Famous Events on this Day in History, March 27:196 BC - Ptolemy V ascends to the throne of Egypt.
1309 - Pope Clement V excommunicates Venice and all its population.
1329 - Pope John XXII issues his 'In Agro Dominico' condemning some writings of Meister Eckhart as heretical.
1513 - Spaniard Juan Ponce de Leon discovers Florida
1599 - Robert Devereux becomes lt-general of Ireland
1613 - The first English child born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
1625 - Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne
1642 - The sixth Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Joseph takes office.
1668 - English king Charles II gives Bombay to East India Company
1708 - English pretender to the throne James III flees to Dunkerk
1709 - Dike at Hardinxveld breaks (Alblasserwaard flooded)
1713 - Spain losses Menorca & Gibraltar
1721 - France & Spain sign Treaty of Madrid
1758 - Battle at Emmerich: British army floats around France the Rhine
1782 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1790 - The shoelace invented
1794 - US Navy forms
1794 - The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates.
1794 - Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact.
1802 - Treaty of Amiens-French Revolutionary War ends
1808 - Joseph Haydns oratorio "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna
1814 - Battle at Horseshoe Bend: Gen Andrew Jackson beats Creek-indians
1836 - 1st Mormon temple dedicated (Kirtland Ohio)
1841 - 1st US steam fire engine tested, NYC
1848 - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
1849 - Joseph Couch patents steam-powered percussion rock drill
1855 - Abraham Gesner patents kerosene
1860 - M L Byrn patents "covered gimlet screw with a 'T' handle" (corkscrew)
1861 - Black demonstrators in Charleston staged ride-ins on street cars
1863 - President Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer
1865 - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
1866 - Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
1866 - Pres Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amend
1868 - The Lake Ontario Shore Railroad Company is organized in Oswego, New York.
1871 - 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
1879 - Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
1881 - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
1884 - 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY
1890 - A tornado strikes Louisville, Kentucky, killing 76 and injuring 200.
1906 - Founding of the Alpine Club of Canada in Winnipeg, Manitoba
1910 - Fire during a barn-dance in Ököritófülpös, Hungary, killed 312
1912 - 1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Wash DC
1914 - 1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels)
1918 - Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
1920 - Film stars Mary Pickford & Douglas Fairbanks wed
1920 - Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)
1924 - Canada recognizes USSR
1924 - New French govt of Poincaré begins
1928 - KGB-AM in San Diego CA begins radio transmissions
1928 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1928 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1929 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1929 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner
1930 - 1st US radio broadcast from a ship at sea
1931 - Charlie Chaplin receives France's distinguished Legion of Honor
1931 - John McGraw says night baseball will not catch on
1932 - De Bataven soccer team forms in Gendt
1933 - Farm Credit Administration (US) authorized
1933 - Japan leaves League of Nations
1933 - Polythene discovered by Reginald Gibson & Eric William Fawcett
1936 - WOS-AM in Jefferson City Missouri goes off the air
1937 - Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
1938 - The Battle of Taierzhuang takes place.
1939 - 1st NCAA Men's Basketball Champion: U of Oregon beats OH State 46-33
1940 - Himmler orders building of Auschwitz concentration camp, at Katowice
1941 - Britain leases defense bases in Trinidad to US for 99 years
1941 - Hitler signs Directive 27 (assault on Yugoslavia)
1941 - Yugoslavian coup gets rid of pro-German Prince Paul
1942 - -28] Allies raid German submarine base in St Nazaire
1942 - Japan forces Java to use "Tokyo time" 1½ hour forward
1942 - Joe Louis KOs Abe Simon in 6 to retain heavyweight boxing title (NYC)
1943 - Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau
1943 - Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio
1943 - US begins assault on Fondouk-pass, Tunisia
1944 - 1,000 Jews leave Drancy France for Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1944 - 2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania
1944 - 40 Jewish policemen in Riga Latvia ghetto are shot by the gestapo
1944 - Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno
1945 - 7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Okla State beats NYU 49-44
1945 - British premier Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine
1945 - DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title
1945 - Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"
1945 - Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken
1945 - Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 US killed
1945 - US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden
1945 - World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.
1948 - The Second Congress of the Workers Party of North Korea is convened.
1950 - Jazz pianist, Erroll Garner's solo concert (Cleve OH)
1950 - Netherlands recognizes People's Republic of China
1950 - WHAS TV channel 11 in Louisville, KY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - 13th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Kansas 68-58
1951 - Frank Sinatra recorded "I'm a Fool to Want You"
1952 - Failed assassination attempt of German Chancellor Adenauer
1952 - Sun Records of Memphis begins releasing records
1953 - 21 die in a train crash in Conneaut Ohio
1955 - 9th Tony Awards: Desperate Hours & Pajama Game win
1955 - Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut (Goodyear Playhouse)
1955 - WPRI TV channel 12 in Providence, RI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - French commandos land in Algeria
1956 - US seizes US communist newspaper "Daily Worker"
1957 - 29th Academy Awards - "Around World in 80 Days," Bergman, Brynner win
1958 - CBS Labs announce new stereophonic records
1958 - Havana Hilton opens
1958 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet premier & 1st sect of Communist Party
1960 - Wiffi Smith wins LPGA Royal Crown Golf Open
1961 - Belgium govt of Eyskens resigns
1961 - Failed assassination attempt on King Saif al-Islam Achmad of Yemen
1962 - Ann Jellicoe's "Knack," premieres in London
1962 - Archbishop Rummel ends race segregation in New Orlean Catholic school
1962 - Jacques Plante ties record winning 6th NHL Vezina trophy
1963 - Beeching axe: Dr. Richard Beeching issues a report calling for huge cuts to the United Kingdom's rail network.
