Famous Events on this Day in History, August 18:293 BC - The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded, starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica.
410 - King Alarik I's Visigoten occupies & plunders Rome
1201 - The city of Riga is founded.
1289 - Pope Nicolaus IV publishes degree "Supra montem"
1541 - A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)
1564 - Spanish king Philip II joins Council of Trente
1572 - King Navarra Henri de Bourbon marries Margaretha van Valois
1587 - Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.
1591 - Governor of Roanoke Island colony returns from England & found everyone in the colony had disappeared [or Aug 17, 1590]
1605 - Spanish army under of general Spinola conquerors Lingen
1634 - Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
1636 - The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.
1674 - Jean Racine's "Iphigénie," premieres in Versailles
1686 - Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus
1698 - Russian czar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam
1700 - Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
1735 - Evening Post begins publishing (Boston Mass)
1759 - -19] 2nd sea battle of Lagos: England vs France
1769 - Gunpowder in Brescia Italy church explodes, killing 3,000
1795 - Curacao governor De Veer sends miltia to stop rebellious slaves
1817 - Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore
1834 - Mt Vesuvius erupts
1835 - Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago
1838 - 1st US marine expedition
1840 - Organization of American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
1846 - Gen Stephen W Kearney's US forces captures Santa Fe NM
1848 - Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
1858 - Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement
1862 - General Lee's adjutant major Stuart captured
1862 - Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
1864 - 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
1864 - Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
1868 - Pierre Janssan discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
1870 - Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
1872 - 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
1873 - 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, Calif (14,494')
1886 - Carr Baker Neel & Samuel Neel win US Lawn Tennis Assn doubles
1891 - Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
1894 - Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
1896 - Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times
1904 - Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid.
1909 - Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.
1914 - -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
1914 - French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg
1914 - Pres Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"
1915 - Braves Field opens in Boston to see Braves beat Cards 3-1
1917 - Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
1917 - A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
1919 - Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago Illinois
1920 - 1st class debut of Walter Hammond
1920 - Tennessee ratifies 19th Amendment, guarantees women voting right
1923 - 37th US Womens Tennis: Helen Wills Moody beats Molla B Mallory (62 61)
1924 - France begins retracting troops out of Ruhrgebied
1925 - Belgian & US sign treaty about war debts
1925 - Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
1926 - England regain Ashes with 5th Test Cricket win, to take series 1-0
1926 - Weather map televised for 1st time
1930 - Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
1931 - Lou Gehrig hitless in Detroit, his 1,000th consecutively played game
1932 - Auguste Piccard/Max Cosijns reach 16,201m in a balloon
1932 - Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic
1934 - 48th US Womens Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H Cooke (61 64)
1934 - Bradman scores 244 in 5th Test Cricket, 316 mins, 32 fours 1 six
1934 - Ponsford & Bradman make 451 partnership in 316 minutes v Eng
1936 - 106.5°F-Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
1937 - 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)
1938 - FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada
1940 - 71 German aircrafts shot down above England
1941 - Concentration camp Amersfoort opens
1941 - Phillies commit 8 errors in a game
1942 - Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japs
1943 - Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd & final game, all with Giants
1943 - Final convoy of Jews from Salonika Greece arrive at Auschwitz
1943 - Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia
1944 - Paris railroad workers strike against nazi occupiers
1944 - US 15th Army corp reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris
1944 - US 20th Army corp conquers Chartres
1945 - Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off
1946 - Golf Writers Associaton of America forms
1947 - Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
1949 - Hungary adopts constitution
1949 - Ralph Flanagan & his orch records "You're Breaking My Heart"
1950 - Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
1951 - Cricket 1st-class debut of Raymond Illingworth
1954 - James E Wilkins is 1st black to attend a US cabinet meeting
1955 - -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
1955 - 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
1955 - Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
1956 - Cin Reds (8) & Cubs (2) combine to hit 10 HRs in a 9 inning game
1956 - Elvis Presley's "Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel" reaches #1
1957 - Amelia Wershoven sets record of female throwing a baseball (252'4½")
1957 - Betty Dodd wins LPGA Colonial Golf Open
1957 - Juan-Manuel Fangio, wins his last auto World Championship at 46
1957 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - "Lolita," by Vladimir Nabokov, published
1958 - Betsy Palmer joins Today Show panel
1958 - Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde
1958 - Floyd Patterson TKOs Roy Harris in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1958 - Great Britain issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
1958 - Perez Prado "Mambo King," receives one of the 1st gold records
1958 - TV game show scandal investigation starts
1958 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
1958 - Verne Gagne beats Edouard Carpentier in Omaha, to become NWA champ
1959 - Branch Rickey resigns as Pirates' CEO to be pres of Continental League
1960 - 1st commercial oral contraceptive, Enovid 10 debuts in Skokie Ill
1960 - 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa
1960 - Beatles give their 1st public performance (Kaiserkeller in Hamburg)
1960 - Lew Burdette pitches to just 27 for a 1-0 no-hitter against Phillies
1962 - Peter, Paul & Mary release their 1st hit "If I Had a Hammer"
1963 - James Meredith becomes 1st black graduate from U of Mississippi
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Albuquerque Swing Parade Golf Tournament
1964 - Beatles arrive in SF, 2nd US visit
1964 - Charles Helu elected president of Lebanon
1964 - South Africa banned from Olympic Games because of apartheid policies
1964 - USSR launch 3 Kosmos satellites
1965 - Hank Aaron loses a HR, because he hit it out of batter's box
1965 - Orioles' Brooks Robinson hits into his record tying (George Sisler)
1967 - Red Sox Tony Conigliaro is beaned by Angels Jack Hamilton
1967 - Rolling Stones release "We Love You"
1967 - WCBS radio in NYC goes all-news
1968 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Holiday Inn Golf Classic
1969 - Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly"
1972 - Police fine Paul & Linda McCartney s800 in Sweden cannabis possession
1973 - Gene Krupa, drummer, plays for final time with Benny Goodman Quartet
1973 - Hank Aaron's record 1,378 extra base hit surpasses Stan Musial record
1974 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA St Paul Keller Golf Open
1976 - USSR's Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon
1976 - In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident results in the death of two US soldiers.
