Famous Events on this Day in History, September 11:

9 - The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest ends.
506 - The bishops of Visigothic Gaul meet in the Council of Agde.
813 - Charles the Great crowns Louis I emperor
1185 - Isaac II Angelus kills Stephanus Hagiochristophorites and then appeals to the people, resulting in the revolt that deposes Andronicus I Comnenus and places Isaac on the throne of the Byzantine Empire.
1226 - The Roman Catholic practice of public adoration of the Blessed Sacrament outside of Mass spreads from monasteries to parishes.
1297 - Battle at Stirling Bridge, Scottish rebel Wm Wallace beats English
1304 - Willem III becomes earl of Holland
1390 - Lithuanian Civil War (1389-1392): the Teutonic Knights begin a five-week siege of Vilnius.
1541 - Santiago, Chile, is destroyed by indigenous warriors, lead by Michimalonko.
1557 - Catholic & Lutheran theology debated in Worm
1609 - Expulsion order announced against the Moriscos of Valencia; beginning of the expulsion of all Spain's Moriscos.
1645 - Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies Bristol
1648 - -13] Battle at Pilawce: Bohdan Chmielricki's beats John Casimir [OS]
1649 - Massacre of Drogheda-Cromwell kills 3,000 royalists
1649 - Oliver Cromwell seizes Drogheda Ireland, most inhabitants massacred
1697 - Battle at Zenta: Prince Eugen van Savoye beats Turkish superior power
1708 - Charles XII of Sweden stops his march to conquer Moscow outside Smolensk, marking the turning point in the Great Northern War. The army is defeated nine months later in the Battle of Poltava, and the Swedish empire is no longer a major power.
1709 - Battle at Malplaquet: Engl/Aust/Dutch Great Alliance beat France
1714 - French & Spanish troops under duke of Berwick occupy Barcelona
1741 - Queen Maria Theresa addresses Hungarian Parliament
1758 - Battle of Saint Cast France repels British invasion during the Seven Year's War.
1773 - Benjamin Franklin writes "There never was a good war or bad peace"
1777 - Battle of Brandywine, Pa; Americans lose to British
1786 - Annapolis Convention to determine interstate commerce
1789 - Alexander Hamilton appointed 1st Secretary of Treasury
1792 - The Hope Diamond is stolen along with other crown jewels when six men break into the house used to store the jewels.
1802 - France annexes the Kingdom of Piedmont.
1814 - Battle of Lake Champlain, NY; American Navy defeats British
1831 - Charles Darwin meets with capt Fitzroy at Plymouth
1839 - 1st Canadian track & field meet held (Caer Howell Grounds)
1847 - 1st singing of Stephen Fosters "Susanna" (in Pittsburgh)
1850 - "Swedish Nightingale" Jenny Lind gives 1st US concert
1852 - Olympia Columbian is 1st newspaper published north of Columbia R
1853 - 1st electric telegraph used (Merchant's Exchange to Pt Lobos)
1857 - Mountain Meadows Massacre, Mormons dressed as Indians murder 120 colonists in Utah
1875 - 1st newspaper cartoon strip
1877 - Rijkslandbouwhoge school opens in Wageningen
1881 - Triple landslides bury Elm Switz
1883 - James Cutler patents postal mail chute
1885 - Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia
1886 - Mayflower (US) beats Galatea (England) in 7th America's Cup
1888 - Death of the Argentine politician Domingo Sarmiento, after whom the Latin American Teacher's Day is chosen.
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Crooked Man" (BG)
1891 - The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch.
1893 - Bronx Gas & Electric Company opens on Frisby & Tremont Ave
1893 - Shaku Soen is 1st Zen teacher to visit the West (Chicago)
1893 - First conference of the World Parliament of Religions is held.
1895 - FA Cup stolen in Birmingham
1897 - After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom.
1900 - President Kruger crosses border with Mozambique
1903 - The first race at The Milwaukee Mile in West Allis, Wisconsin is held. It is the oldest major speedway in the world.
1906 - Mahatma Gandhi coins the term "Satyagraha" to characterize the Non-Violence movement in South Africa.
1909 - Max Wolf rediscovers Halley's comet
1910 - 1st commercially successful electric bus line opens (Hollywood)
1912 - Netherland Olympic Committee forms
1912 - Phila A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game
1914 - William Christopher Handy publishes "St Louis Blues"
1914 - Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there.
