Famous Events on this Day in History, November 23:

800 - Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III.
1165 - Pope Alexander III returns from exile to Rome
1227 - Polish Prince Leszek I the White is assassinated at an assembly of Piast dukes at Gasawa.
1248 - Conquest of Seville by the Christian troops under King Ferdinand III of Castile.
1334 - St Clemens Flood: Dike breaks at Flemish/Zeeuwse/Dutch coast
1499 - Pretender to the throne Perkin Warbeck is hanged for reportedly attempting to escape from the Tower of London. He had invaded England in 1497, claiming to be the lost son of King Edward IV of England.
1556 - King Philip II confers with Dutch financial experts
1577 - Water Geuzen under capt Slope enter Amsterdam
1584 - English parliament throws out Jesuits
1644 - Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship, and written by John Milton is published.
1654 - French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.
1700 - Cardinal Francesco Albani elected Pope Clemens XI
1705 - Nicholas Rowe's "Ulysses," premieres in London
1744 - English premier John Carteret resigns
1765 - People of Frederick County Md refuse to pay England's Stamp tax
1783 - Annapolis Maryland, becomes US capital (until June 1784)
1832 - French take Antwerp in liberation of Belgium
1834 - Hector Berlioz's "Harold in Italy," premieres
1835 - Henry Burden patents Horseshoe manufacturing machine (Troy NY)
1844 - Independence of the Duke of Schleswig-Holstein from Denmark.
1848 - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
1852 - Just past midnight, a sharp jolt causes Lake Merced to drop 30' (9m)
1863 - Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, TN begins
1863 - Patent granted for a process of making color photographs
1864 - -25] Battle at Ball's Ferry Georgia (30 casualties)
1867 - The Manchester Martyrs were hanged in Manchester, England for rescuing two Irish men from jail.
1868 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents trichrome color photo process
1869 - In Dumbarton, Scotland, the clipper Cutty Sark is launched - one of the last clippers ever to be built, and the only one still surviving to this day.
1871 - Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
1876 - Columbia, Harvard & Princeton form Intercollegiate Football Assn
1885 - Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united
1887 - Notre Dame loses its 1st football game 8-0 to Michigan
1887 - Opera "Trumpeter of S├Ąckingen" 1st American production (NYC)
1889 - Debut of 1st jukebox (Palais Royale Saloon, San Francisco)
1890 - King William III of the Netherlands dies without a male heir and a special law is passed to allow his daughter Princess Wilhelmina to become his heir.
1890 - General elections in Italy.
1892 - Battle of Lomani Congo: Belgian unit beats Arabs, 1000-3000 killed
1892 - P de Coubertin launches plan for Modern Olympic Games
1897 - Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler," to connect railroad cars
1897 - Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love
1899 - 1st jukebox (Palais Royal Hotel, SF)
1899 - Battle at Belmont, Cape colony: general Methuen beats Farmers
1903 - Enrico Caruso US debut (Metropolitan Opera House, NY) in "Rigoletto"
1903 - Colorado Governor James Peabody sends the state militia into the town of Cripple Creek to break up a miners' strike.
1904 - 3rd Olympic games close in St Louis
1905 - Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti
1906 - Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon Church, convicted of polygamy
1909 - 7.17" (18.2 cm) of rainfall, Rattlesnake Creek, Idaho (state rec)
1909 - Wright Brothers forms million dollar corp to manufacture airplanes
1911 - Post Hospital at Presidio, SF renamed Letterman General Hospital
1912 - Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
1914 - The US Army retreats from Mexico.
1921 - Pres Harding signs Willis Campell Act (anti-beer bill) forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes
1923 - German army commander Gen Von Seeckt bans NSDAP & KPD
1923 - Germany's Stresemann govt falls to SPD
1926 - Noel Coward's "This Was a Man," premieres in NYC
1930 - NY Giant Hap Moran runs 91 yards for a TD from a scrimmage
1931 - Nationally Crisis Committee forms in Hague
1934 - An Anglo-Ethiopian boundary commission in the Ogaden discovers an Italian garrison at Walwal, which lay well within Ethiopian territory. This leads to the Abyssinia Crisis.
1936 - 1st issue of Life, picture magazine created by Henry R Luce
1936 - Life magazine hit newsstands
1936 - The first edition of Life is published.
1937 - Clifford Odets' "Golden Boy," premieres in NYC
1937 - Emile Janson becomes Belgian premier
1937 - John Steinbeck's "Of Mice & Men," premieres in NYC
1939 - Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star
1940 - 1st edition of illegal "The Truth" publishes
1940 - Romania signs Driemogendheden pact
1940 - SD arrested resistance fighter Bernard Iron wire
1941 - German troops conquer Klin, at NW of Moscow
1942 - 3rd & 5th Romanian army corp surrenders
1942 - Coast Guard Woman's Auxiliary (SPARS) authorized
1942 - Col-gen Von Paul asks Hitler to surrender
1942 - German 4th & 6th Army surrounded at Stalingrad
1942 - Japans bombing of Port Darwin, Australia
1942 - Poon Lim set adrift for 133 days after his boat is torpedoed
1942 - Russian 21st Army recaptures Kalatsj at Don
1942 - Steward Poon Lim begins floating in a raft 133 days
1943 - 1st printing of illegal "Warheid"
1943 - British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation
1943 - US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japs
1943 - Phils owner William D Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team
1944 - US 7th army under Gen Patch conquers Straatsburg
1945 - Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends
1946 - "Gypsy Lady" closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances
1946 - 34th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 28-6
1946 - French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000
1946 - The Workers Party of South Korea is founded.
