Famous Events on this Day in History, February 18:3102 BC - Epoch (origin) of the Kali Yuga.
1129 - Jerusalem taken by Emperor Frederik II
1268 - The Livonian Brothers of the Sword are defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakovor.
1332 - Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
1478 - George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is privately executed in the Tower of London.
1503 - Henry Tudor created Prince of Wales (later Henry VIII)
1536 - France & Turkey sign milt/trade agreement against King Karel
1563 - Huguenot Jean Poltrot de Mere shoots gen Francois De Guise
1574 - Zeeland falls to Dutch rebels
1634 - Ferdinand II orders commander Albrecht von Wallenstein, execution
1678 - John Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress" is published
1685 - Fort St. Louis is established by a Frenchman at Matagorda Bay thus forming the basis for France's claim to Texas.
1688 - Quakers conduct 1st formal protest of slavery in Germantown, Pa
1713 - French invade under Jacques Cassard on Curacao
1735 - 1st opera performed in America, "Flora," in Charleston, SC
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Inverness Scotland
1787 - Austrian emperor Jozef II bans children under 8 from labor
1797 - Trinidad is surrendered to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby.
1804 - 1st US land-grant college, Ohio University, Athens Ohio, chartered
1814 - The Battle of Montereau occurs.
1828 - More than 100 vessels destroyed in a storm, Gibraltar
1834 - 1st US labor newspaper, "The Man," published, NYC
1839 - Detroit Boat Club forms (& still exists)
1841 - 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
1849 - 1st regular steamboat service to California starts (or 02/28)
1850 - Calif Legislature creates 9 Bay Area counties
1856 - American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
1856 - The American Party (Know-Nothings) convene in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate their first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
1857 - Insurrection of Chinese in Sarawak, Borneo
1861 - Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery Ala
1861 - King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes 1st king of Italy
1865 - Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
1865 - Evacuation of Charleston, SC; Sherman's troops burn city
1865 - Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
1876 - Direct telegraph link established between Britain & NZ
1878 - John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jessie Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
1879 - Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
1884 - General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum
1884 - Police seize all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In"
1885 - Mark Twain's "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn," published
1891 - Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan
1896 - Cave of Winds at Niagara Falls goes almost dry for 1st time in 50 yrs
1899 - 80°F in SF
1899 - SF named as a port of dispatch for Army transports
1899 - Stanley Cup: Mont Shamrocks sweep Queens U (Kingston Ont) in 2 games
1900 - Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam
1900 - Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured
1900 - British troops occupy Monte Christo Natal
1901 - H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner
1901 - Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.
1902 - Opera "Hunchback of Notre Dame," premieres in Monte Carlo
1903 - Kuyper govt launches anti strike laws
1905 - Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben," premieres in Munich
1906 - Vincent d'Indy's "Jour D'été à La Montagne," premieres in Paris
1908 - 1st US postage stamps in rolls issued
1909 - Boston Red Sox trade Cy Young, at 41, to Cleveland Naps
1911 - The first official flight with air mail takes place in Allahabad, British India, when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 km away.
1913 - French painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" displayed in NYC
1915 - Germany begins a blockade of England
1919 - Cy Denneny of NHL Ottawa Senators scores record 52nd goals
1921 - British troops occupy Dublin
1922 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis resigns his judgeship to work for baseball
1922 - WOC-AM in Davenport IA begins radio transmissions
1923 - Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
1924 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1924 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1924 - US, min of marine Edwin Denby ends term due to Teapot Dome-scandal
1927 - 1st US radio broadcast of "Cities Service Concerts"
1927 - US & Canada begin diplomatic relations
1929 - The first Academy Awards are announced.
1930 - Cow flown & milked, milk sealed in paper containers & parachuted
1930 - Luigi Pirandello's "Come Tu Mi Vuoi," premieres in Milan
1930 - Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Hart's "Simple Simon," premieres in NYC
1930 - US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto
1932 - Japan declares Manchuria Independent
1932 - Sonja Henie wins her 6th straight World Women's figure skating title
1936 - NHL record 32 points scored, NY Americans (28) & Mont Maroons (24)
1939 - Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island
1942 - Japanese troop land on Bali
1943 - 1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw"
1943 - Augusto Pinochet Ugarte (Chilean gen/dictator) marries Lucia Hiriart
1943 - Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis
1943 - William D Cox buys Phila Phillies
1944 - Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested
1944 - Youngest baseball player, Cin Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall
1947 - 24 die in a train crash in Gallitzin Pa
1947 - Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Telephone," premieres in NYC
1950 - "Dance Me a Song" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 35 performances
1951 - 3 City College of NY basketball players admit to accepting bribes
1951 - Nep l becomes a constitutional monarchy
1951 - Netherlands Radio School forms
1952 - 4th Emmy Awards: Red Skelton, Sid Caesar & Imogene Coca wins
1953 - "Bwana Devil," the 1st 3-D movie, opened in New York
1953 - "Maggie" opens at National Theater NYC for 5 performances
1953 - KOLN TV channel 10 in Lincoln, NB (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Premiere of 1st 3-D feature film-"Bwana Devil" (NYC)
1954 - The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles, California.
