus; no data returned
1965 - Hochhuths play "Stellvertreter" banned in Italy
1966 - Soviet Union's Luna 10 becomes 1st spacecraft to orbit Moon
1966 - WJET TV channel 24 in Erie, PA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1967 - Actress Lynn Redgrave marries John Clark
1967 - Susie Maxwell wins LPGA Louise Suggs Golf Invitational
1968 - Beatles form Python Music Ltd
1968 - Chad creates Union of Central African States
1968 - Senator E Mccarthy wins Democratic primaries in Wisconsin
1969 - Milwaukee Bucks sign (Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (Lew Alcindor)
1970 - Meghalaya becomes autonomous state within India's Assam state
1970 - Qatar gains independence from Britain
1970 - 2 men begin ascent of south face of Annapurna I, highest final stage in a wall climb in world
1971 - Sci-fi soap opera "Dark Shadows" concludes an almost 5 year run
1972 - 44th Academy Awards - "French Connection," G Hackman & Jane Fonda win
1972 - Prime Minister Begin visits Cairo
1972 - Tennessee Williams' "Small Craft Warnings," premieres in NYC
1973 - CBS radio begins on hour news 24 hours a day
1973 - Ed Kemper stuffs mother's throat in disposal
1973 - ITT pleads guilty to asking CIA to affect Chilean pres election
1973 - Launch of the LexisNexis computerized legal research service.
1974 - 46th Academy Awards - "Stng," Glenda Jackson & Jack Lemmon win
1974 - Arganat Comm publishes report concerning Yom Kippur War
1974 - Tony Greig takes 8-86 v WI Port-of-Spain (later 5-70 in 2nd inn)
1975 - Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops.
1976 - Cambodia Khieu Sampan succeeds prince Sihanouk as premier
1976 - Portuguese constitution assumed
1976 - A's trade prospective free agents Reggie Jackson & Ken Holtzman, to Orioles for Don Baylor, Mike Torrez & Paul Mitchell
1977 - Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors," album goes to #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
1977 - Mont Canadiens set NHL record of 34 straight home games without a lose
1978 - 7th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Post
1978 - Basil Williams scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, v Aust Georgetown
1978 - TV show "Dallas" premieres on CBS (as a 5 week mini-series)
1978 - Velcro was 1st put on the market
1979 - Israeli PM Menachem Begin visits Cairo Egypt/meets pres Sadat
1980 - Wayne Gretzky becomes 1st teenager to score 50 goals in a season
1981 - Belgium's 4th govt of Martens resigns
1981 - Heavy battle between Christian militia & Syrian army in East Lebanon
1982 - Several thousand Argentine troops seize the Falkland (Malvina) Islands from Great Britain
1982 - In exhibition game A's pitcher Steve McCatty comes to bat using a 15" toy bat (under Billy Martins orders), protesting disallowing of DH
1984 - 46th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Georgetown beats Houston 84-75
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece
1986 - George Corley Wallace (Gov-D-Ala) announces retirement plans
1986 - NCAA adopts 3-point basketball rule (19 feet 9 inch distance)
1987 - "Mikado" opens at Virginia Theater NYC for 46 performances
1987 - Doc Gooden undergoes cocaine rehabilitation
1987 - IBM introduces PS/2 & OS/2
1988 - Simply Majestic sets horse racing's 1-1/8 mile record at 1:45
1988 - Test Cricket debut of Curtly Ambrose, WI v Pakistan, Georgetown
1989 - 18th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Juli Inkster
1989 - 8th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Auburn 76-60
1989 - Wrestlemania V at Trump Plaza, Hulk Hogan beats "Macho Man" Savage
1989 - Yanks beat Mets 4-0, sweeping 1989 mayor's trophy series in 2 games
1990 - 52nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Nevada-LV beats Duke 103-73
1991 - Rotterdam Daily Newspaper begins publishing
1992 - "Hamlet" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 45 performances
1992 - Edith Cresson, France's 1st female premier, resigns
1992 - John Gotti found guilty in death of Paul Castallanos
1992 - Space Shuttle STS-45 (Atlantis 11) lands
1993 - 1st test flight of Fokker 70 (Amsterdam)
1993 - Venezuelan DC-10 crashes at Margarita, killing 10
1994 - 1st exhibition game played at Jacobs Field, Pirates beat Indians, 6-4
1995 - 14th NCAA Women's Basketball Champion: U of Ct Huskies beats TN 70-64
1995 - 7th Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus
1995 - Baseball season opener delayed until April 26
1995 - NY Police Dept & NY Transit Police merge into one organization
1995 - North & Western Colorado begins using new area code 970
1995 - Owners accept baseball players proposal, agree to start season 4/26
1995 - Sunday NY Times raises price from $2.00 to $2.50
1995 - Wrestlemania XI in Conn-Lawrence Taylor defeats Bam Bam Bigelow
1996 - Tigers slugger Cecil Fielder steals 1st base in 1,097th career game
1996 - Sri Lanka 9-349 in 50 overs beat Pakistan 315 all out, Singapore Jayasuriya hits ton in 48 balls, world ODI record at Singapore
1997 - "Doll's House," opens at Belasco Theater NYC
1998 - World Mens Figure Skating Championship in Minn
2000 - 19th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at Corel State Spectrum
2001 - 63rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at Metrodome Minneapolis
2002 - Israeli forces surround the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem into which armed Palestinians had retreated. A siege ensues.
2004 - Islamist terrorists involved in the 11 March 2004 Madrid attacks attempt to bomb the Spanish high-speed train AVE near Madrid. Their attack is thwarted.
2005 - James Stewart Jr. becomes first African American to win a major motor sports event.
2006 - Over 60 tornadoes break out, hardest hit is Tennessee with 29 people killed.
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