Famous Events on this Day in History, August 13:

3114 BC - According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Maya calendar.
523 - St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
1099 - Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II
1326 - Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult and subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria, later known as the Malandanti.
1415 - King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River
1516 - Kings Charles I & Francois I signs Treaty of Noyons
1516 - The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan.
1521 - Spanish conquerors Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) from Aztecs
1536 - Buddhist monks from Kyoto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536).
1553 - Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic.
1578 - Duke French van Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands
1608 - John Smith's story of Jamestown's 1st days submitted for publication
1624 - Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII
1630 - Ferdinand II fires supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein
1642 - Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap
1645 - Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro
1651 - Litchfield, CT founded
1695 - -15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels
1696 - State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor
1704 - French & Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German & Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany
1713 - King Frederik Willem declares war on Brandenburg-Prussia
1732 - Voltaire's "Zaire," premieres in Paris
1740 - Hunger strike in Rotterdam
1784 - English parliament accept India Act
1788 - Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90
1792 - Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette
1799 - English fleet under lord Seymour overthrows Suriname
1814 - Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch
1814 - Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves
1831 - Nat Turner leads uprising of slaves in Virginia
1864 - Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA
1868 - Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador)
1876 - Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
1876 - Wagner's "Of the Ring," premieres
1881 - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
1889 - William Gray patents coin-operated telephone
1892 - US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore
1898 - US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war
1902 - England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory
1906 - Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas
1906 - Cub's Pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 games (187 complete, 15 relief) by Dodgers in 3rd inning
1907 - 1st taxicab (NYC)
1908 - Cy Young Day in Boston, he pitches briefly against an All-Star team
1910 - Dodgers & Pirates play to 8-8 tie, both have 38 at bats, 13 hits, 12 assists, 2 errors, 5 strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 pass ball & 1 hit by pitch
1913 - Otto Witte, an acrobat, is purportedly crowned King of Albania.
1913 - Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley.
1914 - -14] German army occupies forts at Luik
1914 - Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
1914 - France declares war on Austria-Hungary, leading to WW I
1917 - Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves
1918 - Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany.
1919 - British troops fire on Amritsar India demonstrators; killing 350
1919 - Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga)
1920 - 24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio
1921 - Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy," premieres in NYC
1923 - Germany: Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of coalition govt
1923 - Turkish National Congress selects Moestafa Kemal Pasja as president
1923 - US Steel Corp initiates 8th-hour work day
1928 - Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins
1931 - Cin Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6
1932 - Hitler refuses Von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor
1932 - Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing homers & wins game 1-0 in 10 tying
1933 - 16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound CC Milwaukee
1933 - Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist
1935 - Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum)
1937 - Japanese attack Shanghai
1937 - Battle of Shanghai begins.
1939 - Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's
1939 - Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco'
1940 - Germany air attack on South England (Battle of Britain begins)
1940 - Goering's "Adler Tag" 45-48 German aircrafts shotdown over South-Engld
1941 - Red army evacuates Smolensk
1943 - Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk
1944 - British 8th army occupies Florence
1944 - Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss naderende breakthrough
1944 - Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio
1945 - 35 Jews sacrifice their lives to blow up Nazi rubber plant in Silesia
1946 - Britain transfers illegal immigrants bound to Palestine, to Cyprus
1948 - Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game
1950 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1950 - Pres Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime Bao-Dai
1951 - Great-Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract
1953 - 4-5 million French go on strike against economizations
1953 - Pres Eisenhower establishes Govt Contract Compliance Committee
1953 - US Gen Omar Bradley's becomes chief of staff
1954 - 21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470)
1955 - Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield
1956 - WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Indians' right fielder Rocky Colavito makes his pitching debut, hurling 3 hitless innings, Detroit 3, Cleveland 2
1959 - Milt satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit)
1960 - Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France
1960 - USSR draws adviseors out of China
1961 - Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open
1962 - Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously
1963 - Custom agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum
1963 - Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382
1964 - 1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire
1967 - WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - Balt Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-0
1969 - Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote
1971 - Paul & Linda McCartney release "Back Seat of My Car"
1972 - Dutch KRO-TV transmits 440th & last "Bonanza"
1972 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Pabst Ladies Golf Classic
1975 - Viv Richards out for 291 v England at Cricket Oval
1977 - 1st test glide of shuttle
1977 - Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband
1978 - Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed
1978 - Judy wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic Rankin
1978 - Yanks score 5 runs in top of 7th. but rain causes game to be halted & thus score goes back to previous inning, Balt wins 3-0
1979 - Lou Brock, is 14th to get 3,000 hits
1980 - Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted
1980 - Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR
1981 - Last broadcast of "Waltons" on CBS-TV
1981 - Mary Terstegge Meagher swims world record 200m butterfly (2:05.96)
1984 - Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty
1986 - KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN)
1987 - Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning
1987 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump
1988 - Boston Red Sox win AL record 24 straight home games
1988 - Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit Opens
1988 - US beats Jamacia 5-1, in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup
1988 - Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min
1989 - 2 hot-air balloon crash at Alice Springs Australia, 13 killed
1989 - 71st PGA Championship: Payne Stewart shoots 276 at Kemper Lakes GC Ill
1989 - US space shuttle STS-28 lands
1991 - Michael Ray Barrowman swims world record 200m breaststroke (2:10.60)
1991 - Test Cricket debut of Mike Whitney versus England at Old Trafford
1991 - VP Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers
1993 - Blue Jay Rickey Henderson pays Turner Ward $25,000 for his #24
1993 - Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed
1993 - US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail
1994 - Train crash in Tbilisi Georgia, 24 killed
1995 - 77th PGA Championship: Steve Elkington shoots a 267 at Riviera Calif
1995 - Beth Daniels wins LPGA PING Welch's Golf Championship
1996 - Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0
1997 - Boston Red Sox trade Mike Stanley back to the NY Yankees
1997 - SD Padres trade Rickey Henderson to Anaheim Angels
1997 - South Park's first episode is aired.
2004 - 156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi.
2004 - Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé.
2004 - Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area.
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