Famous Events on this Day in History, September 09:

701 - St Sergius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1000 - Battle of Svolder, Viking Age.
1379 - Treaty of Neuberg, splitting the Austrian Habsburg lands between the Habsburg Dukes Albert III and Leopold III.
1492 - Columbus' fleet sets sail west
1493 - Battle of Krbava field, a decisive defeat of Croats in Croatian struggle against the Ottoman Empire invasion.
1513 - Battle of Flodden Fields; English defeat James IV of Scotland
1543 - Mary Stuart, at nine months old, is crowned "Queen of Scots" in the central Scottish town of Stirling.
1556 - Pope Paul IV refuses to crown Ferdinand of Austria emperor
1561 - Sermon of Poissy
1567 - Lomaraal van Egmond & Philip van Hoorne captured
1591 - -10] Battle at Flores Azores: Spanish beat English
1675 - New England colonies declare war on Wampanoag indians
1683 - Expelled Polish & Lotharings reach Wienerwald
1739 - Slave revolt in Stono SC led by Jemmy (25 whites killed)
1753 - 1st steam engine arrives in US colonies
1776 - Continental Congress renames "United Colonies," "US"
1817 - Alexander Lucius Twilight, probably 1st black to graduate from US college, receives BA degree at Middlebury College
1830 - Charles Durant, 1st US aeronaut, flies a balloon from Castle Garden, NYC to Perth Amboy, NJ
1839 - John Herschel takes 1st glass plate photograph
1841 - Great Lakes steamer "Erie" sinks off Silver Creek NY, kills 300
1850 - California becomes 31st state
1850 - Territories of New Mexico & Utah created
1850 - California is admitted as the thirty-first U.S. state.
1861 - Sally Tompkins is only Confederate Army female commissioned officer
1862 - Lee splits his army & sends Jackson to capture Harpers Ferry
1863 - Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN
1867 - Luxembourg gains independence
1875 - Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
1880 - President Hayes visits SF
1881 - Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
1886 - The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works is finalized.
1892 - E E Barnard at Lick discovers Amalthea, 5th Jupiter moon
1895 - American Bowling Congress forms (NYC)
1898 - Ottawa Football Club re-organizes into the Rough Riders
1899 - French Capt Alfred Dreyfus sentenced on unjust grounds
1903 - 6 km long Engadin-railroad tunnel of Switzerland inaugurated
1904 - Mounted police 1st used in NYC
1904 - Boston Herald again refers to NY baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2," Yankee name not official till 1913
1908 - Orville Wright makes 1st 1-hr airplane flight, Fort Myer, Va
1908 - Russia takes part of Poland
1909 - Jack Johnson fights Al Kaufman to no decision in 10 for boxing title
1911 - 1st European airpost (Hendon to Windsor, England)
1912 - J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
1913 - Assn for Study of Negro Life & History organizes in Chicago
1914 - -12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp
1914 - Battle of Marne (German advance stalls, Paris saved)
1914 - Boston Brave George Davis no-hits Phila Phillies, 7-0
1914 - World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
1915 - Assn for study of Negro Life & History forms by Carter G Woodson
1918 - Dutch govt of Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
1919 - Boston's police force forms strike
1922 - St Louis Brown "Baby Doll" Jacobson hits 3 triples beating Tigers 16-0
1922 - Turkish troops conquer Smyrna/murder Greek citizens
1922 - William T Cosgrave replaces Irish premier Collins
1923 - Albin Stenroos runs world record 20 km (1:07:11.2)
1924 - Hanapepe Massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
1926 - National Broadcasting Co created by Radio Corporation of America
1926 - Train disaster at Wassenaar Neth, 4 die
1926 - The U.S. National Broadcasting Company formed.
