Famous Events on this Day in History, March 04:51 - Nero, later to become Roman Emperor, is given the title princeps iuventutis (head of the youth).
303 - Martyrdom of Saint Adrian of Nicomedia.
852 - Croatian Duke Trpimir I issued a statute, a document with the first known written mention of the Croats name in Croatian sources.
932 - Translation of the relics of martyr Wenceslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Prince of the Czechs.
1152 - Frederik I Barbarossa elected Roman-German king
1215 - King John of England makes an oath to the Pope as a crusader to gain the support of Innocent III.
1238 - The Battle of the Sit River was fought in the northern part of the present-day Yaroslavl Oblast of Russia between the Mongol Hordes of Batu Khan and the Russians under Yuri II of Vladimir-Suzdal during the Mongol invasion of Russia.
1351 - Ramathibodi becomes King of Siam.
1386 - Wladyslaw II Jagiello (Jogaila) was crowned King of Poland.
1461 - Battle at Towton: Duke Edward of York beats English queen Margaretha Edward IV recognized as king of England
1492 - King James IV of Scotland concludes an alliance with France against England.
1540 - Protestant count Philip of Hessen marries 2nd wife
1570 - King Philip II bans foreign Dutch students
1590 - Mauritius of Nassau's ship reaches Breda
1611 - George Abbot appointed archbishop of Canterbury
1621 - Jacarta, Java renamed Batavia
1665 - English king Charles II declares war on Netherlands
1675 - John Flamsteed appointed 1st Astronomer Royal of England
1681 - King Charles II grants William Penn royal charter for Penn
1699 - Jews are expelled from Lubeck Germany
1741 - English fleet under admiral Ogle reaches Cartagena
1774 - 1st sighting of Orion nebula (William Herschel)
1776 - The American War of Independence: The Americans capture "Dorchester Heights" dominating the port of Boston, Massachusetts.
1789 - 1st Congress declares constitution in effect (9 senators, 13 reps)
1790 - France is divided into 83 départements, which cut across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on noble ownership of land.
1791 - 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
1791 - Pres Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
1791 - Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
1792 - Oranges introduced to Hawaii
1793 - French troops conquer Geertruidenberg Neth
1793 - Washington's 2nd inauguration, shortest speech (133 words)
1797 - John Adams inaugurated as 2nd president of US
1798 - Catholic women force to do penance for kindling sabbath fire for Jews
1801 - 1st president inaugurated in Washington DC (Thomas Jefferson)
1804 - The Battle of Vinegar Hill, colony of New South Wales (Australia), when Irish convicts (some of whom had been involved in Ireland's Battle of Vinegar Hill in 1798) led the colony's only significant convict uprising.
1809 - Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
1824 - The "National Institution for the Preservation of Life from Shipwreck" was founded in the United Kingdom, later to be renamed The Royal National Lifeboat Institution in 1858.
1825 - John Quincy Adams inaugrated as 6th president
1826 - 1st US RR chartered, Granite Railway in Quincy, Mass
1829 - Andrew Jackson inaugurated as 7th president
1829 - Unruly crowd mobs White House during Pres Jackson inaugural ball
1830 - V Bellini's opera "I Capuleti e i Montecchi," premieres in Venice
1835 - HMS Beagle moves into Bay of Concepcion
1837 - City of Chicago incorporates
1837 - Martin Van Buren inaugrated as 8th president
1837 - Weekly Advocate changes its name to the Colored American
1837 - Chicago becomes incorporated as a city.
1841 - Dion Boucicault's "London Assurance," premieres in London
1841 - Longest inauguration speech (8,443 words), William Henry Harrison
1845 - James K Polk inaugrated at 11th president
1848 - Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
1848 - Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
1849 - US had no president, Polks term ends on a Sunday, Taylor couldn't be sworn-in, Sen David Atchison (pres pro tem) term ended Mar 3rd
1853 - Pope Pius IX recovers Catholic hierarchy in Netherlands
1853 - William Rufus de Vane King (D) sworn in as 13th US VP
1861 - Confederate States adopt "Stars & Bars" flag
1861 - Lincoln's inaugurated as 16th pres; 1st time US has 5 former pres
1861 - Pres Lincoln opens Govt Printing Office
1863 - Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
1863 - Territory of Idaho established
1865 - Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
1865 - President Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as president
1869 - Ulysses Grant inaugurated as 18th president
1876 - US Congress decides to impeach Minister of War Belknap
1877 - Tsjaikovski's incomplete ballet "Zwanenmeer," premieres in Moscow
1880 - NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan
1881 - California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
1881 - Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet," 1st case together
1881 - James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president
1881 - South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
1882 - Britain's first electric trams run in East London.
1883 - John Gordon Cashmans begins "Vicksburg Evening Post" in Mississippi
1885 - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premieres in London
1885 - Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st Democratic pres since Civil War
1889 - Benjamin Harrison inaugurated as 23rd president
1890 - The longest bridge in the Great Britain, the Forth Bridge (railway) (1,710 ft) in Scotland is opened by the Prince of Wales, who later became King Edward VII.
