Famous Events on this Day in History, August 12:

30 BC - Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, commits suicide allegedly by means of an asp bite.
3 - Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem
1071 - Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
1071 - Battle at Manzikert Armenia, Venetian Byzantine brings islam to Europe
1099 - Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth beats Egyptians
1099 - Crusaders are victorious at Battle of Ascalon
1121 - Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi.
1164 - Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
1323 - Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time.
1332 - Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle
1336 - English King Edward III endswool export to Flanders
1480 - Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam.
1492 - Christopher Columbus discovers Canary Islands
1499 - First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets.
1508 - Juan Ponce de Leon arrives in Puerto Rico
1530 - Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
1549 - French troops occupy Ambleteuse England
1553 - Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of Jewish Talmud
1588 - Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
1658 - 1st US police corps forms (New Amsterdam)
1665 - English fleet beat Dutch fleet
1676 - 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England
1687 - Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
1687 - Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed at Battle of Mohacs
1759 - Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
1793 - The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
1812 - Dr Joseph Lister is 1st surgeon to use disinfectant during surgery
1812 - Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
1831 - Dutch troops conquer Leuven
1831 - Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty
1833 - Chicago is founded.
1851 - 1st America's Cup-US schooner America beats British yacht Aurora
1851 - Isaac Singer patents sewing machine
1856 - Anthony Fass patents accordion
1861 - Skirmish at Texas-rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
1862 - Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
1863 - 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC area)
1867 - Pres A Johnson defies Congress suspending Sec of War Edwin Stanton
1876 - Madeline (US) beats Countess Dufferin (Canada) in 4th America's Cup
1877 - Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device
1879 - 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
1883 - The last quagga dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.
1884 - Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval
1886 - W G Grace made his highest Test Cricket score, v Aust, The Oval
1888 - Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour
1896 - Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson
1896 - Willem II soccer team forms in Tilburg
1898 - Hawaii formally annexed to US
1898 - Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
1901 - Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
1905 - King Leopold II opens Central Station Antwerp
1908 - Ford builds the first Model T.
1914 - Cavalery battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle der Zilveren Helmen")
1914 - German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Luik
1914 - Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary
1914 - Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
1915 - "Of Human Bondage," by William Somerset Maugham, published
1916 - Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris
1922 - Dedication of Frederick Douglas' home in Wash DC as national shrine
1923 - Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
1923 - Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
1925 - KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
1925 - The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, is initiated.
1927 - "Wings," the only silent film to win an Oscar for best picture, opens
1928 - 9th Olympic Games close in Amsterdam
1931 - Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
1933 - Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
1935 - Babe Ruth's final game at Fenway Park, 41,766 on hand
1936 - 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
1936 - Demo baseball game at 1936 Olympics in Berlin, world beats US, 6-5
1936 - Diver Marjorie Gestring is youngest Olympic gold medalist (13y 268d)
1940 - Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircrafts
1940 - Netherlands starts rationing textile
1941 - French Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany
1942 - British premier Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin
1942 - German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe
1942 - Lt-gen Montgomery arrives in Cairo
1943 - Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
1944 - Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
1944 - Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
1944 - Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
1948 - Cleveland Indians get 29 hits in a 9 inning game
1948 - Court of justice sentences Gen Fr Christiansen to 12 years
1949 - 16th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Philadelphia 38, All-Stars 0 (93,780)
1950 - NY Giants (NFL) beat Ottawa Roughriders (CFL) 20-6 in Ottawa
1950 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Humani generis
1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1952 - Hussain ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
1953 - Ann Davidson, 1st woman to sail solo across Atlantic, arrives Miami
1953 - Heavy earthquake strikes Isotope islands, 435 killed
1953 - Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
1954 - Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row
1955 - 22nd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 30, Cleveland 27 (75,000)
1955 - Pres Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour
1955 - WPBT TV channel 2 in Miami, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Canadain actor William Shatner (Star Trek) marries Gloria Brink
