Famous Events on this Day in History, March 17:

45 BC - In his last victory, Julius Caesar defeats the Pompeian forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the Younger in the Battle of Munda.
180 - Marcus Aurelius dies. Commodus is now the only emperor of the Roman Empire.
432 - St Patrick, a bishop, is carried off to Ireland as a slave
455 - Roman senator Petronius Maximus becomes Emperor
1190 - Crusades complete massacre of Jews of York England
1337 - Edward, the Black Prince is made Duke of Cornwall, the first Duchy made in England.
1521 - Ferdinand Magellan discovers the Philippines
1521 - Magelhaes lands on Homohon
1526 - French king Francois I freed from Spain
1537 - French troops invade Flanders
1580 - Prince Willem of Orange welcomed in Amsterdam
1658 - Pro-Charles II plot in England discovered
1672 - England declares war on Netherlands
1722 - Willem KH Friso appointed mayor of Drente
1753 - 1st official St Patrick's Day
1755 - Transylvania Land Co buys Kentucky for $50,000 from a Cherokee chief
1756 - St Patrick's Day 1st celebrated in NYC at Crown & Thistle Tavern
1757 - Prince Mas Saïd of Mataram surrenders to Mangkubumi in Java
1762 - 1st St Patrick's Day parade in NYC
1766 - Britain repeals Stamp Act
1776 - British forces evacuate Boston to Nova Scotia during Revolutionary War
1800 - English warship Queen Charlotte catches fire; 700 die
1804 - Johann von Schiller's "Wilhelm Tell," premieres
1824 - England & Netherlands sign a trade agreement
1833 - Phoenix Society forms (NY)
1836 - Texas abolishes slavery
1842 - Indians land in Ohio, a 12 square mile area in Upper Sandusky
1845 - Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
1845 - Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
1847 - "Macbeth" opera premieres in Florence
1854 - 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass
1860 - Japanese embassy arrives aboard Candinmarruh [sic]
1861 - Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed
1863 - Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
1868 - Postage stamp canceling machine patent issued
1870 - Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
1871 - National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
1876 - 1st record high jump over 6' (Marshall Jones Brooks)
1876 - Gen Crook destroy Cheyennes & Oglala-Sioux indian camps
1877 - Bill Midwinter completes Test Crickets' 1st 5-wkt haul, 5-78 v Eng
1884 - John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif
1886 - Carrollton Massacre, (Mississippi) 20 blacks killed
1891 - British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574
1894 - US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US
1897 - Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
1898 - 1st practical submarine 1st submerges, NYC (for 1 hour 40 minutes)
1899 - Windsor luxury hotel in NYC catches fire, 92 die
1900 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2
1901 - Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands
1901 - A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.
1902 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA beat Winnipeg Victorias, 2 games to 1
1905 - Eleanor Roosevelt marries FDR in NY
1906 - Pres Theodore Roosevelt uses term "muckrake"
1906 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Silver 7, although both winning a game, Montreal outscores Ottawa 12-10
1906 - The Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity is founded at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.
1908 - Quickest world heavyweight title fight (Burns KOs Roche in 88 seconds)
1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Jem Roche in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1910 - DHC soccer team forms in Delft Neth
1912 - Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
1913 - The Uruguayan Air Force is founded.
1917 - 1st exclusively women's bowling tournament begins in St Louis
1917 - Tsar Nicolas II of Russia abdicates the throne [NS]
1917 - Delta Phi Epsilon is founded at New York University Law School.
1918 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
1918 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1919 - Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
1921 - Dr Marie Stopes opens Britain's 1st birth control clinic (London)
1921 - Lenin proclaims New Economic Politics
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt (thousands die)
1921 - The Second Republic of Poland adopts the March Constitution.
1924 - Eugene O'Neill's "Welded," premieres in NYC
1924 - Netherlands & USSR begin talks over USSR recognition
1924 - Sweden & USSR exchange diplomats
1926 - Dutch Calvinists oust Rev J G Geelkerken over Genesis 3
1926 - Richard Rodgers & L Hart's musical "Girl Friend," premieres in NYC
1926 - Spain & Brazil prevent Germany joining League of Nations
1927 - US govt doesn't sign league of Nations disarmament treaty
1929 - General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel
1929 - Spanish dictator Primo de Rivera closes university of Madrid
1931 - Stalin throws Krupskaya Lenin out of Central Committee
1932 - German police raid Hitler's nazi-headquarter
1934 - Dollfuss, Mussolini & Gombos sign Donau Pact (protocols of Rome)
1935 - KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa call sign is given to KWCR
1939 - Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out.
