Famous Events on this Day in History, October 13:

54 - Nero ascends to the Roman throne
409 - Vandals and Alans crossed the Pyrenees and appeared in Hispania.
1213 - Battle at Steppes-Bishop Pierrepont & Louis II beat Henry I of Brabant
1282 - Nichiren Daishonin, founder of the Nichiren School of Buddhism, dies. His ashes are interred at Taisekiji Temple.
1307 - French king Philip IV convicts templars because of heresy
1483 - Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
1492 - English admiral Poynings fleet occupies Lock
1501 - Maximilian of Austria & Louis XII sign Treaty of Trente
1534 - Alessandro Farnese elected as Pope Paul III
1629 - Dutch West Indies Co grants religious freedom in West Indies
1652 - Prince of Condé flees Paris
1659 - Gen-major John Lambert drives out English Rump-govt
1660 - Denmark king Frederik III makes coup
1702 - Dutch/English troops occupy Luik
1710 - English troops occupy Acadia (Nova Scotia)
1716 - Hungarian Emperor Karel VI's troops occupy Temesvar
1724 - Jonathan Swift publishes last of Drapier's letters
1760 - Russian/Austrian army evacuates Berlin
1773 - The Whirlpool Galaxy was discovered by Charles Messier
1775 - Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
1792 - "Old Farmer's Almanac" is 1st published
1792 - Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
1812 - Battle of Queenstown Heights, Brit beats US attempt to invade Canada
1843 - B'nai B'rith founded (NY)
1845 - Texas ratifies a state constitution
1860 - 1st aerial photo taken in US (from a balloon), Boston
1862 - Bismarck's "Blood & Iron" speech
1863 - Skirmish at Blountsville, Tennessee (50 casualties)
1864 - Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
1864 - Battle of Dalton, GA - surrendered
1864 - Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby's Raid)
1864 - Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
1870 - Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
1871 - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
1881 - Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
1884 - Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude
1885 - The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia.
1890 - The Delta Chi fraternity is founded by 11 law students at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York.
1893 - Vigilant (US) beats Valkyrie II (Engld) in 9th America's Cup
1899 - 7000 lay-offs black mine workers of South Africa reach Natal
1902 - Arna W Bontemps noted poet & librarian of Fisk University
1903 - Pirates beats Pilgrims (Red Sox) 5 games to 3 in 1st World Series
1903 - Victor Herbert's "Babes in Toyland," premieres in NYC
1913 - Explosion & fire in Universal Coal Mine, South Wales
1914 - Belgian regime forms at St Adresse at Le Havre
1914 - Boston Braves sweep Phila A's, 1st sweep in World Series history
1914 - Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask
1914 - Pro-German Boers begin opposition of British authority in South Africa
1915 - Boston Red Sox beat Phila Phillies, 4 games to 1 in 12th World Series
1917 - Soviet accept establishment of Petrograd Military
1919 - Race riot at Elaine Arkansas
1920 - World Series celebration in Wade Park brings out 50,000+ Clevelanders
1921 - NY Giants beat NY Yankees, 5 games to 3 in 18th World Series
1923 - Angora (Ankara) becomes Turkey's capital
1924 - Wahhabietes under Ibn Saudi take Mecca
1930 - New German Reichstag opens with 107 NSDAP'ers in uniform
1931 - Musical "Everybody's Welcome" with T/J Dorsey premieres in NYC
1931 - Noel Cowards "Cavalcade," premieres in London
1933 - JDJ Boularan's "Tovarich," premieres in Paris
1933 - Soccer team STEVO forms in Geesteren
1936 - Explosion caused by leaking gas rips out section 12 of Cleve Stadium
1937 - A recorded trace of snow in Central Park NYC
1941 - Nazi's kill 11,000 Jewish children/old people
1943 - Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
1944 - Riga Latvia freed
1944 - US 1st army begins battle of Aachen
1947 - "Kukla, Fran & Ollie" premieres
1947 - 1st NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Toronto 4-3 at Toronto
1949 - "Touch & Go" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 176 performances
1953 - Burglar alarm-ultrasonic or radio waves-patented-Samuel Bagno
1954 - RP Smith/M Shulman's "Tender Trap," premieres in NYC
1955 - 1st edition of L'express publishes in Paris
1956 - WAGM TV channel 8 in Presque Isle, ME (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins
1957 - German Dem Rep recalls East Mark & issues new currency
1958 - Burial of Eugenio Pacelli, Pope Pius XII on the 41st anniversary of the "Miracle of the Sun".