1927 - Tony Lazzeri Day at Yankee Stadium
1928 - Silvio Cator of Haiti, sets then long jump record at 26' ½"
1932 - Frank Crosetti ties record, striking out twice in 1 inning
1932 - Mine strikes at Belgian Borinage ended
1932 - Spanish Cortes grants Catalonia autonomy
1932 - Steamboat SS Observation explodes in NYC East River (71 killed)
1933 - 53rd US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Jack Crawford (63 1113 46 60 61)
1934 - Armas Toivonen becomes 1st European marathoner (2:52:29.0)
1934 - G Kaufman & M Hart's "Merrily We Roll Along," premieres in NYC
1936 - Yankees sweep Indians, NY clinches pennant on earliest date in history
1939 - Nazi army reaches Warsaw
1940 - 28 German aircraft shot down above England
1940 - 60th US Mens Tennis: W D McNeill beats Robert L Riggs (46 68 63 63 75)
1942 - 1st bombing on continental US soil, Mount Emily Oregon (WW II)
1942 - Compulsory work for women, children & old males in Batavia
1942 - Japanese planes drop incendiary bombs on Oregon
1943 - 15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome
1943 - Italy surrenders to Allies
1943 - Lt-Gen Bradley flies from Algiers to to Marrakech/Prestwick
1943 - Red Army occupies Bachmatsj
1943 - US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche)
1944 - Allied forces liberate Luxembourg
1944 - Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day)
1944 - Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal Neth
1944 - US 113th cavalry passes Belg-Dutch borders
1944 - Very strong hurricane hits Netherland
1945 - Japanese in S Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies
1945 - Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR
1945 - Phila A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0
1945 - 1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay & taped into the log
1948 - "Hilarities (of 1949)" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 14 perfs
1948 - Bkln Dodger Rex Barney no-hits NY Giants, 2-0
1948 - People's Democratic Republic of Korea proclaimed
1950 - "Texas, Li'l Darlin'" closes at Mark Hellinger NYC after 293 perfs
1950 - "Where's Chartev?" closes at St James Theater NYC after 792 perfs
1950 - 1st use of TV laugh track-Hank McCune
1950 - Massive arrests of communists in France
1951 - 1st broadcast of "Love of Life" on CBS-TV
1951 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Carrollton Georgia Golf Open
1953 - KGTV TV channel 10 in San Diego, CA (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WFIE TV channel 14 in Evansville, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Earthquake strikes Orleansville Algeria: 1,400 killed
1954 - Indians becomes 1st Cleveland team to win 100 games in a season
1955 - Don Zimmer, hits 4,000th Dodger home run
1955 - Elvis Presley's 1st appearance on Ed Sullivan's Show
1955 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open
1956 - 70th US Womens Tennis: Shirley J Fry beats Althea Gibson (63 64)
1956 - 76th US Mens Tennis: Ken Rosewall beats Lewis Hoad (46 62 63 63)
1956 - African Party for Liberation of Guinea-Bissau & Cape Verde forms
1956 - Elvis Presley appears on national TV for 1st time (Ed Sullivan)
1957 - "Diana" by Paul Anka reaches #1
1957 - Nashville's new Hattie Cotton Elementary School dynamited
1957 - Pres Eisenhower signs 1st civil rights bill since Reconstruction
1958 - Pirate Roberto Clemente ties record of 3 triples in a game
1958 - Race riots in Notting Hill Gate, London
1960 - 4th American Football League plays 1st game (Denver 13, Boston 10)
1961 - Maria Beale Fletcher (NC), 19, crowned 34th Miss America 1962
1962 - 76th US Womens Tennis: Margaret Smith Court beats Darlene Hard (97 64)
1962 - 82nd US Mens Tennis: Rodney G Laver beats Roy Emerson (62 64 57 64)
1962 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Eugene Golf Open
1962 - Soviet economist Liberman plead for autonomous businesses
1962 - WNYS (now WIXT) TV channel 9 in Syracuse, NY (ABC) begins broadcasting
1963 - Landslide into Vaiont Dam emptys lake, kills 3-4,000 (Italy)
1963 - Alabama Gov George Wallace served a federal injunction to stop orders of state police to bar black students from enrolling in white schools
1964 - German DR govt allows short visits to West Germany
1964 - John Osborne's "Inadmissable Evidence," premieres in London
1965 - Francois Mitterrand nominated for French presidency
1965 - Sandy Koufax pitches his 4th no-hitter, a perfect game vs Cubs (1-0)
1965 - Tibet is made an autonomous region of China
1966 - John Lennon meets Yoko Ono at an avante-garde art exposition
1966 - The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
1967 - 1st successful Test flight of a Saturn V
1967 - Debra Dene Barnes (Kansas), 20, crowned 40th Miss America 1968
1967 - Uganda declares independence from Great Britain
1968 - 1st US Open, held as an "open" (Arthur Ashe-wins)
1968 - Arthur Ashe defeats Tom Okker to win US Tennis Open
1968 - WGIQ TV channel 43 in Louisville, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - WVPT TV channel 51 in Staunton, VA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - Allegheny 853 collides with Piper Cherokee above Indiana, kills 82
