Famous Events on this Day in History, March 16:

597 BC - Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king.
1079 - Iran adopts solar Hijrah calendar
1190 - Crusades begin massacre of Jews of York England
1190 - Jews of York England commit mass sucide rather than submit to baptism
1249 - The Servite Order is officially approved by Cardinal Raniero Capocci, papal legate in Tuscany.
1322 - The Battle of Boroughbridge takes place in the First War of Scottish Independence.
1345 - Holy spirit glides above fire: "the miracle of Amsterdam" (legend)
1517 - Pope Leo X signs 5th Council of Lateranen
1521 - Magelhaes' fleet discovers Zamal (Samar)
1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches Philippines
1527 - Battle at Khanua: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Rajputen
1621 - Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Mass
1641 - General court declares RI a democracy & adopts new constitution
1660 - English Long Parliament disbands
1689 - The 23rd Regiment of Foot or Royal Welch Fusiliers is founded.
1690 - French king Louis XIV sends troops to Ireland
1730 - Willem Charles Henry Friso installed as viceroy of Drenthe
1731 - Treaty of Vienna: Emperor Charles VI of England & Netherlands
1792 - Murder attempt on King Gustavus III by count Ankarstrom at opera
1792 - King Gustav III of Sweden is shot; he dies on March 29.
1802 - Law signed to establish US Milt Academy (West Point, NY)
1802 - US army Corps of Engineers established (2nd time)
1815 - Willem I proclaimed king of the Netherlands, including Belgium
1818 - Second Battle of Cancha Rayada - Spanish forces defeat Chileans under José de San Martín.
1822 - Composer Gioacchino Rossini marries Spanish soprano
1827 - 1st US black newspaper, "Freedom's Journal" (NYC), begins publishing
1829 - Ohio authorizes high school night classes
1830 - London's re-organised police force (Scotland Yard)
1830 - New York Stock Exchange slowest day ever (31 shares traded)
1833 - Susan Hayhurst becomes 1st US woman grad of a pharmacy college
1834 - HMS Beagle anchors at Berkeley Sound, Falkland Islands
1836 - Texas approves a constitution
1850 - Nathaniel Hawthorne's "Scarlet Letter" published
1861 - Arizona Territory votes to leave the Union
1861 - Confederate government appoints commissioners to Britain
1861 - Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.
1862 - Battle at Pound Gap Kentucky: Confederates separate battles
1865 - Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
1867 - First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, in The Lancet.
1869 - Hiram R Revels makes 1st official speech by a black in the Senate
1871 - 1st fertilizer law enacted
1872 - 1st FA Cup Final: Wanderers-Royal Engineers 1-0 in Bolton
1876 - Nelly Saunders & Rose Harland fight 1st female boxing match (NY)
1877 - Charles Bannerman completes 1st Test cricket century, 165 v Eng
1881 - Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts
1882 - US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross
1894 - Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs," premieres in Paris
1896 - Premiere of Mahler's "Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen"
1897 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot" (BG)
1900 - AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in
1900 - Sir Arthur Evans finds old city of Knossus
1900 - Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo
1907 - 1st 1st-class cricket game between NSW & Western Australia
1910 - Barney Oldfield sets land speed record of 131.7 mph at Daytona
1911 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Port Arthur (Ont) 13-4
1912 - Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Wash DC
1915 - Brit battle cruisers Inflexible & Irresistible hit mines in Dardanelle
1915 - Federal Trade Commission organizes
1916 - James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella," premieres in London
1916 - US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
1918 - Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
1919 - Frank Wedekind's "Elius Erweckung," premieres in Hamburg
1920 - 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
1922 - Sultan Fuad I crowned king of Egypt, England recognizes Egypt
1922 - WKY-AM in Oklahoma City OK begins radio transmissions
1923 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche," premieres in Vienna
1924 - The free port of Fiume is formally annexed by Mussolini's fascist regime.
1926 - Robert Goddard launches 1st liquid fuel rocket, goes 184' (56 meters)
1929 - WHP-AM in Harrisburg PA begins radio transmissions
1930 - USS Constitution (Old Ironsides) floated out to become a natl shrine
1931 - Genootschap Onze Taal (Our Language) organizes (Neth)
1933 - Hitler names Hjalmar Shaft, president of Bank of Germany
1934 - Congress passes Migratory Bird Conservation Act
1935 - Hitler orders German rearmament, violating Versailles Treaty
1937 - All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
1938 - Noel Coward's musical "Operette," premieres in London
1938 - Temple defeats Colorado to win 1st NIT
1939 - Germany occupies Czechoslovakia
1939 - Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine
1939 - NHL record 10 goals in 1 period-NY Rangers (7), NY Americans (3) & a record 26 points in the 3rd period
1939 - Marriage of Princess Fawzia of Egypt to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran.
1940 - German air raid on British fleet base Scapa Flow
1941 - Blizzard hits North Dakota & Minnesota killing 60
1941 - Dmitri Shostakovitch receives the Stalin Prize
1941 - National Gallery of Art opens in Wash DC
1943 - Elin K (No) & Zaanland (Neth) torpedoed & sinks
1944 - Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death
1945 - Allies secure Iwo Jima
1945 - Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers.
