Famous Events on this Day in History, August 29:284 - Gen Gaius Aurelius V Diocletianus Jovius (3) becomes emperor of Rome
284 - Origin of Era of Diocletian (Martyrs)
708 - Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (Traditional Japanese date: August 10, 708).
1178 - Anti-Pope Callistus III gives pope title to Alexander III
1261 - Jacques Pantaleon elected as Pope Urban IV
1350 - Battle of Winchelsea (or Les Espagnols sur Mer): The English naval fleet under King Edward III defeats a Castilian fleet of 40 ships.
1475 - Treaty of Picquigny] king Louis XI buys English contacts
1484 - Giovanni B Cibo elected as Pope Innocent VIII
1521 - The Ottoman Turks capture Nándorfehérvár, now known as Belgrade.
1526 - Hungary conquered by Turks in Battle of Mohács
1533 - Francisco Pizarro orders death of last Incan King of Peru, Atahualpa
1540 - Emperor Karel deprives city Gent definitive rights/privileges
1541 - The Ottoman Turks capture Buda, the capital of the Hungarian Kingdom.
1612 - Battle at Surat India: English fleet beats Portuguese
1640 - English King Charles I signed a peace treaty with Scotland
1655 - Swedish king Karel X Gustaaf occupies Warsaw
1655 - Warsaw falls without resistance to a small force under the command of Charles X Gustav of Sweden during The Deluge.
1664 - Adriaen Pieck/Gerrit de Ferry patent wooden firespout in Amsterdam
1708 - English troops occupy Menorca & Sardinia
1708 - Haverhill, Mass destroyed by French & Indians
1742 - Edmond Hoyle published his "Short Treatise" on the card game whist
1756 - England & France meet in war
1756 - Prussian Libya occupies Saxson: beginning 7 years War
1758 - New Jersey Legislature forms 1st Indian reservation
1776 - Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester
1786 - Shay's Rebellion in Springfield, Mass
1792 - English warship Royal George capsizes in Spithead; kills 900
1793 - Slaves in French colony of St Domingue (Haiti) freed
1825 - Portugal recognizes the Independence of Brazil.
1831 - Michael Faraday demonstrates 1st electric transformer
1842 - Gr Britain & China sign Treaty of Nanking, ends Opium war
1844 - 1st white-indian lacrosse game in Montreal, Indians win
1854 - Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay)
1861 - American Civil War: US Navy squadron captures forts at Hatteras Inlet, North Carolina.
1862 - 2nd Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) begins
1862 - Battle of Aspromonte-Italian royal forces defeat rebels
1862 - Battle of Bull Run, VA (Manassas, Gainesville, Bristoe Station)
1862 - US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation
1864 - William Huggins discovers chemical composition of nebulae
1871 - Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
1882 - Australia beat England by 7 runs "Death of English cricket"
1882 - Fred Spofforth completes 14-90 for match v England (7-46 & 7-44)
1883 - Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion
1885 - Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle
1885 - Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0
1885 - Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan & Dominick McCaffrey
1889 - 1st American Intl pro lawn tennis contest (Newport RI)
1895 - The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England.
1896 - Chop suey invented in NYC by chef of visiting Chinese Ambassador
1898 - The Goodyear tire company is founded.
1904 - 3rd modern Olympic Games opens in St Louis
1905 - Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville
1906 - Bridge in St Lawrence Canada caves in; 70 die
1906 - William J Clothier wins the US Tennis Open
1907 - The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction, killing 75 workers.
1908 - NY gives a ticker tape parade to returning US Olympians from London
1909 - AH Latham of France sets world airplane altitude record of 155 m
1909 - World's 1st air race held in Rheims France. Glenn Curtiss (USA) wins
1910 - Japan changes Korea's name to Chosen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.
1911 - Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerges from the wilderness of northeastern California.
1913 - Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch govt
1914 - 4th day of Tannenberg: Russian Narev-army panics, Gen Martos caught
1914 - Arizonian is 1st vessel to arrive in SF via Panama Canal
1914 - Battle at St Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac
1916 - Congress creates US Naval reserve
1916 - Gen Von Hindenburg becomes German Chief of Staff
1916 - Transportship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1000 die
1916 - US Congress accept Jones Act: Philippines independence
1916 - Von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff
1918 - Bapaume taken by Australian Corps and Canadian Corps in the Hundred Days Offensive
1924 - German Republic day accepts Dawes plan
1925 - After a night on the town, Babe Ruth shows up late for batting practice Miller Huggins suspends Ruth & slaps a $5,000 fine on him
1929 - German airship Graf Zeppelin ends a round-the-world flight
1930 - The last 36 remaining inhabitants of St Kilda are voluntarily evacuated to other parts of Scotland.
