Famous Events on this Day in History, October 20:

1097 - 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch
1528 - Treaty of Gorinchem (Emperor & church)
1536 - Danish/Norw king Christian III leads reform in Catholic possessions
1576 - Spanish troops occupies & plunder Maastricht
1587 - Battle at Coultras: Henri van Navarra beats Catholic League
1600 - Battle of Sekigahara sets Tokugawa clan as Japan's rulers (shoguns)
1603 - Chinese uprising in Philippines fails after 23,000 killed
1634 - English King Charles I disbands new "Ship Money" tax
1714 - Georg Ludwig of Hannover crowned as King George I
1740 - Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria, Hungary & Bohemia
1751 - Royal ship Duc de Bourgogne launched at Rochefort
1774 - Continental Congress orders discouragment of entertainment
1781 - Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, was approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
1786 - Harvard University organizes 1st astronomical expedition in US
1803 - US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
1813 - German Kingdom of Westphalia abolished
1817 - 1st Mississippi "Showboat," leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
1818 - 49th parallel forms as border between US & Canada
1818 - US & Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
1820 - Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
1822 - 1st edition of London Sunday Times
1827 - Battle at Navarino: Engl/Russ/French fleet beat Turk/Egyptian fleet
1833 - Charles Darwin reaches river mouth of Parana
1835 - HMS Beagle leaves Galapagos Archipelago/sails to Tahiti
1843 - 1st Chinese immigrant arrives in Suriname
1847 - Little William Nelman poisons his grandpa
1856 - Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
1862 - Amnesty proclaimed for escaped slaves of Suriname
1864 - Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a natl holiday
1873 - P T Barnum Hippodrome featuring "Greatest Show on Earth," opens (NYC)
1877 - Franz Schubert's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres
1880 - Amsterdam Free University opens
1883 - Max Bruch's "Kol Nidre," 1st performed
1883 - Treaty of Ancon, Peru cedes Tarapaca to Chile
1888 - Chicago & All America baseball teams play exhibition in Auckland, NZ
1889 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Vor Sonnenaufgang," premieres in Berlin
1891 - 1st International 6 day bike race (NY MSG) begins
1898 - NC Mutual & Provident Insurance Company forms
1899 - Battle at Talana Hill Natal: British army vs Boers
1899 - Columbia (US) beats Shamrock (England) in 11th America's Cup
1903 - US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska & Canada
1905 - Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days
1905 - Russian tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish
1906 - Dr Lee DeForest demonstrated his electrical vacuum tube (radio tube)
1908 - King Leopold II sells Congo to Belgium
1910 - 1st appearance of cork centered baseball in World Series
1910 - Soccer team KFC forms in Alkmaar
1910 - The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland.
1911 - Helen Hayes Theater (Folies Bergere) opens at 210 W 46th St NYC
1911 - Roald Amundsen sets out on race to South Pole
1912 - Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
1912 - Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2)
1918 - Germans, aimed at an armistice, Germans agree to further concessions
1920 - "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
1922 - Kennelworth in Bronx renamed Dwight Place
1924 - 1st Negro League World Series: KC Monarchs shuts out Hilldales, 5-0
1926 - Hurricane in Cuba, kills 600
1929 - Bayshore Highway opens (SF)
1930 - Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, premiers on NBC radio
1930 - British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
1931 - Frankie Frisch of the Cards named MVP
1932 - Journalist, Robert Trout, joins CBS
1934 - All-Star team led by Babe Ruth & Connie Mack sails to Hawaii & Japan
1934 - Richard Strauss completes his opera "Die Schweigsame Frau"
1935 - 400,000 demonstrators against fascism in Madrid
1935 - Anti-fascist People front forms in Brussels
1935 - Hank Greenberg is named AL MVP by the BBWAA, Wes Ferrell is runner-up
1935 - Mao Tse Tung & his Communist forces ended their "Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi China
1936 - Carl Hubbell, 26-6, edges out Dizzy Dean, 24-13, for MVP honors in NL
1936 - Spanish govt moves to Barcelona
1939 - "All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch
1939 - Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus
1940 - Cheese rationed in Netherlands
1940 - Greenhouse rationing begins in Netherlands
1941 - Nazi occupiers murder 500 inhabitants of Kragujevac Serbia
1942 - "Durham Manifesto" calls for fundamental changes in race relations
1944 - Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless
1944 - Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala
1944 - Russian/Yugoslavian troops free Belgrade
1944 - US 1st army wins battle of Aachen
1944 - US 6th army lands on Leyte, Philippines
1944 - US forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines
1945 - Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Neurenberg
1946 - Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants
1947 - HUAC opens hearings into alleged Communist influence in Hollywood
1947 - Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000 for 3 years
1947 - Robinson Jeffer's "Medea," premieres in NYC
1951 - The "Johnny Bright Incident" occurred in Stillwater, Oklahoma
1952 - Emergency crisis proclaimed in Kenya
1953 - WRAU (now WHOI) TV channel 19 in Peoria, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - "Peter Pan" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 149 performances
1955 - "No Time for Sergeants" opens on Broadway, starring Andy Griffith
1955 - Harry Belafonte records "Day-O" (Banana Boat Song)
1955 - Ira Levin's "No Time for Sergeants," premieres in NYC
1955 - Yanks begin 16-game exhibition in Japan
1955 - Publication of The Return of the King, being the last part of The Lord of the Rings.
