Famous Events on this Day in History, March 11:1425 BC - Thutmose III, Pharaoh of Egypt, dies (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
417 - Zosimus becomes bishop of Rome
537 - Goths lay siege to Rome
843 - Icon worship officially re-instated in Aya Sofia Constantinople
928 - Trpimir II succeeds to the Croatian throne.
1302 - Romeo & Juliet's wedding day, according to Shakespeare
1387 - The Battle of Castagnaro begins.
1502 - Tebriz] shah Ismail I of Persia crowned
1513 - Giovanni de' Medici chosen Pope Leo X
1563 - League of High Nobles routes 2nd protest against King Philip II
1567 - Geuzen army leaves Walcheren to return to Oosterweel
1597 - Land guardian Albrecht occupies Amiens on France
1598 - Countess Charlotte of Nassau marries duke Claude de la Tremoille
1649 - Treaty of Rueil destroys 1st Fronde-uprising
1649 - The Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
1665 - NY approves new code guaranteeing Protestants religious rights
1669 - Volcano Etna in Italy erupts killing 15,000
1702 - 1st English daily newspaper "Daily Courant," publishes
1708 - Queen Anne withholds Royal Assent from the Scottish Militia Bill, the last time a British monarch vetoes legislation.
1779 - US army Corps of Engineers established (1st time)
1789 - Benjamin Banneker with L'Enfant begin to lay out Washington DC
1791 - Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
1794 - Royal Theatre in London's Dury Lane opens
1795 - Battle at Kurdla India: Mahratten beat Mogols
1810 - Emperor Napoleon married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise
1812 - Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
1823 - 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt
1824 - US War Dept creates the Bureau of Indian Affair
1835 - HMS Beagle anchors off Valparaiso, Chile
1845 - The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Maoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
1848 - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
1850 - Woman's Medical College of Penn (1st female medical school)
1851 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Rigoletto," premieres in Venice
1851 - The first performance of Rigoletto, written by Verdi.
1861 - Confederate convention in Montgomery, adopts constitution
1862 - Lincoln removes McClellen as general-in-chief & makes him head of
1862 - 12] Gen Stonewall Jackson evacuates Winchester Virginia Army of the Potomac. Gen Henry Halleck is named general-in-chief
1864 - Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta), Tennessee
1864 - The Great Sheffield Flood: The largest man-made disaster ever to befall England kills over 250 people in Sheffield.
1865 - Gen Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC
1867 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Don Carlos," premieres in Paris
1867 - Great Mauna Loa eruption (Hawaiian volcano)
1867 - The first performance of Don Carlos written by Verdi.
1872 - Construction of the Seven Sisters Colliery, South Wales, begins; located on one of the richest coal sources in Britain.
1872 - The Meiji Japanese government officially annexes the Ryukyu Kingdom into what would become the Okinawa prefecture.
1882 - Intercollegiate Lacrosse Association organized in Princeton NJ
1888 - Great blizzard of '88 strikes NE US
1892 - 1st public basketball game (Springfield, Mass)
1895 - Spanish cruiser Reina Regenta sinks at Gibraltar, 400 killed
1897 - A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported.
1901 - Cincinnati Enquirer reports Balt mgr John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant
1904 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games
1905 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1
1910 - Jack Hobbs 1st Test ton (187 v SAfr), his only Test hit wicket
1912 - 1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-min periods, formerly played in 30-min halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep
1912 - Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.
1917 - British troops occupy Baghdad
1917 - 1st NHL championship game ever played, Toronto Arenas beats Montreal Canadiens 7-3 in 1st of 2 game set (second game on March 13)
1917 - World War I: Baghdad falls to the Anglo-Indian forces commanded by General Stanley Maude.
1918 - Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
1918 - Save the Redwoods League founded
1918 - First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu are observed at Fort Riley, Kansas.
1919 - General strike in Germany, crushed
1922 - Western Hockey Championship: Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA) sweep Regina Capitals, in 2 games
1924 - 3rd term of Belgium Theunis govt begins
1924 - Eden Phillpotts' "Farmer's Wife," premieres in London
1924 - NHL Championship: Montreal Canadiens sweeps Ottawa Senators in 2 games
1926 - Eamon da Valera ends leadership of Sinn Fein
1927 - 1st armored commercial car hold-up in US, Pittsburgh
1927 - 1st golden gloves tournament
1927 - Samuel Roxy Rothafel opens famous Roxy Theater (NYC)
1928 - Netherlands & Belgium tie 1-1 (soccer match in Amsterdam)
1930 - Pres & Chief Justice William Taft buried in Arlington
1931 - Ready for Labour and Defence of the USSR, abbreviated as GTO, is introduced in the Soviet Union.
1934 - Netherlands beats Belgium 9-3, in soccer
1935 - Bank of Canada opens
1935 - Hermann Goering officially creates German Air Force, the Luftwaffe
1936 - British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin pardons five convicted Irish militants who promise to join growing conflict with Germany.
