Famous Events on this Day in History, March 01:752 BC - Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
286 - Roman Emperor Diocletian raises Maximian to the rank of Caesar.
293 - Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy
317 - Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
492 - St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
492 - St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
705 - John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
743 - Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
918 - Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
1260 - Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
1382 - French Maillotin uprises against taxes
1420 - Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten
1434 - Jacoba of Bavaria marries Frank van Borselen
1457 - The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
1562 - Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
1565 - Spanish occupier Estacio de Sa founds Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1565 - The city of Rio de Janeiro is founded.
1587 - English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
1591 - Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French king Henri IV
1593 - The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.
1628 - Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
1633 - Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
1634 - Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
1642 - Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
1692 - Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, MA)
1711 - "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
1780 - Penn becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
1781 - Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
1784 - E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
1785 - Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
1790 - 1st US census authorized
1792 - US Presidential Succession Act passed
1796 - 1st National Meeting in the Hague
1803 - Ohio becomes 17th state
1809 - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
1811 - Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
1811 - French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
1815 - Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
1840 - Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
1845 - President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
1847 - Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1852 - Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1854 - SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again
1854 - German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
1859 - Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
1864 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
1864 - Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
1866 - Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
1867 - Howard University, Washington DC, chartered
1867 - Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
1869 - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
1871 - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
1872 - Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
1873 - E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
1875 - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
1876 - Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
1878 - First winter ascent of Aneto
1879 - Library of Hawaii founded
1880 - Pennsylvania is 1st American state to abolish slavery
1886 - The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
1890 - 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
1893 - Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
1896 - Battle of Adua: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians
1896 - Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
1904 - England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
1909 - 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
1910 - 3 passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range. 118 die. Worst snow slide in US history
1912 - Albert Berry makes 1st parachute jump from an airplane
1912 - Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
1913 - 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
1913 - Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
1914 - Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
1914 - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
1916 - Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
1917 - 1st federal land bank chartered
1917 - U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
1919 - Demonstrations for Korean independence from Japan begin
1919 - March 1st Movement begins in Korea.
1920 - Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
1920 - Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
1921 - Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
1921 - Rwanda ceded to England
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia
1923 - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
1924 - Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
1927 - Bank of Italy becomes a Natl Bank
1928 - Paul Whiteman & orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records
1932 - Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12
1933 - Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
1934 - Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
1934 - Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1936 - The Hoover Dam is completed.
1936 - A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
1937 - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
1937 - Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
1937 - US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
1939 - Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
1940 - 12th Academy Awards - "Gone with the Wind," R Donat & V Leigh win
1940 - Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
1941 - "Captain America" appears in a comic book
1941 - 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn
1941 - Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
1941 - German troops invade Bulgaria
1941 - Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
1942 - 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
1942 - Baseball decides that players in milt can't play when on furlough
1942 - J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3," premieres in Chicago
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
1942 - Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
1942 - Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1943 - Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
1944 - Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
1944 - U-358 sinks in Atlantic
1945 - British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten
1945 - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
1945 - FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
1945 - Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander
1945 - US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
1946 - British Govt takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years
1946 - Panama accepts its new constitution
1946 - The Bank of England is nationalised.
