Famous Events on this Day in History, August 19:

43 BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul.
440 - St Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1071 - Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King
1099 - Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon
1263 - King James I of Argon censors Hebrew writing
1399 - King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry
1458 - Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II
1477 - Maximilian I, son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III, weds Mary of
1477 - Burgundy & acquires Burgundian possessions in the Netherlands & France
1493 - Maximilian I of Austria becomes Roman Catholic German emperor
1504 - Battle of Knockdoe.
1524 - Emperor Charles V's troops besieges Marseille
1561 - Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France
1587 - Sigismund III becomes king of Poland
1591 - French king Henri IV occupies Rouen
1627 - Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo
1691 - Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks
1692 - 5 women executed for witchcraft in Salem Mass
1698 - Russian czar Peter the Great begins term
1702 - -24] Battle at Santa Marta Venz: English fleet beat French
1757 - Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [NS=Aug 30]
1768 - Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
1772 - Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish govt & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720
1787 - W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn
1791 - Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
1796 - Spain & France sign anti-English alliance
1812 - US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
1813 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
1816 - Java again in Dutch hands
1821 - Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII
1826 - Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
1836 - HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores
1839 - Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris
1849 - NY Herald reports gold discovery in California
1861 - Confederacy Congress allies with govt of MI
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia
1888 - 1st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins
1891 - William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
1895 - American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
1897 - 1st electric taxi's drive in London
1900 - Start of the one & only olympic cricket match, in Paris
1903 - Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game
1905 - Russian tsar installs "Imperial Duma," without legislative powers
1909 - Indianapolis 500 race track opens
1911 - NY Giant Christy Mathewson loses after beating Reds 22 straight times
1912 - Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key," premieres
1913 - Frenchman P├ęgoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
1914 - Elmer Rice' "On Trial," premieres in NYC
1914 - German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
1914 - German fleet bombs English coast
1914 - Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC
1915 - Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands
1915 - World War I: the Battle of Van begins
1917 - Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw & Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws
1918 - Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank," premieres in NYC
1919 - Afghanistan declares independence from UK
1921 - Ty Cobb, is 4th to get 3,000 hits
1922 - 36th US Womens Tennis: Molla B Mallory beats Helen Wills Moody (63 61)
1927 - Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state.
1931 - Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game
1932 - 46th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Carolin A Babcock (62 62)
1933 - 47th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Helen Moody (86 36 30 ret)
1934 - 48th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H P Fabyan (61 64)
1934 - Hitler elected Fuhrer (95.7% of German voters)
1934 - Paul Runyan wins PGA golf tournament
1934 - The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
1936 - Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow
1939 - 37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record)
1941 - Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout
1942 - -20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab
1942 - 4,000 Canadian & British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France
1942 - Gen Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad
1943 - Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle
1943 - US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen
1944 - Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed
1944 - Gen Bradley visits Montgomery
1944 - Last Japanese troops driven out of India
1944 - Nazi's give parts of Paris to Resistance
1944 - Paris police strike against nazi occupiers
1944 - Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy
1944 - US 15th Army corp occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris
1944 - US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois Normandy
1945 - Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins
1947 - J Arens & D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A
1950 - ABC begins Saturday morning kid shows (Animal Clinic & Acrobat Ranch)
1951 - Bill Veeck (Browns) sends Eddie Gaedel, a 3'7" midget, to pinch-hit
1953 - England regained cricket Ashes after winning series 1-0
