Famous Events on this Day in History, September 16:

1400 - Owain Glyndwr is declared Prince of Wales by his followers.
1575 - King Johan Casimir of Palts promises military aid to hugenots
1597 - French troops chase away Albrecht of Austria
1630 - Mass village of Shawmut changes name to Boston
1652 - Spanish troops occupy Dunkerk
1654 - Russian troops occupy Smolensk on Poland
1662 - Flamsteed sees solar eclipse, 1st known astronomical observation
1666 - "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi becomes Islamiet
1668 - King John II Casimir of Poland resigns, flees to France
1701 - James Francis Edward Stuart, sometimes called the "Old Pretender", becomes the Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England and Scotland.
1702 - Emperor Leopold I declares war on France, Cologne & Bavaria
1729 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Groningen
1741 - George Frederick Handel's "The Messiah," premieres in Dublin
1747 - French troops occupy Bergen on Zoom
1782 - Great Seal of US used for 1st time
1795 - British capture Capetown South Africa
1795 - United Kingdom conquers Cape Town, South Africa.
1810 - Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, which called for the end of Spanish rule Mexican Independence Day celebrates this event
1812 - Fire of Moscow
1830 - Oliver Wendell Holmes writes "Old Ironsides"
1847 - United Shakespeare Company buys his home in Stratford-upon-Avon
1848 - Slavery abolished in all French territories
1857 - Mexican constitution of force (fiercely attacked by Pope Pius IX)
1857 - Typesetting machine patent
1858 - 1st overland mail for California
1859 - Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone
1861 - Battle of Princeton WV
1861 - British Post Office Savings Banks opens
1862 - Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md)
1862 - Gen Bragg's army surrounds 4,000 federals at Munfordville, KY
1862 - Liliuokalani, queen of Hawaii (1891-93) marries John Owen Dominis
1863 - Robert College of Istanbul-Turkey, the first American educational institution outside the United States, is founded by Christopher Robert, an American philanthropist.
1864 - Battle of Coggin's Point, Virginia (Hampton-Rosser Cattle Raid)
1867 - Ottawa Rough Riders & Senators play Canadian Football game
1873 - German troops leave France
1885 - Puritan (US) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup
1890 - Newswriter George Whitney Calhoun names Green Bay team Packers
1892 - Amsterdam swim club renamed "The Y"
1893 - Cherokee Strip, Oklahoma opens white settlement homesteaders
1901 - Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County.
1906 - Kaarlo Nieminen wins 1st Finnish marathon
1906 - Roald Amundsen discovers Magnetic South Pole
1908 - Carriage-maker, William Durant, founded General Motors Corp
1908 - William Crapo Durant incorporates General Motors in Janesville Wisc
1913 - 1000s of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
1915 - Czar Nicolas II adjourns 4th Duma
1915 - US takes control of customs & finances of Haiti for 10 years
1919 - American Legion incorporated by an act of Congress
1919 - Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
1920 - Bomb explosion in Wall Street, kills 30
1922 - 42nd US Mens Tennis: Bill Tilden beats W M Johnston (46 36 62 63 64)
1922 - Turkish troops chase Greeks out of Asia
1924 - Cardinal Jim Bottomley bats in 12 RBIs in 1 game
1926 - -22] Hurricane in Florida & Alabama, kills 372
1926 - Italian-Romanian peace treaty signed
1926 - Philip Dunning & George Abbott's "Broadway," premieres in NYC
1926 - St Louis Cards beat Phillies 23-3
1927 - Rene Lacoste beats Bill Tilden for US Lawn Tennis Assn title
1928 - Hurricane hits West Palm Beach-Lake Okeechobee Florida; 3,000 die
1929 - Police shoots at strikers at Maastricht, 2 killed
1930 - Phillies trailing 10-5, score 5 in 9th, then Pirates score 4 in top of 10th, so Phillies score 5 in bottom of 10th to win 15-14
1931 - Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (NYC)
1931 - St Louis Cards repeat as NL champions with a 6-3 win over Phillies
1932 - 30.8 cm rainfall at Westerly, Rhode Island (state record)
1938 - George E T Eyston sets world auto speed record at 357.5 MPH
1939 - 53rd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (60 810 64)
1939 - 59th US Mens Tennis: Robert L Riggs beats S Welby van Horn (64 62 64)
1939 - NY Yankees clinch their 11th & 4th successive pennant
1940 - Dutch SS forms
1940 - FDR signs Selective Training & Service Act (1st peacetime draft)
1940 - Leo Durocher suspended from Ebbetts Field for "inciting a riot"
1940 - Luftwaffe attacks center of London
1940 - Samuel T Rayburn of Tx elected speaker of House
1940 - St Louis Browns Johnny Lucadello is 2nd to HR from each side of plate
1941 - German armour troops surround Kiev Ukraine
1941 - Hitler orders for every dead German, 100 Yugoslavian be killed
1941 - Jews of Vilna Poland confined to Ghetto
1942 - Japanese attack on Port Moresby repelled
1943 - Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno
1943 - Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny
1945 - Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low)
1947 - John Cobb sets world auto speed record at 394.2 MPH
1947 - Typhoon Kathleen hit Saitama, Tokyo and Tone River erea, at least 1,930 killed.
