Famous Events on this Day in History, April 01:374 - Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth
527 - Justinianus becomes compassionate emperor of Byzantium
527 - Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne.
705 - Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI
1064 - Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik
1318 - Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English.
1340 - Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark.
1504 - English guilds/corp goes under state control
1572 - Bloys van Treslong conquers Brielle
1572 - In the Eighty Years' War, the Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic.
1578 - William Harvey of England discovers blood circulation
1581 - Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II
1663 - Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty)
1724 - Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War
1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters
1748 - Ruins of Pompeii found
1776 - Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang," premieres in Leipzig
1778 - Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates "$" symbol
1789 - House of Reps 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker
1792 - Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce
1793 - Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000
1803 - French law rules the use of intention
1826 - Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine
1836 - Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands
1850 - SF County Govt established
1853 - Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary
1854 - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
1857 - Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.
1862 - Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA
1863 - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
1865 - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
1865 - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
1866 - US Congress rejects presidential veto gives all equal rights in US
1867 - Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama
1867 - International Exhibition opens in Paris
1867 - Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies
1868 - Hampton Institute opens
1872 - 1st edition of The Standard
1873 - British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die
1873 - Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople
1876 - 1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5)
1881 - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
1881 - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
1888 - Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam
1889 - 1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago)
1891 - London-Paris telephone connection opens
1891 - Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti
1891 - The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois.
1899 - NC Mutual opens doors for business
1900 - 1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People"
1905 - British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya
1910 - Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk
1912 - The Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 meters.
1914 - UVS Soccer team forms in Lead
1916 - 1st US national women's swiming championships held
1918 - England's Royal Flying Corps replaced by Royal Air Force
1918 - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC
1920 - Church disforms in Wales
1920 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1924 - Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted
1924 - Imperial Airways forms in Britain
1924 - The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed.
1925 - 1st transmission of Danish state radio
1925 - Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925]
1926 - Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren
1927 - 1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice
1928 - Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse
1929 - Austrian govt of Ignaz Seipel falls
1929 - Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens
1929 - Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo
1929 - Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou," 24-minute film
1929 - Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate
1930 - "Blue Angel," starring unknown Marlene Dietrich, premieres in America
1931 - Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000
1931 - Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball
1933 - Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes
1933 - Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany
1933 - Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews boycotting Jewish businesses
1934 - Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers
1935 - 1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY
1936 - Orissa constituted a province of British India
1937 - Aden becomes British crown colony
1938 - Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, NY
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain
1941 - Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine," premieres in NYC
1941 - Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay)
1941 - Nazi's forbid Jews access to cafés
1941 - Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq
1941 - The Blockade Runner Badge for German navy is instituted.
1942 - Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor
1942 - Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2
1944 - German Abwehr ends England spiel, after 132 killed
1944 - Japanese troops conquer Jessami, East-India
1945 - 1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes
1945 - Canadian troop free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen
1945 - Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army
1945 - Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg
1945 - US forces invade Okinawa during WW II
1946 - 400,000 US mine workers strike
1946 - Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo Hawaii
1946 - Van Acker forms Belgian govt (without CVP)
1946 - Weight Watchers forms
1946 - Formation of the Malayan Union.
1947 - 1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat
1948 - H H H Johnson bowls WI to win v England 10-96 match on debut
1948 - Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark.
1952 - Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow
1952 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea
1953 - KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India
1954 - 1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens
1954 - 1st army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC
1954 - Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed
1954 - US Air Force Academy forms
1954 - WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam
1955 - EOKA-bomb attacks against British govt buildings in Cyprus
1955 - WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast
1956 - 10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win
1956 - KPIC TV channel 4 in Roseburg, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380
1957 - Trial begins in Budapest against participants october uprising
1957 - WYES TV channel 12 in New Orleans, LA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - World's biggest glass oven used
1958 - KVIQ TV channel 6 in Eureka, CA (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Marshal Boelganin becomes director of Russian Staatsbank
1960 - Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000
1960 - 2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara)
1960 - France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1960 - Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee
1960 - RCA TIROS (TV & Infra-Red Observation 'weather' Satellite) I launched
1960 - U Nu elected premier of Burma
1961 - Jim Bakker marries Tammy Faye
1963 - NY Mets purchase Duke Snider from the Dodgers for $40,000
1963 - NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike
1963 - Soap operas "General Hospital" & "Doctors" premier on TV
1964 - 10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
1964 - John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years
1964 - Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno," premieres in NYC
1965 - South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years
1965 - Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control
1966 - 1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal)
1966 - China premier Tsjoe en-Lai starts "Cultural revolution"
1967 - 1st British ombudsman sir Edward Compton begins work
1967 - The United States Department of Transportation begins operation.
