Famous Events on this Day in History, August 24:

49 BC - Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.
79 - Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Pompeii & Herculaneum, 15,000 die
410 - Rome overrun by Visigoths, symbolized fall of Western Roman Empire
1200 - John of England, famous for issuing the first Magna Carta, married Isabella of Angouleme at the Bordeaux Cathedral.
1215 - Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid
1217 - Battle at South Foreland: English fleet beats France
1349 - 6,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
1349 - Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
1391 - Jews of Palma Majorca massacred
1456 - The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed.
1511 - Portugese troops under Afonso the Albuquerque occupy Malakka
1511 - Alfonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.
1516 - Battle at Aleppo: Turks beat Syria
1542 - Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
1561 - Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxon
1572 - King Charles IX orders massacre of thousands of French Protestants
1608 - 1st English convoy lands at Surat India
1654 - Louis II Condé disbands ends of Atrecht
1658 - Battle at Grevelingen: English fleet beats Spanish
1662 - Act of Uniformity requires English to accept book of Common Prayer
1682 - Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn
1690 - Job Charnock founds Calcutta India
1704 - Sea battle at Malaga
1751 - Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning supposed witch
1787 - Wolfgang A Mozart completes his viola sonata in A, K526
1814 - British forces captured Washington, DC, & burned down many landmarks
1816 - The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
1820 - Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
1826 - Netherland's South Willems Port (Bosch-Luik) opens
1828 - Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea
1831 - John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle
1833 - HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina
1847 - Charlotte Bronte finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"
1853 - 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs NY)
1854 - National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
1857 - The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
1858 - Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
1869 - Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron
1870 - The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
1876 - Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed
1891 - Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera
1893 - Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
1904 - 24th US Mens Tennis: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (108 64 97)
1904 - Field battle at Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian
1905 - Chicago Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings
1906 - Cincinnati Red John Weimer no-hits Dodgers, 1-0 in 7 inning game
1908 - Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1908 - NY Giants scores shown on electric diamonds known as "Compton's Baseball Bulletin" at MSG
1909 - Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
1911 - Manuel d'Arriaga elected 1st president of Portugal
1912 - NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US olympians
1912 - Territory of Alaska organizes
1912 - US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition govt
1914 - Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
1914 - German troops occupy Namur Belgium
1914 - Jerome Kern & Michael E Rourles musical premieres in NYC
1918 - Chicago Cubs, win earliest pennent ever (season ended Sept 2)
1918 - Sect Baker grants extended exemption to World Series players
1919 - Cleveland pitcher Ray Caldwell is flattened by a bolt of lightning
1921 - Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
1921 - British airship R-38 crashes in Humber, 44 die
1922 - 1st Phillie to hit for cycle (Cy Williams)
1923 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)
1925 - 39th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats K McKane (36 60 62)
1929 - 43rd US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Phoebe H Watson (64 62)
1929 - Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
1929 - Turkey & Persia signs friendship treaty
1931 - France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty
1932 - 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart
1936 - Australian Antarctic Territory created
1936 - FDR gives FBI authority to pursuit fascists & communists
1937 - Republican offensive near Belchite Spain
1937 - In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
1938 - England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
1938 - Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
1939 - Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
1940 - Luftwaffe bombs London
1940 - Red Sox left fielder Ted Williams pitches the last 2 innings in a 12-1 loss to Detroit Tigers, Williams allows 3 hits & 1 run
1942 - Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands
1942 - Transport nr 23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1943 - Phila A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
1944 - Gen LeClercs troops open assault on Paris
1945 - Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
1950 - 1st US Negro delegate to UN appointed-ES Sampson
1950 - Edith Sampson named 1st black US delegate to UN
1950 - Operation Magic Carpet concludes transporting 45,000 Yemenite Jews
1951 - Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night," Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on
1954 - Communist Control Act passed, at height of McCarthyism
1954 - Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party
1954 - International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
1954 - William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante," premieres in London
1956 - 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Wash DC
1957 - British soccer player Jimmy Greaves' (17) 1st game for Chelsea
1958 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open
1958 - Sergei Popov wins Stockholm marathon (2:15:17.0) (WR)
1959 - England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
1959 - Hiram L Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)
1960 - -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
1960 - 60 people die when bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
1961 - Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
1961 - Former nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice (if the shoe fits...)