1893 - Francis Dhanis' army attacksthe Lualaba, occupies Nyangwe
1893 - Grover Cleveland (D) inaugrated as 24th US president (2nd term)
1894 - Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed
1895 - Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony, premieres in Berlin
1897 - William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US
1899 - Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 m wave that reaches up to 5 km inland - over 300 dead.
1901 - 1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-Natl Intelligencer)
1901 - President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president
1901 - Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends
1902 - American Automobile Association (AAA) founded in Chicago
1905 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga," premieres in Berlin
1908 - Collingwood Ohio, US primary school catches fire (180 killed)
1909 - President Taft inaugrated at 27th president during 10" snowstorm
1909 - US prohibits interstate transportation of game birds
1911 - Victor Berger (Wisc) becomes 1st socialist congressman in US
1913 - 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
1913 - Dept of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments
1913 - Gabriel Faure's opera "Penelope," premieres in Monte Carlo
1913 - NY Yankees are 1st to train outside US (Bermuda)
1913 - Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th president
1917 - Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Mont) becomes 1st female member of Congress
1918 - Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
1920 - Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
1921 - Hot Springs National Park created in Arkansas
1923 - Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Red bureaucracy)
1924 - "Happy Birthday To You" published by Claydon Sunny
1925 - Pres Coolidge's inauguration broadcast live on 21 radio stations
1925 - Swain's Island (near American Samoa) annexed by US
1926 - De Geer govt in Netherlands takes office
1928 - "Bunion Run" race from LA to NYC begins; It is won by Andy Payne
1929 - Charles Curtis (R-Kansas) becomes 1st native American VP
1929 - Herbert Hoover inaugurated as 31st president
1930 - Coolidge Dam in Arizona dedicated
1930 - Emma Fahning bowls 1st sanctioned 300 game by a woman
1930 - Terrible floods ransack Languedoc and the surrounds in south-west France, resulting in twelve departments being submerged by water and causing the death of over 700 people.
1931 - Bradman bowled by Herman Griffith for a duck as W I win the Test
1931 - West Indies beat Australia for the 1st time, by 30 runs at SCG
1933 - Chancellor Dollfuss disdolves Austrian parliament
1933 - Frances Perkins becomes sec of labor, 1st US woman cabinet member
1933 - Henderson, DeSylva & Brown's "Strike Me Pink," premieres in NYC
1933 - Noordwijk soccer team forms
1933 - FDR inaugrated as 32nd pres, pledges to pull US out of Depression & says "We have nothing to fear but fear itself"
1933 - Bertha Wilson is appointed as first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.
1934 - Easter Cross on Mt Davidson (SF) dedicated
1936 - 1st flight of airship Hindenburg, Germany
1941 - 18 Geuzen resistance fighters sentenced to death in The Hague
1941 - NHL Chicago goalie Samuel LoPresti stops record 80 of 83 Boston shots
1941 - Serbian Prince Paul visits Hitler
1941 - The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands, during World War II.
1943 - Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor
1944 - 1st US bombing of Berlin
1944 - Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy
1945 - Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
1945 - In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later to become Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Army as a driver.
1947 - WWJ (now WDIV) TV channel 4 in Detroit, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 - Andrei Vishinsky succeeds Molotov as Soviet Foreign minister
1949 - Piet Van de Pol (Neth) becomes world champion billiard player
1949 - Security Council of UN recommends membership for Israel
1954 - JE Wilkins, appointed 1st Black US sub-cabinet member
1954 - Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, announces the first successful kidney transplant.
