Famous Events on this Day in History, November 25:1034 - Máel Coluim mac Cináeda, King of Scots dies. Donnchad, the son of his second daughter Bethóc and Crínán of Dunkeld, inherits the throne.
1120 - English royal yacht "White Ship" leaves in storm
1165 - RC German emperor Frederik I Barbarossa visits Utrecht
1177 - Baldwin IV of Jerusalem and Raynald of Chatillon defeat Saladin at the Battle of Montgisard.
1185 - Umberto Crivelli replaces Lucius III as Pope Urban III
1277 - Giovanni Gaetano Orsini elected as Pope Nicolas III
1357 - Charles IV issues letter of protection of Jews of Strasbourg Alsace
1491 - The siege of Granada, last Moorish stronghold in Spain, begins.
1500 - Governor De Bobadilla of Santo Domingo captures Columbus
1659 - Michiel de Ruyter conquerors Danish city Nyborg
1667 - A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people.
1688 - Princess Anne flies from London to Nottingham
1703 - The Great Storm of 1703, the greatest windstorm ever recorded in the southern part of Great Britain, reaches its peak intensity which it maintains through November 27. Winds gust up to 120 mph, and 9,000 people perish in the mighty gale.
1715 - 1st English patent granted to an American, for processing corn
1744 - Austrian forces pillage & kill Jews of Prague
1755 - King Ferdinand IV of Spain granted the Beaterio dela Compania de Jesus or now known as the Congregation of the Religious of the Virgin Mary(RVM) a royal protection.
1758 - Britain capture Ft Duquesne (Pittsburgh) from French
1758 - Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is founded.
1766 - Pope Clement XIII warns On dangers of anti-Christian writings
1783 - Britain evacuates NYC, their last military position in US
1792 - Farmer's Almanac 1st published
1805 - Opera "Thaïs" 1st American performance
1817 - 1st sword swallower in US performs (NYC)
1826 - The Greek frigate Hellas arrives in Nafplion to become the first flagship of the Hellenic Navy.
1834 - Delmonico's, one of NY's finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents
1839 - A cyclone slams India with high winds and a 40 foot storm surge, destroying the port city of Coringa (never to be entirely rebuilt again). The storm wave sweeps inland, taking with it 20,000 ships and thousands of people. An estimated 300,000 deaths result from the disaster.
1841 - 35 Amistad survivors return to Africa
1847 - Opera "Marta" is produced (Vienna)
1863 - Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee
1864 - Confederate plot to burn NYC, fails
1864 - Confederate retreat at Sandersville, Georgia
1867 - Alfred Nobel patents dynamite
1867 - US Congress commission looks into "impeachment" of Pres Andrew Johnson
1874 - The United States Greenback Party is established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873.
1876 - Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife's sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River.
1884 - John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk
1894 - Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis
1897 - Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy
1899 - Battle at Graspan, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
1902 - Franz Lehars opera "Wiener Fraueen," premieres in Vienna
1908 - Dorando Pietri (It) beats Johnny Hayes (US) in MSG marathon by 60 yds
1911 - 3rd CFL Grey Cup: U of Toronto defeats Toronto Argonauts, 14-7
1912 - American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Ill
1912 - Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
1913 - Woodrow Wilson's daughter Jessie marries in White House
1920 - 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Phila)
1920 - WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play
1922 - Archaeologist Howard Carter enters King Tut's tomb
1922 - Japanese crown prince Hirohito appointed prince-regent
1925 - KPD proposes German Parliament expropriate possession of monarchy
1929 - Belgium govt Jaspar falls
1930 - 690 earthquake shocks recorded in 1 day (Ito Japan)
1930 - Sporting News picks Bill Terry as NL MVP & Joe Cronin as AL MVP
1933 - 1st Soviet liquid fuel rocket attains altitude of 261' (80m)
1935 - Resident Institution for Social History (IISG) forms in Amsterdam
1936 - Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact
1937 - World's fair of Paris closes (31.2 million visitors)
1940 - Patria, carrying illegal immigrants, sinks in port of Haifa, 200 die
1940 - U of Mich retires Tom Harmon's #98
1940 - Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz's "Knock Knock"
1940 - First flight of the deHavilland Mosquito and Martin B-26 Marauder.