1977 - 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
1977 - Dodgers pitcher Don Sutton throws his NL record tying 5th one-hitter
1978 - Memphis Tenn settles with striking police officers & firefighters
1979 - Iran Ayatollah Khomeini demands Saint War against Kurds
1979 - Nick Lowe marries singer Carlene Carter
1979 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980 - KC Royals' George Brett, batting avg reach .400
1981 - "My Fair Lady" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 119 performances
1981 - Jerry Lewis appears on "Donahue" to defend Telethons
1981 - Football running back, Herschel Walker, of U of Georgia, takes out a Lloyd's of London insurance policy for $1 million
1982 - 1st time NYSE tops 100 M figure, 132.69 M shares traded
1982 - LA Dodgers beat Chicago Cubs, 6-5, in 21 innings (game started 8/17)
1982 - NYSE sets trading record of 132,690,000 shares traded
1982 - Pete Rose sets record with his 13,941st plate appearance
1982 - Longest baseball game at Wrigley Field in Chicago IL, ends after 22 innings - before LA Dodgers beat Cubs 2-1 (game started Aug 17th)
1982 - Japanese election law is amended to allow for proportional representation.
1983 - Hurricane Alicia battered Houston & Galveston, Texas
1983 - Samantha Druce, age 12y 119d is youngest woman to swim English Channel
1983 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1983 - Royals defeat Yanks, 5-4, completing "pine-tar" game (12 minutes). Hal McRae strikes out & Dan Quisenberry retires Yankees in order
1984 - Triangle Oil Corp, above-ground storage tank at Jacksonville Fla, spills 2.5 m gallons of oil burned after lightning sparked a fire
1985 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Nestle World Championship of Women's Golf
1985 - Muffin Spencer-Devlin wins MasterCard International Pro-Am Golf Tourn
1985 - Suisei Launch (Halley's Comet Flyby)
1986 - Crockett's Tavern opens in Fort Wilderness
1986 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Philadelphia PA on WYSP 94.1 FM
1986 - Jim Kelly signs with NFL Buffalo Bills ($75 million for 5 years)
1986 - John Tesh's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
1986 - WYSP-FM Philadelphia begins simulcasting Howard Stern Show
1987 - Houston Oiler Earl Campbell, retires from NFL
1987 - Ohio nurse Donald Harvey sentence to triple life (poisoned 24)
1987 - Philip Rush of NZ, set record for triple crossing English Channel his time 28:21, 10 hours faster than 1st man to do it
1987 - Straatsburg: Manuela Stellmach/Astrid Strauss/Anke Mohring/ Heike Friedrich swims female world record 4x200m freestyle (7:55.47)
1988 - FDA approves Minoxidil as a hair loss treatment
1988 - Largest house (130 rooms) on Long Island sold for $22 million
1988 - Republican Convention in New Orleans select Bush-Quayle ticket
1989 - Arturo Barrios of Mexico sets 10K record (27:08.23) in Berlin
1989 - Bucky Dent replaces Dallas Green as NY Yankee manager
1989 - Leading presidential hopeful Luis Carlos Galán is assassinated near Bogotá in Colombia.
1991 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Northgate Computer Golf Classic
1991 - Hurricane Bob hits NC with 115 MPH wind
1991 - Pan Am games closes in Havana
1992 - "Real Inspector Hound" opens at Criterion NYC for 61 perfs
1993 - Historical Kapelbrug in Luzern Switz, destroyed by fire
1994 - 5.6 earthquake in Algeria, kills 171
1995 - Cards reliever Tom Henke earns his 300th career save
1996 - Emilee Klein wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Golf Open
1996 - Record 6,654 tap at Macy's Tap-o-mania in NYC
2000 - A Federal jury finds the US EPA guilty of discrimination against Dr. Marsha Coleman-Adebayo, under the Civil Rights Act of 1964, later inspiring passage of the No FEAR Act.
2005 - Dennis Rader is sentenced to 175 years in prison for the BTK serial killings.
2005 - Massive power blackout hits the Indonesian island of Java, affecting almost 100 million people.
2008 - President Of Pakistan Pervez Musharaf resigned due to pressure from opposition.