1955 - 1st radio facsimile transmission sent across the continent
1957 - The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
1959 - US Pioneer IV misses Moon & becomes 2nd (US 1st) artificial planet
1960 - French freighter "La Coubre" explodes in Havana Cuba, killing 100
1960 - Lucille Ball files divorce from Desi Arnaz
1961 - Paul-Henri Spaak resigns as sec-gen of NATO
1962 - AEC announces 1st atomic power plant in Antarctica in operation
1964 - Jimmy Hoffa convicted of jury tampering
1965 - David Attenbrough became the new controller of BBC2
1966 - Canadian Pacific airliner explodes on landing at Tokyo, 64 die
1966 - John Lennon, says "We (Beatles) are more popular than Jesus"
1966 - North Sea Gas was 1st pumped ashore by BP
1967 - Ice Dance Championship at Vienna won by Towler & Ford (GRB)
1967 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vienna won by Belousova & Protopopov (USSR)
1967 - Men's Fig Skating Championship in Vienna won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)
1967 - Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champion in Vienna won by Peggy Fleming (US)
1968 - Joe Frazier TKOs Buster Mathis in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1968 - Martin Luther King Jr announces plans for Poor People's Campaign
1968 - Orbiting Geophysical Observatory 5 launched
1970 - French submarine "Eurydice" explodes
1970 - Jacksonville is 1st college basketball team to avg 100+ pts per game
1970 - NY Rangers set then NHL record of 126 games without being shut-out
1971 - "City Command" kidnaps 4 US military men at Ankara, Turkey
1972 - Erhard Keller (Germany) skates world record 1000m (1:18.5)
1972 - Last train run between Penrith to Keswick UK
1972 - Libya & USSR signs cooperation treaty
1973 - 15th Grammy Awards: 1st Time Ever I Saw Your Face, America
1974 - David Hares' "Knuckle," premieres in London
1974 - Harold Wilson replaces resigning Ed Heath as British premier
1976 - John Pezzin bowls 33 consecutive strikes at Toledo, Ohio
1976 - SF Giants are bought for $8 million by Bob Lurie & Bud Herseth
1977 - 1st CRAY 1 supercomputer shipped, to Los Alamos Laboratories, NM
1977 - Colin Croft takes 8-29 against Pakistan at Port-of-Spain
1977 - Earthquake in Romania, kills 1,541
1978 - Chicago Daily News, founded in 1875, publishes last issue
1979 - "Grand Tour" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 61 performances
1979 - 200th episode of "All in the Family"
1979 - Sally Little wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic
1979 - US Voyager I photo reveals Jupiter's rings
1980 - 40th hat trick in Islander history-Mike Bossy
1980 - Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins parliamentary election in Zimbabwe
1982 - 2nd double hat trick in Islander history-Bossy & D Potvin
1982 - NASA launches Intelsat V satellite, no. 504
1984 - Nancy Lopez wins Uniden LPGA Golf Invitational
1984 - Pee Wee Reese & Rick Ferrell elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1985 - STS 51-E vehicle rolls back to Vandenberg AFB; mission cancelled
1985 - Virtual ban on leaded gas ordered by EPA
1985 - War veterans returned to the "Bridge over the River Kwai"
1986 - Border completes twin Test tons (140 & 114*) v NZ
1989 - Actress Phoebe Cates marries actor Kevin Kline
1989 - Eastern Airlines machinists strike
1989 - Javier Sotomayor high jumps indoor world record (2.43m)
1990 - 20th Easter Seal Telethon
1990 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1990 - US 65th manned space mission STS 36 (Atlantis 6) returns from space
1991 - Bank of Credit & Commerce Intl divests itself of 1st American Bank
1991 - Iraq releases 6 US, 3 British & 1 Italian POW
1993 - "Goodbye Girl" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 188 performances
1993 - Katharine Hepburn enters the hospital suffering from exhaustion
1994 - 4 Arab terrorist founded guilty of bombing the World Trade Center
1994 - Space shuttle STS-62 (Columbia 16), launches into orbit
1995 - 1st NYC Mayor Trophy's High school track meet in 19 years
1995 - Blind teenage boy receives a 'Bionic Eye' at a Washington Hospital
1995 - George Foreman loses WBA boxing title, refusing to fight Tony Tucker
1995 - Michael Johnson runs world record 400m indoor (44.63 sec)
1995 - Replacement NY Yankees beat NY Mets 2-1
1997 - Brazil Senate allows women to wear slacks
1997 - Comet Hale-Bopp directly above the Sun (1.04 AU)
1997 - President Clinton bans federally funded human cloning research
1997 - Zeya Start-1 launched (Russia)
1998 - Gay rights: Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Services: The Supreme Court of the United States rules that federal laws banning on-the-job sexual harassment also apply when both parties are the same sex.
2001 - 4 March 2001 BBC bombing: a massive car bomb explodes in front of the BBC Television Centre in London, seriously injuring 11 people. The attack was attributed to the Real IRA.
2001 - Hintze Ribeiro disaster, a bridge collapses in northern Portugal, killing up to 70 people.
2002 - Canada bans human embryo cloning but permits government-funded scientists to use embryos left over from fertility treatment or abortions.
2002 - Multinational Force in Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.
2005 - The car of released Italian hostage Giuliana Sgrena is fired on by US soldiers in Iraq, causing the death of an Italian Secret Service Agent and injuring two passengers.
2005 - United Nations warns that about 90 million Africans could be infected by the HIV virus in the future without further action against the spread of the disease.
2006 - Final contact attempt with Pioneer 10 by the Deep Space Network. No response was received.
2007 - Estonian parliamentary election, 2007: Approximately 30,000 voters take advantage of electronic voting in Estonia, the world's first nationwide voting where part of the votecasting is allowed in the form of remote electronic voting via the Internet.
2009 - The International Criminal Court (ICC) issues an arrest warrant for Sudanese President Omar Hassan al-Bashir for war crimes and crimes against humanity in Darfur. Al-Bashir is the first sitting head of state to be indicted by the ICC since its establishment in 2002.