1964 - 1st true Pirate Radio station, Radio Caroline (England)
1964 - Earthquake strikes Alaska, 8.4 on Richter scale, 118 die
1964 - Great Train Robbers sentenced to a total of 307 years behind bars
1964 - UN troops arrive on Cyprus
1966 - Anit Vietnam war demonstrations in US, Europe & Australia
1966 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Louise Suggs Delray Beach Golf Invitational
1968 - Japanese Trade & Cultural Center (Japan Center) dedicated in SF
1968 - Suharto succeeds Sukarno as president of Indonesia
1969 - Black Academy of Arts & Letters forms in Boston
1969 - Launch of Mariner 7, flies 2,190-mi above southern Mars
1970 - Ringo releases his 1st solo album "Sentimental Journey"
1970 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1971 - 33rd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Villanova 68-62 UCLA wins their 5th consecutive NCAA basketball title
1972 - Adolph Rupp retires after 42 years of coaching U of Kentucky
1972 - Venera 8 launched to Venus
1973 - Dennis Amiss out for 99 v Pakistan, 3rd 99 in Test Cricket
1973 - Jerry Garcia (Grateful Dead) stopped for speeding & LSD possession
1973 - 45th Academy Awards - "Godfather," Marlon Brando & Liza Minnelli win Marlon Brando turns down Oscar for best actor in support of Indians
1976 - Delta States beat Immaculata, 69-64, for AIWA basketball title
1976 - Washington DC underground Metro opens
1977 - 583 die in aviation's worst disaster KLM-Pan Am 747 crash on Tenerife
1977 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Kathryn Crosby/Honda Civic Golf Classic
1978 - 40th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Duke 94-88
1978 - Bob Fosse's "Dancin'" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1,774 perfs
1978 - Rutles "All You Need is Cash" is shown on British TV
1979 - Supreme Court rules, 8-1, cops can't randomly stop cars
1980 - "Happy New Year" opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 17 performances
1980 - "Reggae" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 21 performances
1980 - Elevator in Vaal Reef S Afr gold mine crash 1900m down (23 die)
1980 - Mount St Helens becomes active after 123 years
1980 - The Norwegian oil platform Alexander Kielland collapses in the North Sea, killing 123 of its crew of 212.
1981 - John Lennon releases "Watching the Wheels" in UK
1982 - "Best Little Whorehouse..." closes at 46th St NYC after 1577 perfs
1982 - Imran takes 14-116 for cricket match v Sri Lanka at Lahore
1982 - Randy Holt sets Wash Cap record of 34 penalty minutes
1983 - 13th Easter Seal Telethon
1983 - Larry Holmes beats Lucien Rodriguez in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1983 - Neil Simon's "Brighton Beach Memoirs," premieres in NYC
1984 - Andrew Lloyd Webber/Richard Stilgoe's "Starlight Express," premieres
1985 - Billy Dee Williams receives a star on Hollywood Walk of Fame
1986 - Disney-MGM Studio Tour ground breaking
1987 - President Habre's troops reconquer Faya Largeau Chad
1988 - Ice Dance Championship at Budapest won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)
1988 - Ice Pairs Championship at Budapest won by E Valova & O Vasiliev (URS)
1988 - Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Budapest won by Katarina Witt (GDR)
1988 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Budapest won by Brian Boitano (USA)
1988 - Ok-Hee Ku wins Standard Register Turquoise Classic Golf Tournament
1988 - Wrestlemania IV at Trump Plaza, "Macho Man" Savage pins Ted Dibiase
1989 - 1st half-black soap opera, "Generations," premieres on NBC-TV
1989 - Delhi beat Bengal by innings & 210 to win Cricket's Ranji Trophy
1990 - Bus accidentally touches high voltage wire in Karagpur India; 21 die
1990 - NSW beat Queensland by 345 runs to win Sheffield Shield Final
1990 - The United States begins broadcasting TV Martí to Cuba in an effort to bridge the information blackout imposed by the Castro regime.
1991 - NCAA bans U of Minn football team from postseason play in 1992
1991 - New Kid Donnie Wahlberg, arrested on arson charges in Kentucky
1991 - Scotty Bowman & Neil Armstrong elected to NHL Hall of Fame
1992 - Bruce Springsteen releases "Human Touch" & "Lucky Town"
1993 - Jiang Zemin is appointed President of the People's Republic of China.
1994 - 23rd Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Donna Andrews
1994 - Church in Piedmont Alabama collapses in tornado, 19 killed
1994 - Ice Dance Championship at Chiba Japan won by Gritschuk & Platov (RUS)
1994 - Ice Pairs Championship at Chiba won by Shishkova/Vadim Naumov (RUS)
1994 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Yuka Sato (JPN)
1994 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Chiba won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
1994 - Radio personality Rush Limbaugh weds wife #3, Marta Fitzgerald
1994 - The Eurofighter takes its first flight in Manching, Germany.
1995 - 67th Academy Awards - "Forest Gump," Jessica Lange & Tom Hanks win
1996 - "State Fair," opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 118 performances
1997 - "Young Man From Atlanta," opens at Longacre NYC for 85 performances
1997 - 39 cult memebers in Calif commit mass suicide (Hale-Bopp)
1997 - Martin Luther King's son meets with James Earl Ray
1998 - Soul Train Award
2000 - Phillips explosion of 2000 kills 1 and injures 71 in Pasadena, Texas.
2002 - Passover Massacre: A suicide bomber kills 29 people in Netanya, Israel.
2004 - HMS Scylla, a decommissioned Leander frigate, is sunk as an artificial reef off Cornwall, the first of its kind in Europe.
2006 - The United Nations Commission on Human Rights holds its final meeting.
2009 - Situ Gintung, an artificial lake in Indonesia, fails killing at least 99 people.
2134 - 32nd recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet