Famous Events on this Day in History, January 27:

98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
661 - Rashidun Caliphate ended with death of Ali.
672 - St Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope
847 - Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1142 - Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
1186 - Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
1302 - Dante becomes a Florentine political exile
1343 - Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
1538 - States of Gelderland accepts Willem van Kleef as viceroy
1556 - Willem of Orange becomes knight of Guilder Flies
1593 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno
1662 - 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)
1671 - Pirate Henry Morgen lands at Panama City
1695 - Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
1710 - Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget
1736 - Abdication of Stanislas, last king of Poland
1778 - Piccinni's opera "Roland" premieres, Paris
1785 - 1st US state university chartered, Athens Georgia
1823 - Pres Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
1825 - U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
1864 - Battle of Fair Gardens, TN
1864 - Civil War skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Va
1870 - 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
1870 - After accepting 15th amendment, VA is readmitted to Union
1870 - Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
1880 - Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp
1886 - 1st British govt of Salisbury resigns
1888 - National Geographic Society organizes (Wash DC)
1891 - Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania
1894 - 1st college basketball game, U of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11
1894 - Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park
1896 - Tasmania bowl out Victoria for 65 for their 1st ever innings victory
1897 - British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana)
1900 - Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention
1902 - 5 workers killed on explosion during IRT subway construction (NYC)
1905 - Maurice Rouvier forms govt in France
1906 - Rudolf Gundersen skates world record 500m at 44.8 sec
1908 - Pasiphaë, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Melotte
1909 - The Young Left is founded in Norway.
1915 - US Marines occupy Haiti
1916 - Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
1917 - Coen de Koning wins 2nd official 11 cities race (9:53) (record)
1918 - "Tarzan of the Apes," 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
1918 - The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
1924 - Egyptian king Foead nominates Saad Zaghloel Pasja premier
1924 - Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square
1926 - 1st public demonstration of television, John L Baird, London
1926 - US Senate agrees to join World Court
1933 - Otto Meisnner dines with British ambassador Rumbold
1934 - 27th Australian Men's Tennis Open: Fred Perry beat Crawford (63 75 61)
1934 - French govt of Chautemps falls (Stavisky Affair)
1934 - VARA refuses to hire after commemoration of Marinus Van de Lubbe
1939 - First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
1940 - -17°F (-27°C), CCC Camp F-16, Georgia (state record)
1941 - Peruvian agent Rivera-Schreiber warns of Japanese assault on Pearl Harbor
1942 - -19°F (-27.4°C), Netherland's coldest day since 1850
1943 - 1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen)
1944 - Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed
1944 - Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves
1945 - Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
1945 - Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
1945 - S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
1945 - Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested
1948 - 1st locomotive to carry 1,000,000 pounds (450,000 kg) operates
1948 - 1st tape recorder sold
1949 - Chinese liner "Taiping" collides with a collier off south China
1950 - 2nd Emmy Awards: Ed Wynn Show & Texaco Star Theater win
1951 - "Peter Pan" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 320 performances
1951 - US begins 126 nuclear tests at Nevada Test Site
1953 - Netherlands end Marshall aid
1955 - "Plain & Fancy" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 476 perfs
1956 - NFL's NY Giants switches games from Polo Grounds to Yankee Stadium
1957 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1958 - Ferenc Munnich follows Kadar as premier of Hungary
1961 - "Sing Along with Mitch" [Miller] premieres on NBC TV
1962 - "Family Affair" opens at Billy Rose Theater NYC for 65 performances
1963 - Jevgeni Grishin skates world record 500m in 39.6 sec
1963 - Sam Rice, Eppa Rixey, Elmer Flick, & John Clarkson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1964 - "Introducing the Beatles" album released in US
1964 - Barlow & Graeme Pollock complete 341 stand at Adelaide Oval
1964 - Margaret Chase Smith (Sen-R-Maine) tries for Republican Pres bid
1965 - 1st ground station-to-aircraft radio communication via satellite
1965 - Ground breaking for "Dragon Gateway" at Grant Avenue
1966 - Wisc State Circuit Court Judge Elmer W Roller rules either the Braves stay in Milwaukee or NL must promise Wisc an expansion team for 1966
