Famous Events on this Day in History, September 20:

368 - Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
451 - General Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at Chalons-sur-Marne
622 - Prophet Mohammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
1066 - Battle at Fulford: King of Norway, Harald III Hardrada defeats British militia
1187 - Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
1258 - Cathedral of Salisbury inaugurated
1378 - Robert de Geneve, "butcher of Cesena" crowned anti-pope Clemens VII
1519 - Ferdinand Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of world
1530 - Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
1565 - Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French
1596 - Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
1604 - Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
1620 - Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
1643 - 1st battle at Newbury: King Charles I vs Robert Devereux' armies
1664 - Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
1674 - 2nd West Indie Company forms
1688 - French troops occupies Palts
1697 - Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
1737 - Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
1777 - Paoli massacre
1787 - Prince Willem V returns to Hague
1792 - French defeat Prussians at Valmy
1793 - British troops under maj-gen Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
1797 - US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
1828 - Gioacchino Rossini's opera "Le Comte Ory," premieres in Paris
1830 - 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
1833 - Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires
1835 - Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
1839 - 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
1848 - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
1850 - Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
1854 - Battle at Alma Krim: 1,000 British soldiers died
1854 - British & French defeat Russians at Alma, in Crimea
1859 - George Simpson patents electric range
1860 - 1st British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (King Edward VII)
1861 - Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
1863 - Battle of Shepardstown VA
1863 - Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends
1870 - Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
1870 - Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury
1870 - Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
1871 - Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
1873 - Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
1876 - Ottawa Football Club forms
1877 - Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
1879 - US Grants come to SF for elaborate extended visit
1881 - Chester A Arthur sworn in as 21st president
1884 - 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
1884 - Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP
1891 - The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
1896 - John Mcdermott wins 1st US marathon (NYC)
1902 - Chic White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
1904 - George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC
1904 - Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II
1905 - Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
1906 - Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
1907 - Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1
1908 - Chic White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0
1911 - Yanks set team record 12 errors in a double header
1913 - 19th US Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club MA
1917 - British assault on Polygon-forest, France
1917 - Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
1919 - 2nd PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Engineers CC Roslyn NY
1919 - Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's major league mark of 27 HRs
1919 - Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
1920 - Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
1922 - Goodman & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," premieres in NYC
1922 - Rogers Hornsby ends hitting streak of 33 games
1924 - Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
1924 - Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats NY Giants to win 300th game
1927 - NY Yankee Babe Ruth hits record 60th HR of season off Tom Zachry
1930 - Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
1931 - Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
1932 - Chicago Cubs clinch the NL pennant
1932 - Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer
1932 - Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables
1933 - Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
1935 - Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
1938 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's Suite for jazz orchestra, premieres
1938 - Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London
1939 - British fleet takes German U-27 boat
1939 - Joe Louis KOs Bob Pastor in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1942 - Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
1943 - Liberator bombers sinks U-338
1944 - Nijmegen free
1944 - Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
1945 - German rocket engineers begin work in US
1946 - Churchill argues for a "US of Europe"
1946 - The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
1948 - "Magdalena" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 48 performances
1948 - Mexican Baseball league disbanded
1949 - Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
1949 - Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
1951 - 1st North Pole jet crossing
1951 - NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
1951 - Swiss males votes against female suffrage
1952 - KPTV TV channel 12 in Portland, OR (IND) begins broadcasting
1953 - Cubs Ernie Banks hits his 1st major league HR
1954 - 1st FORTRAN computer program run
1954 - 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
1954 - KETC TV channel 9 in Saint Louis, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles
1954 - Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy
1954 - New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
1955 - Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH
1955 - Willie Mays is 7th player to reach 50 HRS in a season
