Famous Events on this Day in History, October 19:202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the invading Carthaginian army, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama.
439 - The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage in North Africa.
615 - St Deusdedit I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1031 - Abbot Humbertus van Echternach opens grave of Saint Willibrord
1216 - King John of England dies at Newark-on-Trent and is succeeded by his nine-year-old son Henry.
1298 - Rindfleish-140 Jews of Heilbron Germany are murdered
1453 - 2nd Battle at Castillon: France beats English, end of hundred year war
1466 - 2nd Peace of Thorn
1466 - The Thirteen Years' War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn.
1492 - Columbus sites "Isabela" (Fortune Island, Bahamas)
1512 - Martin Luther becomes a doctor of theology (Doctor in Biblia).
1576 - Dutch provinces begin consultation about Spanish existence
1630 - In Boston the 1st general court is held
1634 - Beach Island in North sea destroyed by a heavy storm flood
1682 - English Lord Shaftesbury flees to Holland
1722 - French C Hopffer patents fire extinguisher
1739 - England declares war on Spain [OS=Oct 30]
1765 - Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote decl of rights & liberties
1781 - Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends
1812 - Napoleon begins his retreat from Moscow
1818 - US & Chicasaw Indians sign a treaty
1822 - In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
1845 - Richard Wagners opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden
1849 - Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to receive medical degree
1853 - 1st flour mill in Hawaii begins operations
1856 - James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
1859 - Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
1863 - Battle of Buckland Mills, VA
1864 - Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont
1864 - Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers
1864 - US brig-gen Emory Upton (25) promoted to general-major
1870 - 1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
1870 - British SS Cambria leaves for Noth sea coast, 196 killed
1872 - World's largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales
1874 - Mary Walsh & Charles Colson are 1st couple to be married in a balloon
1879 - Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
1879 - Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light
1882 - Pierre de Brazza meets Henry Morton Stanley
1888 - Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
1900 - Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition
1900 - S African Pres Paul Kruger departs for Europe
1901 - Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool
1901 - Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower
1904 - Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
1906 - Georges Chemenceau succeeds Sarien premier of France
1907 - 1st printing of Dutch Tribune (Wijnkoop/Van Ravesteyn/Ceton)
1911 - Royal Mint in London sends dies for $1 coin to Ottawa Branch
1912 - Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
1914 - US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail
1915 - Russia/Italy declares war on Bulgaria
1917 - Love Field in Dallas, Texas is opened.
1919 - 1st Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a woman
1919 - Reds beat White Sox, 5 games to 3 in 16th World Series. This series is known as black sox scandal as 8 White Sox throw series
1921 - Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
1923 - Ban Johnson persuades AL owners to prohibit boxing in their parks
1923 - Beierse govt refuses to prohibit NSDAP newspaper Völkischer Beobachter
1924 - General Christian Worker's union demands 8 hr work day in Belgium
1925 - Italian army takes Somalia
1926 - John C Garand patents semi-automatic rifle
1926 - Russian Politburo throws out Leo Trotsky & followers
1930 - Jules Ladoumègue runs world record 1 km (2:23.6)
1932 - Austria forbids demonstration by nazi's & anti fascists
1932 - British govt signs trade agreement with Soviet Union
1932 - Henry Ford gives his 1st radio speech
1932 - Jimmie Foxx wins AL MVP & Chuck Klein wins NL MVP
1933 - Berlin Olympic Committee vote to introduce basketball in 1936
1935 - Mao Tse Tung's army reaches Shanxi
1936 - HR Ekins of "NY World-Telegram" beats 2 other reporters in a race around the world on commercial flights, by 18½ days
1939 - Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas
1941 - 1st woman jockey in North America, Anna Lee Wiley in Mexico
1943 - Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow
1943 - Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert
1943 - Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates NY)
1943 - Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.