1956 - 58°F (15°C), Esperanza Station, Antarctica (Antarctic record high)
1956 - Hannes Lindemann begins journey across Atlantic in a 17' craft
1957 - Karachi A (277-0d) beat Sind A by an innings w/o losing a wkt
1957 - Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary
1959 - Clark Griffith of Senators says team will not move the franchise
1959 - WABG TV channel 6 in Greenwood-Greenville, MS (ABC) 1st broadcast
1960 - 1st fully mechanized post office opened, Providence, RI
1960 - Ralph Houk, 41, replaces Casey Stengel as Yankee manager
1962 - Musical "Mr President" opens at St James Theater New York for 265 performances
1962 - Chinese army lands in India
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1963 - Alec Douglas-Home forms British government
1963 - France performs underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1963 - Jim Brown sets NFL single-season rushing record, 8,390 yds
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Hillside Golf Open
1963 - S Africa begins trial of Nelson Mandela & 8 others on conspiracy
1963 - WITV TV channel 7 in Charleston, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - "Golden Boy" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 569 performances
1964 - Mad Dog Vachon beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1964 - Riot at Rolling Stones show in Paris (150 arrested)
1965 - 19th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-2 at Montreal
1965 - Beatles receive a gold record for "Yesterday"
1965 - Mass arrests of communists in Indonesia
1967 - All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridan Mississippi
1967 - Charlie Finley names Bob Kennedy 1st manager of Oakland A's
1967 - KMXN (now KJTV) TV channel 34 in Lubbock, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - A purported bigfoot is filmed by Patterson and Gimlin.
1968 - "Her 1st Roman" opens at Lunt Fontanne Theater NYC for 17 perfs
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1968 - Jacqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis
1968 - Mamo Wolde wins 16th Olympic marathon (2:20:26.4)
1968 - Jaqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis on the island of Scorpios
1969 - WKYH (now WYMT) TV channel 57 in Hazard, KY (NBC) begins broadcasting
1970 - American Norman Borlaug awarded the Nobel Peace Prize
1970 - Zond 8 Launch (Moon Orbit & Return)
1971 - "Ain't Supposed to Die a Natural Death" opens at Barrymore for 325 per
1971 - West German Chancellor Willy Brandt is awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1971 - The Nepal stock exchange collapses.