1969 - Seaplane crashes at Indianapolis, kills 83
1969 - Smallest US Tennis Open single session-131 (men's doubles final only)
1969 - WCVN TV channel 54 in Covington, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1970 - Bowie Kuhn suspends Denny McLain for carrying a gun
1970 - Feyenoord wins soccer's World Cup
1971 - 1,000 convicts riot & seize Attica, NY prison
1971 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono appear on Dick Cavett Show (ABC-TV)
1971 - John Lennon releases "Imagine" album
1971 - NHL great Gordie Howe retires
1972 - 86th US Womens Tennis: Billie Jean M King beats K Melville (63 75)
1972 - Terry Anne Meeuwsen (Wisc), 23, crowned 45th Miss America 1973
1973 - 93rd US Mens Tennis: John Newcombe beats Jan Kodes (64 16 46 62 62)
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1974 - 88th US Womens Tennis: B J M King beats E Goolagong Cawley (36 63 75)
1975 - Czech tennis star Martina Navratilova (18) asks for political asylum
1975 - Viking 2 Mars probe launch
1977 - 1st TRS-80 computer sold
1977 - Tiger rookies Lou Whitaker & Allan Trammell debut together & will play together for 19 years
1978 - 3rd game of Boston Massacre; Yanks beat Red Sox 7-0
1978 - 92nd US Womens Tennis: Chris E L Mills beats Pam Shriver (75 64)
1978 - Balt Orioles pull their 7th triple play (5-4-3 vs Toronto)
1978 - Iraqi Ayatollah Khomeini calls for uprising in Irani army
1978 - Kylene Barker (Virginia), crowned 51st Miss America 1979
1979 - 31st Emmy Awards: Taxi, Lou Grant, Ron Leibman & Ruth Gordon
1979 - 93rd US Womens Tennis: Tracy Austin beats C E Lloyd Mills (64 63)
1979 - 99th US Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats Vitas Gerulaitis (75 63 63)
1979 - Sally Little wins LPGA Columbia Savings Golf Classic
1979 - Sid Bernstein offers $½ billion for a Beatle reunion
1979 - Yusef Islam (Cat Stevens) weds Fouzia Ali at Kensington Mosque
1981 - Vernon E Jordan resigns as president of National Urban League
1982 - "Your Arms are Too Short..." opens at Alvin NYC for 69 performances
1982 - Columbia mated with SRBs & external tank in preparation for STS-5
1982 - Conestoga 1, 1st private commercial rocket, makes suborbital flight
1983 - Challenger returns to Kennedy Space Center via Sheppard AFB, Texas
1983 - Radio Shack announces their color computer 2 (Coco2)
1983 - Vitas Gerulatis bets his house that Martina Navratilova can't beat 100th ranked male tennis player
1984 - 104th US Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats Ivan Lendl (63 64 61)
1984 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship
1985 - President Reagan orders sanctions against South Africa
1985 - Race riot in Birmingham England
1986 - Minn Tommy Krammer passes for 6 touchdowns vs Green Bay (42-7)
1986 - NYC jury indicts Gennadly Zakharov (Soviet UN employee) of spying
1987 - Gary Hart admits on "Nightline," to cheating on his wife
1987 - Largest US Tennis Open single night session (total) 21,016
1987 - Larry Bird (Celtics), begins NBA free throw streak of 59
1987 - Nolan Ryan strikes out his 4,500th batter
1988 - Braves Bruce Sutter joins Fingers & Gossage to save 300 games
1988 - Chris Evert defaults at US Open due to a stomach flu
1988 - US swamps NZ at 27th America`s Cup: NZ set to appeal
1989 - 103rd US Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats M Navratilova (36 75 61)
1990 - 110th US Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Andre Agassi (64 63 62)
1990 - Bush & Gorbachev meet in Helsinki & urge Iraq to leave Kuwait
1990 - Liberia president Samuel K Doe is captured by Mr Johnson's forces
1990 - Oakland beats NY 7-3 to complete a 12-game sweep of Yankees this year
1990 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Ping-Cellular One Golf Championship
1991 - Mike Tyson indicted for rape of Desiree Washington
1991 - Only 1,695 fans watch Boston Red Sox play Cleveland
1992 - 1st time Baltimore Orioles draw 3 million fans at home
1992 - 9th MTV Awards: Howard Stern appears as Fartman
1992 - Robin Yount, is 17th to get 3,000 hits
1993 - Croupier of casino in Bristol England, shoots a 4, a record 8 times
1993 - PLO recognizes state of Israel
1993 - Ukraine premier Leonid Koetsjma, resigns
1994 - Space shuttle STS 64 (Discovery 20), launches into orbit
1994 - Tu-22 crashes into Aeroflot Tu-134a at Zhukovsky, 7 killed
1995 - "Broadway Limited" last train ride (began in 1902)
1995 - 109th US Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (76 06 63)
1995 - Chynna Phillips weds William Baldwin
1995 - Dean St Station in Brooklyn, is 6th MTA station to close since 1904
1995 - Ice Skater Nancy Kerrigan (25) weds her agent Jerry Solomon (41)
1997 - Sinn Fein accepts Mitchell Principles on para-military disarmamen
2001 - Ahmed Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan.
2002 - Pitcher Randy Johnson reaches 300 strikeouts for the fifth consecutive season, extending his major league record
2004 - 2004 Australian embassy bombing: A bomb explodes outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, killing 10 people.
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