Famous Events on this Day in History, March 13:

483 - St Felix III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
607 - 12th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1138 - German king Koenraad II von Hohenstaufen crowned
1519 - Cortez lands in Mexico
1560 - Spanish fleet occupies Djerba, at Tripoli
1564 - Cardinal Granvelle flees Brussels
1567 - Battle at Oosterweel: Spanish troops destroy Geuzenleger
1569 - Battle of Jarnac, Count of Anjou defeats Huguenots
1591 - Battle at Tondibi: Moroccans army under Judar beats sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai
1634 - Academie Francaise opens
1639 - Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard
1656 - Jews are denied the right to build a synagogue in New Amsterdam
1677 - Massachusetts gains title to Maine for $6,000
1735 - 1st US Moravian bishop, David Nitschmann, consecrated in Germany
1759 - 27th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1772 - Gotthold Lessing's "Emilia Calotti," premieres in Brunswick
1781 - Sir William Herschel sees "comet" (really discovered Uranus)
1790 - John Martin, 1st American-born actor, performs in Philadelphia
1797 - Cherubini's opera "Medée," premieres in Paris
1835 - Charles Darwin departs Valparaiso for Andes crossing
1846 - Friedrich Hebbel's "Maria Magdalena," premieres in Königsberg
1852 - Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly
1861 - Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
1865 - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
1868 - Senate begins Pres Andrew Johnson impeachment trial
1869 - Arkansas legislature passes anti-Klan law
1878 - Oxford defeats Cambridge in their 1st golf match
1884 - Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins
1884 - US adopts Standard Time
1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine patents earmuffs
1888 - Great Blizzard of 1888 rages
1894 - J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate
1895 - Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks off Gibraltar, 402 die
1897 - San Diego State University is founded.
1900 - British troops occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State
1900 - In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law.
1904 - Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilian border dedicated
1911 - Ivan Caryll's musical "Pink Lady," premieres in NYC
1911 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Galt (Ont), 7-4
1912 - Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games
1913 - Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures
1915 - Dodgers manager Wilbert Robinson tries to catch a baseball dropped from an airplane, but the pilot substituted a grapefruit
1918 - American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
1918 - 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
1920 - Wolfgang Kapp's coup attempt in Berlin fails
1921 - Mongolia (formerly Outer Mongolia) declares independence from China
1922 - George Bernard Shaws "Back to Methusaleh V," premieres in NYC
1922 - WRR-AM in Dallas TX begins radio transmissions
1922 - NHL Championship: Ottawa Senators outscore Toronto St Pats, 5 to 4, in 2 games
1923 - Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
1924 - German Republic day
1925 - NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweep Toronto Arenas in 2 games
1925 - Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach evolution
1928 - Rudolph Friml's musical "Three Musketeers," premieres in NYC
1929 - Bradman scores 123 Aust v England at MCG, his 2nd Test Cricket ton
1930 - Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory
1933 - Banks reopen
1933 - Josef Goebbels becomes German minister of Information & Propaganda
1935 - Driving tests introduced in Great Britain
1938 - Anschluá-Austria annexed by Nazi Germany
1938 - World News Roundup is broadcast for the first time on CBS Radio in the United States.
1940 - Finland-Russian cease fire signed, Finland gives up Karelische
1940 - The Russo-Finnish Winter War ends.
1941 - A Bougne forms AGRA (Amis du Grand Reich Allemand)
1942 - Julia Flikke, Nurse Corps, becomes 1st woman colonel in US army
1943 - Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata)
1943 - Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight
1943 - Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6)
1944 - USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio govt
1945 - Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands
1945 - Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman
1947 - "Brigadoon" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 581 performances
1947 - 19th Academy Awards - "Best Years of Lives," De Havilland, March win
1948 - 10th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Baylor 58-42
1949 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Yvonne C Sherman
1949 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)
1951 - 2nd Dutch govt of Drees forms
1951 - Israel demands DM 6.2 billion compensation from Germany
1954 - Braves' Bobby Thomson breaks his ankle, he is replaced by Hank Aaron
1954 - Viet Minh General Giap opens assault on That Bien Phu
1955 - Bir BSD Mahendra succeeds Tribhubana as king of Nepal
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1956 - NZ bowl out WI for 77 at Eden Park to score their 1st Test Cricket win
1957 - Bloody battles after anti-Batista demonstration in Havana Cuba
1958 - Govt troops land in Sumatra Indonesia
1960 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1960 - NFL's Chicago Cardinals moves to St Louis
1960 - White Sox unveil new road uniforms with players' names above number
