Famous Events on this Day in History, October 09:680 - Husain ibn 'Ali, Shi'i religious leader, enters martyrdom
768 - Charles the Great & Charlamane II divide French republic
768 - Carloman I and Charlemagne are crowned Kings of The Franks.
869 - Charles the Bare crowned king of Lotharingen
1000 - Leif Ericson discovers "Vinland" (possibly New England)
1003 - Leif Erikson lands in L'Anse aux Meadows, Canada, becoming the first European to reach America.
1192 - Richard Coeur de Leeuw leaves Jerusalem in disguise
1238 - James I of Aragon conquers Valencia and founds the Kingdom of Valencia.
1290 - Last of 16,000 English Jews expelled by King Edward I, leaves
1446 - Korean Hangual alphabet devised
1446 - The hangul alphabet is published in Korea.
1514 - King Louis XII of France marries Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VIII
1558 - Mérida is founded in Venezuela.
1573 - Don Frederik disbands siege of Alkmaar
1595 - The Spanish army captures Cambrai.
1597 - Earl Mauritius occupies Breevoort
1617 - Peace of Pavia (Spain & Savoye)
1621 - Turkey & Poland signs Peace of Chotin
1635 - Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony
1651 - English parliament proclaims Navigation Act off
1655 - Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Krakow
1668 - Mass society storms palace of "heretics" Spanish gov Jose de Paternina
1701 - Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
1708 - Battle at Lesnaya: Russian army captures Swedish convoy
1716 - England & France sign treaty
1740 - Neth gov-general Adriaen Valckenier allows murder of 8000 Chinese inhabitants of Batavia
1760 - Russian/Austrian army occupies Berlin [OS=Sep 28]
1760 - 7 Year's War: Russian forces occupy Berlin.
1771 - The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland.
1776 - Mission Dolores founded by SF Bay
1794 - French troops occupy Hertogenbosch
1799 - British frigate HMS Lutine sinks off Dutch coast
1799 - Sinking of HMS Lutine, with the loss of 240 men and a cargo worth £1,200,000.
1804 - Hobart Tasmania founded
1806 - Prussia declares war on France.
1817 - University of Gent officially opens
1818 - Congress of Aken returns to France from Libya
1820 - Guayaquil, Ecuador declares its freedom from Ecuador
1824 - Slavery is abolished in Costa Rica.
1831 - Capo d'Istria is assassinated.
1835 - The Royal College, Colombo established with the name Hillstreet Academy in Sri Lanka.
1837 - Steamboat "Home" sinks off Okracoke NC killing 100
1837 - Meeting at the U.S. Naval Academy establishes the U.S. Naval Institute.
1845 - The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
1854 - the siege of Sebastopol begins.
1855 - Isaac Singer patents sewing machine motor
1855 - Joshua Stoddard of Worcester, Mass patents 1st calliope
1863 - Battle of Brady Station, VA (Culpeper Court House, Bristoe Station)
1864 - Battle of Tom's Brook-Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan's campaign is wipped by Custer & Merrit's cavalry divisions
1865 - 1st US underground pipeline for carrying oil is laid in Pennsylvania
1870 - Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
1872 - Aaron Montgomery started his mail-order business
1874 - World Postal Union forms in Bern Switzerland
1876 - 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
1877 - American Humane Association organizes (Cleveland)
1888 - Washington Monument opens for public admittance
1890 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Red-Headed League"
1899 - 1st British troops reaches Durban South Africa
1899 - South Africa President Kruger routes British authorities ultimatum
1900 - 8.3 earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska
1903 - 11" (28.4 cm) rainfall in 24 hrs (NYC)
1905 - Phila A's meet Giants in World Series, Giants win 3-0
1909 - Ty Cobb steals home in World Series game
1910 - Nap Lajorie challenges Ty Cobb batting avg with 8 hits, 6 were bunts as Brown's 3rd baseman Red Corriden played deep, Cobb still won
1914 - German troops take Antwerp in World War I
1915 - Belgrade Serbia, surrenders to Central leaders
1915 - Gil Anderson races auto (165.1 km record) in Sheepshead Bay, NY
1915 - Louis Kaufmans "Unchastened Woman," premieres in NYC
1915 - Woodrow Wilson becomes 1st pres to attend a World Series game
1916 - Babe Ruth begins 29 2/3 scoreless World Series innings
1916 - Babe Ruth pitches & wins longest WS game (14 innings) 2-1
1920 - 1st World Series game in Cleveland, Indians win 2-1
1921 - Babe Ruth's 1st WS homer; only Sunday game ever pitched by Carl Mays
1926 - Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Royal Colonial Institution
1926 - NBC (National Broadcasting Corporation) forms
1928 - Marcel Pagnol's "Topaz," premieres in Paris
1928 - NY Yankees sweep Cards in 25th World Series, Ruth hits 3 HR in game
1928 - NY Yankees become 1st to sweep consecutive World Series
1929 - G Kaufman & R Lardner's musical "June Moon," premieres in NYC
1930 - 1st transcontinental flight by a woman completed, Laura Ingalls
1934 - St Louis Cards beat Detroit Tigers, 4 games to 3 in 31st World Series
1934 - Regicide at Marseille: The assassination of King Alexander I of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou, Foreign Minister of France.