1916 - German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
1916 - The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses, killing 11 men. The bridge initially collapsed in toto on August 29, 1907.
1918 - Boston Red Sox beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 2 in 15th World Series
1919 - US marines invade Honduras
1921 - Nahalal, the first moshav in Israel, is settled.
1922 - British mandate of Palestine begins
1922 - Yankees play their farewell home game in Polo Grounds win doubleheader
1922 - The Treaty of Kars is ratified in Yerevan, Armenia.
1922 - One of the Herald Sun of Melbourne, Australia's predecessor papers The Sun News-Pictorial is founded.
1923 - After a single, Red Sox Howard Ehmke retires next 27 Yanks
1923 - Bernie Neis, hits the 1,000th Dodger home run
1923 - ZR-1 (biggest active dirigible) flies over NY's tallest skyscraper, Woolworth Tower
1926 - 21st Davis Cup: USA beats France in Philadelphia (4-1)
1926 - Aloha Tower dedicated in Honolulu
1926 - Spain leaves League of Nation due to Germany joining
1926 - US defeats France for their 7th straight Davis Cup championship
1926 - Yanks' Bob Meusel ties record with 3 sacrifice flies
1927 - After losing 21 in a row to NY, the Browns win their last meeting, 6-2
1927 - Babe Ruth hits 50th of 60 homers
1928 - 1st TV drama-WGY's Queens Messenger
1928 - Ty Cobb last hitting appearance, pops out against Yankees
1929 - SF Mayor Rolph inaugurates new pedestrian traffic light system
1930 - Stomboli volcano (Sicily) throws 2-ton basaltic rocks 2 miles
1931 - Salvatore Maranzano is murdered by Charles Luciano's hitmen.
1932 - Franciszek Zwirko and Stanislaw Wigura, Polish Challenge 1932 winners, are killed in a plane crash when their RWD 6 crashes into the ground during a storm.
1933 - Britain's Fred Perry thwarts Australian Jack Crawford's bid for a Grand Slam by defeating him at US Tennis championship
1935 - 49th US Womens Tennis: H H Jacobs beats Sarah H Palfrey Fabyan (62 64)
1935 - US captures Davis Cup for 7th straight year
1936 - A's pitcher Horace Lisenbee gives up 26 hits in a game
1936 - FDR dedicates Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam
1937 - 51st US Womens Tennis: Anita Lizana beats Jadwiga Jedrzejowska (64 62)
1937 - 57th US Mens Tennis: J D Budge beats G v Cramm (61 79 61 36 61)
1939 - Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw
1939 - British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley
1939 - Iraq & Saudi Arabia declare war on nazi-Germany
1940 - -12] Buckingham Palace destroyed by German bombs
1940 - 54th Postmaster General: Frank C Walker of Pa takes office
1940 - Anton Mussert establishes Dutch SS
1940 - Buckingham Palace in London destroyed by German bombs
1940 - Hitler begins operation-Seelöwe (aborted invasion England)
1940 - George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
1941 - Belgium King Leopold secretly marries Lilian Baels
1941 - FDR orders any Axis ship found in American waters be shot on sight
1941 - Charles Lindbergh, charges "British, Jewish & Roosevelt administration" are trying to get US into WW II
1941 - World War II: The U.S. Navy is ordered to attack German U-boats.
1942 - Transport nr 31 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1943 - Allied arm forces conquerors Salerno
1943 - Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated
1943 - Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island
1943 - US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea
1944 - FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference
1944 - US 5th pantzer division is 1st to enter nazi-Germany
1946 - 1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation
1950 - "Beetle Bailey" comic strip debuts
1950 - 1st typesetting machine to dispense with metal type exhibited
1950 - 33 die in a train crash in Coshocton Ohio
1950 - Dick Tracy TV show sparks uproar concerning violence
1951 - Stravinsky's opera "Rake's Progress," premieres in Venice
1951 - Florence Chadwick becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel from England to France. It takes 16 hours & 19 minutes
1952 - West German Chancellor Adenauer signs a reparation pact for Jews
1953 - KSBW TV channel 8 in Salinas-Monterey, CA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WEHT TV channel 25 in Evansville, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - 1st Miss America TV broadcast
1954 - 20.4 cm rainfall at Brunswick, Maine (state record)
1954 - KXJB TV channel 4 in Valley City (Fargo) (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Lee Meriwether (Calif), 19, crowned 27th Miss America 1955 (1st on TV)
1955 - 69th US Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats Patricia Ward (64 62)
1955 - 75th US Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Ken Rosewall beats (97 63 63)
1955 - KTVT TV channel 11 in Fort Worth-Dallas, TX (IND) begins broadcasting
1955 - Dedication of the first Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Europe, the Bern Switzerland Temple.