1954 - Ralph J Bunche named undersecretary of UN
1955 - 32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record)
1955 - Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
1955 - US raises import duty on bicycles 50%
1955 - WINS radio, announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B (DJs must play Fats Domino's "Ain't It A Shame," not Pat Boone's)
1956 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open
1957 - NY Giants vote 8-1 to move their franchise to SF in 1958
1957 - US Major David Simons reaches 30,933m in a balloon
1958 - NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters
1959 - Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
1959 - Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League
1959 - Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit
1960 - Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident)
1960 - Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit (later recovered alive)
1961 - US vice-president Lyndon B Johnson visits West Berlin
1962 - Homer Blancos plays finest round in golf, shooting a 55
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Albuquerque Swing Parade Golf Tournament
1963 - NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters, Oklahoma City
1964 - Communication satellite Syncom 3 launched
1965 - Auschwitz trials end with 6 life sentences
1965 - Cincinnati Red Jim Maloney 2nd no-hitter of year beats Chic Cubs, 1-0
1966 - Earthquake strikes Varko Turkey: 2,400 killed
1967 - Beatles' "All You Need is Love," single goes #1
1969 - Chicago Cub Ken Holtzman no-hits Atlanta Braves, 3-0
1973 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1973 - Kris Kristofferson weds Rita Coolidge
1973 - Pirate World Music Radio (Holland) closes down after 10 years
1973 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA St Paul Golf Open
1975 - Astros hire Bill Virdon to replace Preston Gomez as manager
1976 - Pres Gerald R Ford won Republican pres nomination at KC convention
1977 - USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
1978 - 422 die in an arson fire at a movie theater in Iran
1979 - "My Sharonna" by the Knack hits #1 (stays for 42 days)
1979 - Crew of Soyuz 32 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 aft 175 d flight
1979 - Sally wins LPGA Barth Golf Classic Little
1979 - Soviet Cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakov & Valery Ryumin returned to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 after a record 175 days in space
1980 - George Brett ends hitting streak at 30
1980 - Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die
1980 - Willy Russell's "Educating Rita," premieres in London
1981 - 2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22
1982 - Renaldo Nehemiah of US sets record for 110 m hurdles, 12.93 sec
1982 - Soyuz T-7 launched, Svetlana Savtiskaya 2nd woman in space
1983 - LSU footballer Billy Cannon sentenced to 5 yrs for counterfeiting
1983 - Dodgers trade Dave Stewart & Ricky Wright to Texas for Rick Honeycut
1984 - 66th PGA Championship: Lee Trevino shoots a 273 at Shoal Creek Ala
1984 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf
1984 - Republican convention in Houston nominates Ronald Reagan for pres
1984 - Sally Quinlan wins LPGA MasterCard Golf International Pro-Am
1985 - Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei
1986 - Car bomb kills 20 in Tehran Iran
1987 - Hungerford Massacre: in the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide.
1988 - Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
1988 - Muang Muang succeeds Gen Sein Lwin as pres of Burma
1988 - NY Rangers sign ex-Canadien great Guy LaFluer
1989 - Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland
1990 - Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1990 - Dodger Jose Offerman hits HR in his 1st at bat
1990 - NY Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 14 HRs (approx 128 at bat)
1991 - -20] Hurricane Bob hits US
1991 - Janajev & KGB coup in Russia deposes Mikhail Gorbachev
1991 - Janel Bishop, 17, of New Hampshire, crowned 9th Miss Teen USA
1992 - Romesh Kaluwitharana scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (SL v Australia)
1992 - Sri Lanka make their highest cricket score ever 8-547 v Australia
1993 - 34th Walker Cup: US, 19-5
1993 - Actress Kim Basinger weds actor Alec Baldwin
1993 - Dow Jones hits record high of 3612.13
1993 - George Tiller, abortion doctor, shot in his arms by Rachelle Shannon
1993 - Mattel & Fisher Price toys merge
1993 - Sally Gunnell runs lady world record 400m hurdles (52.74")
1995 - After 5 days Shannon Faulkner quits as 1st woman at the Citadel
1995 - Bruce Seldon TKOs Joe Hipp in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1995 - Mike Tyson returns to the ring & DQs Peter McNeeley in 38 seconds
1997 - NY Yank 3rd baseman Wade Boggs pitches a scoreless inning vs Anaheim
1997 - STS 85 (Discovery 23) lands
1999 - In Belgrade, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Milosevic.
2002 - A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers.
2003 - A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children in the Jerusalem bus 2 massacre.
2003 - A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
2005 - The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins.
2005 - A series of strong storms lashes Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as creating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its surrounding communities. In Toronto, it is also dubbed as the Toronto Supercell.
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