Famous Events on this Day in History, October 22:362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire.
794 - Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
1335 - Ex-emperor Hanazono became a Zen priest
1383 - The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder began when King Fernando died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne.
1575 - Foundation of Aguascalientes.
1633 - Ming dynasty fight with Dutch East India Company that Battle of southern Fujian sea (1633), Ming dynasty won great victory.
1708 - Great Alliance occupies Rijsel
1721 - Czar Peter the Great becomes "All-Russian Imperator"
1746 - Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
1797 - 1st sky diver (Andre-Jacques Trim, above Paris)
1797 - Andre-Jacques Garnerin makes 1st parachute jump from balloon (Paris)
1799 - Russia leaves second anti-French Coalition
1812 - Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos Spain
1819 - 1st ship sails by Erie-channel (Rome-Utica)
1836 - Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected pres of Republic of Texas
1844 - 7th day adventists wait for appearance of Jesus
1861 - 1st telegraph line linking West & East coasts completed
1862 - Battle at Old Fort Wayne, Indian Territory
1862 - Confederate troops reconquer Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
1866 - Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
1867 - Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
1868 - Jacques Offenbach's opera "Genevieve de Brabant," premieres in NYC
1875 - Sons of American Revolution organizes
1875 - First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
1877 - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
1878 - The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
1881 - Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its 1st concert
1883 - 1st NY Horse Show held (Madison Sq Garden)
1883 - Original Metropolitan Opera House (NYC) grand opening (Faust)
1884 - General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi
1884 - Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion
1885 - John Ward & several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union
1895 - David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland," premieres in NYC
1895 - In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
1897 - World's 1st car dealer opens in London
1899 - British troops flee Dundee, Natal South Africa
1904 - Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship
1906 - 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Phila
1907 - Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey circus
1907 - Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
1910 - Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
1913 - Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
1922 - Lucerne Street in Bronx named
1922 - Parsifal Place laid out in Bronx, named for knight in Wagner's Opera
1924 - Toastmasters International is founded.
1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
1928 - China expels all Russian instructors & civil servants
1928 - ESL Robinson's "Far-Off Hills," premieres in Dublin
1928 - Pres Hoover speaks of "American system of rugged individualism"
1928 - Phi Sigma Alpha fraternity is founded at the University of Puerto Rico, Rio Piedras Campus.
1929 - French govt of Briand falls
1929 - James H Scullin forms Australia government
1930 - 1st concerto of BBC Symphony Orchestra, under Adrian Boult
1930 - Blake & Razaf's "Lew Leslie's Blackbirds of 1930," premieres in NYC
1930 - SC Genemuiden soccer team forms
1932 - Charles de Broqueville becomes premier of Belgium
1932 - George Kaufman & Edna Ferbers "Dinner at 8," premieres in NYC
1933 - Primo Carnera beats Paulin in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1934 - In East Liverpool, Ohio, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.
1935 - 18th PGA Championship: Johnny Revolta at Twin Hills CC Oklahoma City
1935 - Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
1936 - 1st commercial flight from mainland to Hawaii
1938 - Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine
1939 - 1st TV NFL game-Eagles vs Dodgers
1941 - Maxwell Anderson's "Candle in the Wind," premieres in NYC
1942 - 1st ships of invasion fleet for Oran (Algeria) leave Scotland
1942 - US gens Clark & Lemnitzer & French gen Mast meet secretly in Algeria
1944 - Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo
1946 - 2 British ships sink near Albania
1948 - Egyptian flagship King Farouk sunk by Israel
1949 - 200 killed in train derailment near Nowy Dwor Poland
1949 - Emile Zatopek runs world record 10,000m (29:21.2)
1950 - LA Rams beat Baltimore Colts 70-27
1951 - Earthquake hits Formosa, 100 killed
1951 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1953 - Laos gains full independence from France
1954 - West Germany joins North Atlantic Treaty Organization
1955 - WWNY TV channel 7 in Carthage-Watertown, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - France intercept Moroccan plane, arrest Ben Bella
1956 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1956 - A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
1957 - Conrad Adenauer re-elected chancellor of West-Germany
1957 - KJAC TV channel 4 in Port Arthur-Beaumont, TX (NBC) 1st broadcast
1959 - "Take Me Along" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 448 performances
1959 - Bob Merrill's musical "Take me Along," premieres in NYC
1960 - Cassius Clay wins 1st battle as professional boxer
1961 - 75,000 Flemings demand equal rights & Flemish language in Belgium
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Antonio Golf Civitan
1962 - JFK addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba
1962 - JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis
1962 - JFK receives Ugandan premier Milton Obote
1962 - Pacific Science Center opens at Seattle Center
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1963 - 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
1963 - BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.
