Famous Events on this Day in History, October 29:529 BC - The international day of Cyrus the Great, king of Persia, who declared the first charter of human rights in the world also known as Cyrus Cylinder.
437 - Valentinian III, Western Roman Emperor, marries Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of his cousin Theodosius II, Eastern Roman Emperor in Constantinople. This unifies the two branches of the House of Theodosius
439 - Vandalen under Genseric occupy Carthago
1268 - Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings of Germany and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed along with his companion Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily, a political rival and ally to the hostile Roman Catholic church.
1390 - First trial for witchcraft in Paris.
1467 - Battle of Brusthem: Charles the Bold defeats Liege
1508 - Gelderse troops occupies Kuinre
1552 - Czar Ivan IV escapes back to Moscow after battle
1591 - Giovanni A Facchinetti elected as Pope Innocentius IX
1618 - English adventurer, writer, and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded for allegedly conspiring against James I of England.
1658 - Action of 29 October 1658 (Naval battle)
1665 - Battle of Ambuila, where Portuguese forces defeated the forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitated king Antonio I of Kongo, also called Nvita a Nkanga..
1675 - Leibniz makes the first use of the long s, ?, for integral.
1682 - William Penn lands at what is now Chester Pennsylvania
1709 - England/Netherlands sign anti-French "Barrieretraktaat"
1727 - Severe earthquake in New England
1787 - Opera "Don Giovanni" is produced (Prague)
1792 - Mount Hood (Oregon) is named after the British naval officer Alexander Arthur Hood by Lt. William E. Broughton who spotted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.
1794 - French troops occupies Venlo
1811 - 1st Ohio River steamboat leaves Pittsburgh for New Orleans
1814 - "Demologos," 1st steam-powered warship, is launched
1833 - 1st US college fraternity to have a fraternity house founded
1859 - Spain declares war on Morocco.
1863 - Intl Comm of Red Cross forms (Nobel 1917, 1944, 1963)
1864 - Greek parliament accept new Constitution
1867 - Mail packets "Rhone" & "Wye" capsizes off St Thomas Virgin Islands
1872 - J S Risdon patents metal windmill
1881 - Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.
1888 - Lord Salisbury grants Cecil Rhodes charter for BSA Company
1889 - NY Giants (NL) beat Bkln (AA) in world series 6 games to 3
1889 - Queen Victoria grants Cecil Rhodes rights to Zambezia
1889 - Stanley Park dedicated in Vancouver, BC
1894 - 1st election of Hawaiian Republic
1901 - In Amherst, Massachusetts nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine.
1904 - 1st intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas)
1904 - IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit) subway (NYC) opens
1905 - Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured
1910 - Bob Simpson of Hamilton Tigers kicks record 11 singles in a game
1913 - Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
1914 - Russia declares war on Turkey
1914 - Turkish warships storm Black Sea
1915 - Aristide Briand becomes premier of France
1915 - Thomas Masaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia
1920 - Ed Barrow appointed GM of NY Yankees
1921 - The Link River Dam, a part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, is completed.
1923 - "Runnin' Wild" (introducing Charleston) opens on Broadway
1923 - Army move SPD/KPD-govt to German part of Saxon
1923 - Gibbs/Grey/Wood's revue "Runnin' Wild," premieres in NYC
1923 - Textile strike in Enschede Neth, against lower wages, begins
1923 - Turkey declares independence (successor state to Ottoman Empire)
1924 - "Dixie to Broadway," opens at Broadhurst Theater
1924 - Labour loses British parliamentary election
1929 - "Black Tuesday," Stock Market crashes triggers "Great Depression"
1930 - 1st Eastern Canada night CF game: Oshawa vs Toronto Balmy Beach
1931 - Lefty Grove, A's pitcher who won 31 games, is named the AL's MVP
1932 - French liner Normandie is launched
1939 - Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure)
1939 - NHL Babe Seibert Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-3
1940 - Sec of War Henry L Stimson drew 1st number-158-in 1st peacetime military draft in US history
1941 - Cole Porters musical "Let's Face It," premieres in NYC
1942 - 16,000 Jews killed in Pinsk Russia
1942 - 7th day of battle at El Alamein: Montgomery assault
1942 - Alaska highway completed
1942 - Branch Rickey named president/GM of Brooklyn Dodgers
1942 - Nazi's murder 16,000 Jewish in Pinsk, Soviet Union
1943 - 3 allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3
1944 - 1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda Neth
1944 - Breda freed
1944 - Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland
1945 - 1st ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented
1945 - Happy Chandler, resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commish
1945 - Getulio Vargas, president of Brazil, resigns.