1956 - Cin Red Frank Robinson ties rookie record with his 38th HR
1956 - Vladimir Kuts runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
1956 - Yanks Yogi Berra ties career record for HRs (236) by a catcher
1958 - Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1959 - "Duke" Ellington wins Springarn Medal for his musical achievements
1959 - Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans
1959 - Elroy Face's 22 game win streak ends as Dodgers beat Pirates 5-4
1959 - Oriole Jerry Walker pitches 16 inn beating White Sox 1-0
1960 - 17th Olympic games close in Rome Italy
1960 - 74th US Womens Tennis: Darlene R Hard beats Maria Fraser (64 1012 64)
1960 - 80th US Mens Tennis: Neale A Fraser beats Rodney G Laver (64 64 97)
1960 - The Young Americans for Freedom, meeting at home of William F. Buckley, Jr., promulgate the Sharon Statement.
1961 - Bob Dylan's 1st NY performance
1961 - Foundation of the World Wildlife Fund.
1962 - Beatles cut "Love Me Do" & "PS I Love You" with Andy White on drums
1962 - Drummer Ringo Starr replaces Pete Best of the Beatles
1962 - KVCR TV channel 24 in San Bernardino, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 - Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage
1964 - George Harrison forms Mornyork Ltd music publishing company
1964 - Gillette's 20 year contract with MSG & ABC to televise fights for free ends as Dick Tiger defeats Don Fullmer at Cleve Auditorium
1965 - Beatles' "Help!," album goes #1 & stays #1 for 9 weeks
1965 - Braves 2nd straight one-hitter against the Mets
1965 - The 1st Cavalry Division of the United States Army arrives in Vietnam.
1966 - 80th US Womens Tennis: M Esther Bueno-Fraiser beats N Richey (63 61)
1966 - 86th US Mens Tennis: Fred Stolle beats John Newcombe (46 12-10 63 64)
1966 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1966 - Johnny Miller becomes 1st Yank to hit a HR on his 1st at bat
1966 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Pacific Ladies' Golf Classic
1966 - Rolling Stones perform on Ed Sullivan Show
1967 - A's drop grievance filed with Natl Labor Relations against C Finley
1967 - Beatles' Magical Mystery Bus driven around England
1967 - French president De Gaulle visits Poland
1967 - Indian/Chinese border fights
1967 - US Surveyor 5 makes 1st chemical analysis of lunar material
1967 - WSRE TV channel 23 in Pensacola, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WUNE TV channel 17 in Linville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WUNF TV channel 33 in Asheville, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WUNG TV channel 58 in Concord, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Air France Flight 1611 crashes off Nice, France, killing 89 passengers and 6 crew.
1969 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1970 - 88 of the hostages from the Dawson's Field hijackings are released. The remaining hostages, mostly Jews and Israeli citizens, are held until September 25.
1970 - The Ford Pinto is introduced.
1971 - "2 by 2" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 343 performances
1971 - Egypt adopts its constitution
1971 - Laurel Lea Schaefer (Ohio), 22, crowned 44th Miss America 1972
1971 - The Egyptian Constitution becomes official.