1968 - KEMO (now KOFY) TV channel 20 in San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
1969 - Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corp
1969 - Seattle Pilots trade minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to Royals
1969 - The Hawker Siddeley Harrier enters service with the RAF.
1970 - Bud Selig becomes CEO of Milwaukee Brewers
1970 - John & Yoko release hoax they are having dual sex change operations
1970 - Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, headed by Bud Selig, purchases the Seattle Pilots for $10,800,000 Although negotiations were conducted over a period of months, it was not until March 13 when a federal bankruptcy referee declared the Pilots bankrupt
1970 - Pres Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71
1971 - US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere
1971 - United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership
1972 - 30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico
1972 - Major league baseball players stages 1st collective strike
1973 - Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Classic
1973 - Japan allows its citizens to own gold
1973 - John & Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence
1974 - Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran
1974 - Pioneer Hall opens
1974 - Yourdon, Inc forms
1974 - In the United Kingdom, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being.
1975 - Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer
1976 - Stephen Wozniak & Steven Jobs founded Apple Computer
1976 - Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S..
1976 - Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore.
1977 - Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails
1977 - NFL decides to experiment with a 7th official in some preseason games
1978 - Philippine College of Commerce, through a presidential decree, becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines.
1979 - Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah
1979 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1980 - Baseball Players' Assn votes to cancel 92 remaining exhibition games
1980 - Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz
1980 - France performs nuclear test
1980 - Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assist
1980 - New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days.
1981 - CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)
1981 - Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR.
1982 - Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution
1982 - US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama
1983 - Anti-nuke demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England
1983 - NY Isle Mike Bossy becomes 1st to score 60 goals in 3 cons seasons
1984 - 14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000
1984 - 3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern Cal beats Tenn 72-61
1984 - 8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours
1985 - 47th NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: Villanova beats Georgetown 84-75
1986 - Delhi beat Haryana by innings & 141 to win Ranji Trophy
1986 - US sub Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea
1986 - World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel
1989 - 1st NY Met-NY Yankee game in NYC since 1983, Yanks win 4-3
1989 - A Bartlett Giamatti replaces Ueberroth as 7th commissioner of baseball
1990 - "Ha!" comedy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting
1990 - 19th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1990 - 2nd Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus wins
1990 - 9th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Auburn 88-81
1990 - CBS fires sportscaster Brent Mussburger
1990 - Guns & Roses' Duff divorces Mandy Brix, lead singer for Lame Flames
1990 - It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2' of nude dancers
1990 - Jack Nicklaus wins 1st start on Senior PGA tour
1990 - Wrestlemania VI, 67,678 in Toronto, Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan
1991 - 53rd NCAA Mens Basketball Champion: Duke Bluedevils beats Kansas 72-65
1991 - Dwight Gooden signs $5.15 million 3 year contract with NY Mets
1991 - Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years
1991 - Supreme Court rules jurors can't be barred from serving due to race
1991 - US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour
1991 - Warsaw Pact officially dissolves
1992 - 5th Largest wrestling crowd (64,287-Toronto SkyDome)
1992 - Battleship USS Missouri (on which, Japan surrendered) decommissioned
1992 - Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs prob
1992 - NFL decides to stay with 17 week sched instead of expanded 18 games
1992 - NHL players begin 1st strike in 75-year history
1992 - Rocker Billy Idol fined $2,000 for hitting a woman
1992 - WA beat NSW by 44 runs to win the Sheffield Shield Final
1992 - World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24B aid for former USSR
1993 - Alan Bennett's "Madness of George III," premieres in London
1993 - Stephane Powers weds Patrick de la Chenais
1994 - Bob Feller Statue on Indians Plaza, dedicated
1995 - Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee
1995 - NY Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom's uniform #23
1996 - 58th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Syracuse 76-67
1996 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Boston MA on WBCN 104.1 FM (morn)
1996 - The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created.
1997 - 69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch
1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU)
1998 - World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Minn
1999 - Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories.
2001 - 20th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at St Louis
2001 - Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands, which is the first country to allow it.
2001 - Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milosevic surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes.
2002 - 64th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at Georgia Dome Atlanta
2002 - The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so.
2004 - Google introduces its Gmail product to the public. The launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date.
2006 - The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom.
2009 - Croatia and Albania joined NATO