Famous Events on this Day in History, September 21:1192 - English king Richard I the Lion hearted, captured
1217 - The Estonian tribal leader Lembitu of Lehola was killed in a battle against Teutonic Knights.
1348 - Jews in Zurich Switzerland are accused of poisoning wells
1435 - Treaty of Atrecht: Philip of Bourgondy vs French king Charles II
1451 - Cardinal Nicholas of Cusa orders Jews of Holland to wear a badge
1589 - Battle at Arques: French king Henri IV beats Catholic League
1591 - French bishops recognize Henri IV as king of France
1621 - King James of England gives Canada to Sir Alexander Sterling
1648 - -23] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [NS]
1676 - Benedetto Odescalchi elected as Pope Innocent XI
1677 - John & Nicolaas van der Heyden patents fire extinguisher
1745 - Battle at Preston Pans: Bonnie Prince Charles beats English army
1746 - French expeditionary army occupies Labourdonnais & Dupleix Madras
1765 - Antoine de Beauterne announces he had killed the Beast of Gévaudan, but was later proved wrong by more attacks.
1776 - 5 days after British take NY, a ¼ of city burns down
1776 - Great fire in NY
1776 - Nathan Hale, spied on British for American rebels, arrested
1780 - Benedict Arnold gives British Major Andre plans to West Point
1784 - 1st daily newspaper in America (Penns Packet & General Advertiser)
1784 - Pennsylvania Packet & Daily Advertiser 1st success US daily newspaper
1792 - 1st French Republic forms
1792 - Proposal by Collot D'Herbois, to abolish the monarchy in France
1814 - "Star Spangled Banner" published as a poem
1815 - King Willem I takes oath in Brussels
1823 - Moroni 1st appears to Joseph Smith, according to Smith
1827 - According to Joseph Smith, Jr., the angel Moroni gave him a record of gold plates, one-third of which Joseph translated into The Book of Mormon.
1837 - Charles Tiffany founded his jewelry & china stores
1860 - In the Second Opium War, an Anglo-French force defeats Chinese troops at the Battle of Baliqiao.
1863 - Union forces retreat to Chattanooga after defeat at Chickamauga
1872 - John Henry Conyers of SC becomes 1st black student at Annapolis
1883 - 1st direct US-Brazil telegraph connection
1885 - Dutch demonstrate for general voting right
1893 - Frank Duryea drives 1st US made gas propelled vehicle (car)
1895 - 1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company
1896 - General Kitcheners army occupies Dongola Sudan
1897 - NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus," editorial
1898 - China's empress-mother Ci Xi & emperor De Zong arrested
1898 - Empress Dowager Cixi seizes power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.
1903 - 1st cowboy film "Kit Carson," premieres in US
1905 - Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms
1906 - Yankee 1st baseman Hal Chase's 22 put-outs ties record
1913 - 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
1913 - Turkey & Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
1915 - CH Chubb buys Stonehenge for £6,600
1915 - Emanuel Querido ("Kerido") begins publishing Querido
1919 - 33rd US Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats M Zinderstein (61 62)
1921 - Gas explodes at Bradishe Aniline chemical works in Germany, 565 die
1921 - Pope Benedictus XV donates 1 million lire to feed Russians
1921 - Oppau explosion, a storage silo at a fertilizer producing plant exploded in Oppau, Germany, 500-600 killed.
1922 - Pres Warren G Harding signs a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine
1928 - "My Weekly Reader" magazine made its debut
1929 - 1st legal pass in Canada was thrown by Gerry Seiberling & 1st reception by Ralph Losie of Calgary Altomah-Tigers against Edmonton
1930 - Johann Ostermeyer patents flashbulb
1931 - Britain abandons gold standard/pound devalues 20%
1933 - Trial against Marinus der Lubbe opens
1934 - St Louis Card Paul Dean no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 3-0
1934 - Typhoon strikes Honshu Island Japan, kills 4,000
1936 - Spanish fascist junta names Franco to generalissimo/supreme commander
1937 - J R R Tolkien, publishes "Hobbit"
1937 - J. R. R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is published.
1938 - Hurricane (183 MPH winds) in New England kills 700
1938 - Winston Churchill condemns Hitler's annexation of Czechoslovakia
1938 - The Great Hurricane of 1938 makes landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll is estimated at 500-700 people.
1939 - Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews
1941 - US launches its 1st Liberty-ship, "Patrick Henry"
1942 - 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris
1942 - Transport nr 35 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1943 - Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands
1943 - Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named
1943 - Russian 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov
1943 - Soviet forces reach Dnjepr
1944 - Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrenders
1946 - Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay
1948 - "Texaco Star Theater" with Milton Berle premieres on NBC-TV
1949 - Chinese Communist leaders proclaims People's Republic of China
1949 - Federal Republic of [West] Germany created under 3-power occupation
1950 - George Marshall sworn in as the 3rd Secretary of Defense of United States.
1951 - Emil Zatopek runs 15,000m in record 44 min, 54.6 sec
1953 - Allied forces form West Germany
1953 - KRDO TV channel 13 in Colorado Spgs-Pueblo, CO (ABC) 1st broadcast
1954 - 1st nuclear submarine, USS Nautilus, commissioned
1954 - Kleffens appointed chairman of General Meeting UN
1955 - Last allied occupying troops leave Austria
1955 - Rocky Marciano KOs Archie Moore in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
1955 - USSR performs nuclear test
1956 - Yanks set dubious record, stranding 20 men on base Mantle hits a 500' plus homer but Red Sox win 13-9 in Fenway
1957 - "Perry Mason" with Raymond Burr premieres on CBS-TV
1957 - German sailing school ship Pamir sails Atlantic Ocean
1957 - Olav V, becomes king of Norway
1957 - Pote Sarasin forms govt in Thailand
1958 - 1st airplane flight exceeding 1200 hours, lands, Dallas Tx
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - 600 Indian Dutch emigrate to US
1961 - Antonio Abertondo swims English Channel round trip (44 miles)
1961 - Maiden flight of the CH-47 Chinook transportation helicopter.
1964 - Constellation (US) beats Sovereign (England) in 20th America's Cup
1964 - Malta gains independence from Britain
1964 - Reds Chico Ruiz steals home, beats Phillies 1-0. Phillies start a 10 game losing streak that gives Cards the pennant
1964 - Malta becomes independent from the United Kingdom.
1964 - The North American XB-70 Valkyrie, the world's first Mach 3 bomber, made its maiden flight from Palmdale, California.
1965 - O Kommissarova (USSR) sets women's longest parachute jump (46,250')
1965 - Singapore admitted as a part of the United Nations.
1966 - 5" of rain falls on NYC
1966 - Jimmy Hendrix changes spelling of his name to Jimi
1967 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - 58th Davis Cup: USA beats Romania in Cleveland (5-0)
1969 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Lincoln-Mercury Golf Open
1969 - NY Jet Steve O'Neal punts 98 yards against Denver Broncos
1969 - Ron Hill wins European marathon (2:16:47.8)
1970 - "Monday Night Football" premieres on ABC - Browns 31, Jets 21
1970 - KAPP TV channel 35 in Yakima, WA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Luna 16 leaves Moon
1970 - Oakland A's Vida Blue no-hits Minn Twins, 6-0
1970 - New York Times starts first modern op-ed page.
1971 - AL OKs Washington Senator move to Arlington (Texas Rangers)
1971 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono are Dick Cavett's only guest
1972 - Marcos declares martial law in Philippines
1972 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1973 - Jackson Pollocks painting "Blue Poles" sold for $2,000,000
1973 - NY Mets go into 1st place (at .500) after trailing 12½ games
1973 - Nate Archibald signs 7 yr contract with NBA KC Kings for $450,000
1974 - US Mariner 10 makes 2nd fly-by of Mercury
1975 - Jo Ann Washam wins LPGA Portland Ladies Golf Classic
1976 - Wings performs in Zagreb Yugoslavia
1976 - Orlando Letelier is assassinated in Washington, D.C. He was a member of the Chilean socialist government of Salvador Allende, overthrown in 1973 by Augusto Pinochet.
1977 - US minister of Foreign affairs Cyrus Vance dismissed
1979 - Two RAF Hawker Siddeley Harrier jump-jets from RAF Wittering collide over the UK. Both pilots ejected safely. One of the jets broke up in midair and fell harmlessly into a field but the other dropped onto the centre of Wisbech in Cambridgeshire, destroying two houses and a bungalow. Several people were injured in the accident and three people were killed.
