Famous Events on this Day in History, November 19:461 - St Hilary begins his reign as Catholic Pope
498 - Anastasius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
615 - Pope Deusdedit/Adeodatus I elected to succeed Boniface IV
1302 - Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree "Unam sanctam"
1367 - League of Cologne goes against Danish king Waldemar IV
1493 - Christopher Columbus discovers Puerto Rico, on his 2nd voyage
1521 - Battle at Milan: Emperor Karel V's/pontifical/Spanish/German troops beat France & occupy Milan
1523 - Giulio de' Medici chosen as Pope Clemens VII
1530 - Augsburg] Emperor Karel I enables Edict of Worms
1544 - Pope Paul III opens council of Trente
1620 - Mayflower reaches Cape Cod & explores the coast
1621 - Rabbi Isaiah b Abraham aha-Levi Horowitz arrives in Israel
1644 - 1st protestant ministry society in New England
1700 - Battle at Narva: Swedish king Karel XII beats Russians
1794 - Jakobinen Club forms in Paris
1794 - Jay Treaty, 1st US extradition treaty, signed with Great Britain
1805 - Lewis & Clark reach Pacific Ocean, 1st European Americans to cross continent
1816 - Warsaw University is established.
1824 - Storm causes St Petersburg flood, killing 10,000
1837 - Floridsdorf-Deutsch Wagram railway in Austria opens
1850 - Lord Tennyson becomes British poet laureate
1861 - Julia Ward Howe committed "Battle Hymn of the Republic" to paper
1863 - Lincoln delivers his address in Gettysburg; "4 score & 7 years..."
1874 - William Marcy "Boss" Tweed, of Tammany Hall (NYC) convicted of defrauding city of $6M, sentenced to 12 years' imprisonment
1879 - Natl Assoc of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
1881 - A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
1887 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Dying Detective" (BG)
1893 - 1st newspaper color supplement (NY World)
1894 - 1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap)
1894 - Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok
1895 - Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil
1896 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Sussex Vampire" (BG)
1903 - Carrie Nation attempts to address Senate
1906 - London selected to host 1908 Olympics
1909 - Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper denies corruption
1910 - Ferenc Molnàrs "Tester," premieres in Budapest
1911 - NY receives 1st Marconi wireless transmission from Italy
1916 - Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures (the company later became one of the most successful independent filmmakers).
1919 - US Senate rejects (55-39) Treaty of Versailles & League of Nations
1922 - Demonstration for a French Language University in Ghent
1923 - Béla Bartòk's "Tancsuite," premieres
1926 - British mine strikes after 28 weeks ends
1928 - 1st issue of Time magazine, Japanese Emperor Hirohito on cover
1932 - Joe Kershalla scores 71 points in a college football game
1932 - Shaft & Thyssen demand Hitler become German chancellor
1933 - Women allowed to vote in Spain (helps right wing)
1939 - Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship
1940 - Belgian King Leopold III visits Adolf Hitler
1940 - German air raid on Birmingham fails
1942 - Joseph Goebbels visits "German Theatre in the Niederlanden"
1942 - Russia launches winter offensive against Germans along Don front
1943 - U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean
1944 - World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.
1946 - Bradman scores 119 South Australia v Victoria, 183 mins, 8 fours
1947 - 200" mirror arrives at Mt Palomar
1948 - Belgian govt of Spaak, forms
1949 - Prince Rainier III coronation as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco
1950 - US General Eisenhower becomes supreme commander of NATO-Europe
1951 - Roy Campanella named NL MVP on his 30th birthday
1951 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1952 - North American F-86 Sabre sets world aircraft speed record, 1124 KPH
1952 - Spain joins UNESCO
1953 - US Supreme Court rules (7-2) baseball is a sport not a business
1953 - US VP Richard Nixon visits Hanoi
1955 - KXMB TV channel 12 in Bismarck, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - National Review publishes its first issue.
1957 - Antonin Novotny appointed president of Czechoslovakia
1958 - First 2 F-27 Fokker's Friendships delivered on Aer Lingus
1959 - "Rocky & His Friends" debuts on ABC
1959 - Ford cancels Edsel
1960 - Mickey Vernon is hired as 1st manager of new Washington team
1961 - Houston George Blanda passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Titans (49-13)
1962 - Fidel Castro accepts removal of Soviet weapons
1962 - KOET (now KULC) TV channel 9 in Ogden, UT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1962 - SN Behrman's "Lord Pengo," premieres in NYC
1962 - Todor Zjivkov becomes premier of Bulgaria
1965 - ABC radio begins weekly "Vietnam Update" report
1965 - Kellogg's Pop Tarts pastries created
1966 - Mad Dog Vachon beats Dick The Bruiser in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1967 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Pensacola Ladies' Golf Invitational
1967 - The establishment of TVB, the first wireless commercial television station in Hong Kong.
1968 - Mali military coup, president Modibo Keita flees
1968 - Yankees pitcher Stan Bahnsen wins AL Rookie of Year
1969 - Apollo 12's Conrad & Bean become 3rd & 4th humans on Moon
1969 - WENY TV channel 36 in Elmira, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Golden Gate Park Conservatory becomes a Cal state historical landmark
1970 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 - Ft Wilderness opens
1972 - "Ambassador" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 9 performances
1972 - "Dear Oscar" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 5 performances
1972 - Gershwin Theater (Uris) opens at 1633 Broadway NYC
1972 - KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, WI suspends broadcasting
1972 - Willy Brandts SPD wins West German election
1973 - Elections in Suriname, premier Sedney's PNP doesn't win a chair
1975 - Reds 2nd baseman Joe Morgan is named NL MVP
1976 - George Harrison releases "This Song"
1976 - Patty Hearst is freed on $15 million bail
1976 - Jaime Ornelas Camacho takes office as the first President of the Regional Government of Madeira, Portugal.
1977 - -21] Egyptian president Sadat visits Israel
1977 - Canuck's Ron Sedlbauer fails on 3rd penalty shot against Islanders
1977 - Egyptian Pres Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel
1977 - Libya drops diplomatic relations with Egypt
1978 - Gavaskar gets twin cricket tons for India for 2nd time
1979 - Astros sign Nolan Ryan, to record 4 year, $4.5 million contract
1979 - Chuck Berry released from prison on income tax evasion
1980 - CBS TV bans Calvin Klein's jean ad featuring Brooke Shields
1983 - Edmonton Oilers beat NJ Devils, 13-4, Wayne Gretzky calls the Devils "a Mickey Mouse organization"
1984 - Liquid gas tank in Mexico City explodes; 334 die
1984 - NY Met Dwight Gooden, 20, is youngest to be named NL Rookie of Year
1985 - Herb Gardner's "I'm Not Rappaport," premieres in NYC
1985 - Pres Reagan & Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for 1st time
1986 - Phillies 3rd baseman Mike Schmidt wins NL MVP
1986 - Tina Howe's "Coastal Disturbances," premieres in NYC
1987 - France performs nuclear test
1988 - LA Law's Corbin Bernsen marries actress Amanda Pays
1989 - US beats Trinidad, 1-0 qualifing for 1990 world soccer cup finals it was US' 1st qualification since 1950
1990 - Greyhound files reoganization plan so they can be traded publically
1990 - Iraq announces it will free all German hostages
1990 - Pittsburgh's Barry Bonds wins NL MVP
1991 - Balt Orioles shortstop Cal Ripken wins his 2nd AL MVP
1992 - "3 From Brooklyn" opens at Helen Hayes Theater NYC for 45 performances
1993 - Algerian Moslem fundamentalists uprising, 27 killed
1993 - Curacaose vote to remain part of Dutch Antilles
1994 - Aishwarya Rai, 21, of India, crowned 44th Miss World
1994 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson
1995 - "Beatle Anthology" premieres on ABC-TV
1995 - "Sacrilege" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 21 performances
1995 - "School for Scandal" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 23 performances
1995 - 83rd CFL Grey Cup: Balt Stallions defeats Calgary Stampeders, 37-20
1995 - CNET lauches www.shareware.com
1995 - Keelin Curnuck, 23, Ms Venus Swimwear 1994, crowned Miss NY USA
1995 - Suicide bomber blasts into Egyptian embassy in Islamabad, kills 16
1996 - "God Said, Ha!," opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 22 performances
1996 - "Sex & Longing" closes at Cort Theater NYC
1996 - Albert Belle, signs record five-year, $55 million with White Sox
1996 - Space Shuttle STS 80 (Columbia 21), launches into space
1996 - The case of the Port Arthur massacre comes to trial.
1996 - Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
1997 - "Eugene Onegin," opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1997 - "Old Neighborhood," opens at Booth Theater NYC
1997 - STS 87 (Columbia 24) launches into orbit
1997 - In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all seven babies were born alive. They would go on to become the first set of septuplets to survive infancy, with all seven alive in 2007.
1998 - Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for $71.5 million USD.
1998 - Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
1999 - Shenzhou 1: The People's Republic of China launches its first Shenzhou spacecraft.
1999 - In Istanbul, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe ends a two-day summit by calling for a political settlement in Chechnya and adopting a Charter for European Security.