1941 - German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless (lose of nationality)
1941 - Lou Boudreau, 24, becomes Cleveland Indians player/manager
1941 - Finland joined the Anti-Comintern Pact.
1942 - National Organization for Aid to Underground, LO, forms
1943 - U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1944 - 32nd CFL Grey Cup: Montreal HMCS defeat Hamilton Flying Wildcats, 7-6
1944 - World War II: A German V-2 rocket hits a Woolworth's store in Deptford, United Kingdom, killing 160 shoppers.
1947 - Future Queen Elizabeth marries Prince Philip in Westminster Abbey
1947 - New Zealand acedes to Statute of Westminster, becomes a dominion
1948 - Ft Funston's 16-inch coastal guns removed
1948 - KING TV channel 5 in Seattle, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 - "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer" appears on music charts
1949 - Ted Williams, wins AL MVP
1950 - "Tickets, Please" closes at Coronet Theater NYC after 245 performances
1950 - 38th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 13-0
1950 - UN gives Eritrea to Ethiopia
1951 - 17 die in a train crash in Woodstock Alabama, America
1951 - Cleve Browns penalized a record 209 yards against Chicago Bears
1951 - Commemoration of Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft forbidden
1952 - Agatha Christie's "Mousetrap," premieres in London
1952 - George Meany appointed as chairman of AFL
1952 - Only win ever for NFL's Dallas Texans (11-1) beats Bears 27-23
1953 - "Guys & Dolls" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1200 performances
1953 - Earthquake/tsnunami strike Honshu Japan
1953 - Hungary beats England in soccer match, 6-3
1955 - Race segregation forbidden on trains & buses between US states
1955 - Walter Piston's 6th Symphony, premieres
1957 - Pres Eisenhower suffers a mild stroke, impairing his speech
1958 - Senegal becomes an autonomous state in French Community
1959 - "Once Upon a Mattress" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 460 performances
1960 - "Amos 'n' Andy" made its last broadcast on CBS radio
1960 - 1st atomic reactor for research & development, Richland Wa
1960 - CBS ends last 4 radio soap operas (Ma Perkins, Right to Happiness, Young Dr Malone & 2nd Mrs Burton) & cancels 4 other series
1960 - The Mirabal sisters of the Dominican Republic are assassinated.
1961 - NBA's Bob Cousy becomes 2nd player to score 15,000 points
1962 - WBJA (now WMGC) TV channel 34 in Binghamton, NY (ABC) 1st broadcast
1963 - JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery
1965 - Congo milt coup under Gen Mobutu, Pres Kasavubu overthrown
1966 - Cincinnati infielder Tommy Helms is voted NL Rookie of Year
1966 - Jimi Hendrix Experience makes its London debut at Bag O' Nails Club
1966 - Pirate Radio Station 390 (Radio Invicta) closes down (reopen 12/31)
1967 - "Apple Tree" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 463 performances
1967 - Puerto Rico placed on Atlantic Standard Time
1969 - John Lennon returns OBE to protest UK's support for Vietnam War
1969 - KC outfielder Lou Piniella is voted AL Rookie of Year
1970 - Yankees catcher Thurman Munson wins AL Rookie of Year
1970 - In Japan, author Yukio Mishima and two compatriots commit ritualistic suicide after an unsuccessful coup attempt.
