Famous Events on this Day in History, March 03:

78 - Origin of Saka Era (India)
468 - St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius
493 - Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker
1284 - Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England
1409 - Austrian civil war ends
1431 - Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV
1575 - Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.
1585 - The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza.
1627 - Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil
1634 - 1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole)
1638 - Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1776 - US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas
1791 - 1st internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
1791 - Congress establishes US Mint
1794 - 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D
1794 - Richard Allen founded AME Church
1801 - 1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia
1803 - 1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins
1803 - Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello.
1805 - Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms
1812 - US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
1813 - Office of surgeon general of the US army forms
1815 - US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute
1817 - Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi
1820 - Missouri Compromise passes, allowing slavery in Missouri
1835 - Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana
1837 - Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9
1837 - US president Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas
1838 - Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario Canada
1842 - 1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass)
1842 - 1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony
1843 - Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US
1845 - 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
1845 - Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
1845 - Florida becomes 27th state
1847 - Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps
1849 - Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin
1849 - Home Dept (Interior Dept), forms
1849 - Minnesota Territory is organizes
1849 - Territory of Minnesota organizes
1849 - US Department of the Interior established by Congress
1851 - Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece)
1853 - Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress
1853 - US Assay Office in NYC authorized
1855 - Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use
1855 - Congress authorizes registered mail
1857 - Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
1861 - Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [OS=Feb 19]
1861 - Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
1862 - Battle of New Madrid MO-captured by Union forces
1862 - General Pope lays siege in front of New Madrid
1863 - 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
1863 - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1863 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
1863 - Federal ironclad ships bomb Fort McAllister Georgia
1863 - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
1863 - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
1863 - Idaho Territory forms
1863 - Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
1865 - Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established
1865 - Freedmen's Bureau is created to help destitute free blacks
1865 - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
1869 - University of South Carolina opens to all races
1871 - Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
1871 - Congress establishes the civil service system
1873 - Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps
1873 - US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively
1873 - Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
1875 - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
1875 - Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
1875 - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
1877 - Rutherford B Hayes is sworn in as the 19th president
1878 - Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano)
1879 - 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
1879 - US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
1882 - NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings
1883 - Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy
1885 - 1st US state (Calif) establishes a permanent forest commission
1885 - American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates
1885 - Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed govt)
1885 - US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail
1887 - American Protective Assn forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa
1887 - Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller
1891 - Congress creates US Courts of Appeal
1891 - Congress creates Office of Supt of Immigration (Treasury Dept)
1891 - Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept) created
1891 - The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season.
1892 - 1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn
1893 - Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized
1893 - Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture
1894 - 1st Greek-language publication in US begins, "NY Atlantis"
1894 - 4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns
1899 - Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar
1899 - George Dewey becomes 1st in US with rank of Admiral of the Navy
1900 - US Steel Corporation organizes
1901 - Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce
1903 - North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses
1904 - Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder.
1905 - US Forest Service forms
1906 - Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France
1909 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3
1910 - Rockefeller Foundation: J.D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he could devote full time to being a philanthropist.
1911 - 1st US federal cemetery with Union & Rebel graves opens, Missouri
1913 - Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC
1913 - Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Ticha, now known as PFC "Cherno More".
1915 - Natl Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NASA forerunner) created
1915 - NACA, the predecessor of NASA founded.
1917 - Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations
1917 - Great monarch Michael resigns after 1 day as czar
1917 - Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, abdicates (OS)
1918 - Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
1918 - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria & Russia sign
1919 - 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
1919 - Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
1920 - Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs
1921 - Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin
1922 - Italian fascists occupy Fiume & Rijeka
1922 - WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions
1923 - Time magazine publishes 1st issue [or March 23]
1923 - US Senate rejects membership in Intl Court of Justice, The Hague
1924 - German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed
1924 - Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock," premieres in Dublin
1926 - International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla)
1931 - "Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem
1931 - Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller)
1933 - German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested
1933 - Mount Rushmore dedicated
1933 - NYC premiere of "King Kong"
1934 - John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol
1935 - Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms
1936 - Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v S Afr
1937 - Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
1938 - American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors)
1939 - In Mumbai, Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest of the autocratic rule in India.
