Famous Events on this Day in History, August 30:

257 - St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1125 - Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany
1146 - European leaders outlaw crossbow intending to ending war for all time
1363 - Beginning date of the Battle of Lake Poyang; the forces of two Chinese rebel leaders- Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang-are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history, during the last decade of the ailing, Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty.
1464 - Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II (Paul II)
1481 - 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Kazimierz IV
1563 - Jewish community of Neutitschlin Moravia expelled
1574 - Guru Ram Das became the Fourth Sikh Guru/Master.
1590 - Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)
1645 - Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
1673 - Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant
1682 - William Penn left England to sail to New World
1721 - Russian/Swedish Peace of Nystad, ends North Sea War
1751 - Georg Friedrich Handel completes oratorio "Jephtha"
1757 - Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
1776 - US army evacuates Long Island/falls back to Manhattan, NYC
1781 - French fleet of 24 ships under Comte de Grasse defeat British under Admiral Graves at battle of Chesapeake Capes in Revolutionary War
1791 - The HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day.
1799 - Bataafse fleet surrender to English
1800 - Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
1813 - Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
1831 - Charles Darwin refuses to travel with HMS Beagle
1835 - Melbourne, Australia is founded.
1836 - The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
1843 - 1st blacks participation in natl political convention (Liberty Party)
1850 - Honolulu, Hawaii becomes a city
1854 - John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels
1860 - 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
1862 - 2nd Battle of Bull Run - Confederates beat Union
1862 - Battle of 2nd Manassas-Pope defeated by Lee-Battle of Richmond, KY
1862 - Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
1862 - Battle of Richmond, KY
1873 - Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
1884 - Jack Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves
1885 - 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
1888 - Lord Walsingham kills 1070 grouse in a single day
1893 - 13rd US Mens Tennis: Robert D Wrenn beats Fred H Hovey (64 36 64 64)
1894 - Frederick Lugards expedition to Niger
1895 - Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
1896 - Eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. This included the provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite, Nueva Ecija as well as the nearby areas.
1897 - The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
1900 - Last 2000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt South Africa freed
1901 - Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
1904 - Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km)
1905 - Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
1905 - Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro
1906 - Hal Chase became 1st Yank to hit 3 triples in a game
1906 - NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
1909 - Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
1910 - Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
1912 - St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1
1913 - Phillies lead Giants 8-6 in top of 9th, fans in bleachers try to distract Giants, Umpire forefeits game to Giants, later overruled
1914 - 1st German plane bombs above Paris, 2 killed
1914 - Battle at Tannenberg ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army
1916 - Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
1916 - Paul Von Hindenburg becomes chief-of-General-Staff in Germany
1918 - Czechoslovakia forms independence republic
1918 - Fanya Kaplan shoots at Lenin
1918 - Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia, shot & wounded after speech
1919 - Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung," premieres in Berlin
1922 - Babe Ruth is thrown out of a game for 5th time in 1922
1925 - 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium
1926 - Jack Hobbs scores 316* at Lord's (Surrey v Middlesex)
1927 - 41st US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Betty Nuthall (61 64)
1928 - Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India
1932 - Hermann Goering elected chairman (Reichstag)
1933 - Air France forms
1933 - Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)
1937 - Joe Louis beats Tommy Farr in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - 6th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: NY Giants 9, All-Stars 0 (81,456)
1939 - General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army
1939 - Isoroku Yamamoto appointed supreme commander of Japanese fleet
1939 - NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph)
1939 - Poland mobilizes
1941 - Siege of Leningrad by Nazi troops began during WW II
1941 - St Louis Card Lon Warneke no-hits Cin Reds, 2-0
1942 - Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
1944 - 11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769)
1944 - Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta," premieres in NYC
1944 - Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania
1945 - 12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753)
1945 - Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony
1945 - Gen MacArthur lands in Japan
1945 - Hong Kong liberated from Japan
1949 - Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
1949 - WTVN (now WSYX) TV channel 6 in Columbus, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1951 - US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
1953 - Future NYC mayor David Dinkins marries Joyce Burrows in NYC
1954 - Hurricane Carol, kills 68
1956 - USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
1956 - White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield HS, Texas
1956 - Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
1957 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1957 - US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights
1958 - US performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
1960 - Boston 2nd baseman Pete Runnels goes 6-for-7
1960 - East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
1961 - 1st Negro judge of a US District Court confirmed-JB Parsons
1961 - J B Parsons is 1st African American judge of a US District Court
1961 - Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
1961 - Oriole Jack Fisher walks 12 LA Angels in a 9 inning game
1961 - USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
1962 - Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
1963 - Hot Line communications link between Wash DC & Moscow begins
1963 - Hotline between U.S. and Soviet leaders goes into operation.
1964 - Clifford Ann Creed wins LPGA Riverside Ladies Golf Open
1965 - Casey Stengel announces his retirement after 55 years in baseball
1965 - Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland
1967 - US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice
1968 - 1st record under Apple label (Beatle's Hey Jude)
1968 - John & Yoko's "One on One" benefit for children at MSG
1969 - 120,000 attend Texas Intl Pop Festival
1969 - 25,000 attend 2nd Annual Sky River Rock Festival, Tenino Wash
1969 - 69th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Steve Melnyk
1969 - Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
1971 - WNPI TV channel 18 in Norwood, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono perform at Madison Square Garden
1973 - Danny Seiwell quits Wings
1974 - Express train runs full speed into Zagreb, Yugo rail yard killing 153
1974 - Launching of 1st Dutch satellite, ANS, from Vandenberg
1974 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1975 - KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
1976 - Tom Brokaw becomes news anchor of Today Show
1976 - Turks & Caicos Islands adopts constitution
1979 - -Sept 13] Hurricane David, kills 1200 in Florida, Domincana & Dom Rep
1979 - 1st recorded occurrance-comet hits sun (energy=1 mil hydrogen bombs)
1979 - Ian Botham makes 1000 runs/100 wkts in Tests in his 21st match
1979 - Kathy Horvath (14y5d) is youngest to play in US Tennis Open, she loses
1979 - Pres Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains Ga
1979 - Wildest US Tennis Open match, McEnroe defeats Ilie Nastase 6-4, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2. Nastase was defaulted by the umpire then reinstated
1980 - Polish government recognizes Solidarity
1981 - Joanne Carner wins Columbia Savings LPGA Golf Classic
1982 - PLO leader Yasser Arafat leaves Beirut
1983 - 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
1983 - Elizabeth R Zakarian (Devon Pierce), 17, NY, crowned 1st Miss Teen USA
1983 - WKBC-TV (channel 48) ends broadcasting in Phila
1983 - Guion Bluford becomes 1st African-American astronaut in space
1984 - 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
1984 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1984 - Red Sox Jim Rice grounds into record 33rd double play en route to 36
1984 - Sotherby's in London begins 2 day auction of rock memorabilla
1986 - Gelindo Bordin wins Stuttgart marathon (2:10:54)
1986 - Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
1987 - 87th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Billy Mayfair
1987 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Nestle World Golf Championship
1987 - Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100 m in world record 9.83 sec
1987 - Kirby Puckett goes 6-for-6 with 2 HRs in Minn 10-6 win over Milwaukee
1987 - Stefka Kostadinova of Bulgaria sets high jump woman's record (6'10½")
1987 - Yves Pol of France runs complete marathon backwards (3:57:57)
1987 - Knuckleballer Charlie Hough on the mound, Rangers catcher Geno Petralli ties the major league record by allowing 6 passed balls
1988 - France performs nuclear test
1988 - Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen
1988 - Kent Tekulve is 2nd pitcher in majors to appear in 1,000 games
1988 - Tennis star Chris Everett weds skier Andy Mills
1989 - Roman Polanski marries actress Emmanuelle Seigner
1990 - Ken Griffey & Ken Griffey Jr become 1st father & son to play on same team (Seattle Mariners), both single in 1st inning
1990 - Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.
1991 - Dan O'Brien sets US decathalon record with 8,812 points
1991 - Mike Powell of US, sets then long jump record at 29' 4½" (8.95m)
1991 - Tamil Tigers capture Sri Lanka poet Selvi
1992 - "2 Trains Running" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC after 160 perfs
1992 - "Most Happy Fella" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 229 performances
1992 - 92nd US Golf Amateur Championship won by Justin Leonard
1992 - David Lewett & Jane Luu discovers comet: "1992 QB1" 64 mil km from Sun
1992 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Sun-Times Golf Challenge
1993 - 150,000,000 millionth visitor to Eiffel Tower
1993 - Hassan II mosque opens in Casablanca, 2nd largest mosque in the world
1994 - Gund Arena in Cleve opens
1994 - Largest US Tennis Open single session (total) 23,618
1995 - Cable News Network joins internet
1995 - Tigers teammates Lou Whitaker & Alan Trammell play in 1,914 game together tying AL record
1997 - 1st WNBA Championshion: Houston Comets beat NY Liberty
1997 - Greg Rudaski is 1st to serve (2) 141 MPH serves in a match (US Open)
1998 - State Farm Rail Golf Classic
1999 - East Timorese vote for independence in a referendum.
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