Famous Events on this Day in History, September 17:

335 - Church of Heilig Grave initiated in Jerusalem
642 - Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed
1156 - Markgraafschap Austria becomes a temple (Privilegium minus)
1176 - The Battle of Myriokephalon is fought.
1394 - Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
1462 - The Battle of Swiecino (or Battle of Zarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
1562 - Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
1584 - Gent surrenders to duke of Parma
1595 - Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as king of France
1598 - Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
1630 - The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1631 - Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf defeats Gen Tilly
1644 - French troops occupy Mainz
1678 - France & Spain signs peace treaty
1683 - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria
1691 - Colony Massachusetts Bay gets new charter
1697 - Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen of Savoye beats Turks
1730 - Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
1737 - Georg-August University opens in Göttingen
1745 - Edinburg occupied by Jacobites under Young Pretenders
1776 - Presidio of SF forms as a Spanish fort
1776 - The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
1778 - 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
1787 - Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
1787 - US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
1789 - William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
1796 - Pres George Washington delivers his farewell address
1809 - Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1819 - 1st whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
1835 - Charles Darwins lands on Chatham Galapagos-archipelago
1850 - Great fire in San Francisco
1859 - Man in SF claims himself Norton I, emperor of America
1861 - 1st day school for freedmen forms at Fortress Monroe Virginia
1861 - Hampton Institute forms
1862 - Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
1862 - Battle of Mumfordville, KY-US Col J Wilder surrenders city
1862 - Battle of Sharpsburg (Antietam)-bloodiest day of Civil War, 23,110 die
1862 - American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war.
1863 - Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
1864 - Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
1871 - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
1872 - Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
1873 - 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
1876 - Race riots in SC
1897 - 3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill
1899 - 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
1900 - Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
1900 - Queen Victoria disbands British parliament
1900 - Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
1901 - Battle at Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats mjr Goughs cavalry
1901 - Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
1902 - US protests anti-semitism in Romania
1903 - Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
1906 - Playing as "Sullivan," Columbia U jr Eddie Collins debuts with A's
1908 - Thomas Selfridge becomes 1st fatality of powered flight
1911 - 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
1911 - 25th US Womens Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats F Sutton (8-10 61 97)
1912 - Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles
1914 - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1916 - 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
1916 - World War I: Manfred von Richthofen ("The Red Baron"), a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1920 - Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
1920 - National Football League organizes in Canton Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Prof Football Assn
1922 - Bicyclist Piet Moeskops becomes world sprint champ
1922 - Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
1923 - Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
1924 - Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
1926 - Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die
1927 - 47th US Mens Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats William T Tilden (119 63 119)
1927 - Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco
1928 - 48th US Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats F T Hunter (46 64 36 75 63)
1928 - Henri Cochet wins US Tennis Open
1928 - Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
1928 - Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
1929 - British troops begin evacuating
1931 - 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
1931 - Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband," premieres in London
1931 - Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
1934 - RCA Victor re leases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)
1934 - USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)
1935 - Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina chosen 1st president of Philippines
1937 - 1st NFL game in Washington, DC; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3
1938 - 52nd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (60 63)
1938 - 58th US Mens Tennis: J Donald Budge beats C Gene Mako (63 68 62 61)
1938 - British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
1938 - Don Budge wins US Tennis open & completes Grand Slam
1939 - German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
1939 - Poland's president Moscicki & PM Slawoj-Skladkowski flee to Romania
1939 - Russia invades Eastern Poland, takes 217,000 Poles prisoner
1939 - Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II
1939 - Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
1940 - Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
1941 - Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4
1941 - World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued
1943 - Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
1943 - Red Army recaptures Brjansk
1943 - World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
1944 - British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
1944 - Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
1944 - Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
1946 - "Gypsy Lady," opens at Century Theater NYC for 79 performances
1946 - "If the Shoe Fits," opens at Century Theater NYC for 20 performances
1947 - Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News
1947 - James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US secretary of defense
1947 - US Dept of Defense forms
1948 - KCOP TV channel 13 in Los Angeles/Hollywood, CA (IND) begins
1948 - WLS TV channel 7 in Chicago, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
1949 - 8th Ryder Cup: US beats Europe, 7-5 at Ganton GC, England
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
1949 - WFAA TV channel 8 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - San Francisco 49ers (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, lose 21-17
1951 - "Borscht Capades" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 90 performances
1951 - Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
1952 - "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"
1953 - 1st successful separation of Siamese twins
1953 - Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player
1954 - Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1955 - "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 176 perfs
1955 - Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game
1956 - Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
1956 - Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
1956 - Television is first broadcast in Australia.
