Famous Events on this Day in History, September 03:

36 BC - In the Battle of Naulochus, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa, admiral of Octavian, defeats Sextus Pompeius, son of Pompey, thus ending Pompeian resistance to the Second Triumvirate.
301 - San Marino, one of the smallest nations in the world and the world's oldest republic still in existence, is founded by Saint Marinus.
590 - St Gregory I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1189 - 30 Jews are mnassacred at King Richard I (lion hearted) coronation
1189 - England's King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) crowned in Westminster
1260 - Battle of Ain Djaloet, Palestine defeats Mongols army
1483 - Utrecht surrenders to Habsburgs army
1543 - Cardinal Beaton replaces earl Arran as regent for Mary of Scotland
1632 - Battle at Nurnberg: Duke wallenstein beats Sweden
1650 - Battle at Dunbar: England vs Scotland
1651 - Battle at Worcester-Oliver Cromwell destroys English royalists
1658 - Richard Cromwell succeeds his father as English Lord Protector
1683 - Turkish troops break through defense of Vienna
1697 - King William's War in America ends with Treaty of Ryswick
1709 - 1st major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches NC/SC
1725 - England, France, Hannover & Prussia sign Covenant of Hannover
1731 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Friesland
1752 - This day never happened nor next 10 as England adopts Gregorian Calendar. People riot thinking the govt stole 11 days of their lives
1752 - US adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Sept 14)
1777 - Cooch's Bridge - Skirmish of American Revolutionary war in New Castle County, Delaware where the Flag of the United States was flown in battle for the first time.
1779 - Earl d'orvilliers (French/Spanish Armada) sails back to Brest
1783 - Treaty of Paris signed (ending US Revolutionary War)
1791 - French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
1798 - Weeklong battle of St. George's Caye begun between Spanish and British off the coast of Belize.
1803 - English scientist John Dalton started using symbols to represent the atoms of different elements.
1826 - USS Vincennes leaves NY to become 1st warship to circumnavigate globe
1832 - Rebellious slaves set fire to Paramaribo Suriname
1833 - NY Sun begins publishing (1st daily newspaper)
1838 - Frederick Douglass escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor
1849 - Calif State Constitutional Convention convenes in Monterey
1852 - Anti Jewish riots break out in Stockholm
1855 - Indian Wars: In Nebraska, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenge the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Sioux village, killing 100 men, women, and children.
1861 - Confederate forces enter Kentucky, thus ending its neutrality
1864 - Battle of Berryville, VA
1864 - US, British, French & Dutch naval officer sails Staits of Simonoseki
1865 - Army commander in SC orders Freedmen's Bureau to stop seizing land
1874 - The congress of the state of México elevates Naucalpan to the category of Villa, with the title of "Villa de Juárez".
1878 - England's Princess Alice sinks; 645 die
1881 - 1st US Mens Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (60 63 62)
1881 - Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony
1882 - French/Vietnamese/Chinese battle at Hanoi, 100s die
1888 - East Africa Company political & commercial rights
1888 - Queen Victoria grants William Mackinnons Imperial British
1890 - Oliver S Campbell wins US Tennis Open
1891 - 11th US Mens Tennis: Oliver S Campbell beats C Hobart (26 75 79 61 62)
1891 - Cotton pickers organize union & staged strike in Texas
1891 - John Stephens Durham, named minister to Haiti
1895 - 1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn)
1900 - British annex Natal (South Africa)
1901 - Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony
1902 - Pittsburgh Pirates, win earliest pennent (full season)
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Illustrious Client"
1903 - Resolute beats Shamrock III (England) in 13th America's Cup
1904 - St Louis Olympics closes
1906 - Phila Giants win Negro Championship Cup in Phila before 10,000 fans
1906 - Yanks win 2nd game on a forfeit over A's; 2nd forfeit win
1908 - James Barries "What Every Woman Knows," premieres in London
1911 - 31st US Mens Tennis: Wm A Larned beats Maurice E McLoughlin (64 64 62)
1912 - Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke," premieres
1912 - World's 1st cannery opens in England to supply food to the navy
1914 - British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attacks the Marne
1914 - Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV
1914 - French troops vacate Reims
1914 - Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania
1916 - Allies turned back Germans in WW I's Battle of Verdun
1917 - 1st night bombing of London by German fighter planes
1917 - German troops over run Riga Latvia
1917 - Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
1917 - Utrecht soccer team Holland forms
1918 - 38th US Mens Tennis: R L Murray beats William T Tilden (63 61 75)
1918 - 5 soldiers hanged for alleged participation in Houston riot of 1917
1918 - Allies forced Germans back across Hindenburg Line
1921 - 16th Davis Cup: USA beats Japan in New York (5-0)
1921 - KPB, Communist Party of Belgium forms
1923 - Dorothys Donelly's "Poppy," premieres in NYC
1924 - Civil war breaks out in China (Gen Tsi moves to Shanghai)
1924 - L Stallings & M Anderson's "What Price Glory?," premieres in NYC
1925 - 1st international handball match held
1925 - Dirigible "Shenandoah" crashed near Caldwell Ohio, 13 die
1928 - Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb got his 4,191th & final career hit
1929 - Dow Jones hits a record peak of 381.17
1929 - Dow Jones Industrial Average reached all time high at the time (381.17), which was shortly followed by the Crash of 1929.
1930 - Hurricane kills 2,000, injures 4,000 (Dominican Republic)
1932 - Ellsworth Vines beats Henri Cochet for US Tennis title
1932 - Jimmie Foxx of A's hits 50th & 51st HRs to become 3rd to hit 50
1933 - Yevgeniy Abalakov reaches the highest point of the Soviet Union - Communism Peak (7495 m).
1934 - Tunisia began its move for independence
1935 - 1st automobile to exceed 300 mph, Sir Malcolm Campbell (301.337 mph)
1935 - Andrew Varipapa sets bowling record of 2,652 points in 10 games
1936 - 3rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 7, Detroit 7 (76,000)
1938 - 1940 Olympic site changed from Tokyo Japan to Helsinki Finland
1939 - German U-boat sinks British passenger ship Athenia
1939 - Great Britain & France declare war on Germany after invasion of Poland
1939 - Yanks beat Red Sox on a forfeit, their 4th forfeit win
1939 - Britain declares war on Germany. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, NZ, South Africa & Canada
1940 - 1st showing of high definition color TV
1940 - 39.4 CM rainfall at Sapulpa Oklahoma (state record)
1940 - Hitler orders invasion in England on Sept 21 (Operation Seelöwe/Sealion)
1940 - Neth govt in exile of Gerbrandy forms London
1940 - Sicherheits police bans Free masons, Rotary & Red Cross
1940 - US gives Britain 50 destroyers in exchange for Newfoundland base lease
1941 - 1st use of Zyclon-B gas in Auschwitz (on Russian prisoners of war)
1941 - KYW TV channel 3 in Philadelphia, PA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1943 - British 8th army lands in South Italy (Messina)
1943 - General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily
1944 - 58th US Womens Tennis: P Betz beats Margaret Osborne duPont (63 86)
1944 - 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (Anne Frank) leaves to Auschwitz
1944 - Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France
1944 - Frank Parker beats Bill Talbert for US Tennis title
1944 - French troops liberate Lyon
1944 - Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz
1944 - Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force
1944 - Tank division of British Guards free Brussels
1945 - 65th US Mens Tennis: Sgt Frank A Parker beats Wm Talbert (14-12 61 62)
1945 - Japanese forces in Philippines surrender to Allies
1947 - Phila A's Bill McCahan no-hits Wash Senators, 3-0
1947 - Yanks get 18 singles to beat Red Soxs 11-2
1948 - W Gomulka deposed as general secretary of Polish Worker's party
1949 - Fire in Chiang-king, China, destroys 7,000 lives
1950 - "Nino" Farina becomes the first Formula One Drivers' champion after winning the 1950 Italian Grand Prix.
1951 - TV soap opera "Search for Tomorrow" debuts on CBS
1953 - French minister Francois Mitterrand, resigns due to colonial policy
1954 - China begins artillery bombing on Quemoy & Amoy
1954 - Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed
1954 - Pope Pius X canonized a saint
1954 - The People's Liberation Army begin shelling the ROC-controlled islands of Quemoy.
1954 - The German U-Boat U-505 began its move from a specially constructed dock to its final site at Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry.
1955 - KTBS TV channel 3 in Shreveport, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Tanks are deployed against racist demonstrators in Clinton, Tennessee
1957 - Dodgers play last game in Jersey City (11-4 in NJ)
1957 - KTCA TV channel 2 in St Paul-Minneapolis, MN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Warren Spahn sets record for a lefty pitcher with 41st shut-out
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Spokane Golf Open
1964 - US attorney general Robert Kennedy resigns
1964 - Wilderness Act signed into law by President Lyndon B Johnson
1965 - Curt Flood's record of 568 straight chances without an error begins
1965 - Garcia Godoy forms govt in Dominican Republic
1965 - Jim Hickman becomes 1st NY Met to hit 3 HRs in a game
1965 - Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Mysterium Fidei
1965 - Preparing a move to Anaheim, Angels change their name from LA to Calif
1966 - 24th World SF Convention honors Gene Roddenberry
1966 - Donovan hits #1 with "Sunshine Superman"
1967 - Final episode of "What's My Line?," hosted by John Charles Daly
1967 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Ladies' World Series of Golf
1967 - Last broadcast of "What's My Line" on CBS TV
1967 - Nguyen Van Thieu elected pres of S Vietnam under a new constitution
1967 - Sweden begins driving on right-hand side of road
1967 - WJPM TV channel 33 in Florence, SC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Chicago White Sox set AL record of 39 loses by 1 run
1970 - After NL record 1,117 consec games, Billy Williams asks to sit out
1970 - Bill Halley & Comets reject $30,000 for 15 date tour of Australia
1970 - Indonesian president Suharto visits Netherlands
1971 - John Lennon leaves UK for NYC, never to return
1971 - Manlio Brosio resigns as sect-gen of NATO
1971 - Qatar regains complete independence from Britain
1971 - Watergate team breaks into Daniel Ellsberg's doctor's office
1973 - General Walters, ends term as acting director of CIA
1973 - Jerry Lewis' 8th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1974 - Giants John Montefusco makes his major league debut
1974 - NBA guard Oscar Robinson retires
1974 - US & German DR establish diplomatic relations
1975 - Chartered 707 crashes in Atlas Mts of Morocco, 188 die
1975 - Steve Garvey begins his NL record 1,207 consecutive game streak
1976 - Viking 2 soft lands on Mars (Utopia), returns photos
1977 - Japan's Sadaharu Oh hits 756th HR to surpass Hank Aaron's total
1977 - Last broadcast of "Mary Tyler Moore Show" on NBC-TV
1978 - Crew of Soyuz 31 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 29
1978 - Leonid Mossejev becomes European marathon champ (2:11:57.5)
1978 - Pope John Paul I officially installed as 264th supreme pontiff
1979 - Hurricane David, a strong Atlantic storm kills over 1,000
1979 - Iran army conquerors Mahabad
1979 - Jerry Lewis' 14th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $30,000,000
1979 - Jo Ann Washam wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1981 - Gerald P Remy of Boston gets 6 hits in a baseball game
1981 - Longest game in Fenway Park, suspended in 19, Mariners-7, Red Sox-7
1982 - Jorgensen govt in Denmark resigns
1984 - 28 year old Chicagoan wins $40 million in Illinois state lottery
1984 - Bruce Sutter breaks NL record for saves in a season with his 38th
1984 - Cindy Hill wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1984 - Jerry Lewis' 19th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $32,074,566
1984 - South Africa adopts constitution
1985 - 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-returns to Earth
1985 - England regain Cricket Ashes by beating Australia at The Oval
1985 - NY Met Gary Carter hits 3 consecutive HRs in a game
1986 - Alan Ayckbourn's "Woman in Mind," premieres in London
1986 - Astros & Cubs use a record 53 players in an 18 inning game
1987 - Coup in Burundi suspends constitution
1988 - Dennis Eckersley sets A's record with his 37th save en route to 45
1989 - "Into the Woods" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 764 perfs
1989 - Iljushin-62 crashes down on residential area of Havana, 170 die
1989 - Chris Evert defeats 15-year-old Monica Seles for her 101st & last US Tennis Open singles victory
1990 - 9th no-hitter of 1990: Blue Jay Dave Steib beats Cleve 3-0
1990 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1990 - Helen Hudson sings national anthem in 26th park of year (San Diego)
1990 - Jerry Lewis' 25th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $44,172,186
1990 - White Sox reliever Bobby Thigpen sets save record at 47 en route to 57
1992 - Jerry Lewis' 27th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $45,759,368
1994 - Circulation of Neth Telegraph/News of the Day reaches 800,000
1995 - Carolina Panthers lose their 1st NFL game (Atlanta-23 Carolina-20 OT)
1995 - Jacksonville Jaguars lose their 1st NFL game (Houston-10, Jaguars-3)
1995 - NY Yankee Tony Fernandez hits for the cycle
1995 - Soyuz TM-22, launched into orbit
1995 - eBay founded.
1996 - Slowinski & Gage discovers 2^1257787-1 (34th known Mersenne prime)
1997 - A Vietnam Airlines Tupolev TU-134 crashes on approach into Phnom Penh airport, killing 64.
2004 - The Beslan school massacre ends in the deaths of approximately 344 people, mostly teachers and children.
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