Famous Events on this Day in History, August 26:580 - Chinese invents toilet paper
1278 - Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf van Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
1303 - Ala ud din Khilji captures Chittorgarh.
1346 - Battle at Crécy-England's longbows defeat France, cannons used for 1st time in battle
1466 - A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.
1498 - Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.
1541 - Turkish sultan Suleiman occupies Buda/annexes Hungary
1545 - Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese, duke of Parma
1549 - Battle at Dussingdale: John Dudley beats rebels
1629 - Cambridge Agreement, Mass Bay Co stockholders agree to emigrate
1634 - Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
1641 - West India Company conquerors Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
1648 - People's uprising against Anna of Austria & Cardinal Mazarin
1652 - Sea battle at Plymouth: Ayscue vs De Ruyter
1745 - England, Prussia & Hannover sign treaty
1748 - The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1778 - The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
1791 - John Fitch grants US patent for his working steamboat
1794 - French troops occupy Lock
1839 - The ship Amistad is captured off Long Island.
1843 - Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
1846 - Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah," premieres
1846 - W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)
1858 - First news dispatch by telegraph.
1863 - Battle of Rocky Gap WV (White Sulphur Springs)
1873 - 1st free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
1874 - 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
1883 - -27] Krakatoa erupts with increasingly large explosions kills 36,000
1894 - Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
1895 - Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam
1896 - Armenian revolutionairy assault on Ottoman Bank Constantinople
1903 - Phillies walk 17 Dodgers in a game
1907 - Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 sec
1909 - Frank Tarrant scores cricket 145 & 13-67 for Middlesex v Gloucs
1909 - Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
1912 - 32nd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (36 26 62 64 62)
1912 - Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends
1913 - 33rd US Mens Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats R N Williams (64 57 63 61)
1914 - -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
1914 - Battle of Tannenberg - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
1915 - German troops over run Brest-Litovsk, Russia
1916 - Phila A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
1916 - Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
1918 - W Smith & F Bacons "Lightnin'," premieres in NYC
1920 - 19th amendment passes-women's suffrage granted (about time!)
1920 - Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
1922 - Japanese cruiser Niitaka leaves in storm at Kamchatka, 300 killed
1924 - (August 13 Old Style) The Catastrophe of Smyrna, known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks, occurs. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor.
1929 - 1st US roller coaster built
1930 - Hack Wilson hits his 44th HR, breaks Chuck Klein's NL record
1933 - Jan van Houten bicycles world record time (44,588 km)
1935 - CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
1937 - Franco's troops conquer Santander
1937 - Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
1938 - British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
1938 - Montreal Maroons dropped from NHL
1939 - 1st major league baseball telecast-Reds beat Bkln Dodgers (W2XBS NY)
1939 - Belgium mobilizes
1939 - Kroatia gets autonomous status
1940 - RKC soccer team forms in Waalwijk
1940 - Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
1942 - 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
1942 - Japanse troops lands on New-Guinea, Milne Bay
1942 - Russian counter offensive begins in Moscow
1942 - Transport nr 24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed
1944 - De Gaulle marches to Champs-Elysees
1944 - US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
1945 - Japanese diplomats board Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II
1946 - George Orwell published "Animal Farm"
1947 - 1st black baseball pitcher Don Bankhead (Hit a HR on 1st at bat)
1950 - 39th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (4-1)
1951 - Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart
1952 - Fluoridation of SF water begins
1955 - 1st color telecast (NBC) of a tennis match (Davis Cup)
1956 - KREY TV channel 10 in Montrose, CO (CBS/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Marlene Bauer wins LPGA Denver Golf Open
1956 - Yankees announce purchase of outfielder Enos Slaughter from KC
1957 - USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile
1961 - Official Intl Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Salt Lake City Golf Open
1962 - Minn Twins Jack Kralick no-hits KC A's, 1-0
1963 - W I beat England 2-1 in series, 1st holders of Wisden Cricket Trophy
1964 - Italians CP selects Luigi Longo as chairman
1964 - LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ
1966 - Balt Orioles Roznovsky & B Powell are 4th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
1966 - KLOC (now KCSO) channel 42 in Charlotte, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - Beatles, Mick Jagger & Marienne Faithful meet Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
1967 - Dean Chance pitches a 2-1 no-hitter, & Twins sweep Cleveland
1967 - Dutch 2nd Chamber demands US stop bombing North Vietnam
1971 - Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
1971 - NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for NJ in 1975
1971 - Orioles' Don Buford struck out 5 times in a game
1972 - 20th Olympic games open at Munich German FR
1972 - Leo Durocher replaces Harry Walker as manager of Astros
1972 - NY Cosmos beat St Louis Stars, 2-1 to win NASL championship
1972 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1973 - David Eisenhower writes his last sports column
1973 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1973 - U of Tx (Arlington) is 1st accredited school to offer belly dancing
1973 - 10-year-old Mary Boitano is 1st woman to win 6.8-mile Dipsea Race in Marin County, CA, beating a field of 1,500 runners
1974 - Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal
1974 - Soyuz 15 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
1977 - Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
1978 - Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice becomes Pope John Paul I
1978 - Soyuz 31 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 East German) to Salyut 6
1979 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Patty Berg Golf Classic
1980 - Pete Comita replaces Tom Peterson as bassist of Cheap Trick
1980 - John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
1981 - Space Shuttle vehicle moves to Launch Complex 39A for STS-2 mission
1981 - Voyager 2 takes photo's of Saturn's moon Titan
1982 - NASA launches Telesat-F
1983 - Flooding destroys most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
1984 - Betsy King wins LPGA Columbia Savings Golf Classic
1984 - Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 3k woman record (8:22.62) in Leningrad
1984 - Zdena Silvaha (Cz) throws discus 74.55 m (women's world record)
1985 - Balt Oriole Eddie Murray knocks in 9 RBIs in a game vs Calif Angels
1985 - French government claims no knowledge of assault on Rainbow Warrior
1986 - Rosa Mota wins Stuttgart female marathon (2:28:38)
1987 - Paul Molitor goes 0-for-4 ends hitting streak at 39 consecutive games
1988 - Mehran Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
1989 - Trumbull Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS
1990 - 2 slain college students found in Gainesville Florida
1990 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Northgate Golf Classic
1990 - Bo Jackson hits 4th of 4 consecutive HRs
1991 - Royal Brett Saberegen no-hits White Sox 7-0
1992 - "Anna Karenina" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 46 performances
1995 - Andrew Symonds hits 20 sixes in match for Gloucs v Glamorgan
1995 - Lara completes 7th Test Cricket century, 179 at The Oval
1996 - Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in US welfare policy
1997 - Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
1999 - Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
2002 - Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
2003 - The Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
2008 - Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia.