Famous Events on this Day in History, November 01:

79 - Pompei buried by Mt Vesuvius
996 - 1st use of name "Austria" for Ostarrichi/in oorkonde
1210 - King John of England begins imprisoning Jews
1248 - Earl Willem II of Holland crowned as RC German emperor
1349 - Duke of Brabant orders execution of all Jews in Brussels, accusing them of poisoning the wells
1462 - Arch duke Albrecht VI van Habsburg occupies Vienna
1512 - Michelangelo's paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel, 1st exhibited
1570 - Netherlands hit by flood disaster, 1,000s killed
1604 - William Shakespeare's tragedy "Othello" 1st presented
1611 - Shakespeare's romantic comedy "Tempest" 1st presented
1612 - (22 October O.S.) Time of Troubles in Russia: Moscow, Kitai-gorod, is captured by Russian troops under command of Dmitry Pozharsky
1623 - Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings
1628 - French king Louis XIII occupies La Rochelle
1671 - French King Louis XIV & RC German emperor Leopold I sign secret anti-Dutch treaty
1683 - The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
1721 - Prince Eugenius of Savoye unveals statue of himself
1755 - Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000
1765 - Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
1776 - Mission San Juan Capistrano founded in California
1783 - Continental Army dissolved; George Washington's "Farewell Address"
1784 - Maryland grants citizenship to Lafayette & his descendents
1787 - 1st free school in NYC (African Free School) opens
1800 - 1st president to live in white house (John Adams)
1802 - Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention.
1814 - Congress of Vienna opens to re-draw the European political map after the defeat of France, in the Napoleonic Wars.
1834 - 1st published reference to poker (as Mississippi riverboat game)
1848 - 1st US woman's medical school opens (Boston)
1849 - Dutch govt of Thorbecke forms
1859 - The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
1861 - Gen George B McClellan made general in chief of Union armies
1863 - -8] Averell's Raid (on)to Lewisburg, West Virginia
1863 - Fortifications built on Angel Island (SF Bay) by troops
1864 - -Dec) Tennessee campaign
1865 - Zutphen-Fishing Dutch railway opens
1866 - 1st Civil Rights Bill passes
1867 - "Harpers Bazaar" publishes
1869 - Deli Me forms T B V tobacco in Sumatra
1870 - US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
1876 - King Willem III opens North Sea Canal (Amsterdam-IJmuiden)
1876 - New Zealand's provincial government system is dissolved.
1877 - Dutch govt of Heemskerk-Van Lynden resigns
1878 - Edward Scripps & John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
1884 - The Gaelic Athletic Association is set up in Hayes's Hotel in Thurles, County Tipperary.
1885 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei
1886 - Ananda College, a leading Buddhist school in Sri Lanka was established with 37 students.
1889 - North & South Dakota entered the union as the 39th & 40th states
1894 - Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris
1894 - Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.
1896 - 1st bare women breast (Zulu) to appear in National Geographic Mag
1901 - Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA.
1904 - George Bernard Shaws "John Bull's Other Island," premieres in London
1910 - 1st issue of "Crisis" published by editor W E B Du Bois
1913 - Notre Dame upsets Army 35-13, 1st to use forward pass effectively
1914 - Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank & Chief Colby
1914 - German-British fleet battle at Coronel, Chile
1914 - Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity
1914 - Von Hindenburg named marshal of Eastern front
1915 - Parris Island is officially designated a Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
1916 - Paul Miliukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
1917 - In WW I, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat
1918 - 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
1918 - Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
1920 - Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones," premieres in NYC
1920 - Warren Harding elected 29th president
1920 - American Fishing Schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian Fishing Schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax.