1948 - "Heaven on Earth" opens at Century Theater NYC for 12 performances
1948 - "Mr Strauss Goes to Boston" closes at Century NYC after 12 perfs
1949 - KABC TV channel 7 in Los Angeles, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - Cleveland Rams (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, beat Phila 35-10)
1950 - Viet Minh-offensive against French bases in Vietnam
1951 - 6th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls
1951 - NL ump Frank Dascoli clears the Dogers bench ejecting 15 players
1953 - AL approves St Louis Browns move to become Baltimore Orioles
1954 - CKLW TV channel 9 in Windsor, ON (CBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Bauer & Berra homer in 9th beating Red Sox 5-4 taking over 1st
1955 - US Auto Club forms to oversee 4 major auto reacing categories
1955 - Yankee Mickey Mantle pulls a hamstring muscle running out a bunt
1956 - Marlene Bauer wins LPGA Clock Golf Open
1957 - Coup in Thailand (Premier Songgram deposed)
1957 - LA City Council approves 300-acre site in Chavez Ravine for Dodgers
1959 - President De Gaulle recognizes Algerian right of self determination
1960 - Amos Alonzo Stagg retires as a football coach at 98
1960 - Mil Brave Warren Spahn no-hits Phila Phillies, 4-0
1961 - CDU loses West German election
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1961 - WLKY TV channel 32 in Louisville, KY (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 - Brian Kilby wins marathon: (2:23:18.8)
1962 - Gerda Kroon runs European record 800 m in 2:02.8
1962 - Public TV channel 13 begins in NYC
1962 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Sacramento Golf Open
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1963 - "Outer Limits" premieres on ABC-TV
1963 - Malaysia formed from Malaya, Singapore, Br No Borneo & Sarawak
1963 - WVAN TV channel 9 in Savannah, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - "Shindig" premieres on ABC-TV
1965 - Boston Red Sox Dave Morehead no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0
1965 - Sobibor trial opens in Hagen West Germany
1966 - Metropolitan Opera opens at NY's Lincoln Center
1967 - Anni Pede runs female world record marathon (3:07:26)
1967 - KPAZ TV channel 21 in Phoenix, AZ (IND) begins broadcasting
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1968 - KLNI (now KADN) TV channel 15 in Lafayette, LA (IND) begins
1968 - Richard Nixon appears on "Laugh-in"
1970 - Jordan king Hussein forms military govt
1971 - 6 Klansmen arrested in connection with bombing of 10 school buses
1971 - West German chancellor Willy Brandt meets with soviet pres Brezhnev
1972 - 1st TV series about mixed marriage-Bridgit Loves Bernie
1972 - Penny Marshall appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Fly Unfriendly Skies"
1973 - "Desert Song" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 15 performances
1973 - Buff Bill OJ Simpson rushes 250 yards (2 TDs), beating NE Pats 31-13
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
1974 - BART begins regular transbay service
1974 - Bob Dylan records Blood on the Tracks
1974 - Pres Ford announces conditional amnesty for US, Vietnam War deserters
1974 - US General Haig becomes NATO-supreme commander in Europe
1975 - Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia (National Day)
1975 - Pirates beat Cubs 22-0, Rennie Stennett is 3rd to go 7 for 7
1975 - Rennie Stennett is 2nd to hit 7-for-7 in a 9-inning game
1975 - The first prototype of the MiG-31 interceptor makes its maiden flight.