1962 - Dodger coach Leo Durocher suffers a near-fatal allergic reaction to a penicillin injection while in the clubhouse at the Polo Grounds
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - 1st 200 meter freestyle swum under 2 minutes (Don Schollander 1:58)
1963 - John Pennel is 1st to pole-vault 17'
1964 - 2nd Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 6-4
1966 - USSR launches Luna 11 for orbit around Moon
1967 - Liberian flag designed
1968 - France became world's 5th thermonuclear power, explodes on Mururoa
1969 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Tournament of Champs Golf Tournament
1969 - Peru nationalizes US oil interests
1970 - Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison
1971 - India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
1972 - 8th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 2-1
1972 - Dennis Amiss scores 1st one-day int century, 103 v Australia
1972 - Gordie Howe & Jean Beliveau inducted in Hockey Hall of Fame
1973 - Garry Sobers scores 26th & last Test Cricket ton 150 v Eng Lord's
1973 - John Adams & his drum - become a right-field fixture in Cleve Stadium
1974 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1975 - Davey Lopes steals his 38th consecutive base, then thrown out stealing
1975 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA National Jewish Hospital Golf Open
1975 - Papadopoulos/Pattakos/Makarezos sentenced to death in Athens
1975 - SF Giant Ed Halick no-hits NY Giants, 6-0
1975 - Tampa Bay Rowdies beat Portland 2-0 for NASL cup
1976 - Soyuz 21 returns to Earth
1978 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1979 - Cars play concert in NY Central Park
1979 - NFL fans (60,916) choose old Patriots logo over new
1979 - UN's Vienna office begins issuing postage stamps
1980 - Beth Daniel wins Columbia Savings LPGA Golf Classic
1980 - Jozef Pinkovski replaces Poland premier Babiuch
1981 - American Charles Chapman is 1st black to swim English Channel
1981 - Mark David Chapman is sentenced to 20 yrs to life for Lennon's murder
1982 - KC's John Wathan steals 31st en route to 36 base for catcher's record
1983 - Cin Red Pete Rose ends consecutive games played streak at 745
1984 - Pat Bradley set LPGA record for 9 holes with a 28 at Denver
1985 - STS 51-I mission scrubbed at T -5m because of bad weather
1986 - Juli Inkster wins Atlantic City LPGA Golf Classic
1987 - Announcement of possible Martian tornadoes
1989 - British brewery Bass buys Holiday Inn hotel chain
1989 - Pete Rose is suspended from baseball for life for gambling
1989 - Voyager 2 flies past Neptune
1990 - 3,500 peacekeepers arrive in Liberia
1990 - Iraqi troops surround US & other embassies in Kuwait City
1991 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation
1991 - Gorbachev resigns as head of USSR Communist Party
1991 - Silky Stallone, wins the Cane Pace at Yonkers Raceway
1991 - Taiwan captures its 15th Little League World Series, 11-0
1991 - Ukraine declares independence from USSR
1992 - 1st structural steel beams are erected at Gateway (Jacobs Field)
1992 - Cleveland Browns suffer their worst preseason loss, 56-3, to Vikings
1992 - Hurricane Andrew hits South Florida; 35 die
1992 - Screw magazine superimposed a gunsight over a picture of Larry Flint
1992 - Diplomatic relations are established between the People's Republic of China and South Korea.
1993 - Mars Observer comes closest to Mars
1993 - Padres scores 14 in 1st vs Cardinals
1994 - Kieren Perkins swims world record 1500m free style (14:41.66)
1994 - Kieren Perkins swims world record 800m free style (7:46.00)
1994 - Israel & PLO initialed accord giving autonomy to Palestinians in West Bank in education, health, taxation, social welfare & tourism
1995 - Fire that wipes 6,000 acres begins in Hamptons on Long Island
1995 - Windows 95 debuts
1997 - 97th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Joel Kribel
1997 - Colleen Wakjer wins Star Bank LPGA Classic
1997 - Gordon Spence discovers 2^2976221 - 1 (36th known Mersenne prime)
1997 - Greg Norman wins World Series of Golf shooting 273
1997 - Mark Calcavecchia wins Greater Vancouver Golf Open shooting 265
1997 - Saint Luke's Senior Golf Classic
1998 - The Netherlands is selected as the site for the trial of the two Libyan suspects of the 1988 Pan Am bombing.
1998 - First RFID human implantation tested in the United Kingdom.
2000 - Argon fluorohydride, the first Argon compound ever known, is discovered at the University of Helsinki by Finnish scientists.
2001 - Air Transat Flight 236 runs out of fuel over the Atlantic Ocean (en route to Lisbon from Toronto) and makes an emergency landing in the Azores.
2004 - 89 passengers die after two airliners explode after flying out of Domodedovo International Airport, near Moscow. The explosions were caused by suicide bombers (reportedly female) from the Russian Republic of Chechnya.
2006 - The International Astronomical Union (IAU) redefines the term "planet" such that Pluto is considered a Dwarf Planet.
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