Famous Events on this Day in History, November 20:

284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor.
762 - Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire.
1168 - Giovanni di Struma elected anti-Pope
1194 - Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
1272 - Edward I proclaimed King of England
1342 - Pope Clemens VI names John IV of Arkel as bishop of Utrecht
1347 - Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo beats nobles
1407 - A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
1431 - 1st meeting of Order of Guilder Flies
1520 - Friesland hit by heavy hail storm
1521 - Arabs attribute shortage of water in Jerusalem to Jews making wine
1583 - Duke of Parma conquerors Aalst
1616 - Bishop Richelieu becomes French minister of Foreign affairs/War
1637 - Peter Minuit & 1st Swedish immigrants to Delaware sail from Sweden
1695 - Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed.
1719 - Sweden & Hannover sign peace Treaty of Stockholm
1755 - English minister William Pitt Sr resigns
1759 - -22] Battle in Bay of Quiberon, British beat French
1780 - Britain declares war on Holland
1789 - New Jersey is 1st state to ratify Bill of Rights
1795 - Curacao govt forbids slave work on Sunday
1805 - Beethoven's "Fidelio," premieres in Vienna
1815 - 2nd Peace of Paris: France & allies
1815 - Russia, Prussia, Austria & England signs Great Alliance
1817 - 1st Seminole War begins in Florida
1829 - Jews expelled from Nikolayev & Sevastopol Russia
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches Punta Gorda, sees Rio Uruguay
1852 - Charles Reade/Tom Taylor's "Masks & Faces," premieres in London
1861 - Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
1862 - Armies of Mississippi/Kentucky merge as Army of Tennessee
1862 - Confederate army of Tennessee, organizes under Gen Braxton Bragg
1865 - Howard University forms in Washington DC
1866 - 1st natl convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
1866 - Howard University founded (Wash, DC)
1866 - Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
1873 - Rival cities of Buda & Pest unite to form the capital of Hungary
1888 - William Bundy patents timecard clock
1889 - Gustav Mahlers 1st Symphony
1890 - Pope Leo XIII encyclical On slavery in missions
1894 - US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua
1901 - Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris)
1902 - Geo Lefevre & Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race
1906 - George Bernard Shaws "Doctor's Dilemma," premieres in London
1909 - Jack Williams of Ottawa Rough Riders kicks 9 singles in a game
1910 - Revolution broke out in Mexico, led by Francisco I Madero
1911 - Gustav Mahlers "Tie Song of the Erde" premieres in Munich
1914 - US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports
1915 - 7th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Toronto Rowing, 13-7
1917 - 1st tank battle (Britain breaks through German lines)
1917 - Ukrainian Republic declared
1919 - 1st municipally owned airport in US opens (Tucson Az)
1920 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US president W Wilson
1922 - Zoe Akins' "Texas Nightingale," premieres in NYC
1923 - Garrett Morgan invents & patents traffic signal
1923 - Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion (One Billion on the long scale) Papiermark
1928 - Boston Gardens opens, Mont Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 1-0
1928 - WGH-AM in Newport News VA begins radio transmissions
1929 - 1st broadcast of "Goldbergs" on US radio
1929 - Salvador Dali's 1st one-man show
1931 - Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)
1932 - Earthquake at Uden Netherlands
1934 - Eiji Sawamura, 17, gives up 1 hit, Lou Gehrig's HR, Japan beats US 1-0
1934 - Lillian Hellman's "Children's Hour," premieres in NYC
1934 - New Belgian govt of Theunis, Francqui & Gutt (3 bankers)
1934 - Tornoto Maple Leaf Harvey Jackson is 1st to score 4 goals in 1 period
1936 - Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad.
1938 - 1st documented anti-semitic remarks over US radio (by Father Coughlin)
1940 - German air raid on Birmingham fails
1940 - Hungary joins 3 Power pact
1940 - World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
1941 - Adm Nomura & Kurusu hands over Japanese last diplomatic note
1941 - German Q/pirate ship Kormoran sinks near Australia
1942 - 26th Russian Armoured Corps recaptures Perelazovski
1942 - British 8th Army recaptures Benghazi, Libya
1942 - NHL abolishes regular season OT until WW II is over
1942 - Soviet army offensive, 1 million Russians breach German lines
1943 - U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1943 - US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island
1944 - 1st Japanse suicide submarine attack (Ulithi Atol, Carolines)
1944 - Amsterdam: Vondelpark closed because of kappen of trees
1944 - Prince Bernhard establishes staff in Breda
1945 - 24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany
1945 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres
1945 - Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague
1946 - Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest," premieres in NYC
1947 - "Meet the Press" makes network TV debut on NBC
1947 - 1st permanent TV installed on seagoing vessel (New Jersey)
1947 - Britain's Princess Elizabeth, marries Duke Philip Mountbatten
1947 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Mediator Dei
1947 - UN General assembly begins debate on printing their own stamps
1948 - US balloon reaches height of 42.7 km (record)
1949 - Jewish population of Israel reaches 1,000,000
1951 - Snowdonia becomes a National Park
1952 - Cubs slugger Hank Sauer wins NL MVP
1952 - George Axelrods "7 Year Itch," premieres in NYC
1952 - Prague show trial against 14 communists (9 Jewish) begin
1952 - Slánský trials - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