1956 - KOTI TV channel 2 in Klamath Falls, OR (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Marlene Bauer Hagge wins LPGA World Golf Championship
1956 - William Shatner marries Gloria Rand
1959 - 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
1959 - Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
1960 - 27th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Baltimore 32, All-Stars 7 (70,000)
1960 - Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched
1960 - Ralph Boston of US, sets then long jump record at 8.21m
1960 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 41,600 m
1962 - 1st time 2 people in space
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Heart of America Golf Tournament
1962 - Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15
1963 - Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization
1963 - Stan Musial announces he will retire at end of year
1964 - 10th time Mantle switch-hits HR in a game, one goes 502 feet
1964 - Mickey Mantle switch-hits HR record 10th & final time in a game
1964 - Race riot in Elizabeth NJ
1965 - Elizabeth Lane becomes 1st female British supreme court justice
1965 - Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, Inc applies for a NL franchise
1965 - Race riot in West Side of Chicago
1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st pre-season victory, beat St Louis 23-14
1969 - Boston Celtics sold for an NBA record $6 million
1970 - Curt Flood loses his $41 million antitrust suit against baseball
1971 - Syriam Pres Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
1972 - "Funny Thing Happened..." closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 156 perfs
1972 - "Oh! Calcutta!" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 1316 performances
1972 - Ian & Greg Chappell both scores centuries in same Test Cricket innings
1972 - Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam
1973 - 55th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 277 at Canterbury Cleve
1973 - Betty Burfeindt wins LPGA Child & Family Service Golf Opens
1973 - WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris
1974 - Nolan Ryan strikes out 19 & walks only 2 as Angels top Red Sox, 4-2
1974 - Yankees Mickey Mantle & Whitey Ford become 1st teammates elected to hall of fame on same day
1976 - 1st approach & lands test (ALT) of orbiter Enterprise
1976 - Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
1977 - For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
1977 - High Energy Astronomy Observatory 1 launched into Earth orbit
1977 - Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric flight
1978 - Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours
1978 - China & Japan sign peace treaty
1978 - ICE is launched
1979 - "Whoopee!" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 204 performances
1979 - Iran press censors start massive book burnings
1979 - Judy wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic Rankin
1980 - Signature of the Montevideo Treaty establishing the Latin American Integration Association.
1981 - IBM introduces PC & PC-DOS version 1.0
1981 - Jon Erikson (US) becomes 1st to triple cross English Channel (38:27)
1981 - The IBM Personal Computer is released.
1982 - Heavy Israeli bombardement of Beirut
1983 - General Manuel A Noriega becomes commander of Panamanian army
1984 - 23rd Olympic games close at Los Angeles, Calif
1984 - Braves beat Padres 5-3, features 2 brawls & 19 ejections
1984 - Harmon Killebrew, Rick Ferrell, Don Drysdale, Pee Wee Reese, & Luis Aparicio inducted into Hall of Fame
1984 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1985 - 7th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1985 - Balt Orioles W Gross & L Sheets are 6th to hit consecutive pinch HRs
1985 - Japanese Boeing 747SR crashes, 520 die (worst in-flight toll)
1986 - Don Baylor gets hits by a pitch for a record 25th time in a season
1986 - Red Sox pitcher Tim Lollar gets a pinch-hit single
1987 - Charles Cole climbs 870'Tyrolean Traverse from top of Elephant Rock
1988 - Boston Red Sox set AL consecutive home victories at 23
1988 - Movie "Last Temptation of Christ" is released
1988 - Nelson Mandela is treated for tuberculosis at hospital
1988 - Red Sox beat Tigers 9-4 for AL record 23rd consecutive win at home
1988 - Richard Thornburgh becomes US Attorney General
1990 - 12th annual Macy's Tap-o-mania
1990 - 72nd PGA Championship: Wayne Grady shoots a 282 at Shoal Creek Ala
1990 - Cathy Gerring wins Stratton Mountain LPGA Golf Classic
1990 - Iraq President Saddam Hussein says he is ready to resolve Gulf crisis if Israel withdraws from occupied territories
1991 - Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan
1991 - Last day in Test Cricket for Viv Richards, Dujon & Marshall
1992 - Canada, Mexico, and the United States announce completion of negotiations for the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
1993 - Pope John Paul II begins visit of US
1994 - 1st NFL game on Fox network (exhibition - SF vs Denver)
1994 - Members of the Major League Baseball Players Association strike
1994 - Panic in church of Brazzaville: 142 killed
1994 - Stephen G Breyer, sworn in as Supreme Court Justice
1995 - Lara completes 6th Test Cricket century, 152 at Trent Bridge
1996 - "Breakfast on Fox" premieres
2000 - The Oscar class submarine K-141 Kursk of the Russian Navy explodes and sinks in the Barents Sea during a military exercise.
2004 - New Jersey Gov. James McGreevey comes out publicly as a gay man.
2005 - Sri Lanka's foreign minister, Lakshman Kadirgamar, is fatally shot by an LTTE sniper at his home.
2005 - An F2 tornado strikes the coal mining town of Wright, Wyoming, destroying nearly 100 homes and killing two people.
2005 - Civil unrest provoked in the Maldives
2005 - An F1 tornado strikes Glen Cove, New York, a rare event on Long Island
2007 - Bulk carrier M/V New Flame collides with oil tanker Torm Gertrud at the southernmost tip of Gibraltar, ending up partially submerged.
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