1940 - Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label
1941 - Neth NSB-leader Mussert visits Goering in Berlin
1942 - 1st combat flight for Canada's Avro Lancaster military plane
1943 - Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die
1943 - F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in NYC
1943 - US defeats Japan & wins Battle of Bismark Sea
1944 - 1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony
1945 - Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter
1945 - RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
1945 - Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed
1945 - US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
1945 - US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
1946 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1946 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
1950 - 3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name
1951 - Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts
1952 - Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution
1953 - Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed
1953 - Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee
1955 - Elvis Presley made his 1st TV appearance
1956 - Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2)
1956 - Indonesian govt of Harahap resigns
1956 - Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne)
1956 - Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY
1957 - Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then"
1957 - Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Spr won by Markham & Jones (GRB)
1957 - Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
1957 - Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colo Springs won by David Jenkins (USA)
1957 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss (US)
1958 - KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 - Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq
1959 - 1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched
1959 - Brit govt arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis
1959 - SF Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park
1960 - 9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5")
1961 - King Hassan II's ascends to throne of Morocco
1962 - British Antarctic Territory forms
1963 - Senegal adopts constitution
1965 - Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1
1965 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1965 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1966 - Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)
1966 - James Goldman's "Lion in Winter," premieres in NYC
1966 - Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee
1966 - Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms
1966 - Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die
1966 - WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, VA (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - Grenada gains partial independence from Britain
1967 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game)
1968 - "Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC
1968 - Greece, Portugal & Spain's embassies bombed in the Hague
1968 - Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts
1969 - Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days)
1971 - South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles
1971 - Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa
1972 - Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E Lee, & Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia
1973 - "Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 31 performances
1973 - White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000
1974 - "Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 9 performances
1974 - Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4
1974 - George Foreman KOs Ken Norton
1974 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1974 - World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die)
1975 - "Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances
1975 - Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana
1976 - Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia
1976 - 5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain.
1977 - Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS)
1977 - Islanders allow Red Wings only 11 shots on goal
1977 - Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms
1977 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR)
1977 - Worlds Ladies Fig Skating Champ in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA)
1978 - 1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI v Australia)
1978 - Charles Chaplin's remains are stolen in Switzerland
1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - The USS Nautilus is stricken.
1981 - Isle's Mike Bossy 9th & final hat trick of season-4 goals
1981 - NY Islanders & Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie
1982 - Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ)
1984 - NY Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Tor Maple Leafs (6)
1984 - Peter Ueberroth elected baseball commissioner (Effective Oct 1)
1985 - "Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard & Bruce Willis, premieres
1985 - "My One & Only" closes at St James Theater NYC after 767 performances
1985 - Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic
1985 - Bill Shoemaker is 1st jockey to surpass $100 million
1985 - National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51 week strike
1985 - Willie Shoemaker becomes 1st jockey to win $100 million
1987 - Ray Dandridge, 3rd baseman in Negro Leagues, eleected to Hall of Fame
1989 - Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines
1989 - Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 yrs probation for Iran-Contra
1990 - Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan 1st black), crowned 39th Miss USA
1991 - "Big Love" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 41 performances
1991 - 25 die as United Boeing 737 crashes in Colorado Springs
1991 - 4 LA cops beat Rodney King, it is video taped
1991 - Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109* v WI at Kingston
1991 - Iraqi generals & Gen Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire
1991 - LA Police severly beat Rodney King, captured on amateur video
1991 - Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR
1991 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec)
1991 - Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tomé e Principal
1991 - Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18
1991 - United Airlines crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25
1992 - Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die
1992 - Mike Bossy's #22 is 2nd # retired by NY Islanders
1992 - Pres Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to
1992 - Charges are filed in Florida against NY Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman & Dwight Gooden of rape (dropped in April)
1992 - The nation of Bosnia was established.
1993 - Howard Stern radio show premieres in Boston (WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings)
1994 - "Damn Yankees" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 510 performances
1994 - "Philoktetes Variations," with Ron Vawter, premieres in Brussels
1994 - IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry
1995 - Camilla Parker Bowles & her husband Andrew divorce
1996 - 26th Easter Seal Telethon
1996 - Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville NC on WRCQ 103.5 FM
1997 - The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction.
1998 - Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee
2002 - Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations.
2004 - Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world's largest brewer.
2005 - Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion.
2005 - Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling - a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes.
2009 - The Sri Lankan cricket team is attacked by terrorists while on their way to the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore for a Test match against Pakistan.
2009 - The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses.
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