1967 - Apollo 1 fire kills astronauts Grissom, White & Chaffee
1967 - Beatles sign a 9 year worldwide contract with EMI records
1967 - New Orleans Saints sign their 1st player (Paige Cothren-kicker)
1967 - Treaty banning military use of nuclear weapons in space, signed
1968 - "Darling of the Day" opens at George Abbott Theater NYC for 31 perfs
1969 - 14 spies hung in Baghdad
1969 - 9 Jews publically executed in Damascus Syria
1969 - Actress Thelma Ritter suffers a heart attack (she dies Feb 5th)
1969 - Noordiers vicar Ian Paisley sentenced to 3 years
1970 - Movie rating system modifies "M" rating to "PG"
1971 - Montgomery St Station, last link in BART, `holed thru'
1973 - UCLA's basketball team wins 61st consecutive game (NCAA record)
1973 - US & Vietnam sign cease-fire, ending longest US war & milt draft
1973 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn
1973 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Gordon McKellen Jr
1973 - William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign US-N Vietnam treaty
1974 - "Lorelei" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 320 performances
1976 - "Laverne & Shirley" spinoff from "Happy Days" premieres on ABC TV
1976 - 9th ABA All-Star Game: Denver 144 beats ABA 138 at Denver
1976 - Morocco-Algeria battles in Westerly Sahara
1976 - Viv Richards scores his 1st Test century against Australia
1977 - 1st broadcast of "Roots" mini-series on ABC TV
1977 - Pres Carter pardons most Vietnam War draft evaders (10,000)
1979 - 36th Golden Globes: Midnight Express, Jon Voight & Jane Fonda
1979 - Islanders ends 23 undefeated games at home streak (15-0-8)
1980 - "Comin' Uptown" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 45 perfs
1980 - NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 37-27
1982 - "Joseph & the Amazing Dreamcoat" opens at Royale NYC for 747 perfs
1982 - Mauno Koivisto installed as president of Finland
1982 - Phila trades Larry Bowa & Ryne Sandberg to Cubs for Ivan DeJesus
1982 - Roberto S Cordova installed as president of Honduras
1982 - West Indies beat Australia 3-1 to win World Series Cup
1983 - World's longest subaqueous tunnel (53.90 km) opens, Honshu-Hokkaid
1984 - John & Yoko release "Milk & Honey" album
1984 - LA Kings end Wayne Gretzky's NHL-record 51-game scoring streak
1984 - Michael Jackson is burned during filming for Pepsi commercial
1985 - "Doug Henning & His World..." closes at Lunt-Fontanne NY after 60 perf
1985 - 15th Space Shuttle (51-C) Mission-Discovery 3 returns to Earth
1985 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Mazda Golf Classic
1985 - Mark Mckoy cycles world record 50m hurdles indoor (5.25)
1985 - NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 22-14
1986 - 13th American Music Award: Whitney Houston, Huey Lewis & C Gayle
1987 - Midnight Rockers beat Buddy Rose & Doug Somers for AWA World Tag Team
1988 - Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approves nomination of Judge Anthony M Kennedy to US Supreme Court
1989 - German war criminals Fischer & Aus der Funten freed
1989 - Kevin Johnson (Phoenix) begins NBA free throw streak of 57 games
1989 - Okla's linebacker, Mark VanKeirsblilck assaults an Ok grad student
1990 - 64th Australian Women's Tennis Steffi Graf beats MJ Fernandez (63 64)
1991 - 79th Australian Mens Tennis: Boris Becker beats I Lendl (16 64 64 64)
1991 - Dutch PSP, Pacifist Socialistic Party, disbands
1991 - Nadine Strossen is 1st female president of the ACLU
1991 - Superbowl XXV: NY Giants beat Buffalo Bills, 20-19 in Tampa Superbowl MVP: Ottis Anderson, NY Giants, RB
1992 - "Crazy He Calls Me" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 7 perfs
1992 - 19th American Music Award: C & C Music Factory, Michael Bolton win
1992 - Jane Fonda undergoes arthroscopic surgery on her right knee
1992 - Mike Tyson goes on trial for rape (he is found guilty)
1992 - Pres candidate Bill Clinton (D) & Genifer Flowers accuse each other of lying over her assertion they had a 12-year affair
1993 - DC-3 crashes in Kinshasa, killing 12
1994 - "No Man's Land" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 61 performances
1994 - Carlos Reina succeeds pres Callejas in Honduras
1994 - Romanian social-democrats form government with anti-Semites
1995 - 69th Australian Womens Tennis: Mary Pierce beats A S Vicario (63 62)
1996 - 15 day old siamese twins separated-Sarah Morales survives, Sarahi dies
1996 - 70th Australian Womens Tennis: Monica Seles beats Anke Huber (64 61)
1996 - Catherine Roskam becomes the 1st NY female Episcopal bishop
1996 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1996 - Germany celebrates it's 1st Holocaust Rememberance Day
1996 - Monica Seles beats Anke Huber to win Australian Open
1996 - Shiv Chanderpaul scores 303* for Guyana v Jamaica at Kingston
1996 - Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
1997 - "Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus," opens at Gershwin NYC
1997 - 24th American Music Award: Toni Braxton & Alanis Morissette win
1998 - Crane crashes into Roosevelt Is (NYC) Tram, injuring 10
1998 - Roland Clarkson discovers 2^3021377-1 (37th known Mersenne prime)
1998 - WNBA begins filling rosters of Washington Mystics & Detroit Shock
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