1980 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA ERA Real Estate Golf Classic
1980 - LA Ram Johnnie Johnson scores a 99 yard interception
1980 - Richard Todd of NY Jets completes 42 passes in a game (NFL record)
1980 - Kerry GAA beat Roscommon GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 1-9 to 1-6 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.
1981 - Belize (British Honduras) gains independence from UK
1981 - Sandra Day O'Conner becomes 1st female Supreme Court Justice
1981 - Steve Carlton strikes out NL record 3,118th (Andre Dawson)
1982 - 2,251 turn out to see Expos play NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1982 - Devils beat Rangers 3-2 in exhibition; 1st hockey in Meadowlands (NJ)
1982 - NFL players begin a 57 day strike
1982 - SF cable cars cease operations for 2 years of repairs
1982 - STS-5 vehicle moves to launch pad
1983 - 11 killed in anti Marcos demonstrations in Manila
1983 - David Mamet's "Glengarry Glen Ross," premieres in London
1983 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - NASA launches Galaxy-C
1985 - Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1986 - 38th Emmy Awards: Golden Girls, Cagney & Lacey & Michael J Fox win
1986 - Miami Dan Marino passes for 6 touchdowns vs NY Jets (51-45)
1986 - NY Jets beat Miami Dolphins 51-45 in OT; record 884 passing yards
1986 - New Orleans Saints Mel Gray returns kickoff 101 yards for a touchdown
1986 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Konica San Jose Golf Classic
1986 - SD Padre Jimmy Jones pitchs 1-hitter in his major league debut
1986 - Kerry GAA beat Tyrone GAA in Croke Park during the All-Ireland Football Final by 2-15 to 1-10 thus winning the championship and a three-in-a-row.
1987 - 3 Belgian minesweepers depart to Persians Gulf
1988 - Mike Tyson smashes TV camera outside his Bernardsville NJ home
1989 - Poland's Sejm (National Assembly) approves prime minister Mazowiecki
1990 - Oakland A's Bob Welch becomes 1st 25 game winner in 10 years
1990 - Pirate Bobby Bond is 2nd to hit 30 HRs & steal 50 bases in a season (so he can play in 6 decades) because it is a publicity stunt
1990 - Faye Vincent turns down White Sox bid to reinstate Minnie Minoso, 68
1991 - Armenia votes on whether to remain in Soviet Union
1991 - USA Basketball announces "Dream Team" for the 1992 Olympics
1993 - Ukraine govt of Kutshma resigns
1994 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Ft Laud/Miami Fl (WBGG 105.9 FM)
1995 - The Hindu milk miracle occurs, in which statues of the Hindu God Ganesh began drinking milk when spoonfuls were placed near their mouths.
1996 - Christie Brinkey gets married for 4th time, she marries Peter Cook
1996 - John F Kennedy Jr marries Caroline Bisset
1997 - Brickyard Crossing Senior Golf Championhsip
1997 - Liselotte Neumann wins LPGA PING Welch's Championship
1997 - Mike Piazza is 2nd to hit a HR out of Dodger Stadium
1997 - NY Yankee Cecil Fielder hits his 300th HR
1997 - Tim Herron wins Texas Golf Open shooting a 271
1999 - Chi-Chi earthquake occurs in central Taiwan, leaving about 2,400 people dead.
2001 - Deep Space 1 flies within 2,200 km of Comet Borrelly.
2001 - University of Roorkee, becomes India's 7th Indian Institute of Technology, rechristened as IIT Roorkee
2001 - AZF chemical plant explodes in Toulouse, France, killing 29 people
2003 - Galileo mission terminated by sending the probe into Jupiter's atmosphere, where it is crushed by the pressure at the lower altitudes.
2004 - The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) People's War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India merge to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist).
2004 - Construction of the Burj Dubai starts.
2008 - Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley, the two last remaining independent investment banks on Wall Street, become bank holding companies as a result of the subprime mortgage crisis.
2008 - President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa resigns from office, effective September 25.
2008 - Prime Minister Ehud Olmert of Israel formally resigns from office, effective as soon as his successor Tzipi Livni has successfully assembled a new government.
2008 - The final home game is played at Yankee Stadium against the Baltimore Orioles.