Famous Events on this Day in History, March 28:37 - Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate, entitled to him by the Senate.
193 - Roman Emperor Pertinax is assassinated by Praetorian Guards, who then sell the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.
364 - Roman Emperor Valentinian I appoints his brother Flavius Valens co-emperor.
845 - Paris is sacked by Viking raiders, probably under Ragnar Lodbrok, who collects a huge ransom in exchange for leaving.
1535 - Bloemkamp Abbey (Oldeklooster) attacked & destroyed
1556 - Karel V's son Philip II crowned king of Spain
1556 - Origin of Fasli Era (India)
1738 - English parliament declares war on Spain (War of Jenkin's Ear)
1774 - Britain passes Coercive Act against Massachusetts
1776 - Juan Bautista de Anza finds the site for the Presidio of San Francisco.
1794 - Louvre opens to the public (although officially opened since August)
1794 - Allies under the prince of Coburg defeat French forces at Le Cateau.
1795 - Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia.
1796 - Bethel African Methodist Church of Phila is 1st US-African church
1797 - Nathaniel Briggs of NH patents a washing machine
1799 - NY State abolished slavery
1802 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers discovers 2 Pallas, the second asteroid known to man.
1804 - Ohio passed law restricting movement of Blacks, 1804
1809 - Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
1834 - Senate censure Pres Jackson for taking fed deposits from Bank of US
1837 - Felix Mendelssohn marries Cécile Jeanrenaud
1844 - Jose Zorilla's "Don Juan Tenorio," premieres in Madrid
1845 - Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
1849 - Dutch princess Marianne & Prince Albert of Prussia separate
1854 - During the Crimean War, Britain & France declare war on Russia
1859 - 1st performance of John Brahms' 1st Serenade for orchestra
1860 - First Taranaki War: The Battle of Waireka begins.
1862 - Skirmish at Bealeton Station, Virginia
1866 - 1st ambulance goes into service
1871 - SF Art Assn holds open reception at 430 Pine
1881 - Greatest Show On Earth was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey
1885 - US Salvation Army officially organized
1891 - 1st world weightlifting championship held
1896 - The opera "Andrea Chenier" is produced (Milan)
1902 - 27.9 cm precipitation at McMinnville, Tennessee (state record)
1905 - Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used
1910 - 1st seaplane, takes off from water at Martinques France (Henri Fabre)
1913 - Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1917 - Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities
1917 - Puccini's "La Rondine," premieres in Monte Carlo
1920 - Actor Douglas Fairbanks marries actress Mary Pickford
1920 - Thomas Masaryk elected president of Czechoslovakia
1920 - Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states.
1922 - 1st microfilm device introduced
1922 - Stanley Cup: Toronto St Pats (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
1924 - WGN-AM in Chicago IL begins radio transmissions
1927 - Majestic Theater opens at 245 W 44th St NYC
1929 - Democratic constitution goes into effect in Ecuador
1930 - 1st performance of Walter Piston's Suite for orchestra (Boston)
1930 - Constantinople & Angora changes names to Istanbul & Ankara
1933 - German Reichstag confers dictatorial powers on Hitler
1935 - Goddard uses gyroscopes to control a rocket
1939 - Dutch hunter shoots English bombers down
1939 - Philip Barry's "Philadelphia Story," premieres in NYC
1939 - Renaissance Big 5 win 1st pro basketball championship
1939 - Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco
1940 - Construction begins of the exhibition center to host the Thessaloniki International Trade Fair.
1941 - Sea battle at Cape Matapan: Brit fleet under Cunningham defeats Italy
1942 - -29] 234 RAF bombers attack Lubeck
1942 - 4th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Dartmouth 53-38
1942 - British naval forces raid Nazi occupied French port of St Nazaire
1942 - Raid on lock/dock St Nazaire
1944 - 6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40
1944 - Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking
1944 - NBA rookie of the year in 1966, Rick Barry
1945 - Last German V-2 (buzz bomb) attack on London
1946 - Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.