1936 - Hoover Dam begins transmitting electricity to LA
1938 - A Copland & E Lorings ballet "Billy the Kid," premieres in Chicago
1938 - Cleveland Browns & Chicago Bears play a penalty free NFL game
1938 - NY Yankees sweep Cubs in 35th World Series, 3rd straight WS win
1941 - A coup in Panama declares Ricardo Adolfo de la Guardia Arango the new president.
1942 - Statute of Westminster 1931 formalises Australian autonomy.
1944 - British PM Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
1944 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow
1944 - Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders
1944 - German occupier turn off electricity in Amsterdam
1944 - St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series
1945 - British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1946 - 1st electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50
1946 - Eugene O'Neill's "Iceman Cometh," premieres in NYC
1947 - "High Button Shoes" opens at Century Theater NYC for 727 performances
1947 - 1st telephone conversation between a moving car & a plane
1947 - Julie Styne & Sam Cohn's musical "High Button Shoes," premieres in NYC
1948 - WXYZ TV channel 7 in Detroit, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - NY Yankees beat Dodgers 4 games to 1 in 46th World Series
1951 - 5th NHL All-Star Game: 1st Team ties 2nd Team 2-2 at Toronto
1951 - Gil McDougald's World Series grand slam helps Yanks beat Giants 13-1
1953 - British premier Winston Churchill aproves Guyanese Constitution
1953 - Conrad Adenauer elected West German chancellor
1954 - KTIV TV channel 4 in Sioux City, IA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Richmond Golf Open
1956 - 10th NHL All-Star Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 1-1 at Montreal
1957 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1958 - Israeli navy inaugrates it's 1st submarine
1958 - NY Yankees beat Braves 4 games to 3 in 55th World Series
1958 - NY Yankees appear in 9 & win 7 of last 10 World Series
1959 - 1st phone call between auto & plane (Delaware)
1959 - Lee Harvey Oswald arrives in Southampton
1960 - Cowboy QB Eddie LeBaron throws shortest touchdown pass (2")
1961 - NY Yankees beat Cin Reds, 4 games to 1 in 58th World Series
1961 - Tanganyika becomes independent within British Commonwealth
1961 - US members of communist party obliged to report themselves to Police
1961 - Volcano eruptions on Tristan de Cunha (South Atlantic)
1961 - Yank Whitey Ford breaks Ruth record of 29 2/3 consecutive inning
1961 - World Series scoreless pitching streak Yanks beat Reds 4 games to 1
1962 - Battles to decide Algeria-Morocco boundary kills 130
1962 - NASA civilian test pilot John B McKay takes X-15 to 39,200 m
1962 - Uganda becomes independent from the United Kingdom
1963 - British premier Harold MacMillan, resigns
1963 - Dam in Piave valley Italy, breaks' about 2,000 die
1963 - French air force gets 1st nuclear weapons
1963 - Hurricane Flora ravages Cuba & Haiti, kills 6,000
1965 - 16th Ryder Cup: US wins 19½-12½ at Royal Birkdale, England
1965 - Beatles' "Yesterday," single goes #1 & stays #1 for 4 weeks
1966 - Balt Orioles sweep LA Dodgers, in 63rd World Series
1966 - John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at a London art gallery
1966 - Rolling Stones 1st LP recorded "Got Live if you Want It"
1968 - Government seizes oil fields in Peru
1968 - WKMU TV channel 21 in Murray, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - Supremes release "Someday We'll Be Together"
1970 - Khmer Republic (Cambodia) declares independence
1971 - Japans emperor Hirohito visits Netherlands
1971 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1972 - "Dude" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 16 performances
1973 - 1st general striking in Luxembourg since 1942
1973 - Elvis & Priscilla Presley divorce after 6 years
1973 - Israel announces loss of Bar-Lev defense line in Suez Canal