1944 - British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow
1944 - Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg
1944 - John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama," premieres in NYC
1944 - Navy says black women can join WAVES
1944 - US forces land in Philippines
1947 - De Gaulles RPF wins French municipal elections
1948 - "My Romance" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 95 performances
1949 - A's trade 2nd baseman Nellie Fox to White Sox for Joe Tipton
1949 - Yanks trade Joe Gordon to Cleveland for Allie Reynolds
1950 - Bird Building at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated
1950 - UN forces entered Pyongyang, capital of North Korea
1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Texas Women's Golf Open
1951 - Pres Harry S Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
1952 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Betty Jameson Golf Tournament
1953 - 1st jet transcontinental nonstop scheduled service
1953 - Singer Julius LaRosa is fired on TV by Arthur Godfrey
1954 - Egypt & Great Britain sign treaty; British troops departs
1954 - KAKE TV channel 10 in Wichita, KS (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - First ascent of Cho Oyu
1957 - "Damn Yankees" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 1,022 performances
1957 - Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Mont, became 1st NHLer to score 500 goals
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - Florence Henderson joins Today Show panel
1959 - William Gibson's "Miracle Worker," premieres in NYC
1960 - France grants Mauritania independence
1960 - KWCS (now KOOG) TV channel 30 in Ogden, UT (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 - Martin Luther King Jr arrested in Atlanta sit-in
1960 - US imposes embargo on exports to Cuba
1962 - Stalin-monument removed in Prague
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand"
1966 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1966 - Yardbird 1st US tour (NYC)
1967 - Igor Ter-Ovanesyan of USSR, sets then long jump record at 27' 4 3/4"
1967 - Mariner 5 makes fly-by of Venus
1968 - Golden Gate Bridge charges tolls only for southbound cars
1969 - J Bock & S Harnicks musical "Rothschilds," premieres in NYC
1969 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Quality Chekd Golf Classic
1969 - Oakland Darryle Lamonica passes for 6 touchdowns vs Buffalo (50-21)
1970 - "Rothschilds" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 505 performances
1970 - Amdahl Corp forms at Sunnyvale Calif
1970 - John Frazier kills Ohta's declares WW 3 has begun
1971 - Last issue of "Look" magazine is published
1972 - "Mother Earth" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 12 performances
1973 - Ringo releases "Photograph"
1974 - Det Red Wing Mickey Redmond scores 1st hat trick against Wash Caps
1974 - Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland (next win 6-1-90)
1974 - Niue becomes self-govering colony of New Zealand
1975 - "Chorus Line" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 6137 performances
1975 - Cleveland Browns' Don Cockroft kicks club record 5 field goals
1975 - Hamlisch & Klebans musical "Chorus Line" premieres in NYC
1975 - Shelley Hamlin wins LPGA Japan Golf Classic
1976 - Battle of Aishiya in Lebanon. The same day, the Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) is placed on the List of Endangered Species.
1977 - Corpse of kidnapped West German, H M Schleyer, found
1977 - Supersonic Concorde jet's 1st landing in NYC
1980 - Steve McPeak rides 101'9" unicycle
1981 - LA Dodgers beat Montreal Expos for NL pennant
1981 - Nicolaas Bloembergen & Arthur Schawlow win Nobel for physics (laser)
1982 - Automaker John DeLorean arrested on cocaine charges (Not guilty)
1983 - Columbia moves to Orbiter Processing Facility
1983 - Grenada general Hudson Austin forms "revolutionary council"
1983 - Phila Flyers begin 13 NHL game win streak
1983 - Senate establishes Martin Luther King Jr federal holiday
1986 - "Flamenco Puro" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 40 perfs
1986 - "Raggedy Ann" closes at Nederlander Theater NYC after 5 performances
1986 - Allan Border scores the 1,000,000th run in Tests (v India, Bombay)
1986 - USSR expels 5 US diplomats
1987 - "Anything Goes" opens at Beaumont Theater NYC for 804 performances
1987 - "Black Monday" Dow Jones down 508.32 points, 4½ times previous record
1987 - Dow Jones Index drops 508.32 points (22%) (record)
1987 - US warships destroy 2 Iranian oil platforms in Persian Gulf
1987 - Woody Woodward resigns as NY Yankee GM, Lou Piniella is named GM & Billy Martin is named NY Yankee manager for 5th & final time
1988 - 3 Americans win Nobel in physics; 3 W Germans win chemistry Nobel
1988 - Britain bans broadcast interviews with IRA members
1988 - Car bomb kills 7 Israelis, wounds 11 near Lebanon border
1988 - Roxette releases "Roxette Look Sharp!" album
1988 - S Afr anti-apartheid leader Sisulu wins $100,000 Human Rights prize
1988 - Senate passes bill curbing ads during children`s TV shows
1989 - "Dangerous Games" opens at Nederlander Theater NYC for 4 performances
1989 - Astor Piazzolla & Wm Finn's musical "Dangerous Games" premieres in NYC
1989 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1990 - HCA, Helsinki Citizens Assembly, forms in Prague
1991 - Longest NCAA football game (3:52) as RI beats Maine 52-30 (6 OTs)
1991 - Lonnie Glieberman purchased Ottawa Rough Riders from CFL
1993 - UN authorizes arms, milt & police supply embargo against Haiti
1994 - 160 killed at battles in Tsjetsjenie
1994 - Palestinian bomb attack on bus in Tel Aviv, kills 22
1995 - "Hello Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 118 performances
1996 - Braves beat NY Yanks by record tying 11 runs, 12-1 in a World Series
1997 - "Annie," closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1997 - 700th World Series home run (Sandy Alomar, Cleve Indians)
1997 - David Duval wins Walt Disney World/Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1997 - Hyatt Regency Maui Kaanapali Senior Golf Classic
1998 - The Earth Liberation Front sets fire to the Vail Mountain ski resort in Vail, Colorado, causing $12 million in damage.
2001 - SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sank in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
2003 - Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.
2004 - Myanmar prime minister Khin Nyunt is ousted and placed under house arrest by the SPDC on charges of corruption.
2004 - Care International aid worker Margaret Hassan is kidnapped in Iraq.
2005 - Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
2005 - Hurricane Wilma becomes the most intense Atlantic hurricane on record with a minimum pressure of 882 mb.
2007 - Philippines. Amidst corruption controversies hounding the Arroyo administration, a bomb explosion rocked Glorietta 2, a shopping mall in Makati, which killed 11 and injured more than 100 people.