1972 - Queen Juliana visits Yugoslavia
1973 - Canadian actor William Shatner (Star Trek) marries Marcy Lafferty
1973 - Mariette Hartley appears on Bob Newhart in "Have You Met Miss Dietz"
1973 - OPEC oil embargo begins
1973 - Pres Nixon proclaims Jim Thorpe greatest athlete of 1st ½ century
1973 - Queen Elizabeth II opens Sydney Opera House
1973 - US president Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox
1973 - Solicitor Gen Bork, AG Richardson & Deputy AG Ruckelshaus resigned
1973 - The Family Station Inc buys shortwave Radio Station WNYW, changes calls to WYFR & moves station from NYC to Scituate Mass
1974 - 1st broadcast of "Derrick" on ZDF
1974 - Bard's presentation of "Richard III" opens at Lincoln Center NYC
1975 - Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
1976 - 70 die as Norwegian tanker Frosta collides with George Prince
1976 - NY Nets Julius "Dr J" Erving sold to Phila 76ers
1977 - David Mamet's "Life in the Theater," premieres in NYC
1977 - Hamilton Deane & John Balderstons "Dracula," premieres in NYC
1977 - Six killed in Lynyrd Skynyrd plane crash in McComb, Mississippi including band members Ronnie Vanzant, Steve Gains, Cassie Gaines and Dean kilpatrick
1978 - Paul Vanden Boeynants forms Belgium govt
1978 - Police's 1st US concert (NY's CBGBs)
1978 - US dollar devalued below Dutch Y2
1979 - Bob Dylan appears on SNL
1979 - John F Kennedy Library dedicated in Boston
1979 - John Tate beats Gerrie Coetze in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1981 - 1st NBA game at Meadowlands Arena, NJ Nets lose to NY Knicks 103-99
1981 - 3 members of Weather underground arrested for armored truck robbery
1981 - Bomb attack on Antwerp Belgium synagogue, 1 dead, 80 injured
1982 - Billy Martin fired as manager of Oakland A's
1982 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to George Stigler
1982 - Sri Lanka President Jayewardene re-elected
1982 - St Louis Cards beat Mil Brewers, 4 games to 3 in 79th World Series
1982 - During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.
1983 - IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released
1984 - Cleveland Metroparks' Valley Parkway All Purpose Trails are completed
1984 - Islander's Mike Bossy's 30th career hat trick-4 goals
1984 - The Monterey Bay Aquarium opens in Monterey Bay, California.
1986 - Tupolev-134 crashes in Southern Africa
1987 - 10 die as Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn near Indianapolis
1987 - Dow-Jones increases 102.27 pts/608,120,000 shares traded (record)
1987 - Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz sentenced to 6 months in jail
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Forrest Theatre, Phila
1988 - Britain ends suspects right to remain silent in crackdown on IRA
1988 - Gastineau sacks Jets, retires from football "for personal reasons"
1988 - LA Dodgers beat Oakland A's in baseball's 85th World Series 4 games to 1
1988 - Man armed with explosives blows self up in 125 St subway station (NYC)
1988 - Reggie Rogers, Det Lion's # 1 pick, kills 3 by driving intoxicated
1989 - Pakistan win Sharjah Trophy over India & WI on round-robin
1989 - US Senate impeaches US District Judge Alcee L Hastings
1990 - 3 members of 2 Live Crew acquitted on obsenity charges in Florida
1990 - Antiwar protest marches begin in 20 US cities (US-Iraq)
1990 - Cincinnati Reds sweep Oakland A's in 86th World Series
1991 - "Andre Heller's Wonderhouse" opens at Broadhurst NYC for 9 perfs
1991 - 6.1-7.1 earthquake in Uttar Kashi, India, about 670 die
1991 - Actress Lisa Hartman weds country singer Clint Black
1991 - Formal opening ceremony of Intl One Mind Zen center in Crestone, Colo
1992 - 1st World Series game outside of US - Toronto beats Atlanta
1992 - David Houghton gets Zimbabwe's 1st Test ton (121 v India, debut)
1992 - Mr Johnson surrenders Monrovia Liberia & is exiled to Nigeria
1993 - Highest scoring World Series game Blue Jays 15, Phillies 14 in 4h14m
1995 - STS 73 (Columbia 18), launches into orbit
1995 - Sri Lanka beat West Indies to win Sharjah Champions Trophy final
1996 - "Summer & Smoke" closes at Criterion Theater NYC
1996 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf
1996 - Braves Andruw Jones is youngest player to homer in World Series
1996 - Samsung World Championship of Women's Golf
1996 - Wasim Akram & Saqlain Mushtaq gets cricket Test record 313 for 8th wkt
1996 - Wasim Akram scores cricket 257 v Zimbabwe at Sheikhupura, 12 sixes
1997 - Richard Gnida, Limo driver in Detroit Red Wings crash, pleads guilty
1997 - US accuses Microsoft of violating pact forcing IE browser on computers
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