1964 - EMI rejects audition by "High Numbers," they go on to become The Who
1964 - French philosopher/author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize
1964 - US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg Miss
1966 - USSR launches Luna 12 for orbit around Moon
1967 - 17th Ryder Cup: US wins 23½-8½ at Champions Golf Club (Houston, Texas, US)
1967 - Ian Brayshaw (W Aus v Vic, Perth) takes all 10 cricket wkts
1967 - Joe DiMaggio is hired as executive VP of A's by Charlie Finley
1967 - Murle Lindstrom wins LPGA Carlsbad Jaycee Golf Open
1968 - Apollo 7 returns to Earth
1969 - KAPN-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KDB-AM
1969 - Paul McCartney denies rumors of his death
1971 - USSR performs nuclear test
1972 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA GAC Golf Classic
1972 - Oakland A's 1st championship; beat Reds, 4 games to 3 in World Series
1973 - Israeli troops reconquer mountain Hermon
1973 - Security Council Resolution 338-cease fire to Yom Kippur War
1974 - Yanks trade Bobby Murcer to Giants for Bobby Bonds
1975 - "Me & Bessie" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 453 performances
1975 - Cin Reds beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 72nd World Series
1975 - Soviet spacecraft Venera 9 soft-lands on Venus
1975 - Turkish diplomat shot to death in Vienna
1975 - World Football League disbands
1976 - Rick Barry (SF), begins then longest NBA free throw streak of 60
1976 - Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
1977 - International Sun-Earth Explorers 1 & 2 launched into Earth orbit
1978 - "King of Hearts" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 48 performances
1978 - 8th NYC Women's Marathon won by Grete Waitz in 2:32:30
1978 - 9th NYC Marathon won by Bill Rodgers in 2:12:12
1978 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Houston Exchange Golf Classic Clubs
1978 - Grete Weitz runs female world record marathon (2:32:29.8)
1978 - Laugh-in's Judy Carne arrested at Gatwick Airport for drug possession
1978 - Pope John Paul II installed
1979 - "One Mo' Time" with Vernel Bagners premieres in NYC
1979 - Deposed Shah of Iran arrives in NY for medical treatment
1979 - Walt Disney World's 100-millionth guest
1980 - 4th govt of Martens forms in Belgium
1980 - New South Korean constitution comes into effect
1981 - Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization decertified
1981 - Start of 1st-class game at Newcastle, NSW v Queensland
1981 - US national debt tops $1 trillion
1981 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1981 - The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
1981 - The TGV railway service Paris-Lyon is inaugurated.
1982 - Gene Mauch resigns as manager of Angels
1983 - Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons.
1984 - NFL quarterback Ken Stabler retires
1984 - Paul McCartney releases "Give My Regards to Broad Street" soundtrack
1985 - Bret Saberhagen gives KC Royals their 1st World Series win
1986 - "Into the Light" opens at Neil Simon Theater NYC for 6 performances
1987 - "Cabaret" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 262 performances
1987 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Joseph Brodsky
1988 - Elton John sells out MSG for a record 26th time
1988 - Supreme Ct Justice Sandra Day O'Connor OK after breast cancer surgery
1989 - Denver Nuggets beat Jugoplastika Split 135-129 in 3rd McDonald Open
1989 - Red Khmer occupies Pailin in Cambodia
1991 - General Motors announces 9 month loss of $US2.2 billion
1992 - Atlanta, becomes 1st US team to win a World Series game out of US
1992 - Space Shuttle STS 52 (Columbia 13) launches into space
1992 - Wendy Wasserstein's "Sisters Rosensweig," premieres in NYC
1993 - Actor James Coburn (65) weds Paula Murad (37)
1993 - Cosmonaut Aleksandr Serebrov makes record 9th space walk
1994 - "Philadelphia, Here I Come" closes at Criterion NYC after 52 perfs
1994 - Statue of Sam Houston unveiled in Texas
1994 - Tony Rominger bicycles world record time (53,832 km)
1995 - "Swinging On a Star" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 97 perfs
1996 - NY Yankee Bernie Williams hits record tying 7th post season HR, as Yanks tie record of 6th straight post season road win (en route to 8)
1997 - Cleve Marquis Grissom World Series hitting streak ends after 15 games
1997 - Coldest World Series game Marlins vs Cleveland (38°F)
1997 - Larry Flynt sells Hustler in a non-zoned area of Cincinnati
1997 - Yahoo completes purchase of Four11
1997 - NY Ranger Wayne Gretsky wife Janet is knocked unconcious & gets 2 stitches while watching the game as a plexiglass falls on her
1997 - 2nd longest 9 inning World Series game (4:12) as Marlins & Indians were tied 7-7 going into the 9th, Mariners win 14-11
1997 - Compaq testifies Microsoft threaten to break Windows 95 agreement if they showcased a Netscape icon
1999 - Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
2005 - Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
2006 - A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.
2008 - India launches its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1.