1955 - Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey & Iraq a defense alliance
1957 - Dedan Kimathi, a Kenyan rebel leader is executed by the British colonial government.
1960 - 8th Winter Olympic games open in Squaw Valley, Colo
1960 - Walter O'Malley, LA Dodger owner, purchases Chavez Ravine for $494,000
1961 - Henk van der Grift becomes world champion skater
1962 - France & Algerian Moslems negotiate truce to end 7 year war
1962 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open
1964 - Muriel Resnik's "Any Wednesday," premieres in NYC
1964 - Papandreou Govt takes power in Greece
1965 - "Fade Out-Fade In" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 72 perfs
1965 - 27 copper miners die in avalanche, Granduc Mountain, BC
1965 - Frank Gifford announces his retirement from football for broadcasting
1965 - Gambia gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1965 - The Gambia becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1967 - Bob Seagren sets pole vault record at 17'3"
1967 - Softball pitcher Eddie Feigner strikes out 6 straight major leaguers
1968 - 10,000 demonstrators against US in Vietnam War in West-Berlin
1968 - 10th Winter Olympic games close at Grenoble, France
1968 - British adopts year-round daylight savings time
1968 - David Gilmour joins rock group Pink Floyd
1969 - Doug Walters scores 2nd innings century after 242 in 1st
1969 - PLO-attack El-Al plane in Zurich Switzerland
1970 - Chicago 7 defendants found innocent of inciting to riot
1970 - US president Nixon launches "Nixon-doctrine"
1972 - Calif Supreme Court abolishes death penalty
1972 - Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy
1972 - John & Yoko end a week of co-hosting Mike Douglas Show
1973 - 54-kg octopus measuring 7m across captured in Hood Canal, Wash
1973 - Belgian Emiel Puttemans runs 3000m indoor record 7:39.2
1973 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Pompano Beach Golf Classic
1974 - NASA launches Italian satellite San Marcos C-2 (235/843 km)
1974 - US ambassador to India Daniel Moynihan present $2,046,700,000 check
1975 - 2nd American Music Award:
1975 - Italy broadens abortion law
1977 - George Harrison releases "True Love"
1977 - Space Shuttle above a Boeing 747 goes on it's maiden flight
1977 - Test Cricket debuts of Colin Croft & Joel Garner v Pakistan Bridgetown
1978 - 1st Iron Man Triathlon (swim, bike ride, marathon) held, Kona, Hawaii
1979 - -52°F (-47°C), Old Forge, New York (state record)
1979 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic
1979 - Miniseries "Roots: Next Generations" premieres on ABC TV
1979 - NASA launches space vehicle S-202
1979 - Pres Zia ur-Rahmans National Party wins elections in Bangladesh
1979 - Snow falls in Sahara Desert
1980 - Billy Wyman said he will leave Rolling Stones in 1983 (Sure!)
1980 - Pierre Elliott Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canada's elections
1983 - NBA Indiana Pacers begin a 28 game road losing streak
1984 - Revised concordat between Italy & Vatican signed
1986 - San Antonio's Alvin Robertson scores NBA 2nd quadruple double-20 pts, 11 rebounds, 10 assists & 10 steals against Phoenix
1988 - Anthony M Kennedy, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1989 - Sherri Turner wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open/Itoki Pro-Am
1989 - Steve Garvey marries Candace Thomas while at same time being accused of fathering children by 2 other women
1990 - Jane Crafter wins LPGA Phar-Mor at Inverrary Golf Tournament
1991 - Edmonton Oiler goalie Grant Fuhr returns to NHL after season-long suspension for substance abuse & shuts out NJ Devils 4-0
1993 - Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Rochester NY
1994 - Actor Joe Pantoliano (41) weds model Nancy Sheppard (31)
1994 - Dan Jansen skates world record 1000m (1:12.43)
1994 - Shreveport Pirates join CFL as 4th US team
1995 - Angela Kennedy swims world record 100m butterfly
1995 - Barb Thomas Whitehead wins Cup o' Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1995 - Pamela Anderson (Baywatch) & Tommy Lee (Motley Crue) wed
1995 - Warnecke swims world record 50m freestyle
1996 - 1st full ODI for Kenya, Cricket World Cup v India
1996 - Daytona 500 race
1996 - Tendulkar scores 127* in India's Cricket World Cup win over Kenya
1998 - NY Rangers fire head coach Colin Campbell
1998 - Two white separatists are arrested in Nevada and accused of plotting a biological attack on New York City subways.
2000 - Stjepan Mesic becomes the second president of Croatia.
2001 - FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union. He was ultimately convicted and sentenced to life in prison.
2003 - Comet C/2002 V1 (NEAT) makes perihelion, seen by SOHO.
2003 - Nearly 200 people die in the Daegu subway fire in South Korea.
2004 - Up to 295 people, including nearly 200 rescue workers, die near Neyshabur in Iran when a run-away freight train carrying sulfur, petrol and fertiliser catches fire and explodes.