Famous Events on this Day in History, September 08:

1024 - Duke Koenraad II chosen German king
1141 - -9] Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams
1156 - Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria
1264 - The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving battei din jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.
1276 - John XXI elected Pope
1303 - Anagni: French king Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII
1331 - Stefan Dusan declares himself king of Serbia
1380 - Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols
1380 - Russians defeat Tatars at Kulikovo, beginning decline of Tatars
1449 - Battle of Tumu Fortress - Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.
1504 - Michelangelo's David is unveiled in Florence.
1514 - Battle at Ozra: Polish/Latvia army beats Russians
1514 - Battle of Orsha - in one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army.
1522 - Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completes 1st circumnavigation of globe, expedition begins under Ferdinand Magellan
1536 - Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne
1545 - English earl Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland
1553 - City of Lichfield, England forms
1563 - Maximilian chosen king of Hungary
1565 - 1st permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida)
1565 - Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese & Knights of St John
1628 - Bay of Matanzas Cuba: Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet
1664 - Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers
1689 - China & Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul)
1713 - Pope Clemens XI publishes degree "Unigenitus" against Jansenism"
1727 - A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.
1755 - Battle at Lake George: English army beats France
1756 - French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.
1760 - French army gives Montreal to Gen Jeffrey Amherst
1761 - Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).
1771 - Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California
1796 - Battle of Bassano-French beat Austrians
1831 - William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.
1833 - Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires
1847 - US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey
1855 - Crimean war - assault of Malakof Tower under Mac-Mahon)
1858 - Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people
1860 - Loss of steamer, "Lady Elgin"
1863 - -10] Federal troops reconquer the Cumperland Gap, Tennessee
1863 - Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces
1863 - Battle of Telford's Depot TN
1868 - NY Athletic Club forms
1870 - Neth & Engl sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
1883 - NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies
1883 - Northern Pacific RR's last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont
1888 - In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.
1892 - 1st appearance of "Pledge of Allegiance" (Youth's Companion)
1899 - British govt sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal South Africa
1900 - 6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas
1905 - Pitts Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base & lose to Reds 8-3
1907 - Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism)
1914 - British trader Oceanic sinks off Scotland
1914 - World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.
1915 - Assn of Negro Life & History founded
1919 - Babe Ruth hits his 26th HR off Jack Quinn in NY, breaking Buck Freeman's 1899 HR mark of 25
1920 - US Air Mail service begins (NYC to SF)
1921 - 1st Miss America crowned (Margaret Gorman of Washington DC)
1921 - Mary Gorman (Wash DC), 16, crowned 1st Miss America [or 9/14]
1923 - Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.
1924 - Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes 1st woman ambassador
1926 - League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany
1930 - 1st appearance of comic strip "Blondie"
1930 - NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew
1930 - Richard Drew creates Scotch tape
1933 - Spain's 2nd govt of AzaƱa forms
1934 - 54th US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Wilmer L Allison (64 63 16 86)
1934 - Bradman scores 132 v Leveson-Gower XI, 90 mins, 24 fours 1 six
1934 - Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle for NJ catches fire, 133 die
1935 - Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2)
1936 - Princess Juliana & German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld get engaged
1937 - Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens
1937 - Yankees trailing 6-1 in 9th, score 8 to beat Boston 9-6
1939 - FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe
1939 - Gen Von Reichenaus pantzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw
1939 - Indians Bob Feller, 20, is youngest pitcher to win 20 games
1939 - Yanks beat Red Sox 4-1 in 7, game called because of lightning
1941 - Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins
1941 - Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania is exterminated
1943 - Gen Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WW II
1943 - Italy surrenders to Allies in WW II
1943 - Lt-Gen Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers Sicily
1943 - NY Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game
1944 - 1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp
1944 - Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany
1944 - World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.
1945 - US invades Japanese-held Korea
1945 - Hideki Tojo, Japanese PM during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged
1946 - 60th US Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Patricia Canning (119 63)
1946 - 66th US Mens Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom Brown Jr (97 63 60)
1946 - Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456
1946 - Bulgaria ends monarchy
1946 - Jack Kramer wins US Tennis Open
1946 - SF 49ers play 1st AAFC game, lose to NY Yankees 21-7
1947 - British govt sails "Exodus" with fugitives from Nazis
1948 - British De Havilland 08-fighter flies faster than sound
1951 - Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries (SF)
1951 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex
1952 - 72nd US Mens Tennis: Frank A Sedgman beats Gardnar Mulloy (61 62 63)
1952 - Ernest Hemmingway's "Old Man & Sea" published
1953 - "Carnival in Flanders" opens at New Century Theater NY for 6 perfs
1953 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona
1954 - With a 3-2 count, Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls next 14, then walks
1954 - Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio
1954 - SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia
1955 - Earliest clinching of an NL pennant (Brooklyn Dodgers)
1956 - Harry Belafonte's album "Calypso," goes to #1 & stays #1 for 31 weeks
1957 - 77th US Mens Tennis: M J Anderson beats Ashley J Cooper (108 75 64)
1957 - Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single "Reet Petite"
1957 - Pope Pius XII encyclical On motion pictures, radio, TV
1958 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open
1958 - Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan
1958 - Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo
1959 - The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.
1960 - German DR limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners
1962 - Chinese troops exceed Mac-Mahon-line (Tibet-India boundary)
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1962 - Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 'Evening Star'
1963 - 77th US Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Margaret Smith Court (75 64)
1963 - 83rd US Mens Tennis: R H Osuna beats Frank Froehling III (75 64 62)
1963 - Algerian population accepts constitution
1963 - Braves Warren Spahn ties Christy Mathewson with 13 20-win seasons
1963 - Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Spokane Women's Golf Open
1965 - Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana & Florida
1965 - KC A's Bert Campaneris plays all 9 positions in a game
1966 - "Star Trek" premieres on NBC-TV
1966 - "That Girl" starring Marlo Thomas premieres on ABC-TV
1966 - The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II
1967 - Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon Sept 10
1967 - Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic
1967 - The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.
1968 - "Funny Girl" with Barbra Striesand premieres
1968 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1968 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Pacific Ladies Golf Classic
1968 - Saundra Williams wins 1st Miss Black America pageant
1969 - 2nd US Tennis Open smallest session - 3708 (men's singles final-rain)
1969 - 89th US Mens Tennis: Rodney G Laver beats Tony Roche (79 61 62 62)
1969 - Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya
1969 - US amateur Mens Tennis: Stan Smith beats Bob Lutz (97 63 61)
1970 - Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians; the events to follow would later become known as Black September
1971 - John F Kennedy Center for Performing Arts opens in Washington DC
1972 - Chic Cub Ferguson Jenkins wins his 20th game for 6th straight year
1972 - Jim Ryan (US) & Billy Fordjour (Ghana) collide & fall in qualifying competitions for 1,500m finals, ending Ryan's chances for gold
1973 - 87th US Womens Tennis: M S Court beats E Goolagong Cawley (76 57 62)
1973 - Billy Martin named manager of Texas Rangers
1973 - Hank Aaron sets record of most HRs in 1 league (709)
1973 - Rebecca Ann King (Colo), 23, crowned 46th Miss America 1974
1974 - 88th US Womens Tennis: Billie J King beats Evonne Goolagong (36 63 75)
1974 - 94th US Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ken Rosewall (61 60 61)
1974 - Ian Thompson wins marathon (2:13:18.8)
1974 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open
1974 - Pres Gerald Ford pardons former Pres R Nixon of all federal crimes
1975 - Boston begins court ordered busing of public schools
1975 - Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal
1976 - Fons Rademakers' film "Max Havelaar" premieres in Amsterdam
1977 - Interpol sends a resolution concerning video piracy
1977 - Jimmy McCullough quits Wings
1978 - 2nd game of Boston Massacre; Yanks beat Red Sox 13-2
1978 - Irani army shoots on Khomeini followers in Teheran, 100s killed
1979 - Cheryl Prewitt (Miss), 22, crowned 52nd Miss America 1980
1979 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 - Bowie Kuhn suspends Ferguson Jenkins indefinitely due to drug arrest
1982 - Dutch social dem party wins elections, fascist enters Dutch parliament
1983 - NASA launches RCA-6
1984 - 98th US Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Chris E L Mills (46 64 64)
1984 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41G mission
1985 - "USA Weekend's" 1st issue, appears in 255 newspapers
1985 - 105th US Mens Tennis: Ivan Lendl beats John McEnroe (76 63 64)
1985 - 7 die in a car & train crash in San Jose Calif
1985 - Alayson Gibbons sets 24 hr women swim record of 42.05 mi in 25 m pool
1985 - Discovery flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB
1985 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship
1985 - Pete Rose ties Ty Cobb with 4,191 hits
1986 - Westinghouse sells Muzak
1987 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1988 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1988 - Javier Sotomayer of Cuba high jumps world record 2.43m
1988 - NL pres Bart Giamatti is unanimously elected baseball's 7th commish
1989 - George Brett gets his 2,500th hit
1989 - Mausoleum of Beatrice of Brabant (1288) discovered in Kortrijk Belgium
1989 - Norwegian Convair 580 crashes at Jutland in sea (55 murder)
1990 - 104th US Womens Tennis: Gabriela Sabatini beats Steffi Graf (62 76)
1990 - Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island NYC
1991 - 111th US Mens Tennis: Stefan Edberg beats Jim Courier (62 64 60)
1991 - Buffalo Bill Jim Kelly passes for 6 touchdowns vs Pitts (52-34)
1991 - Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia
1991 - Michelle Estill wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
1991 - Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.
1992 - Danny Tartabull has 9 RBIs as Yanks beat Orioles 16-4
1992 - Howard Stern Radio Show begins broadcasting in Dallas (KGEL-FM 97.1)
1993 - Baseball's proposed switch to a three-division format OKed in AL
1993 - Cheek Junxia wins world record ladies 10 km (29:31.78)
1993 - Houston's Darryl Kile throws 3rd no-hitter of season in 7-1 over Mets
1994 - "Philadelphia, Here I Come" opens at Criterion NYC for 52 perfs
1994 - Last US, British & French troops leave West-Berlin
1994 - MTV awards feature newlyweds Michael Jackson & Lisa Marie Presley
1994 - Man shoots another man on IRT #4 train at Grand Central Station
1994 - USAir Boeing 737 crashes at Pitts Airport, killing all 132 on board
1995 - Cleveland Indians clinch 1st AL Central Division title
1996 - "7 Guitars" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC
1996 - 110th US Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (75 64)
1996 - 116th US Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Michael Chang (61 64 76)
1996 - 48th Emmy Awards: ER, Dennis Franz & Kathy Baker wins
1996 - Dottie Pepper wins Safeway LPGA title
1996 - Men's championship at US Tennis Open
1996 - Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship
1996 - Sri Lanka defeat Australia to win Singer World Series at Colombo
1999 - United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.
2002 - Texas Rangers set a major league record by homering in their 26th consecutive game as Texas falls to the Tampa Bay
2004 - The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.
2005 - Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.
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