Famous Events on this Day in History, December 26:268 - St Dionysius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
418 - St Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope
795 - St Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1198 - French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest
1481 - Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht
1481 - Battle of Westbrook - Holland defeats troops of Utrecht.
1492 - 1st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus
1568 - Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada
1613 - Robert Carr, 1st Earl of Somerset, marries Frances Howard, occasioning John Donne's "Eclogue".
1620 - Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA
1620 - Elizabeth Báthory's crimes are uncovered.
1659 - Long Parliament reforms in Westminster
1748 - France & Austria signs treaty about Southern Netherlands
1773 - Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia
1776 - Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
1776 - George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
1792 - The final trial of Louis XVI of France begins in Paris.
1793 - Battle of Geisberg: French defeat Austrians.
1793 - The wedding of Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Prussia and Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz takes place.
1799 - George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace & 1st in hearts of his countrymen"
1805 - France & Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
1805 - Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
1809 - English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
1811 - A theater fire in Richmond, Virginia kills the Governor of Virginia George William Smith and the president of the First National Bank of Virginia Abraham B. Venable.
1813 - Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
1825 - Erie Canal opens
1830 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena," premieres in Milan
1831 - Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma," premieres in Milan
1848 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
1848 - William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
1848 - The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
1854 - Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
1860 - Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
1860 - Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft Sumter
1860 - The first ever inter-club football match takes place between Hallam F.C. and Sheffield F.C. at the Sandygate Road ground in Sheffield, England.
1862 - -Dec 28th) Battle of Dumfries, VA
1862 - 1st US navy hospital ship enters service
1862 - 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising
1862 - The largest mass-hanging in U.S. history took place in Mankato, Minnesota, killing 39.
1865 - James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st US coffee percolator
1870 - The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
1871 - Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
1872 - 4th largest snowfall in NYC history (18")
1877 - Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st natl convention
1878 - 1st US store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
1879 - John Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture," premieres
1883 - The Harbour Grace Affray between Irish Catholics and Protestant Orangemen causes five deaths in Newfoundland.
1890 - King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
1892 - Opera "Cristoforo Colombo" is produced (La Scala)
1899 - Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed
1902 - Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) & Christy Williams (42)
1908 - Jack Johnson TKOs Tommy Burns in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 - Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France
1917 - 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
1917 - Fed govt took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I
1918 - 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Aust after WW I (Vic v NSW)
1919 - Yanks & Red Sox reach agreement on transfer of Babe Ruth
1924 - Judy Garland, 2½, billed as Baby Frances, makes her show business debut
1925 - 1st East West football game at Ewing Park before 25,000 fans
1925 - NHL record 141 shots as NY Americans (73) beat Pitt Pirates (68) 3-1
1925 - Turkey adopts Gregorian calendar
1925 - NY's Jake Forbes makes 67 saves, Pitt's Ray Waters makes 70
1925 - The Communist Party of India is founded.
1926 - Prince-regent Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan
1928 - Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming
1928 - World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW v Vic
1931 - George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in NYC
1931 - Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy
1931 - SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten
1932 - Earthquake kills 70,000 in Kansu China
1933 - Bradman scores 187* NSW v Victoria, 294 mins, 13 fours
1933 - US forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
1933 - FM radio is patented.
1934 - Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms
1935 - Stalin views Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' opera "Lady Macbeth"
1936 - Israel Philarmonic Orch forms
1938 - Bradman scores 225 South Aust v Qld before Christ gets him out
1938 - Tom Goddard takes a cricket hat-trick for England v South Africa
1939 - Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
1939 - Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels
1940 - 1st-class debut of Arthur Morris, who scores 148
1940 - JA Fields/J Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premieres in NYC
1941 - Winston Churchill becomes 1st British PM to address a joint meeting of Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"
1943 - British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
1943 - Chicago Bears win NFL championship
1943 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter
1944 - Battle of Bastogne-US Gen Patton's 4th Pantzers repulse Germans
1944 - Budapest surrounded by soviet army
1944 - Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie," premieres in Chicago
1945 - CFP franc and CFA franc are created.