1976 - Egypt president Sadat re-elected
1976 - Episcopal Church approves ordination of women as priests & bishop
1976 - Shavarsh Karapetyan saves 20 people from the trolleybus that had fallen into Erevan reservoir.
1977 - 90 minute pilot of "Logan's Run" premieres on TV
1977 - Ringo releases "Drowning in Sea of Love"
1977 - Seattle beats Royals, 4-1, to end KC's winning streak at 16 games
1978 - 25,000 die in 7.7 earthquake in Tabar Iran
1978 - Filming on Monty Python's Life of Brian, begins
1978 - Grateful Dead perform in Cairo Egypt
1978 - Yanks beat Red Sox for 6th time in 2 weeks, 3-2
1979 - 23rd Ryder Cup: US wins, 17-11 at The Greenbrier (White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, US)
1979 - Catfish Hunter Day at Yankee Stadium
1979 - Coup in Afghanistan under Hafizullah Amin
1979 - KC's Willie Wilson hits 5th inside-the-park HR (most since 1925)
1979 - Nancy Lopez/JoAnn Washam wins Portland- Ping Team Golf Championship
1979 - USSR performs nuclear test
1981 - 1st broadcast of "Miami Vice" on NBC-TV
1982 - Massacre of 1000+ Palestinian refugees at Chatila & Sabra begins
1983 - Arnold Schwarzenegger becomes a US citizen
1984 - "Miami Vice" premieres
1984 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1984 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1986 - Fire in Kinross gold mine, Transvaal South Africa, 177 killed
1987 - Calif's Bob Boone catches record 1,919th major league game
1987 - NASA launches space vehicle S-209
1987 - NY's WNET-TV channel 13 begins round clock broadcasting
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1988 - Cin Reds Tom Browning pitches a perfect game, beats Dodgers, 1-0
1988 - Fish leaves rock group Marillion
1988 - Javed Miandad completes 211, his 5th Test Cricket double, v Australia
1988 - Jury awards Valerie Harper $1.6 M in dispute over TV series
1988 - Tom Browning of Cincinnati Reds pitches a perfect game against LA
1989 - Debbye Turner (Mont), 23, crowned 63rd Miss America 1990
1989 - Singer Natalie Cole marries record producer Andre Fisher
1990 - 101 year old Sam Ackerman weds 95 year old Eva in New Rochelle NY
1990 - 42nd Emmy Awards: LA Law, Murphy Brown, Peter Falk & Patricia Wettig
1990 - Dennis Quaid & Meg Ryan wed
1990 - Iraq televises an 8 minute uncensored speech from George Bush
1990 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1990 - Pirate Radio NY International begins transmissions on WWCR
1991 - Atlanta's Otis Nixon suspended for rest of 1991 due to cocaine
1991 - US trial of Panamanian leader Noriega begins
1991 - Norm Charlton suspended for 7 days for intentionally hitting Steve Scioscia with a pitch
1992 - "Les Miserables," opens at Nuevo Apolo, Madrid
1992 - 900 die in flood in Pakistan
1992 - FCC votes to allow competition for local phone service
1992 - Vanna White suffers a miscarriage
1993 - Minn Twins Dave Winfield, is 19th to get 3,000 hits
1993 - Singer Karen Akers (48) weds businessman Kevin Powers (41)
1994 - Fire Dept puts out smokey electrical fire in White House
1995 - Greg Maddux of Braves sets record of 17 consecutive road victory
1995 - Shawntel Smith (Okla), 24, crowned 69th Miss America 1996
1995 - Stephen Hawkins (53) wets Elaine Mason
1996 - 1st one-day international in Canada, India v Pakistan at Toronto
1996 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Panama City FL on WTBB 97.7 FM
1996 - Paul Molitor of Twins is 21st player to reach 3,000 hits
1996 - Space Shuttle STS 79 (Atlantis 17), launches into space
1997 - ABL MVP Nikki McCray signs with WNBA
1997 - Apple Computer Inc names co-founder Steve Jobs temporary CEO
1997 - Mark McGwire signs with the St Louis Cards for $26M
2000 - Sammy Sosa's becomes the second player to hit 50 or more home runs in three consecutive years, joining Mark McGwire
2005 - Camorra boss Paolo Di Lauro is arrested in Naples.
2007 - One-Two-GO Airlines Flight 269 carrying 128 crew and passengers crashes in Thailand killing 89 people.
2008 - Rentrer en soi announces that they would be breaking up.
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