Famous Events on this Day in History, October 26:740 - An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death.
1366 - Comet 55P/1366 U1 (Tempel-Tuttle) approaches 0.0229 AUs of Earth
1387 - Amsterdam buccaneer Herman of Kuinre sign peace
1407 - Mobs attack Jewish community of Cracow
1492 - Columbus' fleet anchors on Ragged Island Range, Bahamas
1492 - Lead pencils 1st used
1524 - Spanish troops give Milan to France
1529 - Thomas More appointed English Lord Chancellor
1534 - Charles V names Joris of Egmont, bishop of Utrecht
1662 - Charles II of England sold Dunkirk to France
1667 - Aru Palakka's occupies Makassar (Goa)
1674 - Prince Willem III occupies Grave
1682 - William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York
1749 - Georgia Colony reverses itself & rules slavery is legal
1774 - 1st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
1774 - Minute Men organized in colonies
1776 - Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
1787 - "Federalist Papers" published, calls for ratification of Constitution
1795 - Pinckney's Treaty between Spain & US is signed, establishing southern boundary of US & giving Americans right to send goods down Mississippi
1795 - The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
1810 - US annexes western Florida
1822 - King Willem I obligates inhabitants of Brussels to use Dutch language
1825 - Erie Canal between Hudson River & Lake Erie opened
1830 - Belgian rebels occupy Antwerp
1858 - Hamilton Smith patents rotary washing machine
1859 - The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
1861 - Pony Express ends
1863 - Soccer rules standardized; rugby starts as a separate game
1863 - Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva
1863 - Football Association forms in England, standardizing soccer
1864 - Union troops ambush & kill 'Bloody' Bill Anderson in Richmond MI
1868 - White terrorists kill several blacks in St Bernard Parish La
1869 - 1st American steeplechase horserace (Westchester, NY)
1876 - President sends federal troops to SC
1881 - Gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az
1886 - Modest Mussorgsky's "A Night on Bald Mountain," premieres in Russia
1887 - Detroit (NL) beats St Louis (AA) 10 games to 5 in World Series
1894 - German emperor Wilhelm II fires Chancellor Leo von Caprivi & premier Botho zu Eulenburg
1896 - Abyssinia & Italy sign peace treaty
1900 - After 4 years of work, 1st section of NY subway opens
1901 - 1st use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris
1903 - Yerba Buena is 1st Key System ferry to cross SF Bay
1905 - 1st Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia
1905 - Union of Sweden & Norway ends
1911 - Phila A's beat NY Giants, 4 games to 2 in 8th World Series
1912 - Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
1912 - Woolwich Tunnel under Thames opens
1913 - Huerta elected president of Mexico
1916 - Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
1917 - Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
1917 - World War I:Brazil declared in state of war with Central Powers.
1918 - Soldier revolt at Harskamp Veluwe
1919 - B C Hilliams musical "Buddies," premieres in NYC
1919 - Elgars "Cello concerto on 85" premieres in Queen's Hall London
1919 - President Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
1921 - Solomon Porter Hood named minister to Liberia
1922 - Italian govt resigns under pressure from fascists & Benito Mussolini
1923 - Dutch 2nd Chamber rejects Fleet laws (50-49 vote)
1923 - Govt-Ruijs de Beerenbrouck resigns
1926 - Arthur Goodrich's "Caponsacchi," premieres in NYC
1926 - Belgium stabilizes current value of franc (5 franc becomes 1 "Belga")
1927 - Duke Ellington sings "Creole Love Song"
1930 - Dmitri Sjostakovitch' ballet "Zolotoy Vyek," premieres in Leningrad
1931 - Eugene O'Neill's "Mourning Becomes Electra," premieres in NYC
1933 - French govt of Serraut forms
1934 - While Wash player-mgr Joe Cronin honeymoons with Mildred Robertson owner Clark Griffith's niece & adopted daughter, he is sold to Red Sox
1938 - Du Pont named its new synthetic fiber "nylon"
1939 - Polish Jewish forced into obligatory work service
1940 - The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
1941 - 2nd meeting partisans Tito & Draza Mihailovic in Yugoslavia
1941 - US savings bonds go on sale
1942 - 2nd day of Battle of Henderson Field, Guadalcanal
1942 - 4th day in battle at El Alamein: Australian breakthrough
1942 - Battle of Santa Cruz: USS SD shoots down a record 32 enemy planes
1943 - World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
1947 - Maharajah of Jammu & Kashmir accedes to India
1947 - The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.
1949 - President Truman increases minimum wage from 40 cents to 75 cents
1950 - 630 Dutch volunteers depart (on)to Korea
1950 - Branch Rickey resigns as Brooklyn Dodger president
1950 - Mother Teresa found her Mission of Charity in Calcutta, India
1950 - South Korean troops reach Chosan at Chinese boundary
1951 - Emile Zatopek runs world record 30,000m, 25,000m & 15 miles
1951 - Rocky Marciano defeats Joe Louis at Madison Square Garden
1951 - Winston Churchill re-elected British PM
1952 - Pakistan's 1st Test Cricket win Fazal Mahmood 12 wkts v India
1953 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Emu Field Australia
1954 - Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine
1954 - Walt Disney's 1st television program, "Disneyland," premieres on ABC
1954 - Trieste return to Italy.