1946 - "Beggar's Holiday" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 111 performances
1946 - "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" opens at Century Theater NYC for 60 perfs
1946 - 35th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Melbourne (5-0)
1946 - Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era)
1947 - "Cradle Will Ruck" opens at Mansfield Theater NYC for 34 performances
1947 - British transfer Heard & McDonald Is (Indian Ocean) to Australia
1947 - Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries NYC under 25.8" of snow in 16 hrs That same day, LA set a record high of 84°F
1948 - Hungarian cardinal Mindszenty arrested
1950 - Gillette & Mutual buy All Star & World Series rights ($6M for 6 yrs)
1954 - "The Shadow," airs for last time on radio
1954 - Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10
1955 - Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating LA 38-14
1955 - RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
1957 - Roger Sessions' 3rd Symphony premieres in London
1960 - "Do Re Mi" opens at St James Theater NYC for 400 performances
1960 - Musical "Do re mi" with Phil Silvers premieres in NYC
1960 - Phila Eagles beat Green Bay Packers 17-13 in NFL championship game
1963 - "Double Dublin" opens at Little Theater NYC for 4 performances
1963 - Beatles release "I Want To Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There"
1963 - US furnishes cereal to USSR
1964 - Beatles' "I Feel Fine," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 3 weeks
1964 - Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 20-7 in AFL championship game
1964 - Moors Murderers claim last victim
1965 - "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway
1965 - Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 23-0 in AFL championship game
1965 - Paul McCartney is interviewed on pirate radio station Radio Caroline
1966 - Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday
1966 - Jimi Hendrix writes "Purple Haze" backstage at the Upper Cut Club
1967 - BBC broadcasts "Magical Mystery Tour"
1967 - Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands
1968 - Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1
1968 - Jay Allens "Forty Carats," premieres in NYC
1968 - Led Zeppelin's concert debut in Boston as opener for Vanilla Fudge
1968 - Bruin Ted Green sets NHL penalty record of 3 minors, 2 majors & 2 game misconducts in a game against NY Rangers in NY's MSG
1973 - "Exorcist," starring Linda Blair & rated X, premieres
1973 - 2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours
1973 - Soyuz 13 returns to Earth
1974 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL sellout
1975 - 1st supersonic transport service (USSR-Tupolev-144)
1975 - A crowd of 85661 attends the 1st day of the Aust-WI MCG Test Cricket
1976 - "Music Is" closes at St James Theater NYC after 8 performances
1976 - The Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist) is founded.
1977 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 - India's former PM, Indira Gandhi, released from jail
1979 - Soviet Special forces take over presidential palace in Kabul, Afghanistan.
1980 - Aeroflot puts the Ilyushin Il-86 into service.
1981 - One of the great day's Test Cricket at the MCG Aust v WI
1982 - TIME's Man of the Year is a computer
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1983 - Test Cricket debut of Gregory Richard John Matthews, v Pakistan MCG
1983 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1984 - Belgian princess Astrid marries arch duke Otto L van Austrian-Este
1985 - Test Cricket debut of Steve Waugh, v India at the MCG
1986 - Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
1986 - Doug Jarvis, 31, sets NHL record of 916 consecutive games
1986 - TV soap "Search for Tomorrow" ends 35 year run
1987 - "Les Miserables" opens at National Theatre of Iceland, Reykjavik
1988 - "Legs Diamond" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 64 performances
1988 - Anti African student rebellion in China PR
1989 - ODI debut for Mark Taylor & Sanath Jayasuriya at cricket MCG
1990 - Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship
1990 - Reggie Williams becomes 1st GM of WLAF's NY-NJ Knights
1990 - Senior Professional Baseball Association folds
1991 - Chuck Knolls retires as NFL coach after 23 years
1991 - Jack Ruby's gun sells for $220,000 in auction
1991 - Militant Sikhs kill 55 & wound 70 in India
1991 - NY Islander Derek King ties NJ Devils 5-5 with ½ second left
1992 - NY Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75
1993 - Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed
1993 - Comedian Rodney Dangerfield (72) weds Joan Child (41)
1993 - Floyd, Nicklaus & Rodriguez wins Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge Golf Tourn
1994 - Actor Jason Hervey (22) weds Kelley Patricia O'Neill (27)
1994 - French commando's terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille
1994 - President Clinton's brother Roger Clinton (37) weds 8-mo pregnant Molly Nartin (25)
1995 - Muttiah Muralitharan no-balled for throwing (SL v Aust, MCG)
1995 - Paul Adams becomes S Afr's youngest Test Cricket player, 18 yrs 340 ds
1996 - Start of the largest strike in South Korean history.
1996 - The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification goes into force.
1996 - Six-year-old beauty queen JonBenét Ramsey is found beaten and strangled in the basement of her family's home in Boulder, Colorado.
1997 - The Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat explodes, creating a small tsunami offshore.
1998 - Iraq announces its intention to fire upon U.S. and British warplanes that patrol the northern and southern no-fly zones.
1998 - Severe gales over Ireland, northern England, and southern Scotland cause widespread disruption and widespread power outages in Northern Ireland and southern Scotland.
1999 - Severe weather in France kills over 100 people and causes extensive damage to property, trees and the French national power grid (see Lothar).
2003 - A magnitude 6.6 earthquake devastates southeast Iranian city of Bam, killing tens of thousands and destroying the citadel of Arg-é Bam.
2004 - A 9.3 magnitude earthquake creates a tsunami causing devastation in Sri Lanka, India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Maldives and many other areas around the rim of the Indian Ocean, killing 230,000 people.
2005 - Boxing Day shooting on a busy shopping street in Toronto.
2006 - The 2006 Hengchun earthquake with 7.1 magnitude hit Taiwan.