1953 - Scott Crossfield in Douglas Skyrocket, 1st to break Mach 2 (1,300 MPH)
1954 - KTRK TV channel 13 in Houston, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Kripal Singh scores 100 on Test Cricket debut, India v NZ
1955 - Polly Umrigar scores India's 1st Test Cricket double century, 223 v NZ
1957 - Morton Wishengrad's "Rope Dancers," premieres in NYC
1959 - UN adopts Universal Declaration of Children's Rights
1959 - WABC fires Alan Freed over payola scandal
1961 - WPLG TV channel 10 in Miami, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 - Mickey Mantle wins AL MVP
1962 - USSR agrees to remove bombers from Cuba, & US lifts blockade
1964 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th/10th String Quartet premiers in Moscow
1965 - "Pickwick" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 56 performances
1965 - UN Security council calls for boycott of Rhodesia
1965 - WCNY TV channel 24 in Syracuse, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - "Cabaret" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 1166 performances
1966 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Success Golf Open
1966 - Dallas sacks Pittsburgh QBs an NFL record 12 times
1966 - Men in Zurich vote against female suffrage
1967 - At 11 AM, Census Clock at Dept of Commerce ticks past 200 million
1967 - Mets pitcher Tom Seaver (16-12) is named NL Rookie of Year
1968 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - Alcatraz Island off SF, is seized by militant Native Americans
1969 - Gundappa Viswanath scores 137 on Test Cricket debut v Australia Kanpur
1969 - Pele scores his 1,000th soccer goal
1969 - SF Giant Willie McCovey edges Tom Seaver as NL MVP
1970 - UN General Assembly accepts membership of China PR
1971 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - Rangers' Jeff Burroughs wins AL MVP
1974 - The US files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T
1975 - Ronald Reagan announced candidacy for Rep nomination for president
1976 - George Harrison appears on Saturday Night Live
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Colgate-Hong Kong Golf Open
1977 - Egyptian Pres Sadat became 1st Arab leader to address Israeli Knesset
1977 - Steve Largent begins NFL streak of 177 consecutive game receptions
1977 - Walter Payton (Bears) rushes for NFL-record 275 yards
1979 - Sji'ieten occupies great mosque of Mecca, 100s killed
1979 - US's 1st artificial blood transfusion occurs at U of Minn Hospital
1980 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Oakland A's)
1980 - Steve Ptacek in Solar Challenger makes 1st solar-powered flight
1980 - UA withdraws $44 million movie "Heaven's Gate" for reediting
1981 - Anatoly Karpov, USSR retains world chess championship
1981 - Burundia adopts its constitution
1981 - El Salvador guerrilla group FMLN opens "limited offensive"
1981 - Ringo releases "Stop & Smell Roses" album
1982 - Drew Barrymore at age 7 hosts Saturday Night Live
1983 - "Marilyn: An American Fable" opens at Minskoff NYC for 16 perfs
1983 - 100 million watch ABC-TV movie "Day After," about nuclear war
1983 - Cleveland Browns shutout Patriots 30-0
1983 - NY Giants Butch Woolfolk ties NFL record of 43 attempts rushing
1984 - McDonald's made its 50 billionth hamburger
1984 - Mets pitcher Dwight Gooden wins NL Rookie of Year
1984 - SETI is founded.
1985 - NY Yankee Don Mattingly easily wins AL MVP
1985 - Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
1986 - Afghanistan President Babrak Karmal flees
1986 - UN's WHO announces 1st global effort to combat AIDS
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens a Bus & Truck tour in Tampa
1989 - Milwaukee Brewers center fielder Robin Yount wins AL MVP
1990 - Oakland's Rickey Henderson wins AL MVP
1990 - Sacramento Kings last NBA win on the road for over a year
1990 - Thatcher fails to defeat Heseltine's bid for party leadership
1990 - US 68th manned space mission STS 38 (Atlantis 7) returns from space
1991 - Atlanta Braves Terry Pendleton wins NL MVP
1992 - "Malcolm X" premieres
1992 - Queen Elizabeth's home Windsor Castle catches fire
1993 - Jakovlev-42 crashes into mountain at Ohrid Macedonia, 116 killed
1993 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Robin Romeo
1993 - Winnie Mandela's driver/bodyguard murdered in Johannesburg
1993 - Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
1994 - "Flying Karamzov Brothers..." opens at Helen Hayes NYC for 50 perfs
1994 - "Shadow Box" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 49 performances
1994 - Kosmos 2294/2295/2296 launches
1994 - Patti Davis weds Paul Hayeland
1994 - The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year).
1995 - "Beatles' Anthology, Vol 1" released
1995 - "Racing Demon" opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 48 perfs
1995 - FDA approves new therapy for use as an initial AIDS treatment, 3TC
1995 - Princess Di admits she cheated on Prince Charles in a TV interview
1995 - STS 74 (Atlantis 15), lands
1997 - "Ivanov," opens at Vivian Beaumont Theater NYC for 51 performances
1997 - Flyers Eric Lindros tries to bite San Jose defenseman Marty McSorley
1997 - Last original Florida Marlin, Jeff Conine, traded to KC Royals
1997 - Mavericks' A C Green sets NBA record of 907 consecutive games played
1997 - NY Islanders lose, beginning a 10 game losing streak
1998 - A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
1998 - The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.
2001 - In Washington, D.C., U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
2003 - After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, Turkey, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
2008 - After critical failures in the US financial system began to build up after mid-September, the Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level since 1997.
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