1973 - Warriors-Cavalier game in Cleveland postponed because of wet floors
1974 - Frank Robinson became 1st Black baseball manager (Cleve Indians)
1974 - Race riot in Boston due to "busing"
1974 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL game, losing 6-3 to NY Rangers at MSG Wash Caps begin a 37 game road losing streak
1975 - Emperor Hirohito of Japan visits SF
1975 - Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov wins Nobel Peace Prize
1976 - "Robber Bridegroom" opens at Biltmore Theater NYC for 145 performances
1976 - Peter Petherick takes hat-trick on debut NZ v Pak Javed 1st wkt
1976 - Test Cricket debut of Javed Miandad (Pakistan), scores 163 on 1st day
1976 - Yanks 1st AL Championship game, beat Royals 4-1
1977 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Houston Exchange Clubs Golf Classic
1977 - Soyuz 25 launched to Saluyt 6, but returned after failing to dock
1977 - Yanks rally for 3 in 9th & beat Royals 5-3 for pennant #31
1978 - 12th Country Music Assn Award
1978 - John Kander & Fred Ebb's musical "Ballroom," premieres in NYC
1979 - Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WCCC in Hartford Conn
1980 - 1st consumer use of home banking by computer (Knoxville Tn)
1980 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Czeslaw Milosz
1980 - Princess Caroline of Monaco divorces Philippe Junot
1981 - Abolition of capital punishment in France.
1982 - Attack on synagouge in Rome, 1 dead
1983 - 4 South Korean govt ministers assassinated in Rangoon Burma
1984 - Kathy Sullivan becomes 1st US woman to walk in space
1985 - "Tango Argentino" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 198 perfs
1985 - Central Park's Strawberry Fields, dedicated
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - "Phantom of the Opera" premeires in London
1986 - Gilbert Perreault, Buffalo, became 12th NHLer to score 500 goals
1986 - Senate convicted US District Judge Harry E Claiborne making him 5th federal official to be removed from office through impeachment
1987 - Japanese bank buys "Lady McGill" stamp for $1,100,000
1988 - 17% vote extremely-right Flemish Block in Belgium
1988 - Dennis Eckersley, 1st to save all 4 games in a championship series
1989 - 23rd Country Music Assn Award: George Strait, Kathy Mattea wins
1989 - 27th Tennis Fed Cup: USA beats Spain in Tokyo Japan (3-0)
1989 - Penthouse Magazine's hebrew edition hits newstands
1989 - 1st NFL game coached by a black man (Art Shell), his LA Raiders beat NY Jets 14-7 on Monday Night Football
1990 - David Hackett Souter, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1990 - Radio stations around world play "Imagine" honoring John Lennon
1990 - Saddam threatens to hit Israel with a new missile
1991 - "On Borrowed Time" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 99 perfs
1991 - Bush declares "total confidence" in nominee Clarence Thomas
1991 - San Jose Sharks beat Calgary for their 1st NHL win, 4-3
1991 - Ecuador becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
1992 - Great meteorite seen from Kentucky to NY
1992 - A 13 kilogram (est.) meteorite lands in the driveway of the Knapp residence in Peekskill, New York, destroying the family's 1980 Chevrolet Malibu
1994 - Austrian parliamentary election (23% extreme-right)
1994 - Darmstadt creates element 110
1996 - Howard Stern's book "Miss America" released in paperback
1997 - ABL players allowed to own stock in the league
1997 - Hurricane kills 123 in Acapulco Mexico
1997 - NC's Dean Smith winningest college basetball coach retires
1997 - NY Rangers are 1st NHL team to open with 4 straight ties
1997 - Nobel prize for literature awarded to Dario Fo
1999 - The last flight of the SR-71.
2001 - Second mailing of anthrax letters from Trenton, New Jersey in the 2001 anthrax attack.
2006 - North Korea allegedly tests its first nuclear device.
2007 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes at an all-time high.