1947 - French govt of Schumann, forms
1947 - Wash Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Chi Cards (45-21)
1948 - Dr Frank G Back (NYC) patents lens to provide zoom effects
1950 - Howard Swanson's "Short Symphony," premieres
1953 - KVFD (now KTIN) TV channel 21 in Ft Dodge, IA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1953 - WJBF TV channel 6 in Augusta, GA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - For the first time, the Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above the peak it reached just before the 1929 crash.
1955 - British transfer Cocos (Keeling) Is in Indian Ocean to Australia
1959 - "Fiorello!" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 796 performances
1960 - Dodgers outfielder Frank Howard is voted NL Rookie of Year
1960 - Tinseltown dedicated its Walk of Fame at Hollywood Blvd & Vine St
1960 - Tiros 2, a weather satellite is launched
1962 - Dodgers shortstop Maury Wills is named NL's MVP
1963 - "Doctor Who," the long-running British sci-fi series debuts in England
1963 - "Tambourines to Glory" closes at Little Theater NYC after 24 perfs
1963 - Horatio Alger Society founded
1963 - JFK's body, lay in repose in East Room of White House
1963 - LBJ proclaims Nov 25 a day of national mourning (for JFK)
1963 - Doctor Who first broadcast
1964 - "Bajour" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 232 performances
1964 - Beatles release "I Feel Fine" & "She's a Woman"
1964 - Vatican abolished Latin as official language of Roman Catholic liturgy
1965 - 31st Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Garrett, Southern Cal (RB)
1965 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1966 - Chicago outfielder Tommie Agee is voted AL Rookie of Year
1968 - "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Booth NYC after 36 perfs
1968 - Milwaukee Bucks make their 1st NBA trade, giving Bob Love & Bob Weiss to Chicago Bulls for Flynn Robinson
1970 - KNCT TV channel 46 in Belton/Killeen, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 - China People's Republic seated in UN Security Council
1971 - Danny Murtaugh, manager of world champ Pirates, announces retirement
1974 - 60 Ethiopia govt officials executed
1975 - 63rd CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Montreal Alouettes, 9-8
1975 - Bob Thomas of Chicago Bears kicks 55-yard field goal
1975 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Greater Ft Myers Golf Classic
1976 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1976 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 - Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
1977 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 96 perfs
1977 - European weather satellite Meteosat 1 launched from Cape Canaveral
1979 - Pink Floyd's "The Wall" released, sells 6 million copies in 2 weeks
1980 - 4,800 die in series of earthquakes that devastated southern Italy
1980 - 68th CFL Grey Cup: Edmonton Eskimos defeats Hamilton Tiger-Cats, 48-10
1980 - National Black Independent Party forms
1982 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB & mated for STS-6
1982 - FCC drops limits on duration & frequency of TV ads
1982 - NY Islanders & Minn North Stars play to an 8-8 tie
1983 - Soyuz T-9 lands
1983 - USSR leave weapon disarmament talks
1984 - Limited-over intl cricket debut for Wasim Akram, v NZ
1984 - Test Cricket debut of David Boon age 23 & Bob Holland age 38 (v WI)
1984 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1984 - Boston College QB Doug Flutie passes (472 yards), including game ending 48 yard TD (Hail Mary Pass) to end game & beat Miami 47-45
1985 - 58 die as Egyptian commandos storm hijack Egyptair jet in Malta
1985 - Retired CIA analyst Larry Wu-tai Chin, arrested of spying for China
1988 - France performs nuclear test
1988 - Wayne Gretzky scores his 600th NHL goal
1988 - Yankees sign free agent 2nd-baseman Steve Sax to 3-year contract
1989 - Pilots Union give up sympathy strike against Eastern Airlines
1989 - Xenophobia Zolotas sworn in as premier of Greece
1990 - Model Cheryl Tiegs marries actor Tony Peck
1990 - Test Cricket debut of Saeed Anwar (Pak v WI), scores 0 & 0
1991 - A day before he dies, Freddie Mercury, 45, confirms he has AIDS
1991 - Evander Holyfield TKOs Bert Cooper in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1991 - Martin Lopez-Zubero swims world record 200m backstroke (1:56.57)
1991 - Sacramento Kings ends NBA's longest road losing streak at 43 games
1991 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Lorrie Nichols
1991 - Brigham Young Ty Detmer finishes NCAA career with record 4,031 yards passed in a season & 15,031 for career
1992 - "Someone Who'll Watch Over Me" opens at Booth NYC for 232 perfs
1992 - 10,000,000 cellular telephone sold
1993 - "Angels in America-Perestroika" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 216 perfs
1996 - Irebe Skliva, 18, of Greece, crowned 46th Miss World
1996 - The Republic of Angola officially joins the World Trade Organization.
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins ITT LPGA Tour Championship
1997 - Jana Novotna (Czech) beats Mary Pierce (France) in Chase Tennis Champ
1998 - Agreement between Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen and his rival, prince Norodom Ranariddh.
2001 - Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
2003 - Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
2005 - Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, elected president of Liberia, is the first woman to lead an African country.
2007 - MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sank in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands.
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