1932 - International Anti-War Committee forms in Amsterdam
1932 - United Cigar Stores shuts 800 shops
1935 - 2nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 5, All-Stars 0 (77,450)
1937 - Phila A's Bob Johnson is 2nd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (1st)
1939 - Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II
1940 - 7th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 45, All-Stars 28 (84,567)
1941 - German Einsatzkommando in Russia kills 1,469 Jewish children
1943 - Denmark scuttles their warships so as not to be taken by Germany
1944 - 15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees
1944 - Anti German rebellion in Slovakia
1945 - British liberate Hong Kong from Japan
1945 - Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan
1947 - Constantine Tsaldaris follows Maximos as Greece premier
1949 - USSR explodes its 1st atomic bomb
1950 - Intl Olympic Committee votes admission to West Germany & Japan in '52
1953 - KHSL TV channel 12 in Chico, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - USSR explodes its 1st hydrogen bomb
1954 - SF International Airport (SFO) opens
1956 - French govt routes troops to Cyprus near Suez crisis
1957 - Congress passes Civil Rights Act of 1957
1957 - Strom Thurmond (Sen-D-SC) ends 24 hr filibuster against civil rights
1958 - Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colo
1958 - George Harrison joins Quarrymen (Lennon-McCartney-Best-Sutcliffe)
1960 - Jordan premier Hazza-el-Madjali deadly injured at bomb attack
1962 - Some provisions of Kuwaiti constitution are suspended
1962 - US U-2 flight sees SAM launch pads in Cuba
1963 - Harmon Killebrew (Twins) HRs off Pete Burnside (Senators) in DH
1964 - "Funny Thing Happened" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 965 perfs
1964 - Walt Disney's "Mary Poppins" released
1964 - On Elston Howard Night, Mickey Mantle ties Babe Ruth's career strikeout record (1,330)
1965 - Astronauts Cooper & Conrad complete 120 Earth orbits in Gemini 5
1965 - Willie Mays sets NL record for HRs in a month with his 17th of August
1966 - Beatles last public concert (Candlestick Park, SF)
1966 - Dutch Internal minister Smallenbroek resigns after driving drunk
1967 - Final TV episode of "Fugitive"
1967 - Yanks longest day, Red Sox take 1st game 2-1 in 9, Yanks win 2nd game in 20, 4-3 a total of 8 hours & 19 minutes
1968 - 1st US Open tennis match (Billie Jean King beats Dr Vija Vuskains)
1968 - Democratics nominate Hubert H Humphrey for president (Chicago)
1968 - Norwegian king Harald V marries Sonja
1969 - Joe Pepitone quits Yanks after being fined $500 for leaving the bench
1969 - KYUS TV channel 3 in Miles City, MT (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Black Panthers confront cops in Phila (1 cop killed)
1972 - SF Giant Jim Barr retires 1st 20 batters he faces added to last 21 he retired 6 days earlier for record 41 in a row
1974 - USSR performs underground nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1975 - Star in Cygnus goes nova becoming 4th brightest in sky
1976 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1977 - St Louis Cardinal Lou Brock eclipses Ty Cobb's 49-year-old career stolen bases record at 893 as Padres win 4-3
1978 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 - USTA National Tennis Center opens in Flushing NY
1979 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - Sheridan Broadcasting Corp purchases Mutual Black Network
1981 - 28th Walker Cup: US wins 15-9
1981 - Phillies minor leaguer Jeff Stone steals pro baseball record 121st base en route to 122 (Spartanburg (South Atlantic League))
1982 - 38°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in August
1982 - George Brett gets his 1,500th hit
1982 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1982 - Steve Miller's "Abracadabra" hits #1
1982 - The synthetic chemical element Meitnerium, atomic number 109, is first synthesized at the Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, Germany.
1985 - Atlantis moves to launch pad for 51-J mission
1985 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1985 - NY Yank Don Baylor is hit by a pitch for a record 190th time
1986 - Heike Drechsler of E Germany ties world women's 200 m mark (21.71s)
1986 - Morocco king Hassan II signs unity treaty with Libya
1987 - Nolan Ryan passes the 200-strikeout barrier for record 11th time
1987 - Rosa Mota becomes wins female Rome marathon (2:25:17)
1988 - Macy's Tap-o-Mania sets Guiness record
1988 - USSR launches 3 cosmonauts (Valery Polyakav, 1 Afghan) to station Mir
1990 - C-5 transport plane crashes at Ramstein AFB, Germany, killing 13
1990 - Saddam Hussein declares America can't beat Iraq
1991 - JFK Jr wins his 1st battle as an attorney
1991 - USSR suspends Communist Party activities
1992 - Largest wrestling crowd out side of US (75,000) at Wembley Stadium
1992 - Randy Myers blows his 6th save of the season & it marks the 5th time he's blown a potential win for Greg Harris
1992 - Brave's Charlie Leibrandt 1,000th strikeout & decides to keep the ball He rolls it to the dugout, allows Ricky Jordan to take 2nd on error
1993 - 21st du Maurier Golf Classic: Brandie Burton
1993 - 93rd US Golf Amateur Championship won by John Harris
1993 - Actress Elke Sommer (52) weds Wolf Walther (46)
1993 - Actress Marlee Matlin (28) weds Kevin Grandalski (28)
1995 - NATO launches Operation Deliberate Force against Bosnian Serb forces.
1996 - Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Vnukovo Airlines Tupolev Tu-154, crashes into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.
1997 - At least 98 villagers are killed by the GIA in the Rais massacre, Algeria.
2003 - Ayatollah Sayed Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim, the Shia Muslim leader in Iraq, is assassinated in a terrorist bombing, along with nearly 100 worshippers as they leave a mosque in Najaf.
2005 - Hurricane Katrina devastates much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle, killing more than 1,836 and causing over $115 billion in damage.
2007 - A United States Air Force nuclear weapons incident takes place at Minot Air Force Base and Barksdale Air Force Base.