Famous Events on this Day in History, September 01:

69 - Traditional date of destruction of Jerusalem
462 - Possible start of first Byzantine indiction cycle.
891 - Northmen defeated near Louvaine, France
1067 - Boudouin VI becomes earl of Flanders
1181 - Ubaldo Allucingoli replaces Alexander III as Pope Lucius III
1267 - Rabbi Moses Ben Nachman establishes a Jewish community in Jerusalem
1355 - Tvrtko I writes in castro nostro Vizoka vocatum from old town Visoki.
1482 - Krim-Tataren plunders Kiev
1511 - Council to Pisa opens
1535 - French navigator Jacques Cartier reaches Hochelaga (Montreal)
1547 - Charles demands creation of Imperial League (German state)
1598 - Spanish king Philip II receives sacraments
1609 - Pieter Both sworn in as 1st gov-gen of East Indies
1614 - Vincent Fettmich expels Jews from Frankfurt-on-Main, Germany
1632 - Battle at Castelnaudary: Henri de Montmorency's rebellion army loses
1638 - -4] French queen-mother Maria de' Medici visits Amsterdam
1647 - French cardinal Mazarin & duke of Modena sign treaty against Milan
1661 - 1st Yacht race, England's King Charles vs his brother James
1666 - Great London Fire begins in Pudding Lane. 80% of London is destroyed
1689 - Russia began taxing men's beards
1695 - Dutch/English army under king Willem III occupies Names
1715 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years-the longest of any major European monarch.
1730 - Benjamin Franklin marries Miss Read
1739 - 35 Jews sentenced to life in prison in Lisbon Portugal
1752 - Liberty Bell arrives in Phila
1763 - Catherine II of Russia endorses Ivan Betskoy's plans for a Foundling Home in Moscow
1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California
1785 - Mozart publishes 6 string quartet opus 10 in Vienna
1797 - 2nd National Meeting in Hague
1798 - England signs treaty with nizam of Hyderabad, India
1799 - Bank of Manhattan Company opens in NYC (forerunner to Chase Manhattan)
1804 - Juno, one of the largest main belt asteroids, was discovered by German astronomer Karl Ludwig Harding.
1807 - Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of plotting to set up an empire
1821 - 1st colonies along Santa Fe Trail
1831 - Charles Darwin travels aboard HMS Beagle
1836 - Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem
1836 - Narcissa Whitman, one of the first white women to settle west of the Rocky Mountains, arrives at Walla Walla, Washington.
1849 - California Constitutional Convention held in Monterey
1858 - 1st transatlantic cable fails after less than 1 month
1859 - 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
1859 - R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare
1859 - A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
1861 - Grant assumes command of Federal forces at Cape Girardeau MI
1861 - Skirmish at Boone Court House WV & Blue Creek WV
1862 - Battle at Chantilly (Ox Hill) Virginia (2100 casualties)
1862 - Federal tax levied on tobacco
1863 - 6th Ohio Cavalry ambush at Barbees Crossroads Virginia
1863 - Federal troops reconquer Fort Smith Arkansas
1863 - RR & ferry connection between SF & Oakland inaugurated
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Jonesboro Georgia, about 3,000 casualties
1864 - Battle of Petersburg VA
1864 - Skirmish at Hood evacuated confederates from Atlanta GA
1865 - Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery
1866 - Last Navaho chief Manuelito, turns self in at Fort Wingate
1867 - Robert T Freeman is 1st black to graduate from Harvard Dental School
1870 - Napoleon III captured at Sedan
1873 - Cetshwayo ascends to the throne as king of the Zulu nation following the death of his father Mpande.
1874 - 28th Postmaster General: Marshall Jewell of Conn takes office
1874 - Sydney General Post Office opens in Australia
1875 - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
1878 - 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)
1886 - Neth's New Code of Criminal law enforced
1887 - Dutch Amateur Photography Cooperation established
1888 - Dutch Railway Deventer-Almelo opens
1890 - 1st baseball tripleheader-Boston vs Pittsburgh
1897 - The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America.
1898 - Dutch soccer team Receiver forms
1898 - Lord Kitcheners army bombs Omdurman Sudan
1901 - Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange
1902 - Tinker, Evers, & Chance appear together for 1st time
1905 - Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces
1906 - Alberta adopts Mountain Standard Time
1906 - British New Guinea becomes Australian Papua New Guinea
1906 - Joseph Harris (Boston) & Jack Coombs (A's) pitch complete 24 inn game
1906 - NY Highlanders win 6th game in 3 days from Wash (3 straight DHs)
1906 - Papua placed under Australian administration
1906 - The International Federation of Intellectual Property Attorneys (FICPI) is established.
1911 - M Fourny sets world aircraft distance record of 720 km
1913 - George Bernard Shaws "Androcles & the Lion," premieres in London
1913 - Yuan Shikai captures Nanjing "2nd Chinese revolution"
1914 - 34th US Mens Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (63 86 10-8)
1914 - Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris
1914 - St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd
1914 - Von Glucks army meets up with British expeditionary army
1914 - The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo.
1916 - Bulgaria declares war on Romania
1916 - Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
1918 - Baseball season ends due to WW I
1918 - Ty Cobb pitches 2 innings against Browns
1918 - US troops land in Vladivostok, Siberia, stay until 1920
1919 - Frank Wedekind's "Herakles," premieres in Munich
1920 - France creates Lebanon
1920 - New townhall of Rotterdam opens
1921 - Nederlander Theater opens at 208 W 41 St NYC (Billy Rose, Trafalgar)
1922 - NYC law requires all "pool" rooms to change name to "billiards"
1923 - 18th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in New York (4-1)
1923 - 7.9 earthquake strikes Tokyo & Yokohama, kills 142,000
1923 - US beats Australia in tennis, for their 4th straight Davis Cup
1924 - Kenchoji Rinzai temple in Kamakur Japan, heavily damaged by earthquake
1925 - Pierre de Coubertin steps down as chairman of Intl Olympic Committee
1926 - British Columbia Rugby Football Union forms
1926 - Turkey allows civil marriage
1928 - Albania becomes a kingdom, with Zogu I as king
1930 - NY World reports disappearance of supreme court justice Joseph Crater
1931 - Gehrig hits his 3rd grand slam in 4 days & his 6th HR in consec games
1932 - NYC Mayor James J "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges)
1933 - Soccer team DVS '33 forms
1934 - Spelling-Marchand Laws enforced
1934 - SMJK Sam Tet was founded by Father Fourgs from the St. Michael Church, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.
1936 - Middleweight Staff Roth KOs Heinz Lazek
1937 - 4th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 6, Green Bay 0 (84,560)
1937 - Battle of Gijon in Spain begins
1938 - Mussolini cancels civil rights of Italian Jews
1939 - Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill
1939 - Last day of 1st-class cricket in England for 6 years
1939 - Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes"
1939 - Switzerland proclaims neutrality
1939 - WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig
1939 - The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date.
1939 - Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization).
1940 - Gen George Marshall sworn in as chief of staff of US army
1941 - Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow Jewish star
1942 - Fed judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans
1942 - German troops land on Taman peninsula
1944 - Bulgaria govt of Bagrjanow, resigns
1944 - King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal
1945 - Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 9/2 in Japan)
1945 - Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season
1946 - 1st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Patty Berg
1946 - Greece votes for monarchy
1947 - NY Giants 183-185 HR of year breaks Yankee mark of 182 in 1936
1948 - Bradman scores 143 Aust v South of England, 17 fours 1 six
1948 - Communist form North China People's Republic
1948 - UN's World Health Organization forms
1949 - 1st network detective series-Private Eyes-premieres
1949 - KMTV TV channel 3 in Omaha, NB (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 - Viljo Heino runs world record 10k (29:27.2)
1950 - 13 North Korean divisions open assault on UN lines
1950 - West Berlin granted a constitution
1951 - PM Ben-Gurion orders establishment of Israeli secret service Mossad
1951 - US, Australia & New Zealand sign ANZUS treaty
1952 - Sutro Baths, SF purchased by George Whitney
1952 - Willem Drees forms new Dutch govt
1953 - 101°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Sept
1953 - Fokker begins building F-27 Fokker Friendship
1953 - WNOK (now WLTX) TV channel 19 in Columbia, SC (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 - WTCN (now KARE) TV channel 11 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (MET) begins
1954 - Hurricane Carol strikes Long Island/New England, kills 68
1954 - Ted Kluszewski is 1st Cin Red to hit 40 HRs en route to 49
1955 - 2 Egyptian fighters shot down over Israel
1955 - KARD (now KSNW) TV channel 3 in Wichita, KS (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Indian state of Tripura becomes a territory
1956 - KELP (now KCOS) TV channel 13 in El Paso, TX (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Excursion train crashed into a ravine killing 175, injuring 400
1957 - WAVY TV channel 10 in Portsmouth-Norfolk, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - WHC (now WPXI) TV channel 11 in Pittsburgh, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1957 - WTLV TV channel 12 in Jacksonville, FL (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Opie Turner Golf Open
1958 - St Louis Card Vinegar Bend Mizell walks a record 9 men in a shutout
1960 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1960 - Robert Bolt's "Man For All Seasons," premieres in London
1961 - 1st conference of neutral countries held in Belgrade
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1961 - The Eritrean War of Independence officially begins with the shooting of the Ethiopian police by Hamid Idris Awate
1962 - 12,000 die in an earthquake in western Iran
1962 - KATC TV channel 3 in Lafayette, LA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 - UN announces Earth population has hit 3 billion
1962 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1962 - Channel Television launches to 54,000 households in the Channel Islands.
1963 - Language laws in Belgium goes into effect causing a riot
1963 - St Louis Cards pitcher Curt Simmons steals home plate
1963 - WCTI TV channel 12 in New Bern, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - Masanori Murakami is 1st Japanese player in majors (NY Mets)
1965 - India & Pakistan border fights
1966 - KIFW (now KTNL) TV channel 13 in Sitka, AK (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - KMNE TV channel 7 in Bassett, NB (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - SF Giants beat Cincinnati Reds, 1-0, in 21 innings
1967 - WIRT TV channel 13 in Hibbing, MN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1967 - WJRJ (WTCG, WTBS) TV channel 17 in Atlanta, GA (IND) begins
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Willow Park Ladies Golf Invitational
1968 - Earthquake destroys Ferdows Persia, 2,000 killed
1968 - Pirate Radio Marina (Netherlands) begins transmitting
1969 - Jerry Lewis' 4th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1969 - Libyan revolution, Col Moammar Gadhafi deposes King Idris
1969 - A revolution in Libya brings Col. Muammar al-Gaddafi to power, which was later transferred to the People's Committees.
1970 - Failed assassination attempt on Jordanian king Hussain
1970 - Jose Velasco Ibarra re-elected president of Ecuador
1971 - John Newcombe is 1st top-seed man to lose in 1st round of US Open
1971 - Qatar declares independence from Britain
1971 - Rolling Stones sue manager Allen Klein
1972 - Bobby Fischer (US) defeats Boris Spassky (USSR) for world chess title
1972 - Egypt & Libya form federation
1973 - 74-year-old Hafnia Hotel burns, killing 35 (Copenhagen, Denmark)
1973 - George Foreman KOs Jose "King" Roman in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1974 - Dutch law against pirate radio goes into effect
1974 - Jane Blalock/Sue Roberts wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open
1974 - Train accident at Zagreb Yugoslavia, 121 killed
1974 - The SR-71 Blackbird sets (and holds) the record for flying from New York to London: 1 hour 54 minutes and 56.4 seconds.
1975 - All political parties forbidden in Bangladesh
1975 - Gunsmoke resigns the air
1975 - Jerry Lewis' 10th Muscular Dystrophy telethon
1975 - KOL-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KMPS
1975 - NY Met Tom Seaver is 1st to strike out 200 in 8 consecutive seasons
1975 - NYC transit fare rises from 35 cents to 50 cents
1976 - NASA launches space vehicle S-197
1976 - NJ Meadowlands racetrack opens
1976 - Wayne L Hays, (Rep-D-Oh), resigns (scandal with Elizabeth Ray)
1977 - 1st TRS-80 Model I computer sold
1977 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1978 - Indians' Sammy Stewart tosses 7 consecutive strikeouts (vs Balt)
1978 - Last broadcast of "Columbo" on NBC TV
1978 - Jacqueline Smith of Great Britain scores 10 straight dead center strikes on a 4" disk in World Parachute Championships in Yugoslavia
1978 - #4655 Marjoriika, #4814 Casacci, #5344 Ryabov, #6262 Javid & #8064
1979 - Debbie Boone & Gabriel Ferrer wed in LA
1979 - LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask
1979 - Pioneer 11 makes 1st fly-by of Saturn, discovers new moon, rings
1980 - Dutch embassy in Israel moves from Jerusalem to Tel Aviv
1980 - Jerry Lewis' 15th Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $31,103,787
1980 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1980 - Terry Fox's Marathon of Hope ends in Thunder Bay, Ontario.
1981 - Fiona Brothers sets women's propeller boat speed record (116.279 MPH)
1981 - Milt coup under general Kolingba in Cent Afr Rep, Pres Dacko flees
1981 - RKO radio network is 1st to offer 2 separate overnight services
1981 - RKO radio network premieres America Overnight talk show
1982 - Caryl Churchill's "Top Girls," premieres in London
1982 - Max speedometer reading mandated at 85 MPH
1982 - Mexico President Lopez Portillo nationalizes banks
1982 - Palestinian Liberation Organization leaves Lebanon
1982 - The United States Air Force Space Command is founded.
1983 - Korean Boeing 747 strays into Siberia & is shot down by a Soviet jet
1983 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1983 - WGH-AM in Newport News VA changes call letters to WNSY
1985 - Cyclist Joop Zoetemelk becomes world champion
1985 - US-French expedition locates wreckage of Titanic off Newfoundland
1986 - Betsy King wins LPGA Rail Charity Golf Classic
1986 - Jerry Lewis' 21st Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $34,096,733
1986 - Paul McCartney releases "Press to Play" album
1986 - Texas Rangers O McDowell & Porter are 7th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
1987 - 15 yr old Michael Chang is youngest man to win US Tennis Open match
1987 - Smoking forbidden in public buildings in Belgium
1988 - Timberlake Westenbaker's "Our Country's Good," premieres in London
1989 - "Anything Goes" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 804 performances
1989 - Princess Anne & Mark Phillips announce their separation
1990 - "Heidi Chronicles" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 621 perfs
1990 - "Jerome Robbins' Broadway" closes at Imperial NYC after 634 perfs
1990 - Gelindo Bordin sets European marathon record (2:14:02)
1990 - Highest combined CFL score (111), Toronto Argonauts beat BC 68-43
1991 - Hiromi Taniguchi wins 3rd world championship marathon (2:14:57)
1991 - Richard J Kerr, serves as acting director of CIA
1992 - NYC police commisioner Brown resigns
1992 - Tommy Smothers undergoes arthroscopic surgery
1993 - "White Liars/Black Comedy" opens at Criterion NYC for 38 perfs
1993 - Goran Ivanisevic & Daniel Nestor play longest tie-break in US Tennis
1995 - Infinity Radio agrees to voluntarily pay $1.7 million to US Treasury
1995 - NYC reinstates the death penalty
1995 - Rock & Roll Hall of Fame opens in Cleveland Ohio
1996 - Balt Ravens (Cleve Browns) 1st NFL game, beat Oakland Raiders, 17-14
1997 - "Doll's House," closes at Belasco Theater
1997 - Cartoon Channel premieres in Japan
1997 - Cindy Figg-Currier wins LPGA State Farm Rail Classic
1997 - Jerry Lewis' 32nd Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $50,500,000
2004 - The Beslan school hostage crisis begins when armed terrorists take hundreds of school children and adults hostage in the Russian town of Beslan in North Ossetia.
2005 - Seven members and former members of the AFL-CIO form a new trade union organization, the Change to Win Federation.
2006 - Luxembourg became the first country to complete the move to all digital television broadcasting.
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