1961 - Elizabeth Gurley Finn (70) becomes pres of US Communist Party
1961 - Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 6 for heavywgt boxing title
1961 - JFK sets up the Alliance for Progress
1961 - Landslide in USSR, kills 145
1961 - Old type, black & white notes cease to be legal tender
1961 - Pablo Picasso (79) marries his model Jacqueline Rocque (37)
1962 - Yugoslavia grants 1,000 prisoners amnesty
1963 - 2 Russian reconnaissance flights over Alaska
1963 - Hindemith & Wilder's opera "Long Christmas Dinner," premieres in NYC
1963 - Indonesia & Netherlands recover diplomatic relations
1964 - Turkey threatens Cyprus with armed attack
1965 - Beatles' "Eight Days a Week," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 2 weeks
1965 - Jeff Beck replaces Eric Clapton of the Yardbirds
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lagunita Golf Invitational
1967 - Congo sentences ex-premier Moise Tsjombe to death
1967 - Robert Anderson's "You Know I Can't Hear You ...," premieres in NYC
1968 - Beatles release "Lady Madonna" in the UK
1969 - Apollo 9 returns to Earth
1970 - 100 year Beehive anniversary ends in brawl in Amsterdam
1970 - Digital Equipment Corp introduces PDP-11 minicomputer
1970 - SF city employees begin 4-day strike
1971 - Live at Fillmore East recorded
1973 - Syria adopts constitution
1973 - "Irene" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 605 performances
1973 - Minskoff Theater opens at 200 W 45th St NYC
1974 - Charles de Gaulle Airport opens near Paris
1974 - Glenn Turner scores twin tons for NZ's 1st win against Aust
1975 - Bernard Slade's "Same Time, Next Year," premieres in NYC
1977 - Dennis Lillee takes 6-26, England all out 95 in Centenary Test
1978 - Moluccans "suicide commandos" occupies Province house
1979 - European Monetary System is established, ECU created
1979 - Gairy dictatorship in Grenada overthrown by New Jewel Movement
1979 - Isle's Mike Bossy's 5th career hat trick
1980 - Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:13.60)
1980 - Ford Motor Co found innocent in death of 3 women in a fiery Pinto
1980 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Dortmund won by Jan Hoffmann GDR
1981 - Attempt on Pope John Paul II by Mehemet Ali Agca
1981 - NCAA St Joseph's upsets top seed DePaul
1982 - Ice Dance Championship at Copenhagen won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)
1982 - Ice Pairs Championship at Copenhagen won by Baess & Thierbach (GDR)
1982 - Men's Fig Skating Champions in Copenhagen won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1982 - Worlds Ladies Fig Skate Champs in Copenhagen won by Elaine Zayak (USA)
1982 - Elaine Zayak, lands 6 triple jumps to win world skating championship
1983 - "Woman of the Year" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 770 perfs
1983 - 1st USFL overtime game-Birmingham Stallions beat Oakld Invaders 20-14
1984 - Last day of 1st-class cricket for G Chappell, R Marsh, B Laird
1984 - WA beat Queensland by four wickets to win the Sheffield Shield
1985 - Funeral services held for Konstantin Chernenko (Moscow)
1985 - Michael Secrest (US) begins 24-hr ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
1986 - Soyuz T-15 carries 2 cosmonauts to Soviet space station Mir
1986 - Microsoft has its Initial public offering.
1987 - Ice Dance Championship at Cincinnati won by Bestemianova & Bukin (URS)
1987 - John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering
1987 - Washington Caps score 5 goals against Toronto in 3 mins & 3 secs
1988 - 14th People's Choice Awards: Fatal Attraction, Bill Cosby. win
1989 - 27th shuttle, Discovery 8, launched, 1st woman to do the countdown
1989 - FDA orders recall of all Chilean fruit in US
1989 - US space shuttle STS-29 launched
1990 - Nicholoas Braithwaite elected premier of Grenada
1991 - Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines & cleanup of Valdez oil spill
1992 - FCC rules companies can own 30 AM & 30 FM stations (formerly 12)
1992 - Martina Navratilova & Judy Nelson settle their galamony suit
1992 - An earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale kills over 500 in Erzincan, eastern Turkey.
1993 - Blizzard of '93 hits north-east US
1994 - 33.3% of Austria votes for ultra-right Freedom Party
1994 - Cuba Godding Jr (26) weds Sara Kapfer (26)
1994 - Donna Andrews wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship
1994 - Oil tank/airship crash at Bosporus (huge fire/15+ killed)
1994 - President Mangope of Bophuthaswana deposed
1995 - 9th Soul Train Music Awards: Boyz II Men, Anita Baker win
1995 - Anti fascist Kazachstan anti-parliament forms
1995 - Hungarian Forint devalued 9%
1995 - Istanbul police shoot dead 16 Alawitische demonstrators
1996 - Sri Lanka beat India in World Cup semi as riots stop play
1996 - Thomas Hamilton kills 16 kindergardeners, their teacher & himself
1996 - Dunblane massacre: in Dunblane, Scotland, 16 children and 1 teacher are shot dead by a spree killer who then commits suicide.
1997 - India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader.
1997 - The Phoenix lights were seen over Phoenix, Arizona by hundreds of people, and by millions on television. They are now a hotly debated controversy.
2003 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
2005 - Terry Ratzmann shoots and kills six members of the Living Church of God and the minister at Sheraton Inn in Brookfield, Wisconsin before killing himself.
2008 - Gold prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange hit $1,000.00 an ounce for the first time.
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