1971 - "Dan Cooper" jumps with $200,000 out of plane over Washington
1971 - 37th Heisman Trophy Award: Pat Sullivan, Auburn (QB)
1972 - "Ambassador" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 9 performances
1973 - 3 Palestinians hijack KLM B747 above Iraq, to Dubai
1973 - 61st CFL Grey Cup: Ottawa Rough Riders defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 22-18
1973 - Bloodless military coup ousts Greek Pres George Papadopoulos
1973 - Maximum speed limit cut to 55 MPH as an energy conservation measure
1974 - Irish Republican Army is outlawed in Britain following deaths of 21
1974 - Rangers' Mike Hargrove wins AL Rookie of Year
1975 - Netherlands grants Suriname independence (Natl Day)
1975 - Portuguese leftist officers occupy 4 airbases
1976 - OJ Simpson gains 273 yards for Buffalo vs Detroit
1976 - The Band's farewell concert at SF's Winterland Ballroom
1976 - Viking 1 radio signal from Mars help prove genl theory of relativity
1977 - David Steed balanced stationary on a bike for 9 hrs 15 mins
1977 - Miss Teenage America Pageant
1977 - Thomas Hearns KOs Jerome Hill in 2 rounds in his 1st pro fight
1979 - "Most Happy Fella" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 53 perfs
1979 - 67th CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 17-9
1979 - American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago, kills 275
1979 - Israel returns Alma oilfields in Gulf of Suez to Egypt
1979 - Pittsburgh gains 606 net yards against Cleveland, winning 33-30
1980 - Coup in Burkina abolishes constitution
1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - Imran Khan scores his 1st Test Cricket ton, 123 v WI Lahore
1980 - Sugar Ray Leonard defeats Duran regains WBC welterweight championship
1980 - Upper-Volta milt coup under Col Saye Zerbo, president Lamizana flees
1981 - Failed coup by South African mercenaries in Seychelles
1981 - Rollie Fingers is 1st relief pitcher to win AL MVP
1982 - The Minneapolis Thanksgiving Day Fire destroys an entire city block, including the Northwestern National Bank building and the recently closed Donaldson's Department Store.
1983 - Larry Holmes TKOs Marvis Frazier in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1983 - Soyuz T-9 returns to Earth, 149 days after take-off
1983 - Syria & Saudi Arabia announce cease-fire in PLO civil war in Tripoli
1983 - World's greatest robbery 25,000,000 pounds of gold, Heathrow, England
1984 - Julio M Sanguinetti wins Uruguay presidential election
1984 - William Schroeder, is 2nd to receive Jarvik-7 artificial heart
1985 - White Sox shortstop Ozzie Guillen, is named AL Rookie of Year
1986 - A's Jose Canseco wins AL Rookie of Year
1986 - Iran-Contra affair erupts, Pres Reagan reveals secret arm deal
1986 - Oliver North's sect, Fawn Hill, smuggles documents out of his office
1987 - Abdul Qadir takes 9-56 against England at Lahore
1987 - India all out for 75 v West Indies at Delhi, Patterson 5-24
1987 - Supertyphoon Nina pummels the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 mph and a surge that swallows entire villages. at least 1,036 deaths attributed to the storm.
1988 - Chuck Berry pays $250 fine to resolve NYC assault charges
1988 - Convention on exploitation of Antarctic mineral resources signed
1988 - US & Soviet chess grand masters Donaldson & Akhmilovskaya wed
1988 - Widespread earthquake hits NE US, Canada; no damage reported
1988 - German politician Rita Süssmuth becomes president of the Bundestag.
1989 - David Boon scores 200 v NZ at cricket WACA
1990 - 78th CFL Grey Cup: Winn Blue Bombers defeat Edmonton Eskimos, 50-11
1990 - Lech Walesa wins in Poland's 1st popular election
1990 - NFL's NY Giants & SF 49ers after winning their 1st 10 games both
1990 - Sri Lanka all out 82, Venkatapathy Raju (I) 6-12 off 17 lose, Phil Eagles beat Giants 31-13 & L.A. Rams beat 49ers 28-17
1993 - Dutch Antilles govt of Liberia-Peters falls
1993 - Failed bomb attack on Egyptian premier Atef Sedki, 1 dead
1994 - Sony founder Akio Morita announces he will be stepping down as CEO of the company.
1995 - "Patti LuPone on Broadway" closes at Walter Kerr NYC after 46 perfs
1996 - After 24 years, Disneyland Main Street Electrical Parade, ends
1997 - US telephone tech Richard Bliss, arrested for spying in Russia
2000 - 2000 Baku earthquake took place.
2005 - Polish Minister of National Defence Radek Sikorski opens Warsaw Pact archives to historians. Maps of possible nuclear strikes against Western Europe, as well as the possible nuclear annihilation of 43 Polish cities and 2 million of its citizens by Soviet-controlled forces, are released.
2007 - The first European Parliament election and a referendum on changing the voting system (called by the President and declared invalid because of insufficient turnout) were held in Romania.
2008 - A car bomb in St. Petersburg, Russia, kills three people and injures one.