1955 - 1st edition of "Village Voice" (NYC) published
1955 - British troops occupy Saudi-Arabic oil field at Boeraimi
1955 - Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as pres
1956 - UN's International Atomic Energy Agency statute approved
1956 - Vietnam promulgates its constitution
1957 - USSR fires defense minister, Marshal Georgi Zhukov
1957 - Vatican Radio begins broadcasting
1958 - PanAm flies 1st transatlantic jet trip-NY to Paris
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1960 - AL approves Washington Senators move to become Minnesota Twins & announces franchises in LA & Wash DC for 1961
1961 - 1st Saturn launch vehicle made a flight test
1962 - Beatles tape "Please Please Me" & "Ask Me Why"
1962 - JFK warns Russia US will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba
1962 - Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey offer is rejected
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1963 - US performs underground nuclear test at Fallon Nevada
1964 - Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show
1964 - Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
1965 - Beatles receive MBEs at Buckingham Palace
1965 - Sylvia Likens tortured by teen girl gang
1966 - 1st Pacific communications satellite launched, Intelsat 2
1966 - US aircraft carrier Oriskany catches fire at Gulf on Tonken, 43 die
1967 - Shah of Iran crowns himself after 26 years on Peacock Throne
1968 - 1st European satellite launched, Esro 1, at Cape Kennedy
1968 - KMIR TV channel 36 in Palm Springs, CA (NBC) begins broadcastng
1968 - Soyuz 3 launched
1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Corpus Christi Civitan Golf Open
1969 - WHMA (now WJSU) TV channel 40 in Anniston, AL (CBS) 1st broadcast
1970 - "Doonesbury" comic strip debuts in 28 newspapers
1970 - Tanzania begins building railway Lusaka-Drone ash Salaam
1971 - UN votes to replace Taiwan with China
1972 - Guided tours of Alcatraz (by Park Service) begin
1972 - Henry Kissinger declares "Peace is at hand" in Vietnam
1973 - Israeli forces reach Suez, trapping Egyptian army
1973 - President Nixon released 1st White House tapes on Watergate scandal
1973 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1973 - Wings release "Helen Wheels"
1974 - Cleveland Coliseum opens for NBA's Cavaliers & MISL's Crunch
1975 - Anwar Sadat became 1st Egyptian president to officially visit US
1975 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1975 - Cuba beats Mexico for its 4th Pan Am Games Gold Medal in baseball
1975 - Mary Bea Porter wins LPGA Golf Inns of America
1976 - Transkei gains independence, not recognized outside of South Africa
1976 - Trinidad & Tobago becomes a republic
1977 - 5th & final test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - Dr Clifford R Wharton Jr named chancellor of State University of NY
1977 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
1978 - Menachem Begin & Anwar Sadat named winners of 1978 Nobel Peace Prize
1978 - Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
1979 - Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
1980 - 10th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:25:41.3
1980 - 11th NYC Marathon won by Alberto Salazar in 2:09:41
1980 - St Louis Cards sack Balt Colt QBs an NFL record tying 12 times
1981 - LA Dodgers beat NY Yankees, 4 games to 2 in 78th World Series
1982 - Steve Carlton became 1st pitcher to win 4 Cy Young awards
1982 - US budget deficit reaches more than $110 trillion for fiscal year 1982
1983 - Hugh Williams' "Pack of Lies," premieres in London
1983 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1984 - "Baby Fae" gets baboon heart transplant, lives 21 days
1985 - -Nov 6] Hurricane Juan, kills 97 in US
1985 - On a poor call in 6th game, umpire Don Deckinger starts a string of events costing Cardinals the World Series
1986 - "Into the Light" closes at Neil Simon Theater NYC after 6 performances
1987 - Dow Jones down 156.83 points
1987 - Head of Salvadoran Human Rights Comm assassinated by death squads
1988 - Donald Trump bills Mike Tyson $2,000,000 for 4 month advisory service
1988 - US-Soviet effort free 2 grey whales from frozen Arctic, Barrow, AK
1992 - The command and control system of the London Ambulance Service fails catastrophically.
1992 - The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum.
1992 - The London Ambulance Service was thrown into chaos after the implementation of a new CAD, or Computer Aided Despatch, system which failed.
1993 - NFL announces new expansion team, Carolina Panthers in Charlotte
1993 - NJ Devils lose 2-0 to Montreal, after winning 1st 7 games of 1993
1994 - Jordan & Israel sign peace accord
1995 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
1996 - Horse Racing Breeders' Cup Champs: Lit de Justice, Storm Song, Jewel Princess, Da Hass, Boston Harbor, Pilsudski, Alphabet Soup at Woodbine
1997 - Bill Glasson wins Las Vegas Golf Invitational
1997 - Nichirei LPGA International
1997 - Raley's Gold Rush Senior Golf Classic
1997 - World Series: Fla Marlins beat Cleve Indians, 4 games to 3
1999 - Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.
2000 - NY Yankees defeat NY Mets 4-1 to win their 3rd straight World Series championship, MVP: Derek Jeter, NY Yankees
2000 - Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï. Bret Hart retires.
2001 - The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
2002 - Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before.
2003 - The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.
2005 - Chicago White Sox defeat Houston Astros 4-0 in baseball's World Series championship, MVP: Jermaine Dye, Chicago