1921 - National Birth Control League & Voluntary Parenthood League merge as American Birth Control League
1922 - Ottoman Empire abolished
1922 - Queen Wilhelmina opens Dutch Historical Maritime museum in Amsterdam
1923 - Bruno E Lucander forms Aero E/Y (Finnair)
1924 - 1st US NHL franchise, Boston Bruins founded
1924 - Forest Peters of Montana State U hits 17 of 22 attempted field goals
1925 - VARA, Vereniging van Workers Radio Amateurs forms in Amsterdam
1926 - Air Commerce Act passes
1928 - 1st celebration of Author's Day
1928 - Bradman scores a century each innings (131 & 133*), NSW v Qld
1928 - Graf Zeppelin sets airship distance record of 6384 km
1929 - Lundy, part of British Isles, issue their own stamps
1931 - Dupont introduces synthetic rubber
1932 - Wernher von Braun named head of German liquid-fuel rocket program
1935 - TS Eliot's "Murder in the Cathedral," premieres in London
1936 - Mussolini describes alliance between Italy & Germany as an "axis"
1936 - Rodeo Cowboy's Association founded
1937 - Stalinists executed by shooting Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community (including three women).
1938 - German colonel-general Gerd von Runstedt retires
1938 - NL batting champ Ernie Lombardi is named MVP
1938 - Seabiscuit beats War Admiral in a match race at Pimlico
1939 - 1st animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed
1939 - 1st jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry
1939 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae
1940 - 1st US air raid shelter, Fleetwood, Pa
1940 - Dutch "Curfew" forms (12 AM - 4 AM)
1941 - Chetniks attacks Tito's partizans in Uzice Yugoslavia
1941 - Japanese marine staff officiers Suzuki/Maejima arrive in Pearl Harbor
1941 - American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
1942 - 10th day of battle at El Alamein
1942 - John H Johnson publishes 1st issue of Negro Digest
1942 - Vice-admiral Cunningham becomes British commander-in-chief
1943 - Dim-out ban lifted in SF Bay area
1943 - US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island
1944 - Mary Coyle Chase' "Harvey," premieres in NYC
1944 - Zeeuws & Flanders freed
1944 - World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
1945 - 1st issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson
1946 - Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University
1946 - Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck's right foot is amputated
1946 - German "Country" Nedersaksen forms
1946 - Marken soccer team forms
1946 - NY Knicks 1st basketball game beat Toronto Huskies 68-66
1946 - Right foot of Cleve Indian's owner Bill Veeck is amputated
1946 - WABC becomes WCBS radio in NYC
1946 - WEAF radio changes call letters to WNBC (NYC)
1946 - West German state of Niedersachsen formed
1947 - "Medium & The Telephone" closes at Barrymore NYC after 211 perfs
1947 - 1st Aloha Week Parade held in Hawaii
1947 - Howard Hughes flies "Spruce Goose," a large wooden airplane
1947 - UN trusteeship for Nauru granted to Australia, NZ & UK
1948 - Mao's Red army conquerors Mukden, Manchuria
1948 - Pres Truman re-elected in an upset over Republican Thomas Dewey
1950 - 1st negro player in NBA, (Celtic's Charles Cooper) Ft Wayne Ind
1950 - 82°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Nov
1950 - Puerto Rican nationalists try to kill Pres Truman at Blair House
1950 - Pope Pius XII witnesses "The Miracle of the Sun" while at the Vatican.
1950 - Pope Pius XII claims Papal Infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
1951 - "Top Banana" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 356 performances
1951 - 1st atomic explosion witnessed by troops, NM
1951 - Brooklyn Dodger catcher Roy Campanella wins 1st of his 3 NL MVP
1951 - Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins NL MVP
1951 - Jet magazine founded by John H Johnson
1951 - Johnny Mercers "Top Banana," premieres in NYC
1951 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1952 - 1st hydrogen device exploded at Eniwetok Atoll in Pacific Fusion occurs for 1st time on Earth
1953 - Emile Zatopek runs world record 10K (29:01.6) & 6 mile (28:08.4)
1953 - KCEN TV channel 6 in Temple-Waco, TX (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KMGH TV channel 7 in Denver, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WHEC TV channel 10 in Rochester, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Algeria begins rebellion against French rule
1954 - General Fulgencio Batista elected pres of Cuba
1954 - India takes over administration of 4 French Indian settlements
1954 - KUON TV channel 12 in Lincoln, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - US Senate admonishes Joseph Mccarthy because of slander campaign
1954 - The Front de Libération Nationale fires the first shots of the Algerian War of Independence.
