Famous Events on this Day in History, November 12:295 - Origin of Era of Ascension
607 - Boniface III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
764 - Tibetan troops occupy Chang'an, the capital of the Chinese Tang Dynasty, for fifteen days.
954 - Lotharius becomes king of France
1028 - Future Byzantine empress Zoe marries Romanus Argyrus according to the wishes of the dying Constantine VIII.
1439 - Plymouth, England, becomes the first town incorporated by the English Parliament.
1555 - The English Parliament re-establishes Catholicism.
1591 - Castiliaans army occupies Zaragoza
1614 - Treaty of Xanten: Guliks-Kleefse War victory ends
1673 - Dutch troops under Willem III occupy Bonn
1682 - Swedish king Karel XI establishes absolute monarchy
1727 - France & Bavaria renew secret treaty
1775 - General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks
1793 - Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first Mayor of Paris, is guillotined.
1813 - Allied troops occupy Zwolle Neth
1823 - Great North Holland Canal (Amsterdam) opens
1847 - Sir James Young Simpson, a British physician, is the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1859 - Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
1873 - Bay District Race Track opens
1885 - Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game
1892 - Pudge Heffelfinger receives $500, becomes 1st pro football player
1892 - Allegheny Athletic Assn beats Pitts Athletic CLub, 4-0 in football
1893 - The treaty of the Durand Line is signed between present day Pakistan and Afghanistan - the Durand Line has gained international recognition as an international border between the two sister nations.
1899 - British troops reach Durban Natal
1900 - World's Fair in Paris opens (50 million visitors)
1905 - (November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic.
1906 - C W Gregory (NSW v Qld) starts day at 48*, is 366* at stumps
1910 - 1st Movie stunt: man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon
1912 - Robert Scott's diary & dead body found in Antarctica
1914 - Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war
1915 - Britain annexes Gilbert & Ellice archipelago
1915 - Theodore W Richards is 1st American to win Nobel Prize in chemistry
1918 - Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
1919 - Ross & Keith Smith start a 1 month flight from London to Australia
1920 - Judge Kennesaw Mountain Landis elected 1st baseball commissioner
1921 - Washington Conference for Limitation of Armaments
1922 - The Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority is founded on the campus of Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana.
1923 - In Germany, Adolf Hitler is arrested for attempt to sieze power Nov 8
1924 - Yeshivah Slobodka opens a branch in Chevron
1925 - US & Italy sign peace accord about war debts
1927 - 1st underwater tunnel, Holland Tunnel connecting NY to NJ opens
1927 - Notre Dame's Fighting Irish changes blue jerseys for green
1927 - Trotsky expelled from Soviet CP; Stalin becomes undisputed dictator
1928 - British steamer "Vestris" capsizes & sinks off Virginia, kills 110
1931 - Maple Leaf Gardens opens in Toronto - Chic Blackhawks beat Leafs, 2-1
1931 - Sibelius/Ashton's ballet "Lady of Shalott," premieres in London
1932 - 24 killed at Lancashire mine explosion
1933 - 1st Sunday football game in Philadelphia (previously illegal)
1933 - 1st game at NFL Pitts Pirate's Forbes Field, lose to Bkln Dodgers 32-0
1933 - 1st known photo of Loch Ness monster (or whatever) is taken
1933 - Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany
1936 - 1st TV Gardening show
1936 - Nobel for literature awarded to Eugene O'Neill
1936 - Oakland Bay Bridge opens
1936 - St Louis Browns sold to Donald L Barnes & William O DeWitt
1938 - Hermann Goering announces he wants Madagascar as a Jewish homeland
1939 - Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David
1940 - Blizzard strikes midwest, 154 die (69 on boat on Great Lakes)
1941 - Germany's drive to take Moscow halted
1941 - WOV-AM & WNEW-AM in NYC swaps call letters
1942 - In World War II, battle of Guadalcanal began
1943 - Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands
1944 - RAF sink German battleship "Tirpitz" at Tromso Fjord Norway
1945 - Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN)
1946 - 1st "autobank" (banking by car) forms (Chicago)
1946 - Walt Disney's "Song Of South" released
1946 - A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows.
1947 - KPO-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KNBC (now KNBR)
1947 - Schilderijenvervalser Han of Meegeren to 1 years jail sentenced
1948 - Japanese premier Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal
1950 - Gene Roberts sets NFL NY Giant rushing record (218 yds) vs Chic Cards
1951 - "Paint Your Wagon" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 289 performances
1952 - Phila A's pitcher Bobby Shantz wins AL MVP
1952 - White Sox place Jim Rivera on 1 year probation after cleared of rape
1953 - David Ben-Gurion, resigns as premier of Israel
1953 - US district Judge Grim, rules NFL can black out TV home games
1954 - Ellis Island, immigration station in NY Harbor, closed
1955 - 1st West German officers sworn in
1955 - Date returned to in "Back to the Future" & "Back to the Future II"
1955 - E Arcaro, E Sande & G Woolf 1st inductees in Jockey hall of fame
1956 - Largest observed iceberg, 208 by 60 miles, 1st sighted
1958 - Bob Turley of Yankees wins Cy Young Award
1959 - White Sox 2B Nellie Fox wins AL's MVP
1960 - Coup against South Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem fails
1960 - Mercury-Redstone 1 test launch fails at 10 cm altitude
1963 - Train crash in Japan, kills 164
1964 - Jean becomes Grand Duke of Luxembourg
1964 - Paula Murphy sets female land speed record 226.37 MPH
1965 - Ferdinand Marcos elected president of Philippines
1965 - General strike in Morocco against disappearance of Ben Barka
1965 - Mad Dog Vachon beats Crusher in Denver, to become NWA champ
1965 - Venera 2 launched by Soviet Union toward Venus
1966 - Dick The Bruiser beats Mad Dog Vachon in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1966 - Dodgers complete an 18-game tour of Japan with a 9-8-1 record
1966 - High schooler Robert Smith kills 7 for fame
1967 - Margie Masters wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1967 - Packers' Travis Williams returns 2 kickoffs for TDs against Browns, setting largest margin of Browns defeat (48), winning 55-7
1968 - KSEL (now KAMC) TV channel 28 in Lubbock, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1968 - Supreme Court declares Arkansas law banning teaching evolution in public schools unconstitutional
1969 - Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from Soviet Writers Union
1969 - Minnesota's Harmon Killebrew is voted AL MVP
1969 - US army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai in March, 19
1969 - WJJY (now WJPT) TV channel 14 in Jacksonville, IL (ABC) 1st broadcast
1970 - 240 KPH cyclone hits East Pakistan (Bangladesh); 3-500,000 die
1970 - Cleve Cavaliers 1st NBA victory (11th game), beating Portland 105-103
1970 - Scientists perform 1st artificial synthesis of a live cell
1973 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' 14th String Quartet premieres
1974 - South Africa suspended from UN General Assembly over racial policies
1975 - NY Mets Tom Seaver wins his 3rd Cy Young Award
1975 - Supreme Court Justice William O Douglas retired after 36 years
1977 - Ernest N Morial elected mayor of New Orleans
1977 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1977 - New Orleans elects 1st black mayor, Ernest "Dutch" Morial
1978 - "Platinum" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 33 performances
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open
1979 - Pres Carter announces immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil
1979 - Tony Franklin of Philadelphia Eagles kicks 59-yard field goal
1979 - US halts Iranian oil imports & freezes Iranian assets
1980 - Baltimore's Steve Stone wins AL Cy Young Award
1980 - NYC Mayor Ed Koch admits to trying marijuana
1980 - US space probe Voyager I approaches 77,000-mi (124,000 km) of Saturn
1981 - 1st balloon crossing of Pacific is completed (Double Eagle V)
1981 - 2nd shuttle mission-1st time spacecraft launched twice (Columbia 2)
1981 - Bill C Davis' "Mass Appeal," premieres in NYC
1981 - Billy Martin named AL Manager of Year (Oakland A's)
1981 - Great Britain performs nuclear test
1981 - Pilin Leon of Venezuela, crowned 31st Miss World
1982 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - USSR KGB-chief Yuri V Andropov succeeds Leonid Brezhnev as USSR leader
1982 - Zaheer Abbas gets his 100th 100 in Test Cricket v India, goes to 215
1983 - 4 die in a train crash in Marshall Texas
1983 - NJ Devils 1st overtime game, lose to Calgary Flames 4-3
1984 - Paul McCartney releases "We All Stand Together"
1984 - Space shuttle astronauts snared a satellite 1st space salvage
1985 - R Hadlee takes 15-123 for Cricket match v Australia at Brisbane
1985 - STS 61-B vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 - Secretary in Ann Arbor Mich wounded by package bomb
1985 - Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Cozzene, Life's Magic, Pebbles, Precisionist, Proud Truth, Tasso, Twilight Ridge at Aqueduct
1986 - France performs nuclear test
1986 - Roger Clemens wins AL Cy Young Award unanimously
1987 - "Teddy & Alice" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 77 performances
1987 - Heavy snow closes schools from DC to Maine
1987 - Ulla Weigerstorfer of Austria, 20, crowned 37th Miss World
1988 - Japan beats MLB All-Star team 5-4 in Tokyo (Game 6 of 7)
1988 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1989 - "Grand Hotel" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 1018 performances
1989 - Brazil holds 1st free presidential election in 29 years
1989 - George Forest's musical "Grand Hotel," premieres in NYC
1990 - Crown Prince Akihito is formally installed as Emperor Akihito of Japan, becoming the 125th Japanese monarch.
1990 - Tim Berners-Lee publishes a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.
1991 - "Full House" 100th episode-twins are born
1991 - Atlanta Brave Tom Glavine wins NL Cy Young Award
1991 - Indonesian army shoots on funeral possession: 270-520 die
1991 - Dili Massacre, Indonesian forces open fire on a crowd of student protesters in Dili, East Timor.
1992 - NY Yankee pitcher Steve Howe is reinstated for 8th time
1995 - 25th NYC Women's Marathon won by Tegla Loroupe in 2:28:06
1995 - 26th NYC Marathon won by German Silva in 2:10:00
1995 - Last day of Test cricket for Martin Crowe
1995 - Marino breaks Tarkenton's NFL all-time passing yardage mark of 47,003
1995 - NY MTA raises subway & bus fares from $1.25 to $1.50
1995 - STS 74 (Atlantis 15), launches into orbit
1996 - Toronto's Pat Hentgen wins AL Cy Young Award
1997 - Dick Vitale signs with ESPN through year 2004
1997 - Pedro Martinez wins NL Cy Young Award
1998 - NY Islanders tie Detroit Red Wings 1-1, to end 10 game losing streak
1998 - Then Vice President of the United States Al Gore symbolically signs the Kyoto Protocol.
1999 - The Düzce earthquake strikes Turkey with a magnitude of 7.2 on the Richter scale.
2001 - 2001 Attack on Afghanistan: Taliban forces abandon Kabul, Afghanistan, ahead of advancing Afghan Northern Alliance troops.
2001 - In New York City, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300 on its way to the Dominican Republic, crashes minutes after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 260 on board and five on the ground.
2003 - With 501 km/h (311 mph) Shanghai Transrapid sets up a new world record for commercial railway systems.
2003 - Iraq war: In Nasiriya, Iraq, at least 23 people, among them the first Italian casualties of the 2003 Iraq war are killed in a suicide bomb attack on an Italian police base.
2006 - The former Soviet republic of South Ossetia holds a referendum on independence from Georgia.