1948 - 2nd Tony Awards: Mister Roberts win
1950 - 12th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: CCNY beats Bradley 71-68 NYC college becomes 1st to win NCAA & Natl Inv Basketball in same year
1952 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1952 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1953 - "New Faces (of 1952)" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 365 perfs
1953 - "Stock exchanges open, dikes closed" raises 5,200,000 gulden
1953 - 7th Tony Awards: Crucible & Wonderful Town win
1953 - KCAU TV channel 9 in Sioux City, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1953 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
1954 - 8th Tony Awards: Teahouse of the August Moon & Kismet win
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betsy Rawls Golf Open
1954 - WKAQ TV channel 2 in San Juan, PR (TM) begins broadcasting
1955 - NZ cricket all out for 26 v England at Eden Park
1957 - 1st National Curling Championship held
1959 - 11 days after Tibet uprising, China dissolves Tibet's govt & installs Panchen Lama
1960 - Pope John raises the 1st Japanese, 1st African & 1st Filipino cardinal
1960 - Scotch factory explodes burying 20 fire fighters (Glasgow Scotland)
1962 - Devastating 8 for 6 spell by Gibbs gives WI cricket victory over India
1962 - Military coup in Syria, President Nazim al-Kudsi flees
1963 - AFL's NY Titan's become the NY Jets
1964 - 1st pirate radio station near England (Radio Caroline)
1964 - 9.2 earthquake shakes Prince William Sound, Alaska
1965 - Jo Ann Prentice wins LPGA All State Ladies' Golf Invitational
1967 - "Sherry!" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 65 performances
1967 - UN Sect General U Thant makes public proposals for peace in Vietnam
1969 - Pope Paul VI names JGM Willebrands cardinal
1969 - Greek poet and Nobel Prize laureate Giorgos Seferis makes a famous statement on the BBC World Service opposing the junta in Greece.
1970 - 1,086 die when 7.4 quake destroys 254 villages (Gediz Turkey)
1971 - 25th Tony Awards: Sleuth & Company win
1972 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1972 - Wilt Chamberlain plays his last pro basketball game
1974 - Rock group Raspberries breakup
1975 - Wash Caps win 1st game on road after 37 straight road loses also
1977 - 39th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Marquette beats NC 67-59
1977 - 49th Academy Awards - "Rocky," Peter Finch & Faye Dunaway win
1977 - Morarji Desai forms govt in India
1979 - British government of Callaghan falls
1979 - Lazarus & Vosburgh's "Day in Hollywood & night in Ukraine," premieres
1979 - Major nuclear accident at 3 Mile Island, Middletown, Pa (no deaths)
1981 - Christa Rothenburger skates ladies world record 500 m 40.18 sec)
1981 - France performs nuclear test
1981 - Gabi Schonbrunn skates ladies world record 3 km (4:21.70)
1981 - Viv Richards scores century in the 1st Test at his home Antigua
1981 - Yevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (36.91 secs)
1982 - 12th Easter Seal Telethon raises $19,500,000
1982 - 1st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: LA Tech beats Cheney 76-62
1982 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1982 - JN Duartes christian-democrats win elections in El Salvador
1985 - International Cometary Explorer measures solar wind ahead of Halley
1985 - Neil Simon's "Biloxi Blues," premieres in NYC
1985 - STS 51-D vehicle moves to launch pad
1986 - Extremist Sikhs kill 13 hindus in Ludhiana India
1986 - John N McMahon, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1987 - Stacking of Discovery's SRBs gets underway
1989 - New Zealand wins America's Cup over Stars & Stripes, in a NY court
1990 - Bengal beat Delhi in rained-out cricket Ranji Trophy final on quotient
1990 - Michael Jordan scores 69 points, 4th time he scores 60 pts in a game
1990 - President Bush awards Jesse Owen the Congressional Gold Medal
1991 - Mike Tyson admits paternity to Kimberly Scarborough's son
1992 - 6th American Comedy Award: Cathy Ladman, Judy Watkins, Billy Crystal
1992 - Ann Transon runs female world record 50k (3:35:31)
1992 - PBA National Championship Won by Eric Forkel
1993 - 13th Golden Raspberry Awards: Shining Through wins
1993 - 22nd Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Helen Alfredsson
1993 - Conservatives win French parliamentary election
1993 - Type II supernova detected in M81 (NGC 3031)
1994 - Armed Zulus demonstrate in Johannesburg, over 53 killed
1994 - Italy's right-wing alliance under Silvio Berlusconi wins election
1994 - BBC Radio Five Live broadcasts for first time in United Kingdom
1995 - Julia Roberts & Lyle Lovette split-up
1995 - Queensland beat S Aust to win 1st ever cricket Sheffield Shield
1995 - World's largest bank-Japan's Mitsubishi Bank & Bank of Tokyo merge
1996 - "Seven Guitars," opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC
1996 - Katie Beam, 17, of Okla, crowned 35th Miss Teenage America
1997 - "City" soap opera's final episode on ABC-TV
1999 - 18th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at San Jose
2000 - A Murray County, Georgia, school bus is hit by a CSX freight train (3 children die in this accident).
2003 - In a "friendly fire" incident, two A-10 Thunderbolt II attack aircraft from the United States Idaho Air National Guard's 190th Fighter Squadron attack British tanks participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, killing British soldier Matty Hull.
2005 - The 2005 Sumatran earthquake rocks Indonesia, and at magnitude 8.7 is the second strongest earthquake since 1960.
2006 - At least 1 million union members, students and unemployed take to the streets in France in protest at the government's proposed First Employment Contract law.