1955 - Time bomb aboard United DC-6 kills 44 above Longmont Colorado
1956 - Delhi becomes a territory of Indian union
1956 - Indian state of Madhya Pradesh forms
1956 - Indian states of Punjab, Patiala & PEPSU merge as Punjab protection
1956 - Nagy government of Hungary withdraws from Warsaw Pact
1956 - Nobel for physics awarded to Shockley, Brattain & Bardeen
1956 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Laetamur admodum
1956 - Formation of Kerala state in India.
1957 - KVII TV channel 7 in Amarillo, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - KXGN TV channel 5 in Glendive, MT (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - WICZ TV channel 40 in Binghamton, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - World longest suspension bridge opens (Mackinac Straits Mich)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test
1959 - 1st NHL goalie to wear a hockey mask (Jacques Plante)
1959 - Jim Brown scores 5 TDs in Cleveland Browns 38-31 win over Balt
1959 - Patrice Lumumba arrested in Belgian Congo
1959 - WOV-AM in NYC changes call letters to WADO
1960 - Balitmore Oriole shortstop Ron Hansen voted AL Rookie of Year
1960 - Benelux treaty goes into effect
1962 - Cuban missile crisis ends, JFK says USSR is dismantling missile bases
1962 - Greece enters European Common Market
1962 - KYVE TV channel 47 in Yakima, WA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1962 - USSR launches Mars 1; radio contact lost before arrival at Mars
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 - WNYC TV channel 31 in New York, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1962 - WZZM TV channel 13 in Grand Rapids, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - George Blanda of Houston throws NFL-record 37 passes in 68 attempts
1964 - KC Chief Len Dawson passes for 6 touchdowns vs Denver (49-39)
1964 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Las Cruces Ladies' Golf Open
1964 - Vietcong-assault on airport Bien Hoa at Saigon
1965 - 1st concert at Fillmore Auditorium, SF
1965 - Ernie Terrel beats George Chuvalo in 15 for heavyweight boxing
1965 - Trackless trolley plunged into Nile River drowning 74 (Cairo Egypt)
1966 - Indian Haryana state created from Punjab; Chandigarh terr created
1966 - NFL awards New Orleans its 16th franchise (All Saints Day)
1966 - Sandy Koufax becomes 1st 3-time Cy Young Award winner
1966 - William Dana in X-15 reaches 93 km
1968 - "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 36 perfs
1968 - Detroit Tiger Denny McLain unanimously wins AL Cy Young Award
1968 - Motion Picture Assn of America introduces rating system (G, M, R, X)
1968 - US pro soccer 14 teams merged into 1 all star team
1968 - University of Suriname opens
1969 - Beatles' "Abbey Road," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 11 weeks
1970 - 1st regular season Giants-Jets game, Giants win 22-10 at Shea
1970 - Discotheque in Grenoble France burns, all exits padlocked & 142 die
1970 - Fire on Saint-Laurent-du-Pont, France, 144 die
1970 - KGTF TV channel 12 in Agana, GU (PBS) begins broadcasting
1971 - Eisenhower dollar put into circulation
1972 - 1st gay theme TV movie - "That Certain Summer"
1972 - Germaoin Gagnon scores 1st Islander hat trick
1973 - "Molly" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 68 performances
1973 - The Indian state of Mysore was renamed as Karnataka to represent all the regions within Karunadu .