1947 - International Monetary Fund begins operation
1949 - Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ
1949 - The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
1949 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
1950 - Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Formosa
1950 - Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
1950 - USSR issues golden rubles
1952 - Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns
1952 - Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
1953 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1953 - KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
1953 - WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
1953 - WTAJ TV channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
1954 - 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US house of reps injuring 5 reps
1954 - In spring training, Ted Williams breaks his collarbone
1954 - Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
1954 - US explodes 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll
1954 - Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War
1955 - Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
1955 - KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
1956 - The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
1957 - "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 perfs
1957 - KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
1958 - Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
1958 - Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
1958 - West Indies cricket declare at stumps score of 3-790 decl v Pakistan
1958 - Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
1959 - Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
1961 - Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall
1961 - President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp
1962 - American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95
1962 - K-Mart opens
1962 - US/British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
1963 - 200,000 French mine workers strike
1965 - Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct
1965 - Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)
1965 - WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
1966 - Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
1967 - Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
1967 - House of Reps expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
1967 - Queen Elizabeth Hall (South Bank Center) opens in London
1967 - WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
1968 - NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
1968 - Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
1968 - Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
1968 - Singers Johnny Cash (36) & June Carter (38) wed
1968 - Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
1969 - "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 perfs
1969 - After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts
1969 - Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium
1969 - NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires
1969 - Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
1970 - Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater
1970 - Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released
1970 - End of US coml whale hunting
1970 - Kreisky's soc-democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
1970 - White govt of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
1971 - Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC
1971 - Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
1972 - Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
1972 - David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones," premieres in NYC
1972 - KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
1972 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points
1973 - Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
1973 - Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race
1974 - George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November
1974 - Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington
1974 - Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
1975 - 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
1975 - Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
1975 - Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
1977 - Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards
1977 - US extends territorial waters to 200 miles
1978 - "Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 243 performances
1978 - Charlie Chaplin's coffin was stolen from a Swiss cemetery
1979 - "Sweeney Todd" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 557 performances
1980 - CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established
1980 - Hilbert van der Duim becomes world champion all-round skater
1980 - Patti Smith & MC5 guitarist Fred Sonic Smith wed in Detroit
1980 - Snow falls in Florida
1981 - "Sophisticated Ladies" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 767 perfs
1981 - Bobby Sands, IRA member, begins 65-day hunger strike (he dies)
1981 - Irish Rep Army Bobby Sand begins hunger strike in Maze Prison
1981 - Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic
1982 - 5 dies as ski lift malfunctions a Luz-Ardiden in Pyrenees
1982 - 5th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1982 - NY Times raises it's price from 25 cents to 30 cents
1982 - Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data
1983 - Tamara McKinney becomes 1st US woman skier to win the World Cup
1983 - Tornado tears through LA, injuring 33 people
1984 - Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit
1984 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR #3931 Batten, #4529 Webern, #4530 Smoluchowski, #4818 Elgar, #5502 Brashear & #5943 Lovi
1985 - Liza Minnelli enters Betty Ford Drug Center
1985 - Milwaukee businessman Herb Kohl purchases the Milwaukee Bucks
1985 - Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter
1987 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1988 - Courtney Gibbs Eplin, 21, (Texas), crowned 37th Miss USA
1988 - Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
1988 - Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile
1988 - Wayne Gretzky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist
1989 - Ben Johnson's coach testifies Johnson began using steroids in 1981
1989 - Comet du Toit at perihelion
1989 - Julianne Philips & Bruce Springsteen divorce
1989 - The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1990 - Benin nullifies its constitution
1990 - Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay
1990 - Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation.
1991 - US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens
1992 - "Little Hotel on the Side" closes at Belasco NYC after 41 perfs
1992 - "Visit" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances
1992 - Jenny Thompson swims 100m freestyle world record (1:01.40)
1992 - Nelson Diebel swims 100m freestyle US record (54.48 secs)
1993 - Authorities in Waco, Texas negotiate with Branch Davidians
1993 - George Steinbenner is reinstated as owner of NY Yankees
1993 - New expansion NHL team, owned by Disney, is named the Mighty Ducks
1994 - 36th Grammy Awards: I Will Always Love You, Toni Braxton wins
1994 - Martti Ahtisaari inaugurated as president of Finland
1994 - Senate rejectes a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution
1995 - 37th Grammy Awards: All I Want to Do, Streets of Phila, Sheryl Crow
1995 - Belgium ends military conscript
1995 - Jozef Oleksy succeeds Waldemar Pawlak on as premier of Poland
1995 - Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay
1995 - Part of Houston begins using new area code 261
1995 - Ukraine premier Vitaly Massol, resigns
1996 - Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory
1996 - New toll-free 888 area code introduced
1996 - Plans approved allowing traffic cameras High Harrington & Shap England
1997 - "Mandy Patinkin in Concert," opens at Lyceum Theater NYC
1997 - 5th annual ESPY Awards shown on TV
1998 - "Art," opens at Royale Theater NYC
1998 - Australian Ladies Masters Golf
2000 - The Constitution of Finland is rewritten.
2000 - Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC.
2002 - The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (?).
2002 - U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan.
2002 - The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons).
2003 - Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security.
2004 - Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh.
2004 - Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq.
2006 - Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as President of Finland for the second and last time.
2006 - English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station.
2007 - Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama.
2007 - "Squatters" are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots.