Famous Events on this Day in History, November 11:308 - The Congress of Carnuntum: Attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.
537 - St Silverius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
887 - Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns
1158 - Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy
1208 - Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king
1215 - 4th Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1417 - Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V
1493 - Columbus discovers Saba
1500 - Treaty of Granada: France & Aragon divide Naples
1503 - Pope Julius II elected
1572 - Duke of Alva's son Don Fredrik begins siege for Haarlem
1606 - Turkey & Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok
1620 - 41 pilgrims land in Mass, sign Mayflower Compact (just & equal laws)
1634 - Following pressure from Anglican bishop John Atherton, the Irish House of Commons passes "An Act for the Punishment for the Vice of Buggery".
1640 - John Pym, earl of Strafford locked in Tower of London
1647 - Massachusetts passes 1st US compulsory school attendance law
1648 - Dutch & French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands
1671 - Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine
1673 - Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.
1675 - Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.
1688 - Prince Willem III's invasion fleet sails to England
1714 - A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street
1724 - Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking "Thief-Taker General" (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.
1725 - Georg F Handel's opera "Tamerlano," premieres in London
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England
1750 - The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.
1752 - Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna
1778 - Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre
1790 - Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China
1805 - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein - 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.
1811 - Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain
1813 - Dresden surrenders to allied armies
1836 - Chile declares war on Bolivia & Peru
1838 - Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwins marriage proposal
1839 - The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.
1851 - Alvan Clark patents telescope
1860 - 1st Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina
1862 - Opera "La Forza Del Destino" is produced (St Petersburg Russia)
1864 - Sherman's troops destroy Rome, Georgia
1864 - Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL
1865 - Mary Edward Walker, 1st Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor
1865 - Thomas Robertsons "Society," premieres in London
1865 - Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.
1868 - 1st American amateur track & field meet (NYC)
1880 - Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.
1887 - Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed.
1887 - Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.
1889 - Washington admitted as 42nd state
1890 - D McCree patents portable fire escape
1895 - Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony
1896 - Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium's minister of War
1899 - Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones' "Floradora," premieres in London
1901 - Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres
1906 - Ethel Smyth' "Standrecht," premieres in Leipzig
1909 - Construction of navy base at Pearl Harbor begins
1909 - J M Synge's "Tinker's Wedding," premieres in London
1911 - Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through. (see The 11/11/11 cold wave).
1918 - Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
1918 - Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
1918 - Poland declares independence
1918 - Armistice Day-WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front)
1918 - Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies & Germany sign armistice
1919 - Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political/business views
1921 - Pres Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Arlington Cemetary)
1922 - Largest US flag displayed (150' X 90') expanded in 1939 (270' X 90')
1923 - Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph
1924 - Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC
1924 - Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated (SF)
1925 - Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD
1925 - Louis Armstrong records 1st of Hot Five & Hot Seven recordings
1925 - Night of Kersten - Colijn Dutch govt falls by SGP-amendement
1925 - Robert Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays
1926 - Eddie Collins is released as White Sox manager
1926 - U.S. Route 66 is established.
1928 - France's 5th govt of Poincaré forms
1928 - KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions
1928 - WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions
1928 - WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions
1928 - WOL-AM in Washington DC begins radio transmissions
1930 - Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.
1931 - Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran's Building
1933 - "Great Black Blizzard" 1st great dust storm in Great Plains
1934 - 1st penalty shot vs Toronto Maple Leafs, Mondou (Mont) unsuccessful
1934 - WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM
1935 - Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over SD
1937 - Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4 kph
1937 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to C J Davisson & GP Thomson
1938 - German & Austrian Jewish suffer 1 billion Mark damage in nazi
1938 - Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David
1939 - Kate Smith 1st sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"
1940 - 1,000s Paris students lay reath at Grave of Unknown Soldier
1940 - Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100
1940 - British air attack destroys half of Italian fleet
1940 - Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep")
1941 - Czech premier general Eliasjarrested by nazis
1942 - -12] last German offensive in Stalingrad
1942 - 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz
1942 - During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France
1942 - Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow star of David
1942 - Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java
1942 - Transport nr 45 departs with French Jews to Nazi-Germany
1943 - Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP
1943 - US air raid on Rabaul
1944 - NY Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4)
1946 - NY Knicks' 1st game at Madison Sq Garden loses 78-68 to Chic Stags
1949 - WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) 1st broadcast
1953 - Jimmy Dykes succeeds Marty Marion as Baltimore Orioles manager
1957 - Demolition begins on cable car barn at Calif & Hyde (SF)
1958 - "La Plume de Ma Tante" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 perfs
1958 - AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959
1959 - 1st episode of "Rocky & His Friends" airs
1959 - Seals Stadium in San Francisco, demolished
1960 - Largest NY Knick 49th St MSG crowd-18,499
1961 - Adulterous couple up mestkar through Staphorst riding
1961 - Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots
1961 - Molotov, Malenkov & Kaganovitsj kicked out of Russia's comm party
1961 - Stalingrad renamed Volgograd
1962 - Kuwait's National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.
1963 - Brian Epstein & Ed Sullivan sign a 3 show contract for Beatles
1963 - Gordie Howe ties Rocket Richard's lifetime 544 goal record
1964 - Murray Schisgal's "Luv," premieres in NYC
1965 - Heavyweight Cassius Clay KOs Floyd Patterson in Las Vegas
1965 - Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian D Smith
1965 - William Alfred's "Hogan's Goat," premieres in NYC
1966 - Gemini 12 (Lovell & Aldrin) launched on 4-day flight
1966 - Methodist Church & Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church
1966 - NASA launches spaceship Gemini 12.
1968 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of "2 Virgins" album
1968 - Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic
1968 - Ron Hill sets record 10-mile run (46:44) at Leicester England
1969 - Beatles with Billy Preston release "Get Back" in UK
1969 - Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by FBI for drunkeness
1970 - Balt Oriole Boog Powell wins AL MVP
1971 - Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15
1971 - Neil Simons "prisoner of Second Avenue," premieres in NYC
1972 - Dow Jones Index moves above 1,000 for 1st time
1972 - US Army turns over Long Bihn base to South Vietnamese army
1975 - Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1975 - Australian PM removed by crown (1st elected PM removed in 200 yrs)
1977 - Wings release "Mull of Kintyre" & "Girl's School"
1978 - Maumoon Abdul Gayoom becomes president of Maldives
1979 - Boston Court issues occupancy permit for Cambridge Buddhist Center
1980 - Crew of Soyuz 35 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 37
1980 - Islander's Mike Bossy scores 4 goals against North Stars
1981 - "Oh, Brother!" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 3 performances
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela is 1st rookie ever to win a Cy Young Award
1982 - 30th time Islanders shut-out-2-0 vs North Stars
1982 - 5th space shuttle mission-Columbia 5-launched 1st coml flight
1982 - Gas explosion in Israeli army headquarters by Tyrus; kills 60
1982 - Joe Altobelli succeeds retiring Earl Weaver as Oriole manager
1982 - Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is let out of jail in Poland
1983 - 1st US cruise missiles arrive in Great Britain
1983 - Pres Reagan became 1st US pres to address Japan's legislature
1983 - Wayne Phillips scores 159 on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan at WACA
1984 - "3 Musketeers" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 9 performances
1985 - 1st AIDS theme TV movie - "An Early Frost"
1985 - Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB
1985 - Yonkers is found guilty of segregating schools & housing
1986 - Houston's Astro Mike Scott (18-10) wins NL Cy Young Award
1986 - Suriname government proclaims gold purification
1987 - "Roza" closes at Royale Theater NYC after 12 performances
1987 - Judge Anthony M Kennedy nominated to Supreme Court
1987 - Moscow party secretary Boris Jerusalem resigns
1987 - Roger Clemens wins consecutive Cy Young Awards
1987 - Van Gogh's "Irises" sells for record $53.6 M at auction
1988 - Oldest known insect fossils (390 million yrs) reported in Science
1989 - "Prince of Central Park" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 4 perfs
1989 - Sam's Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson
1990 - "Shadowlands" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 169 perfs
1990 - Calif's Chuck Finley & Seattle's Randy Johnson combine to pitch a no-hitter in exhibition game between US & Japanese all-star teams
1992 - Anglican Church & Church of England OK female priests
1993 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 2 days for fractured shoulder
1994 - Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci's "Codex" for $30,800,000
1994 - Progress M-25 launched to space station Mir
1996 - Braves John Smoltz wins NL Cy Young Award
1997 - CBS News anchor Dan Rather has renewed his contract to 2002
1997 - Roger Clemens wins his 4th AL Cy Young Award
1997 - WNBA expands to Detroit & Washington DC
1999 - Last upside down date until January 1, 6000
2000 - In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel.
2001 - Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.
2004 - New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.
2004 - Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.
2006 - The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.
2008 - The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai.