Famous Events on this Day in History, September 12:1015 - Henry I becomes earl of Leuven
1213 - Battle at Muret: Crusade of Simon de Montfort beat Pedro II of Aragon
1217 - French prince Louis & English king Henry III sign peace treaty
1229 - The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Ponça, Majorca, with the purpose of conquering the island.
1396 - Crusaders under earl of Nevers reaches Nicopolis
1543 - Treaty of Venlo: Duke Willem of Gulik & Emperor Charles V
1556 - Emperor Charles resigns, his brother Ferdinand van Austria takes over
1624 - 1st submarine tested (London)
1635 - Sweden & Poland sign ceasefire Treaty of Stuhmsdorf
1639 - Viceroy Thomas Wentworth sails back to England
1666 - -16] Great Fire in London ends, kills 8 [OS=Sept 2]
1673 - Prince Willem III occupies Naarden
1683 - Turkish troops attacks Vienna overthrows by Polish king Sobieski
1683 - Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
1695 - NY Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
1703 - Emperor Leopold I ends contacts on Spanish heritage
1703 - English army under arch duke Charles of Austria lands in Portugal
1720 - Isaak of Hoornbeek elected Dutch pension advisor
1722 - Russian troops occupy Baku & Derbent on Persia
1733 - Polish Landowners select Stanislaw Lesczynski king
1745 - Duke of Toscane chosen German emperor Frans I Stefanus
1751 - Amsterdam refuses establishment of Jewish ghetto
1758 - Charles Messier observes Crab Nebula & begins catalog
1759 - British soldiers capture the town of Quebec.
1776 - Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp (127th St) for spy mission
1787 - Black Masons form 1st lodge
1814 - Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
1840 - Composer Robert Schumann marries Clara Wieck
1847 - Mexican-American War: the Battle of Chapultepec begins.
1848 - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
1857 - 423 die when "Central America" sinks off Cape Romain SC
1862 - Battle of Harpers Ferry VA
1867 - 2nd synagogue in Curacao, Emanu-El of Willemstad, inaugurated
1874 - 1874 The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded.
1876 - King Leopold II opens Congo-conference
1878 - Cleopatra Needle installed in London
1882 - Belgian King Leopold II receives Pierre de Brazza
1885 - Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set
1888 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Greek Interpreter" (BG)
1890 - Cecil Rhodes' colonies reach Mashonaland (Ft Salisbury)
1890 - Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded.
1895 - Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (Engld) in 10th America's Cup
1897 - Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi
1901 - Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
1906 - The Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar.
1907 - Lusitania arrives in NYC after 5 day crossing of Atlantic (record)
1908 - Winston Churchill marries Clementine Hozier
1910 - Gustav Mahlers 8th Symphony premieres in Munich with 1028 musicians
1910 - World's 1st female cop, Alice Stebbins Wells, appointed (LAPD)
1911 - Boston's Cy Young vs Christy Mathewson of Giants, Giants win 9-0
1912 - Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
1914 - Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager
1918 - During WW I, US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel
1920 - 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
1922 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 5000m (14:35.4)
1923 - Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
1925 - 20th Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (5-0)
1927 - Sigmund Romberg's musical "My Maryland," premieres in NYC
1928 - -17] Hurricane in Florida, kills 6,000
1928 - Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in "Night Hostess"
1930 - Brooklyn catcher Al Lopez hits major league's last recorded bounce HR
1931 - 51st US Mens Tennis: H E Vines beats George M Lott Jr (79 63 97 75)
1932 - Bkln Dodger Johnny Frederick hits his record 6th pinch hit HR
1932 - German govt of Papen falls/Reichstag dissolved
1933 - Alejandro Lerroux forms new Spanish govt
1933 - Dutch parliament accepts ban on uniforms
1933 - Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction.