1972 - BART begins service with a 26-mi (42-km) line from Oakland to Fremont
1973 - Chile's President, Salvador Allende, deposed in a military coup
1974 - Cards beat Mets, 4-3, in 25 (7h4m), record 202 plate appearances, Félix Millán & John Milner come to bat 12 times each
1976 - Dorothy Kathleen Benham (Minn), 20, crowned 49th Miss America 1977
1976 - Minnie Minoso bats for White Sox after a 12-year hiatus (hitless)
1976 - 90th US Womens Tennis: C E L Mills beats E Goolagong Cawley (63 60) Evonne Goolagong loses her 4th straight US Open Final (Evert wins)
1977 - 29th Emmy Awards: Mary Tyler Moore Show, Carroll O'Conner & Bea Arthur
1977 - 97th US Mens Tennis: Guillermo Vilas beats Jimmy Connors (26 63 75 60)
1977 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1977 - TV's Rhoda gets divorced
1980 - Chile adopts its constitution
1980 - Ron LeFlore (91st) & Rodney Scott (58th), set teammate steal record
1981 - 2nd govt of Agt forms
1982 - 96th US Womens Tennis: C E L Mills beats Hana Mandlikova (63 61)
1982 - Debbie Maffett (Calif), 25, crowned 55th Miss America 1983
1982 - Chris Evert wins her 6th & final US Open Tennis match at West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills NY
1983 - 103rd US Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ivan Lendl (63 67 75 60)
1983 - Fashion designer Donna Karen marries Stephan Weiss
1983 - Franco Harris becomes 3rd NFL to rush 11,000 yards
1983 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship
1983 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1985 - Flyby of Comet Giacobini-Zinner
1985 - Intl Cometary Explorer (ISEE 3) passes Giacobini-Zinner by 7900 km
1985 - Sri Lanka score their 1st Test Cricket victory, by 149 runs v India
1985 - Pete Rose of Cin Reds gets career hit 4,192 off Eric Show of San Diego Padres, eclipsing Ty Cobb's record
1986 - Pres Mubarak receives Israeli premier Peres
1986 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded
1987 - 4th MTV Awards: Peter Gabriel wins
1987 - Shoot out at Jean-Bertrand Aristides' church in Haiti, 12 die
1988 - 1/3 of population argues for Estonia autonomy
1988 - Betsy King wins LPGA Cellular One-Ping Golf Championship
1988 - Sports Aid-jogging to feed the world
1988 - 108th US Mens Tennis: Mats Wilander beats Ivan Lendl (64 46 63 57 64) in 4hrs 55 min - longest men's final in US Open history
1989 - Drexel formally pleads guilty to security fraud
1989 - KSO-AM in Des Moines Iowa changes call letters to KGGO
1991 - "La Toya: Growing Up in The Jackson Family" goes on sale
1991 - 14 die in a Continental Express commuter plane crash near Houston
1991 - Air crash at Djeddah, Saudi-Arabia, 263 die
1991 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1991 - NY Yankees final game at Baltimore Oriole's Memorial Stadium
1991 - Atlanta Braves Kent Mercker, Mark Wohlers & Alejandro Pena pitched 1st combined no-hitter in NL, beating San Diego Padres, 1-0
1992 - Hurricane Iniki hits Kauai Hawaii; 3 die & 8,000 injured
1993 - 107th US Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Helena Sukova (63 63)
1993 - Junxia Qu runs 1500m ladies world record (3:50.46)
1994 - 114th US Mens Tennis: Andre Agassi beats Michael Stich (61 76 75)
1994 - 46th Emmy Awards: Fraiser, Picket Fences & Kelsey Grammer wins
1994 - Jingyi Le swims female world record 50m freestyle
1994 - Missie McGeorge wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
1995 - Eastern Tennessee begins using new area code 423
1995 - Ohio's Governor Voinovich proclaims "Cleveland Indians Day"
1995 - Soyuz TM-22, lands
1996 - Union Pacific Railroad purchases Southern Pacific Railroad.
1997 - After a nationwide referendum, Scotland votes to establish a devolved parliament, within the United Kingdom.
1998 - Independent counsel Kenneth Starr sends a report to the U.S. Congress accusing President Bill Clinton of 11 possible impeachable offenses.
1998 - Opening ceremony for the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Malaysia is the first Asian country to host the games.
2000 - Activists protest against the World Economic Forum meeting in Melbourne, Australia.
2001 - Terrorists hijack two passenger planes crashing them into New York's World Trade Towers causing the collapse of both & death of 2,752 people
2001 - Terrorists hijack a passenger plane and crash it into the Pentagon causing the death of 125 people
2001 - Attempt by passengers and crew of United Airlines Flight 93 to retake control of their hijacked plane from terrorists causes plane to crash in Pennsylvania field killing all 64 people onboard
2002 - Through extreme and coordinated effort, The Pentagon is rededicated after repairs are completed, exactly one year after the attack on the building.
2003 - Swedish foreign minister Anna Lindh dies after being assaulted and fatally wounded on September 10.
2003 - The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety enters into effect.
2004 - All passengers are killed when a helicopter crashes in the Aegean Sea. Passengers include Patriarch Peter VII of Alexandria and 16 others (including journalists and bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church of Alexandria).
2005 - The State of Israel completes its unilateral disengagement from the Gaza Strip.
2007 - Russia tests the largest conventional weapon ever, the Father of all bombs.
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