1946 - "Would-Be Gentleman" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 77 performances
1947 - Convair Liner, 1st US twin-engine pressurized airplane, tested
1949 - KFMB TV channel 8 in San Diego, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - 1st annual National Book Awards
1952 - 1870 mm rain in Cilaos, Reunion (world record)
1952 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1953 - AL rejects Bill Veeck's request to move St Louis Browns to Baltimore
1955 - Josephine Kroesen appointed as 1st Dutch female judge
1955 - President Eisenhower upheld the use of atomic weapons in case of war
1956 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1956 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
1957 - 9th Emmy Awards: Phil Silvers Show, Robert Young & Loretta Young
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1957 - Toronto Maple Leafs tie NHL record 37 points beating NY Rangers 14-1
1958 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1959 - Iraq & USSR sign economic/technical treaty
1962 - 1st launching of Titan 2-rocket
1962 - US Super-Constellation disappears above Pacific Ocean, kills 167
1964 - KCOY TV channel 12 in Santa Maria, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - Paul Hornung & Alex Karras reinstated in NFL after 1 year suspension
1966 - Gemini 8 launched with Armstrong & Scott, aborted after 6.5 orbits
1966 - Man From Uncle star David McCallum receives huge welcome in London
1967 - Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) ship breaks down
1968 - My Lai massacre occurs (Vietnam War); 450 die
1968 - Robert F Kennedy announces presidential campaign
1968 - General Motors produces its 100 millionth automobile, the Oldsmobile Toronado.
1969 - "1776" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 1217 performances
1969 - Boston Bruins scores a NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
1969 - Peter Stone & Sherman Edward's "1776," premieres in NYC
1969 - Viasa DC-9 crashes at Maracaibo's Grano de Oro airport, killing 155
1970 - New English Bible published
1970 - WNIN TV channel 9 in Evansville, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 - 13th Grammy Awards: Bridge over Troubled Water, Carpenters win
1971 - KDCD TV channel 18 in Midland, TX (IND) suspends broadcasting
1971 - Government of Trygve Bratteli in Norway.
1972 - John & Yoko are served with deportation papers
1974 - 1st performance at new Grand Ole Opry House at Opryland in Nashville
1975 - "Lieutenant" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 9 performances
1975 - US Mariner 10 makes 3rd & final fly-by of Mercury
1976 - British premier Harold Wilson resigns
1977 - US president Carter pleads for Palestinian homeland
1978 - Amoco Cadiz spills 223,000 tons of crude oil off French coast
1978 - Red Brigade kidnaps former premier Aldo Moro in Italy, 5 killed
1978 - Soyuz 26 returns to Earth
1978 - US Senate accepts Panama Canal treaty
1978 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - CBS-TV airs "Wings Over the World" with Paul McCartney
1979 - Edmer Asama
1980 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Honda Civic Golf Classic
1983 - Smallest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Nets-1,814)
1984 - Gunmen kidnap William Buckley, CIA station chief in Beirut
1984 - South-Africa & Mozambique sign non attack treaty
1985 - Associated Press correspondent Terry Anderson taken hostage in Beirut
1985 - Denny McLain, pitcher; convicted of racketeering, sentenced to 25 yrs
1986 - Chris Johnson wins LPGA GNA/Glendale Federal Golf Classic
1988 - Federal grand jury indicts North & Poindexter in Iran-Contra affair
1988 - North-Ireland Protestant fires on Catholic funeral, 3 killed
1988 - US sends 3000 soldiers to Nicaragua's neighbor Honduras
1991 - 7 of Reba McEntire band members are killed in a plane crash
1991 - Members of Irish Gay & Lesbian Organization march in NYC parade
1991 - NJ Net coach Bill Fitch is 4th coach to win 800 NBA games
1991 - NY Lotto pays $33.3 million to one winner (#s are 18-21-32-33-35-38)
1991 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Munich won by Kristi Yamaguchi
1992 - Matt Keough, in the dugout, is hit flush in the head by a batted ball
1994 - Moravcik forms Slovakia government
1994 - Tonya Harding pleads guilty to felony attack on Nancy Kerrigan
1995 - Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15
1995 - Manhattan upsets 4th seeded Okla 77-67
1995 - Miss House of Representatives ratifies 13th Amendement-slavery ends
1995 - Mississippi formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment
1995 - World best 7th wkt stand 461 by Bhupinder Singh Jr & P Dharmani
1996 - Mike Tyson KOs Frank Bruno in 2nd round
1997 - Donna Andrews wins LPGA Welch's/Circle K Championship
1997 - NJ Devils' Dave Andreychuk is 26th NHL to score 500 goals
1997 - Stuart Appleby wins Honda Golf Classic
1997 - Toshiba Senior Golf Classic
1997 - Sandline affair: On Bougainville Island, soldiers of commander Jerry Singirok arrest Tim Spicer and his mercenaries of the Sandline International.
1998 - Pope John Paul II asks God for forgiveness for the inactivity and silence of some Roman Catholics during the Holocaust.
2003 - The largest coordinated worldwide vigil takes place, as part of the global protests against Iraq war.
2005 - Israel officially hands over Jericho to Palestinian control.
2006 - The United Nations General Assembly votes overwhelmingly to establish the UN Human Rights Council.
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