1934 - Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania signs Baltic Entente, against USSR
1935 - 55th US Mens Tennis: Wilmer L Allison beats Sidney B Wood (62 62 63)
1935 - Millionaire Howard Hughes flies his own designed plane at 352.46 mph
1936 - 50th US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (46 63 62)
1936 - 56th US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats J Donald Budge (26 62 86 16 108)
1938 - Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
1940 - 49 die & 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
1940 - Italian troops enter Egypt
1940 - 4 teens, following their dog down a hole near Lascaux France discover 17,000-year-old drawings now known as Lascaux Cave Paintings
1941 - 1st German ship in WW II captured by US ship (Busko)
1942 - Battle of Edson's Ridge begins at Guadalcanal
1942 - Free-Poland & Belgium asks pope to condemn nazi-war crimes
1943 - Free French lands on Corsica
1943 - Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Mussolini at Gran Sasso
1943 - German paratroopers, on orders of Adolf Hitler, seize former Italian dictator Benito Mussolini who was being held prisoner by the govt
1944 - -16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC
1944 - Noorbeek & Mheer freed
1944 - US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time
1946 - Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels
1947 - Pirate Ralph Kiner hits his record 8th HR in 4 games
1948 - Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death.
1949 - Theodor Heuss elected 1st pres/Conrad Adenauer 1st PM of German FR
1950 - Belgian govt dismisses all communist civil servants
1952 - Noel Coward's "Quadrille," premieres in London
1953 - "Carnival in Flanders" closes at New Century Theater NYC after 6 perfs
1953 - Brooklyn Dodgers, clinch NL pennant earlier than any other team
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev becomes 1st Secretary of USSR Communist Party
1953 - Sen John F Kennedy, 36, marries Jacqueline Bouvier, 24
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open
1954 - Indians sweep Yanks at Municipal Stadium; largest AL crowd (86,563)
1954 - WLBZ TV channel 2 in Bangor, ME (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - White Sox win 90th game, 1st time they win this many since 1920
1955 - KNTV TV channel 11 in San Jose, CA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Black students enter & are barred from Clay Ky elementary school
1957 - Archbishop Makarios of Cyprus visits US
1958 - US Supreme Court orders Little Rock Ark high school to integrate
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - "Bonanza" premieres on NBC-TV
1959 - Janos Kádár becomes premier of Hungary
1959 - Luna 2 launched by USSR; 1st spacecraft to impact on Moon
1960 - "Vintage '60" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 8 performances
1960 - John F. Kennedy avers he does not speak for the Roman Catholic Church, and neither does the Church speak for him.
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 34,840 m
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1962 - Wash Senator Tom Cheney strikes out record 21 Orioles in 16 inn game
1963 - WHYY TV channel 12 in Wilmington, DE (PBS) begins broadcasting
1964 - 1st football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6
1964 - Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 27' 4½"
1964 - Canyonlands National Park is designated as a National Park.
1965 - 79th US Womens Tennis: Margaret Smith beats Billie Jean King (86 75)
1965 - 85th US Mens Tennis: Manuel Santana beats Cliff Drysdale (62 79 75 61)
1965 - Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida & Louisiana kills 75
1965 - Manuel Santana wins US Tennis Open
1965 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Eugene Golf Open
1965 - WCEE TV channel 23 in Rockford, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - "Monkees" premieres on NBC-TV
1966 - Gemini XI (Charles Conrad & R Gordon) launched for 71-hour flight
1966 - KPNE TV channel 9 in North Platte, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - WCES TV channel 20 in Wrens, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - WUSF TV channel 16 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (PBS) 1st broadcast
1966 - Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor Mich begins teaching
1968 - Albania announces it is withdrawing from the Warsaw Pact
1970 - 1st Concorde lands at Heathrow airport
1970 - Luna 16 Launch (Moon Sample Return)
1970 - Phyllis Ann George (Texas), 21, crowned 43rd Miss America 1971
1970 - Supersonic airliner Concorde lands for 1st time at Heathrow airport
1970 - US LSD professor Timothy Leary escapes from Calif jail
1970 - USSR launches Luna 16; returns samples from lunar Sea of Fertility
1970 - Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman.