1960 - 3rd presidential debate with Nixon in Hollywood & Kennedy in NY
1960 - Nikita Khrushchev (PM USSR) bangs his shoe on table at UN
1960 - Opponents of Fidel Castro executed in Cuba
1960 - Pirate's Mazeroski's bottom of 9th lead off HR beats NY Yankees 10-9 in game 7 of 57th World Series
1962 - "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens on Broadway, with Uta Hagen
1963 - "Beatlemania" is coined after Beatles appear at Palladium
1963 - 15th Ryder Cup: US beats 23-9 at East Lake Country Club (Atlanta, Georgia, US)
1963 - 9th LPGA Championship won by Mickey Wright
1964 - At Plesman airport, Curacao, 125.5 mm rainfalls (record)
1964 - Voskhod 1 crew returns
1966 - 173 US airplanes bomb North-Vietnam
1966 - Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA
1967 - CBS radio cancels "House Party"
1968 - Tinker Creek Gorge of Cleveland Metroparks is dedicated
1969 - 1st time 7 people in space
1969 - Billy Martin (97-65) is fired as manager of AL West-winning Twins
1969 - Soyuz 8 is launched
1970 - Angela Davis arrested in NYC
1970 - USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1971 - 1st World Series night game (Pittsburgh 4-Baltimore 3)
1971 - WTZH TV channel 24 in Meridian, MS (CBS) suspends broadcasting
1972 - "Hurry, Harry" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 2 performances
1972 - Aeroflot Il-62 crashes in large pond outside Moscow, 176 die
1972 - Commish Bowie Kuhn allows Bert Campaneris to play in World Series
1972 - Uruguay to Chile plane crashes in Andes Mountain, (12 of 23 rescue)
1972 - Argentine Fairchild crashes in Andesgebergte (rugby team eats crash victims to survive)
1973 - Jordan enters Yom Kippur war
1973 - Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Emily in for Carol"
1975 - 9th Country Music Assn Award: John Denver wins
1975 - Rock vocal Neil Young undergoes throat surgery
1976 - A Bolivian Boeing 707 cargo jet crashes in Santa Cruz, Bolivia killing 100 (97, mostly children, killed on the ground).
1976 - The first electron micrograph of an Ebola viral particle was obtained by Dr. F.A. Murphy, now at U.C. Davis, who was then working at the C.D.C..
1978 - James Earl Ray, assassin of Martin Luther King weds Anna Sandhu
1978 - Pres Carter answers caller questions on National Public Radio
1978 - Swaziland's new constitution promulgated bans political parties
1978 - Tiros N, US's 1st 3rd generation weather satellite, is launched
1978 - Graig Nettles at 3rd makes many spectactular plays in WS game 3 as Guidry beats Dodgers, after trailing 2 games to 0 Yanks win next 4
1980 - 14th Country Music Assn Award:[approx]
1980 - Unprovoked slayings of 6 blacks in Buffalo, NY
1981 - Vice President Hosni Mubarak elected president of Egypt
1982 - IOC restores 2 gold medals from 1912 Olympics to Jim Thorpe
1982 - NJ Devils 1st short handed goal-Don Lever
1983 - Ameritech Mobile Communications (now Cingular) launched the first US cellular network in Chicago, Illinois.
1984 - Blackhawk Bill Gardner scores on 10th penalty shot against Islanders
1984 - John Henry becomes 1st thoroughbred to win $6 million
1984 - STS 41-G mission; lands at Kennedy Space Center
1985 - "Sunday in the Park with George" closes at Booth NYC after 604 perfs
1985 - Belgium premier Martens CVP wins parliamentary election
1985 - During NLCS, Cards rookie Vince Coleman is injured stretching before game as his left leg is caught in Busch Stadium's automated tarpaulin
1986 - 20th Country Music Assn Award:
1986 - 25th NY, NL appearance in World Series (Mets vs A's)
1986 - IOC announces baseball will become a medal sport in 1992
1987 - 1st military use of trained dolphins (US Navy in Persian Gulf)
1987 - Costa Rican Pres Oscar Arias wins Nobel Peace Prize
1987 - West Indies score 4-360 in 50 overs in Cricket World Cup v Sri Lanka
1988 - Concert at Masada ends Israel's 40th-anniversary fest
1988 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Naguib Mahfouz
1988 - Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ's burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
1988 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1989 - Bob Quinn resigns as NY Yankee VP/GM & replaced by Harding Peterson
1989 - Dow Jones down 190.58 points
1990 - 1st Russian Orthodox service in 70 yrs held in St Basil's Cathedral
1990 - Target Center in Minneapolis opens
1991 - Actress Katey Segal suffers a miscarriage
1991 - Blue Jay Cito Gaston is 1st manager ejected in a playoff game
1991 - Minnesota Twins win AL pennant beating Toronto in 5 games
1993 - Greek govt of Papandreou forms
1993 - Mighty Ducks win their 1st NHL game
1993 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Kary Mullis & Michael Smith
1993 - Nobel prize for physics awarded to Russel Hulse & Joseph Taylor
1993 - Phillies beat Atlanta in NLCS
1993 - Captured American Pilot Mike Durant is filmed in an interview in captivity by a CNN camera crew.
1994 - Earliest start of Sheffield Shield season (Queensland v Tasmania)
1994 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Kenzaburo Oe
1995 - Joseph Rotblat awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1995 - Pamela Anderson Lee, rush to hospital with flu like symptoms
1996 - "Big," closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 193 performances
1996 - Annika Sorenstam wins Betsy King LPGA Golf Classic
1996 - NY Jet Nick Lowrey breaks Jan Stenerud NFL field goal record at 374
1996 - Yanks (3) & Orioles (3) combine to tie play off record of 6 HRs
1997 - Andy Green's Jet-powered car reaches record 749.69 MPH
1999 - The United States Senate rejects ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT).
2008 - HM Treasury infused £37 billion ($64 billion, 47 billion euros) of new capital-bailout into Royal Bank of Scotland Group Plc, Lloyds TSB and HBOS Plc, to avert a financial sector collapse.
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