1941 - National Gallery of Art, Wash DC opens
1942 - Belzec Concentration Camp opens-30,000 Lublin Polish Jews transported
1942 - Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander
1943 - Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks
1943 - F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell," premieres in NYC
1944 - Actor Charlton Heston weds Lydia Clarke
1945 - Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra
1950 - Belgian govt of Eyskens resigns
1950 - Element 98 (Californium) announced
1951 - Govt of Drees takes power
1951 - Test Cricket debut of Brian Statham, England v NZ Christchurch
1953 - Bill Veeck says he will sell his 80% of St Louis Browns for $2,475M
1953 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - WBAY TV channel 2 in Green Bay, WI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WWLP TV channel 22 in Springfield, MA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Maurice "Rocket" Richard suspended, sparks 7 hour riot in Montreal
1956 - 8th Emmy Awards: Ed Sullivan Show, Phil Silvers Show & Lucy Ball
1957 - Dutch ban on Sunday driving lifted
1957 - Ramon Magsaysay, president of Philipines dies in a plane crash
1958 - Navy launches Vanguard 1 into orbit (2nd US), measures Earth shape
1959 - Australia & USSR restore diplomatic relations
1959 - Dalai Lama flees Tibet for India
1960 - Eisenhower forms anti-Castro-exile army under the CIA
1960 - WSLA (now WAKA) TV channel 8 in Selma, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - NY DA arrests professional gamblers who implicate Seton Hall players
1961 - South Africa leaves British Commonwealth
1963 - Bob Cousy plays his last NBA game
1963 - Elizabeth Ann Seton of NY beatified (canonized in 1975)
1963 - Eruptions of Mount Agung Bali, kills 1,900 Balinese
1965 - Beatles announce their film is named "8 Arms to Hold on to You" (Help)
1966 - South Africa govt bans Defense & Aid Fund
1966 - US sub locates missing H-bomb in Mediterranean
1968 - 2-tiered gold price negotiated in Wash DC by US & 6 European nations
1968 - Kathie Whitworth wins LPGA St Petersburg Orange Blossom Golf Open
1969 - Golda Meir becomes Israel's 4th PM
1969 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Open
1970 - Peter O'Malley becomes CEO of LA Dodgers
1970 - US casts their 1st UN Security Council veto (Support England)
1972 - Ringo releases "Back off Bugaloo" in UK
1973 - Queen Elizabeth II opens new London Bridge
1973 - St Patrick Day marchers carry 14 coffins commemorating Bloody Sunday
1974 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Bing Crosby Golf Classic International
1975 - Valeri Muratov skates world record 1000m (1:16.92)
1976 - Malikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.76)
1976 - Rubin "Hurricane" Carter is retried
1976 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - Australia wins cricket Centenary Test by 45 runs, same result as 1877
1978 - Amoco Cadiz tanker spills 1.6 mil gallons of oil off French coast
1978 - Ligeti's opera "Le Grand Macabre," premieres in Stockholm
1978 - Reds don green uniforms for St Patricks Day
1979 - Ice Dance Championship at Vienna won by N Linichuk & G Karponosov USSR
1979 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Tai Babilonia & R Gardner USA
1979 - Men's Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)
1979 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Vienna won by Linda Fratianne
1979 - The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.
1981 - FC Lisse, Dutch soccer team forms
1982 - 4 Dutch TV crew members shot dead in El Salvador
1983 - 70th hat trick in Islander history-Mike Bossy
1983 - 9th People's Choice Awards
1985 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1985 - Matti Nykanen of Finland set a world ski jump record of 623'
1986 - Haemers gang robs gold transport in Belgium of 35 million BF
1987 - IBM releases PC-DOS version 3.3
1987 - Sunil Gavaskar ends his Test career with an innings of 96 v Pak
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Det Norske Teatret, Oslo
1988 - Highest scoring NCAA basketball game; Loyola-Marymont 119, Wyoming 115
1988 - Iran says Iraq uses poison gas
1989 - "Chu Chem" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 44 performances
1989 - Dorothy Cudahy is 1st female grand marshal of St Patrick Day Parade
1990 - PBA National Championship Won by Jim Pencak
1991 - 9 of 15 Soviet reps officially approve new union treaty
1991 - Irish Lesbians & Gays march in St Patrick Day parade
1991 - John Robin Baitz' "Substance of Fire," premieres in NYC
1991 - NJ raises turnpike tolls 70%
1991 - Penny Hammel wins Desert Inn LPGA Golf International
1992 - "Death & the Maiden" opens at Brooks Atkinson NYC for 159 perfs
1992 - 18th People's Choice Awards: Garth Brooks & Reba McEntire
1992 - 28 killed in truck bombing of Israeli embassy in Buenos Aires, Arg
1992 - De Klerk wins a white only referendum
1992 - Islamic Jihad truck bombs Israeli Embassy in Buenos Aires killing 29
1992 - Russian manned space craft TM-14, launches into orbit
1993 - 86 killed by bomb attack in Calcutta
1994 - "Little More Magic" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 30 performances
1994 - Iran transport aircraft crashes in Azerbaijan (32 killed)
1994 - It is announced there is no smoking in Cleve Indians new ballpark
1995 - British pound hits 2.4545 to Dutch guilder (record)
1995 - Sinn-Fein leader Gerry Adams visits White House
1995 - USt approves 1st chicken pox vaccine, Varivax by Merck & Co
1996 - "Bus Stop" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances
1996 - "Getting Away With Murder" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 17 perfs
1996 - Aravinda De Silva gets 107* & 3-42 in cricket World Cup victory
1996 - Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship
1996 - Mike Tyson beat Frank Bruno in 3rd round to gain Heavyweight title
1996 - Montreal Canadian's 1st game in their new arena
1996 - Sri Lanka beat Australia by 7 wickets to win the World Cup
1997 - CNN begins spanish broadcasts
1998 - USA Women's Hockey Team beats Canada for 1st Olympic Gold medal
2000 - The 800+ deaths of members of the Ugandan cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God is considered to be a mass murder and suicide orchestrated by leaders of the cult.
2003 - British Cabinet Minister Robin Cook, resigns over government plans for the war with Iraq.
2004 - Unrest in Kosovo results in more than 22 killed, 200 wounded, and the destruction of 35 Serb Orthodox shrines in Kosovo and two mosques in Belgrade and Nis.
2008 - New York State Governor Eliot Spitzer resigns after a scandal involving a high-end prostitute. David Paterson becomes acting New York State governor.
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