1958 - Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0
1958 - Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian govt in exile (Cairo)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Links Golf Invitation Open
1960 - UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
1960 - WFSU TV channel 11 in Tallahassee, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
1961 - James Meredith refused access as a student in Mississippi
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1961 - Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26
1962 - Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
1962 - Gov R Barnett refuses to admit a black to Miss Univ (James Meredith)
1963 - JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon
1964 - Gunter Grass' "Die Plebejern proben den Aufstand," premieres in Berlin
1964 - Paramount Theater (NYC) presented the Beatles with Steve & Eydie
1965 - WXXW (now WYCC) TV channel 20 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Passenger ship Queen Elizabeth II launched
1966 - US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
1967 - Benin separates from Nigeria
1967 - British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
1967 - Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
1967 - WCAE TV channel 50 in St John, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WCIX TV channel 6 in Miami, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536
1969 - 18th Ryder Cup: Draw, 16-16 at Royal Birkdale, England
1969 - Archies' "Sugar Sugar" hits #1
1969 - Pitts Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Mets, 4-0
1970 - Jim Morrison found not guilty of "lewd" behavior
1970 - Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
1972 - Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney's farm
1973 - Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match
1973 - Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season
1975 - 21st Ryder Cup: US, 21-11 at Laurel Valley Golf Club (Ligonier, Pennsylvania, US)
1975 - David Bowie's "Fame," single goes #1 for 2 weeks
1975 - Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28½" draw
1976 - Metroliner official opens in Brussels
1976 - Playboy releases Jimmy Carter's interview that he lusts for women
1976 - Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion
1977 - "Estrada" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 7 performances
1977 - Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
1977 - Voyager 2 launched for fly-by of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune
1978 - "Eubie!" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 439 performances
1978 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 - Yamada Mumon Roshi visits Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach Germany
1979 - Coup in Central African Rep: David Dacko overthrows emperor Bokassa I
1979 - Jose E dod Santos becomes president of Angola
1979 - NASA launches HEAO
1979 - Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
1979 - The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
1979 - Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
1980 - Bronze plaque dedicated to memory of Thurman Munson at Yankee Stadium
1980 - George Brett goes 0-for-4 dropping his avg below .400 for good
1980 - Plaque dedicated in Thurman Munson's memory at Yankee Stadium
1980 - Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out
1981 - 24th Ryder Cup: US, 18½-9½ at Walton Heath Golf Club (Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, England)
1981 - Belize declares independence
1981 - Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
1981 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1982 - Jalaluddin takes a one-day hat-trick Pakistan v Australia
1982 - NFL players begin a 57 day strike
1983 - 3,112 turn out to see Pirates play NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1983 - Cryptographic Communications System & Method (RSA) patented
1984 - "Cosby Show" premieres on NBC-TV
1984 - Cubs break 2 million in home attendance for 1st time
1984 - Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut, kills 23
1985 - Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players
1985 - Walt Disney World's 200-millionth guest
1986 - Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
1987 - "Big River" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 1005 perfs
1987 - 39th Emmy Awards: LA Law, Bruce Willis & Sharon Gless wins
1987 - Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race
1987 - Dwight Clark ends NFL streak of 105 consecutive game receptions
1987 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1987 - Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown
1988 - Darrell Evans hits his 400th career home run
1988 - Greg Louganis wins Olympic gold medal in springboard diving
1988 - Wade Boggs is 1st player to get 200 hits for 6 consecutive seasons
1989 - FW De Klerk sworn in as president of South Africa
1989 - Musical "Miss Saigon," premieres in London
1989 - USAir overshoots runway at LaGuardia Airport in NYC, 2 people die
1990 - Both Germanys ratify reunification
1990 - Saddam Hussein demands US networks broadcast his message
1990 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
1991 - Lion's Terry Taylor reinstated after 1 year drug related suspension
1992 - Colleen Walker wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1992 - Frances votes in favor of Maastricht treaty
1992 - Leanza Cornett (Florida), 21, crowned 66th Miss America 1993
1992 - Phils' Mickey Moradini makes an unassisted triple play
1992 - Space shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands
1994 - Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), lands
1995 - Cincinnati Reds becomes 1st team to clinch NL Central
1997 - Yanks clinch 37th appearance in post season, 3rd consecutive
1998 - Solheim Cup
2000 - Patent on RSA cryptograph algorithm ends
2000 - The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.
2001 - In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror".
2002 - The Kolka-Karmadon rock/ice slide started.
2003 - Maldives civil unrest: the death of prisoner Hassan Evan Naseem sparks a day of rioting in Malé.
2003 - A referendum is held in Latvia to decide the country's accession to the European Union.
2004 - Boston Red Sox come back from 0-3 to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 to win baseball's World Series
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