1957 - KETV TV channel 7 in Omaha, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
1957 - Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
1957 - 2 male attorneys "stand in" as actress Sophia Loren & producer Carlo Ponti wed by proxy in Juarez, Mexico
1957 - The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - 59th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus
1959 - Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
1959 - Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
1960 - "Vintage '60" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 perfs
1960 - Cuba nationalizes US banks
1961 - Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)
1961 - Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 - Justice Dept files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
1962 - US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
1963 - "Fugitive" premieres on ABC TV
1963 - Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
1964 - "Bewitched" premieres on ABC TV
1964 - Beatles are paid a then record $150,000 for a concert (Kansas)
1964 - Mickey Mantle gets hits #1999, 2000 & 2001 & his 450th HR
1964 - Supremes release "Baby Love"
1965 - WPHL TV channel 17 in Philadelphia, PA (IND) begins broadcasting
1966 - Cleve pitchers set AL record striking out 19 batters in 1st 9 innings
1967 - "Mission Impossible" premieres on CBS-TV
1967 - Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)
1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st NFL game, they lose to LA Rams 27-13
1967 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Shirley Englehorn Golf Invitational
1968 - Gaylord Perry (Giants) no-hits St Louis Cardinals, 1-0
1968 - Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
1970 - Jordan launches offensive against guerrilla army
1970 - Jordanian King Hussein moves against PLO guerrillas
1970 - WSWP TV channel 9 in Grandview, WV (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - "M*A*S*H," premieres on NBC TV
1972 - BART begins passenger service in SF
1972 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Quality First Golf Classic
1972 - Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
1974 - Courageous (US) beats Southern Cross (Aust) in 23rd America's Cup
1975 - Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
1976 - Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
1976 - NASA publicly unveils space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, Calif
1976 - Ringo releases "Ringo's Rotogravure" album
1977 - 22nd Ryder Cup: US, 12½-13½ at Royal Lytham & St Annes England
1977 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1977 - Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
1977 - Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
1978 - 30th Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Ed Asner & Sada Thompson win
1978 - Begin, Sadat & Carter sign Camp David accord
1978 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Golf Tournament
1978 - Red Sox finally beat Yanks in Sept 1978, 7-3
1979 - Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")
1979 - Royals George Brett is 6th to have 20 doubles/triples/HRs in a season
1980 - "Divine Madness" starring Bette Midler, premieres
1980 - Iraq (Saddam Hussein) signs accord with Algeria
1980 - Solidarity labor union in Poland forms
1980 - South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
1980 - Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season
1982 - NJ Devils 1st exhibition game, beating Caps 3-1 in Hershey Pa
1983 - Chicago White Sox clinch their 1st-ever AL West championship
1983 - Vanessa Williams (NY), 20, crowned 56th Miss America 1984, 1st black
1984 - Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada's 18th PM succeeding John Turner
1984 - Dwight Gooden ties record of 32 strikeouts in consecutive games
1984 - Reggie Jackson is 13th to hit 500 HRs
1984 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1985 - Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
1986 - Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
1986 - Marina Stepanova of USSR sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
1986 - Mets clinch NL East Championship
1986 - US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
1987 - Phila celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution
1988 - 24th Olympic games open at Seoul, Korea
1988 - Jeff Reardon becomes 1st to record 40 or more saves in both AL & NL
1988 - Military coup in Haiti: Lt Gen Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
1989 - -21] Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston SC
1989 - 41st Emmy Awards: LA Law, Cheers, Dana Delany & Candice Bergen win
1989 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1989 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1989 - Hurricane Hugo begins 4 day sweep through Caribbean, killing 62
1989 - NYC court of appeals overturns lower court decision & returns America's Cup back to US (from NZ)
1990 - Newspaper Guild votes 242-35 to keep NY Post publishing
1990 - Soviet Union & Saudi Arabia restore diplomatic ties
1991 - 4,355 turn out to see Expos play NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1991 - UN admits Estonia, Latvia, Lithuiania, North & South Korea, Marshall Islands & Micronesia
1991 - The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) is released to the Internet.
1992 - Amsterdam stock exchange hits record Y8.8 billion
1992 - House votes 280 to 128 to give FCC control of cable TV rates
1992 - NFL decides to suspend World League Football
1993 - Last Russian troops leave Poland.
1994 - Andy Waller out handled the ball for Mashonaland CD v Mash U24
1994 - Heather Whitestone, 21, (Ala), crowned 68th Miss America 1995
1994 - Princess Christina separates
1995 - "Love! Valor! Compassion!" closes at Walter Kerr NYC after 276 perfs
1995 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1996 - Dodger Hideo Nomo no-hits Colo Rockies, 9-0 at Coors Field
1997 - Dr Sam Sheppard's body (Fugitive) is exhumed for DNA test
2004 - Tamil is declared the first classical language in India.
2007 - AOL, once the largest ISP in the U.S., officially announces plans to refocus the company as an advertising business and to relocate its corporate headquarters from Dulles, Virginia to New York, New York.
2008 - The IAU named another dwarf planet, Haumea
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