1971 - 85th US Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Rosemary Casals (64 76)
1971 - 91st US Mens Tennis: Stan Smith beats Jan Kodes (36 63 62 76)
1972 - Ciod War: Icelandic gunboats sink 2 British trawlers in North Sea
1972 - Lord Michael Killanin succeeds Avery Brundage as head of Olympics
1973 - 2 bettors win largest US Daily Double ($19,909.60 in Detroit)
1973 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1974 - Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National Day)
1974 - Jeff "Skunk" Baxter joins Doobie Brothers
1976 - 96th US Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Bjorn Borg (64 36 76 64)
1976 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1976 - Seattle Seahawks play 1st regular-season game (St L 30, Sea 24)
1976 - White Sox Minnie Minoso, 53, is oldest to get a hit in majors
1978 - Fidel Castro visits Addis Abba
1978 - Situation comedy "Taxi" premieres on ABC television
1979 - Carl Yastrzemski, is 15th to get 3,000 hits
1979 - Hurricane Frederick hits Mobile Alabama; 5 die & $23 million damage
1979 - Indiana Pacers cut Ann Meyers, 1st woman on an NBA club
1979 - Red Carl Yastrzemski gets his 3,000th hit off Yankee Jim Beattie
1979 - Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
1980 - Military coup under General Kenan Evren in Turkey
1981 - 95th US Womens Tennis: Tracy Austin beats M Navratilova (16 76 76)
1981 - Elizabeth Ward (Arkansas), 20, crowned 54th Miss America 1982
1981 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1981 - Red Sox rookie Bob Ojeda no-hits Yanks for 8 innings before Rick Cerone & Dave Winfield lead off 9th with back-to-back doubles
1982 - 102nd US Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ivan Lendl (63 62 46 64)
1982 - Gerard Nijboer (2:15:16) & Rosa Mota (2:36:04) win marathon
1982 - Sandra Spuzich wins LPGA Mary Kay Golf Classic
1983 - Albert Rizzo trod water at sea for 108 hours 9 minutes
1983 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1983 - Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
1983 - USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
1984 - Country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident
1984 - Cyndi Lauper sings "She-Bop" on Tonight Show
1984 - Ethiopia forms socialist republic
1984 - NY Met Dwight Gooden sets rookie strike out record at 251
1985 - Flight readiness firing of Atlantis' main engines; 20 seconds
1986 - 240.49 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
1986 - Twins fire manager Ray Miller & replace him with coach Tom Kelly
1986 - US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped & held hostage in Beirut
1987 - 101st US Womens Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Steffi Graf (76 61)
1987 - Ethiopia adopts constitution
1987 - Vince Coleman steals his 100th base for 3rd straight year
1988 - 1st NFL regular-season game played in Phoenix; Cowboys beat Card
1988 - Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica
1989 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at Cirkus Theater, Stockholm
1990 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1990 - US, England, France, USSR, East & West Germanys sign agreements allowing 2 Germanys to merge
1991 - Nolan Ryan's 4-3 victory over Twins is his 312th career win
1991 - Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
1992 - 106th US Womens Tennis: Monica Seles beats A Sanchez Vicario (63 63)
1992 - Hurricane Inuki pounds Hawaii
1992 - STS-47 (Endeavour 2) launches
1992 - Stefan Edberg beats Michael Chang in what is believed to be the longest match in US Open history (5hr 26min)
1993 - 113rd US Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Cedric Pioline (64 64 63)
1993 - Donna Andrews wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
1993 - Junxia Cheek runs 3000 m ladies world record (8:12.29)
1993 - Paul Molitor at 37 is oldest to reach 100 RBIs for 1st time in career
1993 - STS-51 (Discovery) launches into orbit
1994 - Cessna crashes in White House front yard
1994 - Country singer George Jones undergoes triple bypass surgery
1994 - Parti Québécois wins parliamentary election
1995 - INXS' Michael Hutchence pleads guilty to punching a photographer
1995 - Belarus military shoots down a hydrogen balloon, killing its two American pilots.
1997 - NY Met John Olerud hits for the cycle
1999 - Indonesia announces it will allow international peace-keepers into East Timor.
2000 - Holland (the Netherlands) passes law allowing same-gender marriage, adoption and divorce.
2001 - Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America.
2001 - Ansett Australia, Australia's first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10000 people unemployed.
2003 - In Fallujah, US forces mistakenly shoot and kill eight Iraqi police officers.
2003 - The United Nations lifts sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
2005 - The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament.
2005 - Israel completes its withdrawal of all troops and settlers from the Gaza Strip.
2005 - The bodies of more than 40 patients discovered in a flooded hospital in New Orleans.
2005 - Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong.
2007 - Shinzo Abe announces his intention to resign as Prime Minister of Japan.
2007 - Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada is convicted of the crime of plunder.