1938 - Artur Seyss-Inquart replaces Kurt von Schuschnigg as Chancellor of Austria; German troops also entered the country
1941 - Bronko Nagurski beats Ray Steele in Minn, to become wrestling champ
1941 - FDR signs Lend-Lease Bill (lend money to Britain)
1942 - 1st deportation train leaves Paris for Auschewitz Concentration Camp
1942 - Gen MacArthur leaves Corregidor (Bataan) for Australia
1942 - Japanese troop land on North-Sumatra
1943 - Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands
1944 - Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested
1945 - 1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs
1945 - Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death
1948 - 1st black in the US Tennis Open (Reginald Weir)
1948 - Jewish Agency of Jerusalem bombed
1948 - Reginald Weit became the 1st black to play in the US Tennis Open
1948 - WBAL TV channel 11 in Baltimore, MD (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - 1st woman army doctor commissioned (FM Adams)
1953 - American B-47 accidentally drops a nuclear bomb on South Carolina, the bomb doesn't go off due to 6 safety catches
1954 - US Army charges Senator Joseph McCarthy used undue pressure tactics
1956 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1958 - Charles Van Doren finally loses on TV game show "21"
1958 - Starting this season, AL batters are required to wear batting helmets
1959 - "Raisin in the Sun," 1st Broadway play by a black woman, opens
1959 - Teddy Scholten wins Eurovision Song festival with "A Little Bit"
1960 - Pioneer 5 launched into solar orbit between Earth & Venus
1961 - Then NHL record 40 penalties, Black Hawks & Maple Leafs (20 each)
1963 - Somalia drops diplomatic relations with Great Britain
1965 - Indonesia President Sukarno accepts qualifications of Suharto
1966 - Military coup led by Indonesian Gen Suharto breaks out
1966 - A fire at two ski resorts in Numata, Japan kills 31 people.
1967 - Pink Floyd releases their 1st song (Arnold Layne)
1968 - Anti-Zionist Clandestine Radio Voice of El Assifa starts transmitting
1968 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 12nd string quartet
1968 - Otis Redding posthumously receives gold record for " Dock of the Bay"
1970 - 12th Grammy Awards: Aquarius, Crosby Stills & Nash, Peggy Lee win
1970 - Iraq Ba'th Party recognizes Kurd nation
1972 - "Inner City" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 97 performances
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA S&H Green Stamp Golf Classic
1974 - Mount Etna in Sicily erupted
1974 - Rhino Store gives people 5 cents to take home Danny Bonaduce's Album
1975 - Portugal military coup under general Spinola fails
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1977 - Moslems hold 130 hostages in Wash DC
1978 - Terrorists attack mail truck at Tel Aviv, 45 killed
1978 - USF-led Bill Cartwright scores 23 points as the Dons oust NC
1979 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic
1979 - Randy Hold receives 67 min in penalties in a 60 min NHL hockey game
1980 - Rod Marsh bowls 10 overs for 51 runs in dull Aust v Pak cricket draw
1981 - Chile constitution takes effect, Augusto Pinochet 2nd term begins
1981 - Johnny Mize & Rube Foster elected to baseball Hall of Fame
1982 - Failed military coup under Rambocus/Hawker in Suriname
1982 - Harrison Williams (Sen-D-NJ) resigned rather than face expulsion
1982 - Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat sign peace treaty in Wash DC
1983 - Ice Dance Championship at Helsinki Finland won by Torvill & Dean (GRB)
1983 - Ice Pairs Championship at Helsinki won by Valova & Vasiliev (URS)
1983 - Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Helsinki won by Rosalynn Sumners (USA)
1983 - Men's Fig Skating Championship in Helsinki won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1984 - Chris Johnson wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
1985 - Mikhail S Gorbachev replaces Konstantin Chernenko as Soviet leader
1986 - 1 million days since traditional foundation of Rome, 4/21/753 BC
1986 - 12th People's Choice Awards
1986 - 187.27 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
1986 - Islander Mike Bossy, 1st NHLer to score 50 goals in 9 straight seasons
1986 - Japanese probe Sakigake flies by Halley's Comet at 6.8 million km
1986 - NFL adopts instant replay rule
1987 - Wayne Gretzky scores 1,500th NHL point
1988 - Utrecht conservatory destroyed by fire
1988 - British pound note ceases to be legal tender, replaced by one pound coin
1990 - 16th People's Choice Awards
1990 - Lithuania declares it's Independence
1990 - Maggie Will wins Desert Inn LPGA Golf International
1991 - Janet Jackson signs $40M 3 album deal with Virgin records
1991 - John Smith, amateur wrestler, wins James E Sullivan Award
1991 - Monica Seles ends Steffi Graf's streak of 186 weeks ranked as #1
1993 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Prague won by Kurt Browning CAN
1994 - Eduardo Frei succeeds Patricio Aylwin as president of Chile
1995 - -36.8°F (-38.2°C) in Chosedachar, Komi-district, on 67°N
1995 - Pres Nazarbajev disbands Kazachstan parliament
1995 - Sinn Fein party leader, Gerry Adams, arrives in US
1995 - Yolanda Chen hop-skip-jumps world indoor record 15.03m
1996 - Chris Harris scores 130 in losing NZ side v Australia, World Cup
1996 - Mark Waugh scores 110 v NZ for his third century of the World Cup
1996 - The EU Database Directive is passed.
1996 - John Winston Howard becomes the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. His term in office is the second longest in Australian history, ending on December 3, 2007.
1997 - 3rd Blockbuster Entertainment Awards
1997 - Ashes of Star Trek creator, Gene Roddenberry are launched into space
1997 - Beatle McCartney knighted Sir Paul by Queen
1997 - SF Giant J T Snow suffers a fractured eye socket when hit by a pitch
1999 - Infosys becomes the first Indian company listed on the NASDAQ stock exchange.
2003 - The International Criminal Court holds its inaugural session in The Hague.
2004 - Terrorists explode simultaneous bombs on Madrid's rail network ripping through a commuter train and rocking three stations, killing 190
2006 - Michelle Bachelet is inaugurated as first female president of Chile.
2009 - Winnenden school shooting - 17 people are killed at a school in Germany.