1947 - Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherland form Benelux Union
1947 - Trial of art forger Han of Meegeren begins in Amsterdam
1948 - Israeli forces liberate Meron & Gush-Halev
1948 - Safsaf massacre
1949 - White Sox trade Joe Tipton to A's for Nellie Fox
1950 - British minister of Finance Stafford Cripps resigns
1950 - Wally Triplett avgs 735 yards on 3 kickoff returns
1950 - Cleveland Browns' Marion Motley sets record for highest avg gain in a game with 17.1 (10 attempts), Cleveland 45, Pittsburgh 7
1953 - A Baltimore group purchases St Louis Browns
1954 - Colonel Nasser disbands Moslem Brothership
1954 - Sweden begins experimental TV
1955 - Belgium signs accord for 5 day work week (45 hours)
1955 - Emile Zatopek runs world record 15 mile (1:14:01) & 25,000m (1:16:36)
1956 - Chet Huntley & David Brinkley, NBC News, team up
1956 - International zone of Tangier returns to Morocco
1956 - Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
1957 - Hand grenade explodes in Israel's Knesset (Parliament)
1958 - Boris Pasternak refuses Nobel prize for literature
1958 - Dr F Mason Sones is 1st doctor to perform a coronary angiogram
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - 10 nation soccer league to play all games on NY Randalls Is, announced
1960 - Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) 1st professional fight
1960 - Chartered C46 carrying Cal State's football team crashes, kills 16
1960 - Muhammad Ali's 1st professional fight, beats Tunney Hunsaker in 6
1961 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - "Meet the Beatles" booklet is published
1964 - Bobby Simpson completes cricket century in each innings v Pakistan
1964 - Karmi'el founded in Galilee
1964 - Star of India & other jewels are stolen in NY
1964 - Town of Karmiel founded in Galilee
1964 - United Rep of Tanganyika & Zanzibar renamed United Rep of Tanzania
1965 - US performs underground nuclear test at Amchitka Island Aleutians
1966 - Lunar Orbiter 1 crashes on moon: 6.7°N 162°E
1966 - National Organization of Women founded
1967 - Danny Abramowicz begins NFL streak of 105 consecutive game receptions
1967 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Alamo Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - MacDermot, Ragni & Rado's musical "Hair," premieres in NYC
1967 - London criminal Jack McVitie is murdered by the Kray twins, leading to their eventual imprisonment and downfall.
1968 - USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1969 - Supreme Court orders end to all school desegregation "at once"
1969 - Tom Seaver voted NL Cy Young Award
1969 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1970 - WYEA (now WLTZ) TV channel 38 in Columbus, GA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1972 - Don Cockroft of Cleveland Browns kicks 57-yard field goal
1972 - Jo Ann Prentice wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open
1974 - Law bans discrimination of sex or marital status in credit application
1975 - Boston's Fred Lynn is the overwhelming choice as AL Rookie of Year
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - Yorkshire Ripper Peter Sutcliffer kills 1st victim
1977 - "Act" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 233 performances
1977 - Texas' Russell Erideben kicks his 3rd 60 yard field goal of the season
1977 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1979 - Billy Martin fired as Yankee manager (2nd time)
1979 - Silvia Bertolaccini wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open
1981 - Bill Giles becomes CEO of Phila Phillies
1982 - Car maker John DeLorean indicted for drug trafficking, later acquitted
1982 - Paul McCartney & Michael Jackson release "Girl is Mine"
1983 - 550,000 Dutch demonstrate against cruise missile
1983 - Notre Dame's Gil Fenerty rushes for 337 yards & 6 touchdowns
1984 - Orlando Pizzolato (2:14:53) & Greta Weitz (2:29:30) win NY Marathon
1985 - Cards' Joaquin Andujar suspended for 10 games for bumping an ump
1985 - Major General Samuel K. Doe is announced the winner of the first multiparty election in Liberia.
1986 - Kirk Muller scores NJ Devil record 6 point, beat Penguins, 8-6
1986 - Padres pitcher LaMarr Hoyt is arrested at US-Mexico border for drugs
1986 - West Indies all out for 53 v Pakistan (Abdul Qadir 6-16)
1987 - "Don't Get God Started" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 86 perfs
1987 - Thomas Hearns wins unprecidented 4th different weight boxing title
1988 - 2,000 US anti-abortion protesters arrested for blocking clinics
1988 - China announces a herbal male contraceptive
1988 - Jim Elliott (US) begins 24-hr paced outdoor race for 548.9 mi
1988 - Soviets 1st scheduled shuttle launch (postponed)
1989 - Colleen Walker wins LPGA Nichirei Golf International
1989 - NYC MTA opens 63rd street extension to subway
1989 - Ozzie Newsome ends NFL streak of 150 consecutive game receptions
1990 - 30 die in a (5.7) earthquake in Algeria
1991 - Buck Showalter replaces Stump Merrill as NY Yankee manager
1993 - Dow Jones index reaches record 3687.86
1994 - Antonov AN-12 having an accident at Ust-Ilimsk Kaluga, 21 killed
1994 - NY Lotto pays $60 million+
1994 - National Museum of American Indian opens (NYC)
1995 - "Fool Moon" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC
1995 - Sunday NY News increases price from $1.00 to $1.25
1995 - US beats Japan, 19-17, at Nichirei International LPGA Golf Tournament
1998 - Apartheid: In South Africa, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission presents its report, which condemns both sides for committing atrocities.
1998 - While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers is hijacked by a Kurdish militant who orders the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead lands in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.
1998 - Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.
1998 - Space Shuttle Discovery blasts off on STS-95 with 77-year old John Glenn on board, making him the oldest person to go into space.
1998 - ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States is inaugurated with the launch of STS-95 space shuttle mission.
1999 - Deadliest Indian Ocean tropical cyclone hits Orissa, India. This event was known as 1999 Orissa cyclone ever since.
2002 - Ho Chi Minh City ITC Inferno, a fire destroys a luxurious department store with 1500 people shopping. Over 60 people died and over 100 are missing. It is the deadliest disaster in Vietnam during peacetime.
2004 - In Rome, European heads of state sign the Treaty and Final Act establishing the first European Constitution.
2004 - The Arabic news network Al Jazeera broadcasts an excerpt from a video of Osama bin Laden in which the terrorist leader first admits direct responsibility for the September 11, 2001 attacks and references the 2004 U.S. presidential election.
2005 - 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings kill more than 60.
2007 - Argentina elects its first female president, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner.
2008 - Delta Air Lines merges with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of US legacy carriers to 5.
2008 - The Philadelphia Phillies defeat the Tampa Bay Rays in Game 5 of the 2008 World Series to become champions of Major League Baseball.