1974 - Fire kills 189 in less than 25 min (Sao Paulo Brazil)
1974 - UN affirms independence of Cyprus
1976 - "Don't Step on My Olive Branch" opens at Playhouse NYC for 16 perfs
1976 - Britain gives Gilbert Island (Kiribati) self rule
1976 - W German Gens Krupinski/Franke admit to being Nazis
1977 - Islander Goran Hogosta's only shut-out Flames 9-0-Trottier 4 goals
1977 - Pres Carter raises minimum wages of $2.30 to $3.35 for Jan 1 1981
1977 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978 - NY Yankee Ron Guidry unanimously wins AL Cy Young Award
1979 - A L Webber musical "Joseph & Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat," premieres
1979 - Bolivia military coup under Gen Busch, pres Guevara flees
1979 - Edward Bennett Williams buys Orioles from Hoffberger for $12.3 million
1979 - Federal government made $1.5 billion loan to Chrysler
1979 - Tanker Burmah Agate off Galveston Bay, Texas, spills 10.7 m gallons of oil, in US's worst oil spill disaster
1980 - USSR performs nuclear test
1981 - 1st Class Mail raised from 18 cents to 20 cents
1981 - 3rd meeting of Giants-Jets, Jets up 2-1 with 26-7 win
1981 - Antigua & Barbuda gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1981 - Chako Higuchi wins LPGA Pioneer Cup Golf Tournament
1982 - Andrew "Dice" Clay & George Wendt appear in "Trick or Treatment"
1982 - Major leagues vote not to renew Commissioner Bowie Kuhn's contract
1982 - Honda becomes the first Asian automobile company to produce cars in the United States with the opening of their factory in Marysville, Ohio. The Honda Accord is the first car produced there.
1983 - Pres Reagan established Dr Martin Luther King Jr holiday
1984 - 1st NBA game at LA Memorial Sports Arena - Clipper beat Knick, 107-105
1984 - Larry Shues "Foreigner," premieres in NYC
1984 - Willem de Kooning's "Two Women" sells for $1,980,000
1984 - Despite Mike Bossy 4 goals Islanders lose 5-6 to Canadians making Islander record when scoring a hat trick-77-3-4
1985 - Neth decides definative sites for cruise missiles
1985 - Nostalgia Television begins on cable
1986 - Fire in Sandoz-factory Basel, 30 tons of chemicals in the Rhine
1986 - Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Brave Raj, Capote, Lady's Secret, Last Tycoon, Manila, Skywalker, Smile at Santa Anita
1987 - 17th NYC Women's Marathon won by Priscilla Welch in 2:30:17
1987 - 18th NYC Marathon won by Ibrahim Hussein in 2:11:01
1987 - 22,000 run in NYC Marathon (won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya 2:11:01)
1987 - Fukumi Tani wins Nichirei Ladies Cup US-Japan Team Golf Championship
1987 - NY Jets retire Don Maynards #13
1987 - New Orleans Saints shutout Atlanta Falcons 38-0
1988 - Actor Jeff Goldblum & actress Gena Davis wed in Las Vegas
1988 - Chris Sabo, wins National League Rookie of Year award
1988 - Staten Island ferry gets 1st pay phones
1989 - "Les Miserables," opens at Curran Theatre, SF
1989 - Pakistan beat West Indies by 4 wickets to win Cricket's Nehru Cup
1989 - Scandinavian Airlines System bans smoking on many flights
1990 - "Oh, Kay!" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC for 77 performances
1990 - Last of Margaret Thatcher's original govt resigns, Deputy PM Howe
1990 - Rhetoric escalates as Bush likens Saddam to Hitler
1990 - Sandra Miller awarded $100 for Mike Tyson fondling her breasts
1991 - New Dutch Regulations Traffic rules & Traffic signs enforced
1991 - Three faculty, and one staff member of the department of physics and astronomy, were killed, along with one administrator, when physics graduate student Gang Lu went on a shooting rampage at the University of Iowa.
1992 - 22nd NYC Women's Marathon won by Lisa Ondieki in 2:24:40
1992 - 23rd NYC Marathon won by Willie Mtolo in 2:09:29
1992 - NY Jet Al Toon becomes 10th NFL to catch a pass in 100 straight games
1992 - Space Shuttle STS 52 (Columbia 13) lands (scheduled)
1993 - Atlantic Radio (20 radio stations) becomes American Radio Systems
1993 - Last day in 1st-class cricket for Mike Whitney, NSW v NZ
1993 - STS-58 (Columbia) lands
1994 - Moslem fundamentalists in Mostaganem Algeria murder 5 children
1995 - "Tempest" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 71 performances
1998 - Nichirei Golf International
1998 - The European Court of Human Rights is instituted.
2003 - Panajot Pano is selected as the Golden Player of Albania by the Football Association of Albania as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee
2005 - First part of the Gomery Report, which discusses allegations of political money manipulation, is released in Canada.
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