Famous Events on this Day in History, January 04:46 BC - Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina.
274 - St Eutychian begins his reign as Catholic Pope
871 - Battle at Reading: Ethelred of Wessex beats Danish invasion army
1357 - Flemish earl Louis & Luxembourg Duke Wenceslaus sign peace treaty
1490 - Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the king of France will be considered guilty of the crime of lese-majesty.
1493 - Columbus left new world on return from 1st voyage
1519 - -6] 1st Altenburger sermon (Luther & Karl von Miltitz)
1570 - Spanish viceroy Alva banishes Zutphen City's only physician, Joost Sweiter, "because he is a Jew"
1642 - King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament
1698 - Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire.
1717 - Netherlands, England & France sign Triple Alliance
1725 - Benjamin Franklin arrives in London [OS=Dec 24 1724]
1754 - Columbia University founded, as Kings College (NYC)
1762 - England declares war on Spain & Naples
1780 - Snowstorm hit Washington's army at Morristown, NJ
1781 - Andre Méchain discovers M80 (globular cluster in Scorpio)
1790 - Pres Washington delivers 1st "State of the Union"
1832 - Insurrection of Trinidad negroes
1843 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Don Pasquale," premieres in Paris
1843 - Royal Academy (Technical Hague court) Delft opens
1847 - Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government.
1854 - The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.
1861 - Pres Buchanan appoints a fast on account of threatened succession
1861 - US Ft Morgan, Mobile, seized by Alabama
1862 - -Jan 17th) Battle of Ft Hindman, AK (Arkansas Post)
1862 - Romney Campaign-Stonewall Jackson occupies Bath
1863 - 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
1865 - The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
1878 - Sofia is emancipated from Ottoman rule.
1881 - Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau
1883 - Ontario Rugby Football Union (forerunner of CFL) forms
1884 - Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario)
1884 - The Fabian Society is founded in London.
1885 - Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22)
1887 - Thomas Stevens is 1st man to bicycle around the world (SF-SF)
1893 - US pres Cleveland grants amnesty to Mormon polygamy
1894 - France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia
1896 - AFL charters Actors' National Protective Union, NYC
1896 - Following Mormon abandonment of polygamy, Utah admitted as 45th state
1898 - 1st installment of William Dean Howell's "Life & Letters" appears
1902 - Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick v England at the MCG
1903 - Topsy, an elephant, was electrocuted by Thomas Edison during the War of Currents campaign.
1904 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1
1904 - Supreme Court rules Puerto Ricans cannot be denied admission to US
1906 - South Africa beat England by one wicket, their 1st Test win
1907 - George Bernard Shaw's "Don Juan in Hell," premieres in London
1912 - Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr
1912 - The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter.
1915 - 1st elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho
1915 - Trans-Caucausus Russian defeat Turkish troops
1920 - 1st Black baseball league, National Negro Baseball League, organizes
1920 - Amsterdam actors decide to strike for retirement benefits
1921 - Eugene O'Neill's "Diff'rent," premieres in NYC
1923 - 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Ft Worth Texas)
1923 - Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin
1925 - French psychologist Emil Coué brings his self-esteem therapy to US "Every day in every way I am getting better & better"
1926 - Theodorus Pangalos resigns as Greek dictator
1932 - Bradman scores 167 for Australia v South Africa at the MCG
1932 - British East Indies Viceroy Willingdon arrests Gandhi & Nehru
1932 - State of siege proclaimed in Honduras
1934 - 1st Dutch talkie movie, Jan Teunissen's "Willem of Orange," premieres
1935 - Bob Hope 1st heard on network radio as part of "The Intimate Revue"
1935 - Ft Jefferson National Monument, Fla established
1936 - Billboard magazine publishes its 1st music hit parade
1936 - Grimmett becomes world record wicket taker with no 190 v S Afr
1939 - Frieda Wunderlich elected 1st woman dean of a US graduate school
1939 - Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration
1941 - Resistance fighters counter d'Estienne d'Orves/Jan Doornik, 1st meet
1941 - Sergey Rachmaninov's "Symphonie Dances," premieres in Philadelphia
1942 - NFL Pro Bowl: Chi Bears beats NFL All-Stars 35-24
1942 - Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly to Florida
1942 - Rogers Hornsby is 14th player selected to the Hall of Fame
1943 - Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"
1944 - Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department
1945 - Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
1945 - US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after kamikaze attack
1947 - "Park Avenue" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 72 performances
1947 - "Show Boat" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 417 performances
1948 - Burma declares independence from UK
1951 - During Korean conflict, Chinese forces capture Seoul
1953 - KTSM TV channel 9 in El Paso, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville
1954 - Soap Opera "The Brighter Day" premieres
1957 - "Blondie" situation comedy premieres on NBC TV (later on CBS)
1957 - Dodgers buy 44 passenger twin-engine airplane for $775,000
1958 - Sputnik 1 reenters atmosphere & burns up
1959 - Luna 1 (Mechta) becomes 1st craft to leave Earth's gravity
1960 - European Free Trade Association forms in Stockholm
1961 - Longest recorded strike ends-33 yrs-Danish barbers' assistants
1962 - 1st automated (unmanned) subway train (NYC)
1962 - New York City introduces a train that operates without a crew on-board.
1963 - Soviet Luna (4) reaches Earth orbit but fails to reach Moon
1965 - LBJ's "Great Society" State of the Union Address
1966 - Doug Walters scores second Test century in his second Test
1966 - WFLD TV channel 32 in Chicago, IL (IND) begins broadcasting
1968 - Duck hunter accidentally shoots endangered whooping crane in Texas
1968 - Leo Fender sells Fender Guitars for $13 million
1969 - "Fig Leaves Are Falling" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 4 perfs
1969 - France begins arms embargo against Israel
1970 - Beatles last recording session at EMI studios
1970 - KC Chiefs beat Oakland Raiders 17-7 in AFC championship game
1970 - Minn Vikings beat Cleve Browns 27-7 in NFC championship game
1970 - NYC transit fare rises from 20 cents to 30 cents, new larger tokens used
1970 - Walter Cronkite ends hosting weekly documentary
1971 - Congressional Black Caucus organizes
1971 - Dr Melvin H Evans inaugurated as 1st elected governor of Virgin Is
1971 - Ohio agrees to pay $675,000 to relatives of Kent State victims
1971 - Philadelphia's Veteran Stadium dedicated
1972 - Rose Heilbron becomes the first female judge to sit at the Old Bailey in London.
1974 - Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee
1975 - "Good News" closes at St James Theater NYC after 16 performances
1975 - "Gypsy" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 120 performances
1975 - "Over Here" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 341 performances
1975 - Ford Executive Order on CIA Activities within the US (No 11828)
1975 - Ice thickness measured at 4776 m, Wilkes Land, Antarctica
1975 - Montreal Canadiens shutout Washington Capitals 10-0
1976 - "Candide" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 740 performances
1976 - "Home Sweet Homer" opens & closes at Palace Theater NYC
1977 - Mary Shane hired by Chic White Sox as 1st woman TV play-by-play
1980 - President Carter announces US boycott of Moscow Olympics
1981 - "Frankenstein" opens & closes on Broadway
1981 - "Peter Pan" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 578 performances
1981 - 69th Australian Mens Tennis: B Teacher beats Kim Warwick (75 76 63)
1981 - British police arrest Peter Sutcliffe, the "Yorkshire Ripper"
1982 - Bryant Gumbel became co-host of NBC's "Today Show"
1982 - Chris Wallace becomes co-anchor of the Today Show
1982 - Golden Gate Bridge closed for 3rd time by fierce storm
1982 - ABC Direction Network (57 affiliates) & ABC Rock Network (40 affiliates) become the 5th & 6th ABC radio network
1983 - US Football League holds its 1st player draft
1984 - "Night Court" starring Harry Anderson premieres on NBC TV
1984 - Edmonton beats Minnesota 12-8 highest-scoring modern NHL game
1986 - David Boon's second Test century, 131 v India at Adelaide
1986 - NCAA basketball's David Robinson blocks a record 14 shots
1987 - 16 die in a train crash in Chase Md
1989 - Comet Tempel 1 at perihelion
1989 - US F-14s shoot down 2 Libyan jet fighters over Mediterranean
1989 - VP Bush is 1st since VP Van Buren to declare himself president
1991 - AT&T workers in Newark accidentally snap a cable
1991 - Fu Mingxia, 12, of China wins World Swimming Championships gold medal
1991 - Iraq agrees to send Aziz to Geneva to meet Baker on Jan 9th
1991 - Jan Krzystof Bielecki becomes premier of Poland
1992 - 8th largest wrestling crowd (60,000-Tokyo Dome)
1993 - 7th largest wrestling crowd (63,500-Tokyo Dome)
1994 - 10th largest wrestling crowd (58,000-Tokyo Dome)
1995 - Newt Gingrich (R) becomes speaker of the House
1996 - "Father" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 52 performances
1998 - "Funny Thing Happened," closes at St James NYC after 715 perform
1998 - "Ivanov," closes at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC after 51 performances
1998 - "Triumph of Love," closes at Royale Theater NYC
1998 - Wilaya of Relizane massacres in Algeria: over 170 are killed in three remote villages.
1998 - A massive ice storm hits eastern Canada and the northeastern United States, continuing through January 10 and causing widespread destruction.
1999 - Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is sworn in as governor of Minnesota.
1999 - Gunmen open fire on Shiite Muslims worshipping in an Islamabad mosque, killing 16 people and injuring 25.
2001 - Rapper Vanilla Ice spends night in jail after allegedly ripping out some of his wife's hair during a row
2004 - Britney Spears has her surprise marriage annulled less than 55 hours after tying the knot with childhood friend Jason Alexander at the Little White Wedding Chapel in Las Vegas
2004 - Spirit, a NASA Mars Rover, lands successfully on Mars at 04:35 UTC.
2006 - Prime Minister Ariel Sharon of Israel suffers a second, apparently more serious stroke. His authority is transferred to acting Prime Minister Ehud Olmert.
2007 - The 110th United States Congress convenes, electing Nancy Pelosi as the first female Speaker of the House in U.S. history.